Skip to main content

Full text of "The journals of the lives and travels of Samuel Bownas, and John Richardson"

See other formats


■^.^ 



«■ % 



X, ^ 




^ 



An 

A C G O UN T 

O F T H B 

LIFE3 TRAVELS, 

AND 
Christian ExPERiENeEe 

I N "T H E 

Wo^k of the Miniftry 

OF ' 

SAMUEL B W 2>l AS. 



LONDON Printed i 

Philadelphia, Reprinfi^d, and Sold by William 
DuNLAP, at the Newest Printing-Office, io 
Markit'Streeti ly^g^ ■ 



P R'E FACE 

T O T H E Tv,^? 

R E A D E R. 

TH E following Sheets exhibit to thy Perufal 
a plain Man's plain and undifguifed Account 
of his own Progrefs in Religion : An artlefs Narra- 
tive of his fincere and hearty Endeavours, as much 
as in him lay, to promote the Doftrine of the Gof- 
pel of Chrift in the Earth. 

The Motives inducing him to undertake the Of-- 
hce of 2 Preacher, appear to have been perfectly 
confonant to the Precepts of Holy Writ, and lo the 
Practice of Chrift and his Apoftles, viz. 

I/?. A clear, cogent and convincing Evidence of a 
divine Call, and heavenly Impulfe thereunto. 

zdly. An indifpenfible Scnfc of his Duty nccef- 
farily obliging him to yield Obedience to that CjlK 
And 

"^dly. The fwect Returns of inward Peace and 
divine Confolations accompanying his Obedience 
therein, did greatly conduce to his Confirmation 
^nd Perfeverance in the Way of his Duty, 

To 



[ iv 3 

To the performance of which he found himfelf 
jneaiurably prepared and qualified; for his own 
3£xpenence of the Love pf Gcd, and of thy Ope ra- 
tions of his holy Spirit, in gradually purging out the 
Corruptions of his own Hearty did excite and aug- 
ment in him a Chriftian Love to his fellow Crea- 
tures, attended with an Ardency of Zeal, and ap^ 
inceiTant Defirc, for their Converfion. . . 

An inward Purgation from Sin is fo necefTary^ 
tnd fo effcntial a Qual.ficatioh of a Gofpel Mmifler, 
that no Man can be flich without it ; 

Nor doth God fend any unclean Mefiengers oa 
his Errand : '" ' 

It being the conftant Method of his divine Wi^ 
dom, under this Gofpel Difpenfation, through the 
purging of his holy Spirit, to clea Te and purify the 
Infide of every Vcitel, which he permits to bq 
made Ufe of in the Service of his Sanduary, Wliere- 
fore, ^- . . - . ^ . • 

Every unfan(ftified Pretender to preach the Gof- 
pel ofChrifl, deferves to have his Mouth ftopt with 
that unanfwerable Query of our hiefied Saviour to 
the P bar Ifees of old; O Generation of Vipers, kow 
can ye y being evil, [peak good Thirgs ? for cut of the 
Abundaneeof the Heart the Mouth Jpeaketb. Mat. xiip 
34- 



f V ] 

A Pradice of this Nature abounds with the grof-» 
feftof Ablurdities, and ftands emphatically explod- 
ed, even in die Time of the Mofaicdueck Law, by the 
Roval Pfalmift, in thefe Word^ : Unto the Wicked 

God faith ^ What haft thou to do to declare my Statutes^ 
or that thou fiouldeji take my Covenant in thy Mouth t 
Plalml. 16. 

But alas ! Sdf-Interefl prompts Men to tu^n a 
dcat Ear even to the moft divine Expoftulations, ancr 
unholy Perfons will, in del'pight of the moft exprefs 
Prohibitions, continue to intrude themfelves beyond 
their Bounds ; and will be ftill buiying and employ- 
ing themfelves about external Circumftances and 
Ceremonies, while the Life, Spirit and Subftance of 
true Religion is placed above their Reach, and un- 
attainable bv them, until it fhall pleafe God, in the 
exceeding Riches of his Grace, to cleanle their 
Hearts from all Unrigliteoufnefs ; of which Conver-^ 
lion we heartily wifb for a nearer Profped: than wc 
can difcern at prefent. 

We now return to the Author of the enfuing 
Narrative, who was another Sort of Preacher ; a 
free Giver of what himfelf had freely received, a 
liberal and bpen-hearted Communicator of his re- 
ligious Experiences unto all other Men, without 
Eefped: of Perfons. 

He direded all the Sheep of Chrift to follow the 
Voice of Chrift himfelf, the j2;ood Shepherd, whofe 
OnioiprefenQe renders his Voice audible tp ^vcry 



[ vi ] 

pne of his Sheep, however feparatc or difperfcci 
throughout the World. 

His Converfation was free, generous and affable j 
neither did he ihun the Society of thofe whom he 
was fent to convert J his Mjffion being fomewhat 
correfpondent to that of his J^prd and Mafter, whQ 
declared concerning^ himfelf 2 I am not come to call 
the Right eoii^, hut Stmters to Repentance^ Mat. 1x13. 

He was of a grave Deportment, and of a tall^ 
comely and manly Afped; : His publick Preaching 
was attended with fuch a divine Authority and ma~ 
jeftick Innocence, as commanded the Attention of 
his Hearers y and his Voiqe being clear, ftrong and 
diftindl, was capable of conveying his profitable Ex- 
hortations to the Ears and Underftandings of a very 
numerous Auditory ; of which a remarkable In- 
ilance appears in his Preaching at Jedburgh \v\ Scot-- 
la?2dy mentioned in Page 46, 47, of his Account. 

His literal Accompliflimcnts were I ^t fmall, ex- 
tending little farther than to enable him to read thp 
Scriptures in his Mother Tongue; yet by conftant 
TJfe and Application, he became thoroughly verfed 
therein, and enabled by the force of their Tefti- 
mony, to confront and confute the Gaio-fayers of 
liis Dodtrine, which was in all Points ftri<fily agrc^^ 
able to, and confonant therewith. 

In the religious Society to which he was joined,, 
he conducted himfelf as ^ Man of Peace and Pru- 

den^e^ • 



[ vii 3 

^fence, chufing to walk in the plain and middle 
t^ath, without declining to any Extream 5 lo that 
he neither idolized Forms, nor contemned good 
Order. 

His Eftimation and Repute amcng his Friends 
jind Neighbours, may {?ppcar by the Teftimony of 
the Monthly and Qu^arterly- meetings of Bridpcrt 
in Dorfetpire^ to which he belonged, given forth 
iince his Deceafe, wherein they fay, that " It pleaf- 
« ed the Lord to endue him with a large Gift in 
*' the Miniftry, in which he was a faithful La- 
*^ bcurer, and gave himfelf up for that Service ; 
*^ that he had a Gift of Utterance fuperior to 
** many, found in Judgment and Dcdrine, and 
« very convincing to the Under {landings of thofe 
*^ that heard him/' 

This Teftimony concerning him is true, and a 
Man of his Penetration and Capacity could not 
but difcern his own Improvement in the Gift he 
had received : Wheicfore he flood upon his Guard, 
left through Self-love and Conceit, he fhould de- 
part from that Humility, which is the Ornament of 
every Gofpel Minifter, as in Page 38 he has par- 
ticularly oblerved. 

Which Chriftian Virtue was generally his Conco- 
mitant, during the Courfe of his Pilgrimage y 
and is remarkable in the Compofure of this Account, 
in keeping it clear from, and unfullied with any the 
leaft Tindure or Symptom of Self-Applaufe. 

As 



. As in Preaching, his Declarations proceeded froni 
his Heart, io in Writing, his Relations of his Ser- 
vices, and his Exhortations; Iprang from the fame 
Fountaino 



Wherefore we recommend to thy fcrious Con- 
lidcration what he has written, a^ comprehended 
in that excellent Defcnptien of a good M^n, giveri 
by Christ himfelf, Luke v\. 45. ^^ gooJ.Man^ 
out of the good T^reajure of hh Hearty bringeth joirth 
that wb'ch isgQod. * 



May the Good brcunht forth but of this good 
Man's Heart effcduallv reach unto thine, arid 
through the divine Blefling ope ate to thy fpi ritual 
Benefit, Growth and Improvement in that which 
is good; 

So fhall the Defign of the deceafed Author, ifl 
leaving behind him this Account of his Lite and 
Travels, be in fome degree anfwered, and the Pre^ 
fixer of this Preface fhall have the End he: aims 
at, who with fincere; Defires tor the laving Health 
and Welfare of thee and all Mankind, takes his 
Lcavc> and bids thee heartily Farewell. 



J. B E S S E^ 



[ I ] 

i ^ I ■ I ■ 1 i i I .1 ■■ „ , I 1 . 1. ' ^ ■ ■ ' III ! I [ r !•-■ ^ 
& ■■ ■ - ■ ■ , ,,,., II ■■■■ 

AN 

ACCOUNT 

OF THE 

Life and Travels 

OF 

S A M UE L BO WR A S. 

I Was born in Wejlmoreland, within the Corlipafg 
of great ^^r/V^^/^W Monthly-meeting, about ther 
Year 1676, and was entered in that Regifter ; 
and my Father dying before I was one Month 
old, I never knew him, but I have been informed, 
that he was very honeft and zealous for Truth in his 
Time, having been a confiderable Sufferer for the 
Caufe of Religion, both in Lois of Goods and Liber- 
ty, the Meeting being kept in his Houfe in fome 
of the hotteft Time of Perfecution in King Charles 
the Second^ R^eign* Being left fo young, and my 
Mother having but a fcanty Subfiftance of about 4/. 
loj. a Year, with a Dwellmg for herfelf and two 
Children, I was about Thirteen put to learn the Trade 
of a Blackfmith, with an Uncle who ufed me unkind- 
ly \ I was afterwards put -an Apprentice to a very 

^ honeft 



2 TZ^ L I F E and TRAVELS 

honeft Friend belonging to Brigjlaits Meetinij, near 
Sedbergj in Ilrkfmre^ his Name was Samuel Parat ^j 
but all this 1 ime I had no Tafte of Religion, but 
devoted myfeli to Pleafure, as much as my Circum- 
ftances would permit, tho' my Mother had kept me 
very findt while I was under her Care, and would 
irequently in Winter Evenings take Opportunities 
to tell me fundry PalTages of my dear Father's Suffer- 
ings, admoniiliing me ili]l To to live, that I might be 
worthy to bear the Name of fo good a Man's Son, 
and not bring a Reproach on myfelf and Parents; 
alfo frequently putting me in mind, that if {he fhould 
be taken away, I fliould greatly niifs her, both for 
Advice and other Ways to affift me ; and advifed 
me to fear the Lord now in my Youth, that I might 
be favoured wiih his Bleffing ; which frequently 
brought m.e into great Tendernefs, being afraid that 
fhe would die before I was capable to live in the 
World ; and flie took m.e frequently to Meetings 
with her, where ilie often had i( me Words in Tefti- 
mony : Perfecution being ftill very hot, and Friends 
locked out of our Meeting-houle 2it Strickland^ we 
met at the Door, and I remember at two feveral 
Tim.es when I was a Child, and came to Meeting 
with mv Mother, the Informers came, the firft Timc^ 
the Meeting had been over about ha-f an Hour, the 
fecond Time not quite fo much, fo that we efcaped 
:heir Hands both Times; but fundry Friends v/erc 
in Prifon at Appleby for attending that Meeting, 
vr'hom my dear Mother went to vifit, taking me.a- 
ong with her, and we had a Meeting with the P^*-^,.> 
fnners, feveral Friends from other Places being lik^^- 

wife 



of SAMUEL BOV/NAS. . 3 

wife there by Appointment. What lobferved was, 
though very young, how tender and broken they 
were 3 and I was very inquiiltive of my Mother, why 
they cried fo much, (which we called Gt'eeting) and 
ihee greet too, ((aid I) v^^hy did thee? She told me 
that I could not underftand the Realon of it then, 
but when I grew up more to Man's Eftate I might. 
Now to return to my Apprenticelliip ; I had a ve- 
ry kind loving Mafter and Miftrcis, and I had Meat 
enough, and Work enough, but had little Confider- 
ation about Religion, nor any Tafle thereof. On 
Firji-days I frequented Meetings, and the greater 
Part of my Time I flept, but took no Account of 
Preaching, nor received any other Benefit than be- 
ing there kept out of bad Company, which indeed 
is a very great Service to Youth. I took much Li- 
berty in Difcourfe, and was taken Notice of as a 
witty, fenfible young Man : But often on my Bed 
I ruminated on myWay of Life with Reluctance, yet 
frequently fell \vXo the fame Way again: I never was 
given to Swearing, nor any very grofs Vice, but 
what I gave way to the moft, was Jefting, and Turns 
of Wit-tD provoke Mirth, which gave me often (af- 
ter it w^as over) a heavy Heart ; and thus I went on 
for near three Years 5 but one Firfl-da-f^ being at 
Meeting, a young Woman, named ^/me' iViifon, was 
there and preached 3 fhe v/as very zealous, and fix- 
ing my Eye upon her, fhe vvi!:h a great Zeal' pointed 
her Finger at me, uttering thefe Words with much 
Powder, ' A, traditional ^aker, thou comeft toMeet- 

* ing as thou went from it (the lafl- Tin»:e) and go- 

* eil from it as thou came to it, but art -- '^?tter 

A 2 foi: 



4 rhe LIFE and T R. A V E L S 

* for thy coming, x^hat v/ilt thou do in the End ? ' 
This was lo pat to my then Condition, that, like 
Said^ I was fmitten to the Ground, as it might be 
faid, but turning my Thoughts inward, in fecret I 
cried, Loi'-d^ what jfJjall I do to he-p it f And a Voice 
as it were fpoke in my Heart faying, Look unto me 
and I will help thee I and I found much Comfort, 
that made me fhed abundance of Tears. Then I 
remembered what my Mother told me fome Years* 
before, that when I grew up more to Man's Eftate, I 
lliould know the Reafon of that Tendernefs and 
weeping, and fo I now did to Purpofe. I went home 
with a heavy Heart, and could neither eat nor fleep 
as I ufed to do, but my Work never iucceeded bet- 
ter m my Hands than it did at this Time, nor my 
Mind never lefs in it ; but my Condu<9", as well as 
Countenance, was much altered, [o that feveral in 
the Family were doubtful that I Ihould fall into a 
kind of melancholy Diftraclion ; but I longed for 
the Meeting-day, and thought it a very long Week. 
When the Time of Meeting came, my Mmd was 
foon fixed and (laid upon God, and I found an un- 
common Enjoyment that gave me great Satisfaction, 
my Underftanding being opened, and all the Facul- * 
ties of my Mind fo quick, that I feemed another 
Man ; a divine and fpintual Sweetnefs abiding with 
me Night and Day, for fome Time, and I began 
to fee and underftand the Scriptures, and the Na- 
ture of preaching the DoiSrine of the Gofpel in the 
Power and Spirit, pbinly feeing a Difference be- 
tween a Preacher of the Letter and of the Spirit, 
which till then I was wholly ignorant of, and un- 
acquainted 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 5 

acquainted with, not having before that, tlie leait 
Degree that • I could perceive of divine Underftand'^ 
ing ; but then upon looking back, and conlidering 
what I had heard fuch and fuch Friends preach, 
which at that Time I did not underftand, but now 
I underllood it clearly, which was a plain Demon- 
ftration to me, that ail divine Knowledge is from 
divine Light, which we can't comprehend, until 
we are afflfted fo to do by a Vifitation from Heaven. 
And now the Scriptures, and Miniftry from the 
Openings of the Spirit, feemed fo clear and pJain to 
my Underftanding, that I wondered that any Body 
remained unconvinced, fuppofing them to iee the 
Truths of the Gofpel in the fame Light that I did; 
and that Saying of the Apoftle, * wherein he afferts 
his Knowledge of the Son of God being come, from 
their receiving an JJnderJianding from him^ was clear- 
ly difcovered to me, fo that now I plainly (aw a Dif- 
tindion between the Children of Light, and of this 
World; the fpiritual, and the natural Man; and that 
the natural Man could not receive the Things of the 
Spirit of God, being Foolifhnefs to him; he can*t 
know them, becaufe they are known 072ly by the Spir-- 
ity as the Apoftle afferts ; J and I found myfelf much 
improved in divine Wifdom and faving Knowledge. 
As I was going to Meeting walking alone, it came 
very livingly into my Mind, that if I was but faith- 
ful and obedient to the heavenly Vifion, I Ihould 
foon be qualified to teach others, and more efpecial- 
Jy^ as Llaw by Experience wherein my ihortnefs had 

A 3 been 

* 1 John v. 2a 4 I Corinthians ii, 14, 



6 r/3^ L I F E ^;7^ T R A V E L S 

been, in being contented and eafy with a Form of 
Truth and Religion, which I had only by Educa- 
tioQ, being* brought up in Plainnefs o^ both Habit 
and Speech; but all this, though very good in its 
Place, did not make me a true Chri/lia?!-^ 1 was but 
a traditional ^aker^ and that by Education only, 
and not from the Scriptures, becaufe they were a 
Book fealed to me. And I now law p'ainsy that 
Education, though never (o carefully adrniniftred, 
would not do the Work; although a pious Educa- 
tion ought bv no Means' to be negledted, but ail 
Parents and Guardians ought to be flirred up to 
their Duty in that Refped:; yet we mufl: conlider, 
that it is not in the Power of Parents, or the moft 
pious Tutors to confer Grace, which is the Gilt of 
God alone; nor can any come into the true Fold 
hxMhy this Door ^ as laid our Saviour \ concerning 
himfelf. Thus it plainly appeared to me, there was 
no other Way but this, mz. by the Spirit of Chri/i 
alone^ to attain to true Faith, which works by Love, 
and give Victory ov^x our Infirmities and evil Deeds, 
working fuch a Change in us, that we can in Truth 
from Experience fay, we are born from above^ ^ and 
by Virtue of that Birth only, is iht true Knowledge 
of the Kingdom, and the Things of God attained^ 
and by no other Vv'^ay or Means, although never fo 
well contriv'd by human Art : And being experi- 
mentally fenfible of this Change wrought in my 
Mind, it look'd the more likely that I might in Time 
be qualified to fpeak to others of my own Experi- 
ence 

t John X. I, 2, 3. 5 Johii iii. 3, 4, 5. 



of SAMUEL BOJVNAS. y 

cnce of the Operation of the Spirit, in my Mind, not 
thinking the Time fo near at Hand, as it appeared 
when I came to the Meeting ; for I had no: fat long 
therein, but a great Weight fell upon me, with 
fome Words to Ipeak ; but I conlider'd, (being wil- 
ling to be my own Carver) it was too foon to un- 
dertake fuch aTafk, being but an Infant in Religion ; 
not remembring the fmallTime between PWs Con- 
verfion '^' and his preaching the Gofpel : And my for- 
mer Condud: with my Companions, (many of whom 
were in the Meeting at the fame Time) flood much 
in my Way, for my Reformation was but three 
Weeks old that very Day, fo that I reafon'd thus, 
thatfofudden a Change would hardly be bx)rne : I could 
not for that Time, for thefe Reafons give up, and 
the Burden was.then taken from me : But after that 
Meetmg it came upon me again with double Weight, 
and afFedfed me fo very greatly that I Was much a- 
lone, and my Countenance fo altered with Weep^ 
ing, that myMafter tookOccafiou to enquire into the 
Matter, how it was with me'? And I gave him as 
plain Account as I was capable of, which he was 
much affcdted with indeed, and broke into Tears : 
What I feared was, that I had by Difobedience fo 
much oifended, that I fhould be caft off for ever : 
But vvith fundry Exhortations from Scripture and o- 
therwife, he endeavoured to pacify me, not doubtin>? 
but that I fhould have the like Offer made me, put-, 
ting me in Mind of Gideon\ Fleece, % &c. When 
next Meeting-day came, I went in great Wqaknefa 

A 4 ard 

* ^fts ix, %Q. -^ Judges vl. 



8 t;^^ LIFE and TRAVELS 

and Fear, and could rather have gone elfewhere, than 
to Meeting that Day ; however, Ibme Time after I 
was in the Meeting, I felt the fame Concern as at 
the Meeting before, and I fat under the Weight of 
it till the Meeting v/as almoft over, and then hardly 
knew how I got upon my Feet, but did, and broke 
out with a loud Voice in thefe Words, viz. ' Fear 
^ not them which kill the Body, but are not able to 
' kill the Soul 3 but rather fear him which is able to 
^ deflroy both Body and Soul in Hell. I iuy, fear 
^ you him who will terribly fhake the Earth, that all 
^ which is moveable may be fhaken and removed 
* out of the Way, that that which is immoveable 
^ may ftand.' This v/aj all I had to fay at that Time. 
But oh! what Joy and Sweetnefs I felt afterward I 
can't exprefs, and the Pieafure of my Mind appeared 
in my Countenance, lo that my Miiter took Notice, 
and (poke of it fo feelingly, that plainly demonflrat- 
cd he was a Partaker w'th me of the fame Rejoi- 
cing in himfelf, as at the Birth of an only Son : This 
was about the Year 1696, on that czWcd Chri/imas-day^ 
it falling that Year upon the Firft-day of the Week, 
Thus having (as it may be faid,) broke the Ice, the 
nextTime was not quite ih hard, but I faid very little, 
and leldom appeared for a Year or two, having 
about three Years of my Apprenticertiip to ferve, 
which I did with Fidelity and Truth. The laft 
Year of my Time^ I found lome confiderable work- 
ing in my Mind to vifit Scotland^ being very rarely 
without fome Degree of divine. Virtue on my Mind, 
either by Night or Day; therefore I thought, if it 
was fo with me then, it would be much more fo 

when 



of SAMUEL BOPVNAS. 9 

when I had nothing to mind but divine Things ; but 
I found it othcrwile, of which in its Piace. I may 
not omit, that fometime above two Years after I lirfl 
fpoke in Meetings, I open'd the New-Teftament at 
that Paffage fpoken of by our Saviour, Mat. x. 28. 
to the fame EiFedl with what was firfl open'd on my 
Mind, as mentioned above, which then I knew no- 
thing of, as being the Sayings of Chrift to warn them 
againfl the Fear of Men ; altho' no doubt I had read 
it, but had taken fo little Notice of what I read, it 
was to me as if it had been never writ. But it was 
a great Comfort ta me, that I was thus opened in a 
material Point of Dodlrine of our blefled Lord at my 
iirft fetting out. 

About this Time I had a Defire to vifit a neigh- 
bouring Meeting called 2"f//^W, it being the firil that 
1 ever had a Concern to vifit, and delired my dear 
Friend Ifaac Alexander^ to go with me. Agreeing 
upon the Time, I went to Ifaac s Brother's Hou(e 
the Sevejjth'day Evening before, where Ifaac lived ; 
and he and I went to vifit Jama's Wilfoji and his 
Parents that Evening : James was under Convince- 
ment, but not his Parents. We had fome Confer- 
ence, but being called to Supper, left off abruptly^ 
After Supper I could not be eafy without repeating- 
my Vifit, and James's Mother being very quick in 
the Scriptures, (he defired my Judgment -on thofe 
Texts m Ifaiab and Peter-, Behold, I create new Ilea-- 
n)ens, and new Earth, wherein dwells Righteoufnefs. 
And my Underftanding was opened to preach unto 
her the new Birth fo effedually, that fhe was tho- 
roughly convinced, and continued an honefi: Friend 

to her 



lo Jhe LIFE and TRAVELS 

to her dying Day, going to Meeting the very next 
Day, and io held on while able to attend Meetings. 
Now my Time of Servitude being near at an End, 
and my Mafter being very willing to keep me in his 
Service, fpoke to me about it, which gave me /an 
Opportunity to open my Mind to him about my Vifit 
to Scotland y and he then told me, to acquaint fome 
of the Elders in the Meeting therewith^ for it was 
needful that I fhould have a Certificate, to fhew the 
Unity of the Brethren with my Journey ^ and accor- 
dingly I did, and had a Certificate : Ifaac Ale:^ander 
was my Companion, and had a Certificate likewife. 
So we fet out ; Kendal being the firft Meeting, and 
then to Pre/Ion^Tellandy Height^ Hawkejhead^ and vifi- 
ted Part oi La?icajhire^ zndi Torkjhire^ in about three 
or four Weeks. But the Poverty of my Spirit was fo 
exceeding great and bitter, that I could fcarcely bear 
it, but cried out aloud, and it was fo furprizing to 
my Companion, that we being by ourfelves walking 
on Foot, he feared it would be too hard for me, for 
I complained that I was deceived or mijlah72\ becaufe, 
while I was in my Mafter's Work, I rarely by Night 
or Day was without fome Degree ot divine Virtue 
on my Mind, but xiow I could feel nothing but the 
Bitternefs of Death and Darknefs ; all Comfort was 
hid from me for a Time, and I was baptifed into 
Death indeed. As we went along, I faid to Jfaac 
with a Vehemency of Spirit. Oh ! that I was in my 
Majlers Work again ^ and favoured with my former Enr 
joymatts of divine Life^ how acceptable it would be I 
We came at our Journey's End, to one Miles Birket'Sy 
v/ho was more than ufualiy kind to us 3 but alas ! 

he 



of SAMUEL B OWN AS. ii 

he did not know ray State and Poverty. Next Day 
we went to another Meeting at Hawkejhead^ it was a 
little better with me, but very poor ; and fo we per- 
formed our Journey in about a Month, and he re- 
turned to his Father's Houfe, and I to my Mafter 
Tarat\. 

I being very loath to go to S^cotland^ having been 
proved with fo much Poverty of Spirit, the Cup 
was fo bitter I could hardly bear it 3 however, I kept 
my Mind to myfelf, and we fet forward on Foot, 
vifiting Part oiCumberlandm our Way, and I thought 
Ifaac had very fine Service, fo much fuperior to 
mine, that after him I was afraid to lefien or hurt 
what Good he had done ; and before him, I was a- 
fraid to ftand in his Way. He was very much ad- 
mired indeed, and fome were convinced by his Mi- 
niftry : We accomplished that Journey in about two 
Months Time. At our Return Hay-harveft came 
on, and I went to Mowing, and on the Meeting- 
days went juft v/here my Mind led me, and grew in 
my Miniftry rery much, and the Lord let me fee his 
Kindnefs to lead me through that State of Poverty, 
which was of great Service to qualify me to fpeak to 
others in the like Condition, and that Trials of fun- 
dry Kinds were for my Improvement and Good, 
tending to my Eftablifhment in the true Root of a 
divine and fpiritual Miniftry ; and the Dodlrine of 
our Saviour and his Apoftles -f- did much comfort 
me, fo that I became, in the Opinion of feveral, an 
able Minifler, although but ih0rt, feldom ftanding a 

Quarter 

t Matthew v. 3, Romans vii, 2^, 



12 T:^^ L I F E ai2d TRAVELS 

Quarter of an Hour. But alas ! I faw iince that, I was 
but a meer Babe or Infant in the Work. 

This Summer paft over, and by my Harveft-work 
at Hay and Corn, I pick'd up a little Money, being 
jufl penny-lefs before, fo that I travelled to a Meet- 
ing before I got to Work 14 or 15. Miles, three 
Times forth and back on foot ^11 alone, with three 
Halfpence, being all the Money I had, and thinking 
to rcfrefh myfelf in the Way, but when I came near 
the Houfe of Entertainment, I Found myfelf fo 
ftrong and cheerful, that I thought I might want it 
more at another Time, and fo kept it. 

Towards the Fall I bought a Horfe, and put my- 
felf in a Condition for another Journey with my old 
Companion Ifaac again; and we thought either of 
us pretty fufficient to hold a Meeting; however. I 
was to go with him through Bi[hoprick and Tork- 
fdire^ and he was to go with me into the Wefl, as 
to Wilts, Sojnerjetjhire, Devo?2jInre^ &c. We had 
not proceeded far, before I was very much fhut up, 
'and had no Satisfaction at all in going farther with 
him; I told him how it was with me, and we were 
both willing to part; and I went to be at Tork on 
Firji'day, and meeting with dear John RichardfoUj I 
laid my Concern before him, and as a nurfmg Father 
he fpoke very encouragingly to me, and he got 
Meetings appointed for me at Wetherby^ and fo for- 
ward towards Dcncajier. I went on in g;reat Fear, 
and after Meeting at Wetherby^ Benjami7i Brown 
fpoke very encouragingly, that the Lord would en- 
large my Gifts-, and when thou findejl itfo^ faid he, 
dont value thyfelf upon ity but give the Honour of it 

where 



of SAMUEL BOJVNAS. 13 

where it's due^ and keep humble^ and God ivtll blefs 
tbee^ and make thee a ufeful Member in his Hand. My 
nextMeeting was zt Wakefield^ which was very much 
to my Comfort and Encouragement: Then ioPonte-' 
fratl^ where I had no Caufe to complain; but there 
was a Friend, that alter Meeting did cavil and find 
a deal of Faults with what I had laid, which brought 
fomeUneafinefs upon me: But being afterwards toid^ 
he ufed to do fo, and that he was not i?i Unity ^ that 
brought me off pretty light and cafy ; fo I went from 
thence to Doncajler on the Seveiith-day, it being Mar- 
ket-day there : I was condudfed to Thomas Aldam\ 
Quarters, he being in Town, who foon came and 
look'd at me, I thought aujierelyy 'firfl enquiring 
ivhence Icame^ and if I hadaCertificate? To all which 
I gave proper Anlwers, and fhewed him my Certi- 
ficate; all this feemed agreeable, and he undertook 
to appoint Meetings forward, and fent me home with 
his Son: But not having ever been fo clofely examin- 
ed before, this grew in my Mind, and fearing how 
I fhould come off, Thomas Al dam being a noted Mi- 
niiler, it was fome Uneafinefs; but at lafl he came 
Home, and was very tender and kind indeed.. Next 
Day, being Firft-day^ we repaired to Meeting, and I 
came ofFbeyond what I exped;ed by much, preached 
almofl an Hour, fo that I was very chearfuf in my 
Spirit after it, and we hstd a little Opportunity in the 
Evening, and all ended brave and well: So the 
Week following I we.nt to Blithe^ and took Meetings 
in courfe as they lay by Maplebeck to Nottingham. 
At Maplebeck there was a brave old living Friend, 
with whom I had great Comfort^ his Name wdisjohn 

. Camm : 



14 rhe LIFE and T R A V^E L S 

Camm: At this Place I had the very beft Meeting 
'that I had ever had, and it had a very remarkable 
EfFed: upon me ; for I began to think the Bitternels 
and AnguiHi of Death, which I had gone through 
before, might now be over in a great Degree, and 
I fhould go on fmoother and with more Eafe for 
Time to come, for the Friends fliewed me much 
Refped,and I was vifited in the Evening, and Morn- 
ing before I left t))em, by fundry that lived nigh: 
In fhort, I thought more of myfelf than I. had done 
before^ that I remember. Two or three of them 
went with me to Nottingham^ feeming much pleafed 
with my Company; it being Seventh-day^ I was there 
on Firji-day at two Meetings, came off tolerable 
well, but not hke as at Mapkbeck. The Third-day 
following I was at Caflle-dunnington^ where was a 
fine Colledion of Friends ; I preach'd fome Time a- 
mongfl them, but found not that Authority and 
Lite, as I thought, to attend me as before ; how- 
ever, I defired another Meeting with them that Even- 
ing, which was readily aflented to, which was very 
large, confidering that Placr. J feemed very poor 
and low, and blamed myfelf much for appointing 
another Meeting in fo poor and weak a Frame of 
Mind; the Meeting came on, and proved better than 
I exped:ed : But I was very low, and it being a 
clear Moon-light Night, I walked into the Friend's 
Orchard behind his Houfe, bemoaning myfelf very 
much, as having loft my Guide, and fallen irom that 
happy Condition I was in the Week before : The 
Friend of the Houfe finding I tarried, came out to 
meet me, having a Senle ot my low State and Con- 
dition 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 15 

dition, io that, enquiring how I did, he began to 
fpeak very much in praiie of thole two Meetings, and 
of the Service I had in them. But all this did not raife 
my Spirits : We went in, but he perceived I was ve- 
ry low, and he and his Wife endeavour'd to com- 
fort me ; his Wife had a fine Gift of the Miniftrv, 
and fhe told me fome Experiences fhe had gone 
through, but all did not do, nor come near my 
Condition.' Next Day I went to Swa?iningicn in 
hetcefterjhire^ and there, was a fine Body of Friends 
again, and I had not iix. long, before I felt, as I 
thought, as good an Authority to preach as ever, and 
flood up, not doub^fing an open, latisfadlory Meet-^ 
ing : But I had not ftood above fifteen, if fo many. 
Minutes, until all was fhut up, and it feemed as 
though both the Sun and Air were darkened. I fat 
down under a great Cloud, to think what I fhould 
do, appealing to God, as having no ill Defign, but 
much otherwife, and earnellly in fecret defiring 
Help ; and immediately, as though a Voice had fpok- 
en intelligibly, ^ Thou runs, and God has not fent 
^ thee ; thou fpeaks, but God don't fpeak by thee; 
* therefore thou flialt not profit the People.' It 
may be thought I was bad before, but much worfe 
now, I being under the very Hour and Power of 
Death and Darknefs, being at my Wits-end what to 
do 5 and under this great Temptation divers Ways 
prefented, fuch as my turning myfclf outof theLine 
of Friends, which I found would be fomewhat hard 
to do, by rcafon I always had a Guide from one 
Place to another : Then to turn Home again, and by 
that Method I might get rid of Friends as Guides, 

and 



i6 97^^ LIFE and T R A V E L jS 

and make the beft of my Way to fome Port in 7/v- 
land^ fell my Horfe, and get Work (where I was 
not known) at my Trade: But then the Honour 
of the Monthly-meeting, that had given me fo good 
a Certificate, would be affedled by my fo doing : 
And having coniidered of fundry Ways to take, at 
laft this prefented, to make away with myfelf in 
fome River or Pond, as though it had been an Acci-^ 
dent, and this would cover ^11. Thus for a Time I 
was bewildered, not feeing where I was ; but fince 
it plainly appeared I was under the Influence of the 
Spirit oiAntichrifl. Thus begging heartily for Help, 
I fell on my Knees, and prayed with that Fervency, 
that few under the Roof but were melted into Tears, 
and it was fuch a Time as I never had before nor 
lince in Prayer, as I remember : Thus that Meeting 
ended. Next I went to a Town called Hinckley y 
and there was a confiderable Number of Friends 
and other People ; I was extremely low and poor, 
but had a comfortable Meeting, that much healed 
me, and fet me to rights again. 

Then I vifited Lcicefierjljire pretty generally, and 
there was a Woman of fome Account (her Name 
v^2i^ yemimah Mowttney) who w^as convinced, and 
fhe was with me at fundry Meetings, and was exceed- 
ing tender and loving, being throughly reached and 
fatisfied. When we parted, flie was fo open-heart- 
ed that I was called alide by- her, and after having 
faid fomething to me about her inward Condition, 
{he offered me fome Pieces of Gold, which I told 
her, I durft not touch ; fhe very courteoufly, and 
with a becoming genteel Mein, told me, Jhe was 

both 



of SAMUEL JBOrVNAS. iy 

hoth able and "ibiiiingy and as flje had no other Way^ 
that poe cotddjhew her Gratitude j or that fpiriiual Good 
poe had received by my Minijlry^ floe could do no lefs than 
that, befeeching that I would receive it, as the true 
'Token of her Love ajid RefpeSf. In anlwer, I laid, // 
was what I never bad done, nor could I now do it , but 
all the Reward I de fired and expeBed was, that/he might 
carefully, with djtncere Heart, endeavour that her Obe^ 
dience did keep pace with her Knowledge, the hearing of 
which would much rejoice my Soul: We parted in great 
Love and Tendernefs. I heard that fundry others 
were convinced in that Neighbourhood. A very 
honeft Friend, whofe Narne was Brooks, took great 
Pains to get the fceking People to Meeting, and I was 
tery much enlarged in pertinent Matter, fuitable toi 
the States of fuch feeking Souls- 

Out of Leice/ier/hire, being very well rewarded fof 
theBitterners I fufFered before I came into it (which, 
as before, was as much as I could bear) I pafTed in- 
to IVaj'-wickJhire, and had fome good Opportunities 
in that Country, as at Warwick and fundry other 
Places, i found I often hurt myfelf by fpeiiking too 
faft, and too lOud, againft which I endeavoured to* 
guard as much as I could ; but oft, when I felt my 
Heart filled with the Power of divine Love, I was 
apt to forget myfelf and break cut ; I found it pro- 
per therefore to flop, and after a (hort Paufe, with 
forae fecret fhort Prayer for Prefervation, and that 
1 might be fupplied with Matter and Power, that 
inight do the Hearers good. Thus I went on, and 
grew fenfibly in Experience and Judgment, and be- 
came in fomefmatl Des;ree fkilfal in dividing of the 

B Word; 



i8 The LIFE and TRAVELS 

Word. I had been ftraitned in my Mind refpedling 
fearching the Scriptures, left I fhould thereby be 
tempted to lean upon them, and by gathering either 
Manna or Sticks on the Sabbath-day, Death would 
cnfue ; but at laft I had Freedom to examine the 
Text, and to caniider where the Strength of the Ar- 
gument lay, both before and after the Words I had 
repeated : By which Condud: I faw I was often very 
defed:ive, in not laying hold of the moft fuitable 
Part to confirm the Subjed: or Matter I was upon, 
and this Condud did me great Service : But then 
another Difficulty ftood in my Way, which was this ; 
fome former Openings v/ould come up, which I durft 
'not meddle with, left that by fo doing I fhould be- 
come formal, and lofe that divine Spring v/hich I 
had always depended upon /but the Lord was plea- 
fed to fhew me, that old Matter, opened in new 
Life, was always new, and that it was the Renew- 
ings of theSpint alone which made it new, and that 
the principal Thing I was.to guard againft was, not 
in my own Will- to endeavour to bring in old Open- 
ings, without the Aid of the Spirit ; and that if I 
ftood fingle and nefign'd to the divine Will, I fhould 
be preferved from ail Errors of this Nature. 

Out of V/arwickflme I travelled into IVorceJierJJjire^ 
vifiting fundry Meetings in that County, and found a 
frefh Supply every Day. I was at Worcefter on Fh'Jl- 
day\ and after the Meeting in the Forenoon, an an- 
cient Friend examined me very clofely, after Meet- 
ing was over, from whemje I came ^ znd for a Certi-- 
ficate ; to all which I gave him Anfwers : My Cer- 
tificate being at my Quarters m my Saddle-bag, he 

could 



of SAMUEL BQWNAS. i0 

^ould not then fee it ; but I had a very good Meeting 
as i thought, and my Landlord William Pardoe^ a 
brave fehfible Elder, advifed me not to be uneafy at 
the old Friend's examining me fo, for^ faid he, he 
doesfo to every Btr anger. Wt went to Meeting in. 
the Afternoon, w^hich was very large, and I was 
Largely opened, and had, as I thought, very good Ser- 
vice > but the old Friend, after the Meeting, was 
upon me in the fame Strain to fee my Certificate, but 
I had it not then about me neither, at which he 
feemed much difpleafed : I made no Reply, but 
told him, i was very willing be fhould fee it; but my 
Landlord took him up, and told him, he thought the 
young Man had already JJjei^n us his beji Certificate in 
both the Meetings y but neverthelefs (laid he) conte to 
my Houfe in the Evenings and thou jJoalt fee it : So wc 
parted. My Landlord thought he had (hewed him- 
felf difagreeable m his Condud-, and fearing it 
would be an tJneafinefs to me, fpoke very tenderly^ 
and like a nurfing Father encouraged me, by faying 
1 coidd not (hew him a better Confirmaficn that I was 
anointed for the Minifiry^ than I had already done. So 
in the Evening, after it vv^as dark, he and many 
other Friends came ; but my Landlord, the old 
Friend and I, went afide, and I let him fee what 
he defired fo much to fee ; he read it, being much 
pleafed with it, and knowing fundry Friends that 
had figncd it, enquired after them. We went to 
our Friends again^ who were much increaled in 
Number, and we had a heavenly Seafon, being 
throughly baptized together : We parted .in great 

B 2 Lov?. 



20 Ty^.- L I F E ^^J T R A V E L S 

Love and Sweetnefs, and the old Friend was ex- 
ceeding kind. 

From thence I went into Gloucefterjlnre^ and vi- 
fited Part of that County, by Tewkejbury to Chel^ 
tenhamy Glouce/kr, Paynefwick^ Nailjworth^ and 
T^edbury. I had fundry good Opportunities: One 
young Woman was convinced at Tedbury^ that be- 
came a very good Friend. 

From thence into WiltjJnre and Ha?npfhire, as far 
as Ringwoody and to Pool and Weymouth ; called at 
Wareham and Corfe^ had a Meeting at each Place, 
but nothing worthy noting at either of them : So I 
travelled to Bridport^ Lyme^ Membury^ Chard and 
Crewkern^ and back to Somerton^ Piiddimore^ Majjon 
to a Funeral, and to Teovil on Firjl-day ; thu^ 
having vifited Somerfetjhire^ I went away into De^ 
von/Jjife as far as Exeter ; then turned up tov/ards 
TauntG72^ taking Meetings in my Way towards 
Briftoly but nothing happened of Weight. 

I ftaid in Bri/lcl^ and vifited Meetings about the 
City near five Weeks, arid from thence I found my 
Mind was much drawn to vifit Wales^ and I took 
the Quarterly-meeting of Hereford in my Way, 
which was held annually at Amelly^ and there I met 
with my dear Friend Ifaac Alexander : We were 
glad to lee each other, as well as to hear each 
other, which when we did, it appeared to me that 
Ifaac was improved confiderabiy, and he faid the 
fame of mc, obferving, that I preached the pradlical 
Dodtririe of the Gofpel, he thought, more than he 
did ; for his preaching was very much in Compa- 
rifons and Allegories, which he apprehended was 

not 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 21 

not fo plain and ealy to the Underflandings of the 
Vulgar, as what I had to fay. We had now an 
Opportunity of opening our Minds to each other, 
which was of great Service to us both, having fun- 
dry Meetings together, and we had Drawings for 
the Yearly-meeting at Glanneedlefs in Wales : This 
Opportunity feemed very agreeable to us; thera 
were fundry Friends of note, Benjamin Bangs, and 
others out of Chejhire j the People came, in Abun- 
dance, and at Times were very rude, but in the 
main it was a ferviceable Meeting. After that I 
vifited Wales^ appointing from the Yearly-meeting 
fundry Meetings, as far as was thought proper at 
once, and a good old Friend, Philip Leonard^ offered 
to be my Companion, which was of great Service 
to me. I was very poor and low at moil Meetings 
in that Journey, by reafon but few of the People 
could well underftand what I faid in fundry Places : 
But Philip ftood up after I had done, and in part 
interpreted what I had faid^ but I did not feem to 
be quite eafy in my Mind. 

Ifaac went to Bnflol Yearly-meeting, and was 
very zealous againft unneceffary Fafhions and Super-- 
fluities in both Sexes, infomuch, that fome thought 
he did, in his Words againft them, exceed the 
Bounds of Modefty : But he might plead the Ex- 
ample of the Prophet Ifaiah in that refped;*. But 
tlie chief Ob] eftion waSj concerning his prophefying 
of a great Mortality, which the Lord was about to 
bring as a Judgment upon the People, for their 
Pride and Wickednefs ; which he thought it his 

B 3 Duty 

* Ift.iii, 16. to the End, 



22 The LIFE and TRAVELS 

Duty to deliver in their Yearly-meeting, as a Warn- 
ing for all to mind their Ways, left being taken 
unprepared, their Lo{s (hould be irreparable : Which 
he did in fuch ftrong and pofitive Terms^ that 
Friends were airaid he was too much exalted in 
himielf; Upon which, fome of the Elders thought 
proper to conyerfe with, and examine him concern- 
i\v^ this extraordinary Meflage which he had de^ 
livcred : But what he faid to them, not being fatis- 
faCtory, they advifed him to proceed no farther on 
hi5 Journey, but to return Home j which he did 
under great Trouble, and was there received in 
much Loye and Tendernefs, and appeared in his 
Gilt very excellerft, and grew in divine Wifdom 
•Sind Power, being of great Service in the Miniftry 
wherever he came. And he having a Concern to 
Vifit the Churches abroad, and acquainting iome of 
our Elders therewith, they thought it not proper 
for him to go, till fomething was done to fatisfy 
the Friends of Briftol^ and upon their Enquiry of 
IjduC^ he gave them a fingle and honeft Account 
how it was with him at that Time, refpedling his 
Concern : So Friends took it in hand, and wrote to 
Briftoh neither juftifying nor condemning him, but 
recommended Charity and Tendernefs towards him. 
And from Briftol^ Friends anfwered, ihdit. With open 
jinns they could receive him^ believing him to be a fin^ 
c 're young Man^ who intended very welh, and they 
%vere glad he took their Admonition rights and had 
owned it had been of Service to him. Thus ended 
this Affair, and Ifaac faid, he could not think hard of 
))is Brethren in doing what they didy though he could 

not 



of SAMUEL BOW N AS. 23 

not KS\^Xifee that he had mljfed his Way^ in delivering 
that Prophefy : Thus fhewing forth a lively Inftancc 
of a warm Zeal, tempered with a due Regard to 
the Senfe and Advice of his Brethren and Elders, 
and the Unity of the Church, which doubtless 
tended to his own Comfort and Prefervation. 

When I heard of it, I took it io much to heart, 
that it was almoft too much for me, and a Concern 
came upon me to go to London with the Hke MefTagc, 
but with this Caution 5 firft, to advife with fome 
faithful Brethren before I delivered it : And I wrote 
to Ifaac to let him know it, which gave him great 
Eale. Accordingly I went to London, and got lun- - 
dry Brethren together, vix. "James Dickinfon, J. 
Bow/iead, Peter Fear on ^ B. Bangs ^ Robert Hay dock ^ 
and fome others, and gave them a plain and honeft 
Account how it came upon me, which was not till 
after I heard how my dear Companion was returned 
Home from Brijiol ; adding, that I had acquainted 
JJaac how it was with me, that he might know my 
Sympathy with him, The Friends feeing what he 
had wrote, found there was a ftrong Sympathy be- 
tween us, and very juflly fuppofed, that to be the 
moving, if not only, Caufe of the Concern I was 
under, and very tenderly advifed me to keep it in 
my own Breafl, till I found how the Lord would 
order it; for, it he was the Author, I fhould find 
more of it; if not, it would die of courfe : But if 
I found it grew upon me, I fhould let any of them 
know it, and they would confiden what Steps to 
take in a Matter of fo great Confequence, as going 
forth in a Prophefy of that Nature^ And the fti- 
B ^ therljf 



24 The LIFE and "^^ kVEhS 

therly Kindn^fs they fhewed me was very afFeftino" 
to me, one or other of them making it their Bufmefs 
to vine me every Day; and, fis thty faid, I found 
the' Concern went off, and I became eafy v^ithout 
publiihing it. ' -> ; - 5 .<..:>. . . ^ :r 

After this I had divers very acceptableQpportuni-- 
ties in London, &\xv\v\g the Time of the Yearly-meet- 
iiig, and afterwards viiited Friends towards Leeds 
in Torkpoire^ and in my Way thither had very agree- 
able Service in both the Counties of iL(f;V^^c'r and 
Nottingham, and at fundry other Places.'^ 

From Leeds I v^ent to the Yearly- meeting at Tork, 
which was very large, arid many public Friends ; 
but I was hid, as it were, and made very little Ap-^ 
pearance at that Meeting. ■ ' 

From thence I travelled homewards, vilitipg 
Friends as I went, and was gladly received by thenl; 
And I found my Miniflry very acceptable; as it in- 
creafed upon me, I was very humble and low in 
Mind, knowing therein my Strength conliftedj and 
Safety from Ternptation. ' ,! . , 

I was now in a Strait, what Cqurfe to take to 
get a little Money, my Linen and Woolen both 
wanting to be repaired, I met with a young Man 
newly fet up in his Trade, with whom I propofed 
to work, and he was ready to comply with my GfFerv 
fuppoling it would be a IVJeans to improve him : So 
we agreed, and I begun with him, and found it an- 
fwered much better than Harveft-work, fo that I 
ftored myfelf with a little Cafli foon, ar^d worked 
hard all that Summer, and in the Fall of the Year 
prepared myfelf for a Journey with my good old 
^ n^nd Jofeph Baines. ' We 



(yf BdMXJEh BOWNAB. tc 

We fet out the latter End of the Sixth Months 
and viiited feme Parts of Torkfoire^ and io into hin-^ 
coin/hire^ Suffolk and Norfolk, and wc did very well 
'together ; only I was afraid, that Friends took fo 
much Notice of me, he would be uneafy ; but he 
was fo entirely innocent, and had fo much of the 
X^amb in him, that he never did, that I could find, 
/hew any Uneafinefs, more than to give me a Cau- 
tion with a Smile; Sammy, faid he, (for I was 
rnoftly called fo) thou hadji need take care. Friends 
admire thee fo much, thou dofi not grow proud -, and 
Indeed the Caution was very ieafonable, as well as 
Serviceable to me ; which I faw and did acknow- 
ledge. This Jofeph was (it might be faid) an Ifraelite 
indeed, ' as meek as a Lamb, not great in the Mini- 
ftry, but very acceptable, efpecially amongft other- 
People, having a meek, quiet, eafy Delivery, moiily 
in Scripture Phrafes^ with which he was well fur- 
nifhed, repeating thern with very httle or no Com- 
ment upon them, which lome admired very much ; 
and he had great Service at Funerals, being in a pe- 
culiar Manner qualified for fuch Services : But he 
receiving an Account of fonie Troubles in his Fa« 
mily, it brought a very great Uneafinefs upon him, 
and he returned Home. But I vifited moft of the 
Meetings over again, and fo I returned into Hun- 
ttngtonjhire, Northamptonjhire, and fo towards Dor-^ 
fetjhire^ and Somerfetjhire, vifiting Meetings as I 
went through Part oi Oxfordjhire. I had many 
Meetings, fometimes fourteen in a Week, and ge- 
nerally to Satisfadion. In almoft every Parifh where 
^ Friend lived, wc had a Meeting, befides which 

fundry 



26 rhe LIFE ^;7i T R A V E L S 

fundry ofFered their Houfes, who were not Friends, 
which we cnabraced. I came through Part of 
JIamp{hire and Warwickjhire^ and fo back again to 
Hampjhire^ vifiting Friends, and had many Meet- 
ings in Places where none had been, and the Peo- 
ple were much inclined, who were not Friends, to 
have Meetings at their Houfes in many Places, and 
would deiire Friends to conduct me to their Houfes: 
So that although I was entirely unknown to moft, 
yet there was very great Willingnefs to receive the 
Dodtrine of Chrift ; and fundry, I found afterwards, 
were convinced,by Accounts I received from Friends. 
The Teachers of the national Way, and Diffenters 
alfo, were much difturbed, and threatned what 
they would do, and that they would come and dif- 
pute ; and fome of them came feveral Times, and 
got out of Sight, where they could hear and not be 
feen ; but never any gave me the leaft Difturbance 
all that Journey ; but iome would fay I was a Cheat 
(viz.) a y^fuit in difguife^ others, that I was brought 
up for the Pulpit, and for f*me Mifdemeanor fuf- 
pended ; and fo they varied, according to their Ima- 
ginations : But I was very eafy in my Service, and 
found my Heart very much enlarged; fome of the 
People took me to have a good Share of Learning, 
which, although it was falfe, ferved for a Defence 
againft fome bufy Fellows, who thought they could 
difpute about Religion and Dodlrine, which I always 
endeavoured to avoid as much as poffible, leldom 
finding any Advantage by fuch Work, but that it 
Ifnoftly ended in cavilling, and a Strife of Words. 

I went 



pf SAMUEL BOWNAS. 27 

I went through Part of Dorfetjhire, and at Sher^ 
jtorne an old Friend was fick, and not expeded to 
get over that lUnefs, and it came into my Mind he 
would die of that Sicknejs^ and that / mufi be at his 
Funeral^ and preach with my Bible in my Hand. This 
made me fhrink, as fearing it was the Fruit of Ima- 
gination, but I kept it to myfelf, and had many 
Meetings about thofe Parts, as at Teovile^ Puddi^ 
more^ MaJJon, Wejion, &cc. Beiides this, a young 
Woman, which afterwards became my Wife, had 
ftrong hold of my AiFedlions, and 1 had acquainted 
her Parents therewith, and had Liberty from them 
to lay it before their Daughter, which I did; a!-- 
though at the fame Time it was upon me to vifit 
America before I entered into the State ol Wedlock, 
which I alfo gave her to underftand ; for I had rea- 
foned in my own Mind, that it might be better to 
let it reft until my Return, if I lived ; but in an- 
swer to that, thus it appeared, that I might have 
feme Offers there that might be a Snare to me, and 
by this prior Engagement I might be freed from all 
Temptations or Offers of that kind ; for if it once 
was known there, that I was already engaged, even 
that would command Silence on that Account ; fo 
on this Confideration I made my Suit to her, who 
received it with fuch Modefty and Sweetnefs as was 
very engaging; and obliging to me ; But fhe had an 
Uncle, on whom fhe had fome Dependance, who 
feemed much averfe to i^ and would have his Niece 
left at Liberty, that if any Thiog offered in my 
Abfence fhe might embrace it ; which I very readily 
fomplied with; then he was pleafed, only he 

Woul{| 



28 The LIFE and TRAVELS 

would have me leave it under my Hand, v^hich 
alfo I was very ready to do ; and more, that is, to 
ftand bound myfe^f, and leave her at Liberty: To 
which Aie objedted, as unreajonable on her Part to 
defire fuch a Thing from me. So we parted, and 
I went to Street^ Glajionbury^ Burnham^ Sidcoafy 
CJarehamy and Brijiol^ having let flip out of my 
Memory the old Friend's Sicknefs zt Sherborne; but 
I had not been many Hours in Brijlol before a Mef- 
fenger came to defire Benjamin Cook to attend the 
Funeral, and Benjamin came to me to Brice Webb\y 
where I lodged, and told me how it was, and de- 
fired me to go ; but I pleaded fundry Excufes, firft, 
my Horfe was not fit, with other Objedtions, which 
were all removed. And accordingly I went to 
Jyruton next Day, being the Seventh-day of the 
Week, and was at that fmall Meeting on Firjl-day, 
The Funeral was on Second-day, which was ex- 
ceeding large, John Beere from Weymouth being 
there, had fomething to fay, but not much: Then, 
as it was with me, I pulled my Bible out of my 
Pocket, and opened it ; upon which the People 
gave more Attention than they had done before, 
and I had a very acceptable Time, often in the 
Courfe of my Matter referring to the Text for 
Proof, and giving an ample Teftimony of the Value 
we put upon the Scriptures, earneftly prefling the 
careful reading of them, and advifing to confider^ 
what they read, and to feek the Lord, by Prayer, 
for Afliftance and Power, that they might pradice 
what they read, which was the ultimate End of 
reading, as well as the hearing of Preaching, for 

without 



^ SAMUEL BOWNAS. t<^ 

without Pradice, it would avail but little; with 
other Advice to the fame EfFed:. And there being 
lundry Teachers of feveral Societies, one of them a 
Baptiji, took hold of me after Meeting was ended, 
and defired fome Converfation with me: I looked 
at him earneftly, and defired to know if he had 
any Objedtion againft any Part of what I had faid ? 
if thou haftj^faid I, (fpeaking with an audible Toice, 
that iibpt many of the Company) this is the moft 
proper JPlace, the People being prefent ^ for they 
thronged about us very much : This made him 
confefs, that what he had heard was found, and 
according to Scripture, being very well proved from 
the Text; but he defired fome private Difcourfe 
between, Gurfelves at my Quarters, if I would per- 
mit it. I told him he might, I quartered at Richard 
Frys"y and Richard being prefent, told him he 
fhouid be welcome to come to his Houfe, and (o 
we parted : And when I came to Richard*Sy he 
faid, we lliould hear no more of him, for that he 
had in his Difcourfes amongfl his Hearers, fpokea 
many very unhandfome Things againfl; the ^lakerSy 
endeavouring to unchriftian them, and prove them 
Heathens in denying the Ordinances : (A common 
Plea ufed by all our Adverfaries) But this Upftart 
carried the Matter farther than fome others did, by 
adding, that we denied the Scriptures, .and alfa 
would not allow of a Bible in any of our Meet- 
ings, nor did our Preachers ever ufe a Bible to prove 
any thing therefrom, that we preached to the Peo- 
ple; (with more to the fame Purport) and as many 
of his Hearers wferc there, my appearing with a 
' Bible, 



3o 5^^ L I F E W T R A V E L S . 

Bible, and fo often referring to the Text for Proofs 1 
did no doubt put him and them alfo upon a Thought, 
what had been preached before by him, amongft i 
thera, coacernirig th^ ^akerSy which now appeared i 
to be a manifeft Untruth by what they had both 
feen and heard that Day :- However, to be iliort, | 
as Richard Fry thought, fo it proved ; for h^ did \ 
not come at ail near me, and fo that vwnt oif well^ 
and Truth was exalted above Lies and Falfhood, 

r returned back to BriJIol well contented, being . 
filled with Peace and Confolation^ At my Return 1 
I gave my Friends Benjamin Coole^ and fome others, j 
a Relation of my Condud:, and Benjamin was much ' 
pleafed I went there, and repeated what he had faid 
before to peri wade me to go, adding, he \Vas pretty i 
much affured it vC^as my Place to go ; but that if he ^ 
had known how it canle into my Mind to pre^tch j 
with che Book in my Hand, although in the Sequel 
it proved right, yet he fhould have been afraid that 
more of Imagination than Revelation was in it$ ; 
therefore that would rather have backened him, j 
than have been any Argument for him to have j 
preflcd my going fo much as he did, by reafon that J 
he Ija^ found fome'Miftakes committed from fucb 
Sights, which proved to be bat Imaginations : And j 
he gave me very luitable Advice, to take care how 
I too eafilv embraced fuch Things for Tru^h, with- 
out a due Trial, and that it was not diipleafing to 
T^eayen, to try the Spirit Jrom whence jucb Things 
proceeded. 

\i^^^ in and aKoul Briftol three Weeks, v;fiting 
tHe.'Meetings rouud the City, but on Fir/l-days I 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 31 

was moftly in the City, and it being the Winter 
Fair, Meetings were very large : But on the Third-- 
day Meeting in the Fair Week, there was a Man 
out of Wtltfhire^ a Separate, named Arthur Jfmeady 
who flood up to preach, and was fpeaking of the 
Light : He put forth a Queftion about bringing our 
Deeds to the Light y adding, do I bring my Deeds to 
the Light ? A worthy Elder, named Charles Hart- 
ford j anfwered, No^ thou dofi 7iot: If thou didft^ thou 
^ivculdji not do as thou doji. I fat all this Time un- 
der a very great Concern, and the Word was in me 
like Fire ; fo I flood up, and with a flrong and 
powerful Voice began to preach, he crying out, 
that he had not done -, but I took no Account of that, 
but went on, and he foon fat down and fell afleep^ 
an ' we had a blefied edifying Meeting that Day, 
ard Truth was exalted above Error, After this 
Meeting I was clear of the City, and vifited fome 
Parts of Gkucejierfinre^ WorcejlerfJ:ire^ Darbyjhire^ 
Chejhire and Lancajhire. but nothing happened wor- 
thy of any great note, fave only, in many Places I 
had very large open quiet Meetings, and when I 
found myfelf very high and full, I then expecSted 
low Times again, for I but very feldom was drawn 
forth in Doftrine, and enlarged more than com- 
mon, but Mapkbeck vfoviidi come in my Way, and 
the uncommon Temptation and Trial I underwent 
after that Meeting, which did not arrive to its Height 
until I came to Sijcannington in Leicejierjhirey as is 
before hinted. I reached Home about the latter 
End of the Firfi Months and flaid with my dear 
Friend Robert Chambers Part of that Summer, hclp^ 

f ing 



32 r^^ LIFE and TRAVELS 

ing him and his Brother-in-Law John Moore at 
Gale, mowing more Days this Year than I ever dicf 
in one before. But JcBn Bowjlead and Feter Fearcn 
had a Meeting appointed for them at a Place called 
Gmfe-green, between Kendal and Millthrop^ to which 
Meeting there was a very great Refort ; and being 
oelired to attend it, I did, and in the Beginning of 
t'k: Me-^ine: t fpoke fomething of the uni^erfdl 
Love uf God to Ma?2kind. After which a Friend 
went on with the fame Subject, and inferred front 
the Text fomething more than it would bear, fo' 
that a young Man who taught School at Bedtham^ 
(a fmall Parifh in that Neighbourhood) took him 
up after the Meeting was over, and having the Ad- 
vantage of the. Argument, did endeavour to beat 
the Friend down. I was w-ith fome others gone to' 
fee the Horfes got ready for our Return, but being 
called, got with Difficulty into the Houfe, whicfi 
was much crowded, (the Meeting being held in 
the open Ground without the Houfe) and when got 
in sind heard them, I foon found where the Pinch 
was ; the Friend had faid what the Text would not 
bear him out in, in quoting Obadiab the roth Verfe, 
compared with Romans the 9th Chapter and nth 
Verie : I obferved that he v<rent too far in Expref- 
fion, vv^hen I heard it, and repeating the Words 
more: than twice, the yotmg Man had them very 
plain; I waited fome Time, and then defired Li- 
berty of the young Man to afk him a Queftion, the 
jjtnfw^ering of which might bring the Argument to a 
Point ; adding, not that I thought myfelf fo capable 
tQlm^iotain that Argument as xiij Friend vi^asv H6 
V gave 



of SAMUEL BOfVNAS. 2j 

d-ave me Leave, and my Queflion was. Whether he 

believed it confijlent with divine Wijdom and Mercy ^ 

to punifi Men for fuch Faults, as by his Argument they 

were ordained to be guilty of, which becaufe of that 

Ordination they could not avoid? He foon very frankly 

gave Anfwer, He did not believe it. I then ailced 

him, Why he argued againji bis own Faith and Judg-^ 

ment ? For although he took Advantage of my 

Friend's Words, not being fo well guarded as they 

might have been, yet that was no juft Ground to 

argue againft his own Judgment. And thus this 

Argument dropt^ and then he took up Baptifm, but 

foon finding himfclf not able to fupport what he 

undertook to prove by the Text, W2r. Infam^^p-- 

■ifn^ he confeft that he was not qualified ^j^fhain'- 

tain his Argument, and therefore requested that 

we would favour him to confer on that Subjedt oa 

Wednefday next, in the Room where he taught 

School, with the Miniiler of their Pdrifh ; withal 

adding, // might be of Service both to him and others. 

My Friends w^ere very much for it, and I was not 

againft it, provided ihcy would go and affifl : For 

I looked on myfelf very unequal to fuch a Talk as 

this was like t0 be. However, after fome Difcourfe 

betwixt ourielves, I confentcd, on Condition that 

fohn Jopfon the School-mafler of Kendal would be 

my Second ,he being well acquainted with, and 

underflanding < i^th the Greek and Latin Teflamentv 

-xiight help me . gainft being impofed upon by any 

alfe Glcfs or Interpretation put upon the Text ta 

prove their Arguments : So we told the young Man 

we would endeavour to anfwer his llcqueft, by 

^ bein^ 



34 'The LIFE and TRAVELS 

being with him 'on Fourth-day by Nine in the 
Morning ; he was glad to be difcharged for the 
prcient, for I had not i^tn one fweat more freely 
than he did^ being in a very great Agony, he could 
not forbear ihaking as he flood by the Table : And 
thus we parted for this Time very good Friends. 
But 1 grew unealy, fearing how it would End, and 
blamed my Friends for bringing me into this Scrape, 
and not aflifling in it, but leaving me to difpute 
with I knew not who ; but all I got was, that they 
doubted not but I Hiould be afliiled to come off 
well, of which I was very doubtful, and it hindered 
me of fome Hours Sleep. 

When the Time came, my Friend 'John Jopfon^ 
and two more, went with me; we came pretty early, 
rather before than after the Time appointed ; and 
the young Man had got his Room, and two Elbow- 
Chairs ready^ for the Paffon and myfelf, but I was 
not willing lo lit in either, being younger than 
Friend jopfon ; but to avoid Words about it, I fat 
down in one 3 the young Man acquainted the Par- 
fon we were come, and he came to us, fcraping 
and bowing, and the more we fuppofed, becaufe he 
faw v/e did not anfwer him in the fame Way. After 
he fat down, previous to v^hat we met about, he 
would needs have it, that I challenged a Difput« 
with him ; to which I could not agree: But refer- 
ring myfelf to the young Man, I defired that he 
would inform his Neighbour of the true Caufe of 
our coming there; which he did very handfomely, 
to' the EfFedl following, in very decent Language, 
^^iz. ^ Sir^ Meeting laft Sabbath-day with this Gen- 
tleman, 



of SAMUEL B OWN AS. 35 

' tleman, we fell into a Conference about Infanf-^ 
\ Baptifm, fuppoling that I was able from Scripture 
y_ to prove that Practice ; but on Trial, findirip; my- 
\ felf not able to hold the Argumeint, fhut it up.: 
', Therefore being perfwaded^ and believing you, 
^ Sir^ to be infinitely more able to defend the Prac- 
y tice of our Church/ than I was, I defired this 
^ Gentleman to favour me fo much, as to come and 
^ confer with you, Sir^ on this Subjed:, in my 

* hearing, that I might have this Matter fet ill a 
^ true Light; arid I beg your Pardon, Sir^ hoping 

* that this modeft Requeft to the Gentleman is n(3t 
\ otfcnfive to you, and I. will afiure you/ it is a 
' great Pleafure to me,' 1 hus having made his 
Apology, the Prieft, being a hafty paffionate Man^ 
began ; Tgu Quakers are ?20t fit to be difputed withy 
hecaufe that you deny the Scriptures, the Ordinances^ 
^Baptifm, and /Z?^ Suppej of our Lord. 

I addreffed myfelf to the young Man, to inforni 
the Parfon that Infant-Baptifni (fo called) was the 
prefent Point to be confidered j which he did in at 
few Words, and very well, but it vvas to no Pur- 
pofe : The Prieft would go on in his ovvn Way,' 
calling us Heretich, Schifmattcks^ Heathens^ and 
what not, beftowing freely fuch Rcfledions upoa 
ns as came into his Head; and having gone on iri 
this rambling Way for feme Time with his unbe- 
coming Language, I requeftod, that he would hear 
me ^yithout Interruption as I had him ; and then I 
put him m Mind of his old Age, (he havin;^ a come- 
ly Perfonage, and fine v/hite Locks) and th^t he 
fead more Experience, it might with Reafori be fup- 



36 rhe LIFE and T KAY Eh S 

pofed, than we young Men had ; and fuppoiing 
that thou mayil: be right, and that we may be in 
Error, yet for Jill this, in my Opinion, thou muft 
be wrong in thy Condud: towards us, in being fo 
liberal to give us hard Names, and fhew no Reafon 
for thy lo doing. Here I was broke in upon with a 
kind of Violence, That all the Difciples and Apo files 
had a Commi/Jion to teach all Nations^ baptizing them 
in the Name of the Father^ Son and Holy Ghoft. Do 
you confute this or own it ? I urged, No IVater is 
named in that Text \ and beiides, that Text iliould 
be rendered, into the Name of the Father, Son, &c. 
Here the young Man, and my Friend Jopfon^ 
fearched both the Latin and Greeks agreeing that 
it was more proper to render it into the Name^ than 
in the Name^ bco. Then, if that was right, as it 
was my Opinion it was, it was plain to me, that 
the Materials of that Baptifm could not be elementary 
Water ^ therefore I could fee nothing in this Text 
to prove the Pradiice oi Jprinkling Infants, or Injant-- 
Baptifm. Here I was interrupted with great Warmth 
again : The Parlon urging, that the JDifeiples, pri^ 
mitive Minifiers, and Apojiles^ all had a Commijfion 
in Matthew xxviii. 'which by Succejion was to conti?2ur 
^ to the End of the World ; aftd this Baptifm was with 
Water, for the Apoftles could not baptize with the Holy 
Ghoft. In Anfwer I faid, When Peter^ at the 
Houfe of Cornelius, ^ began tofpeak, (as appears by 
his own Account) the Holy Ghoft fell on them, as on 
lis at the Beginni?2gy faid Peter 5 from which it is 
plain, that Teaching by Direftion of the Spirit be- 
ing prior to Baptifm, the Baptifm of the Holy 
* Aas xi. 15. Ghoft 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 37 

Ghoft was tlie Confequenceoffuch Teaching. But 
this did not pleafe ihe Parfon ; but he in Anfwer 
faid, "That undoubtedly the CQmmiJjion in Mat. xxviii. 
was Water ^ it could be nothing elfe : What are you 
wifer than all our Forefathers^ "who have under/iooJj 
ever fince the jirjl Mimjlers^ this Text to mean no other 
but Water ? accordingly we have fo praclifed. I que- 
ried, if he thought the Text meant outward ele- 
mentary Water ? He faid, he did. I defined to 
know his Reafon for fo believing. He anfwerec, 
The Praclice of the Apodles in purfuance of that Com- 
mijjion which all had. I then queried, if he thought 
Paul w^'^s included in that Commiffion .? He granted 
that he was^ and by Virtue of his Commijjyon he bap^ 
tized many. But I defired they would turn to the 
Text, I Cor. i. 17. where the Apoflle plainly fays, 
Chriji fent him not to baptize, but to preach the Gofpel-y 
and in the foregoing Verfes he thanks God, he bap^ 
tized no more, &:c. Befides, allowing that they did 
baptize with (or more properly in) Watdr, yet this 
arg^ues nothing in proof oi fpr inkling, nor is there 
any, either Precept or Precedent for it, in all the 
Bible. At this the Parfon ftood up in a Paffion, 
told us we v/cre 710 Chriftians, nor fit to be converfed 
with as fuch, and left us in a Rage without any 
Cerernony. 

Now the young Man acknowledged, that the 
Miniftcr (as he filled him) was not able to defend 
his ov/n Pradlice from Scripture, and defired that 
we would lend him fome Books treating on that 
Subject, and others, in which we differed froni 
them and other Dififenters in Point oi Reljgion,> 

c 3 ■ W€ 



38 The LIFE and TRAVELS ^ 

We sr^reed to let him have W. Penn\ Key, Ro \ 
Barclays Apology, and forne others; upon applying ; 
himieil for them to ^ohn Jopjon^ his Brother School- \ 
maf^er. He was thoroughly convinced, and likely ; 
to make a good Man ; he had leveral Enemies, 
amongft which the Parfon was not the leaft: But j 
he fhortly after this fickened and died. 

And now to return; I was very diligent in fol- 
lowing thd Harvefl Wnrk, both at mowing and jj 
reaping, and diligently obferving my Gift, to attend '\ 
fuch Meetings as I was inclined to; and I found I \ 
grew in my Gift, that^I could fee and difcern my- \ 
ielf: But. then I would check myfeif for fuch | 
Thoughts, feeing thern by no means proper to 
have a Place in my Heart, left that Humility, 
w4:!ich is the Ornament of every Gofpel Minifter, 
fliculd be departed from thorough Self-Love and 
Conceit, by which I might be brought to have a 
better Opinion of myfeif than any of my Neigh- 
bours had ; which, if given way to, would eat out 
all that Refped: that my Brethren and the Church 
had for m.e ; and by this iooliili Pride and Conceit- 
the Hearts of Friends would be fhut againft me; 
and I fhouid lofe my Place and Intereft in them. 

Now I had but one Journey more to make into 
Scotland^ before my going, (or at leaft intending to 
go) into America^ of which in its Place. 



An 



k 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS, 39 

An Account of 7ny JOURNEY into Scotland, - 
in the Work oJ the Ministry, begun the nib 
^/y^<f Eighth Month 1701. 

I Had for my Companion in this Journey, a young 
Man who had a fine Gift, his Name was Ifaac 
Thompfon : We vifited fundry Meetings in our Way 
to Carlijle, finding our Underftandings much en- 
larged in the Openings of divine Truths, and our 
Service grew upon us, and we w^ent on with Bold- 
nefs and chearful Minds, meeting in our Way vv^ith 
ou: dear and worthy Friend James 'Dickenfon, who 
was intending a Vifit into Ireland: And in our Jour- 
ney from the Border to Dumfries^ we had very pro- 
fitable Converfation of good Service to us both, be- 
caufe we, by reafon of Youth, and want of Expe- 
rience, were often very weak, and doubting whe- 
ther we were right or not in the Work ; {o that 
this our dear Friend, by his tender -and fa>therly 
Care over us, and Advice to us, was of great En- 
couragement, in letting us know how w^eak and 
poor he often found himfelf ^ which io much an- 
Iweredmy Condition, that it was as Marrow to my 
Bones. When we came to 'Dumfries^ after we had 
taken fome Refrefhment at our Inn, James faid to 
us, Lads^ I find a Concern to go into the Street^ "will 
you go with me? For he thought it might only be 
to fliew hiinfclf, and v^^^as defirous that we might 
go all together, being five in Number ; fo we walked 
forth, and the Inhabitants gazed upon us, for the 
fakers were feldom it^n in that Town fo many 
C 4 togetheri 



40 "The LI F E ^::d T R A V E L S 
together ; and feveral came after us, and Jc 



J 



amci 



lifted up his Voice like a Trumpet among the Peo- 
ple, who were very quiet and attentive. When he 
was clear, we retired back to -our Inn, and divers 
followed us, who were very rude and wicked, but 
were not permitted to hurt us. We had fwee; 
Comfort and Refrefliment one in another at out 
Quarters. Next Morning we took Leave, and parted^ 
he went for Port-patrick^ and we vifited the Meet- 
ings, though very fmaU, until W€ cam<g to Hamiltok^ 
where we were finely refrefhed vrith a fmall Hand- 
ful of living Friends ; and fo to Glafgowy where the 
People were rude, but fomething better than in 
Times paft, not being fo uncivil to us in the Strqfets; 
thence to Kinneel, Lithgow^ and fo over tlie Water 
on our' Journey Northward, taking Borotigh/lopDnefs 
and Ury in our Way to Aberdeoi Quarterly-meet- 
ing, where we found Friends in a Iweet Fraine of 
Spirit, being in dear Unity one with another/ We 
had fundry Meetings with them to our good Satis- 
faftion, and had fome other Meetings farther North, 
as Titlnvej'^aryi^ Killmukc, Aworthies, &c.' Then back 
to Ury hsj Aberdeen, taking our Journey io Rdiii- 
hiir^jy, vifiting the fmall Meetings, and fime other 
Places we inclined to vifit in our Way thither ; we 
had but one little Meeting there, and thein went for 
KcJjO, Vv'here we ftaid with them two lyleetin'gs on 
the Firft-day of . the Week, and in /he Evening 
Friends there laid before us the Delire they had for 
bur going to Jedburgh, a Town aboyt feven Miles 
from them, and not much out of our Way to Eng- 
land: We confidered the Matter, but not the Ex- 



erc;^ 



of SAMUEL BOF/NAS. 41 

crcife that might attend us in going there ; fo ii^xt 
Morning we went, and when we came to the Tov/n, 
{Samuel Robijifon being our Guide) the L?.ndlord 
at the Inn would not give us Entertainment; but 
we went to another Inn, and the Landlord took us 
in, withal telling us, how indecently the Miniilcr 
had railed againft the fakers the Day before, affer- 
ting they were the Devil's Servants^ and that by his 
Afliflance they did in their Preaching what was done, 
.with very many vile Words ; but obferving one of 
his Hearers taking what he faid in (hort-hand, he 
called out, charging him not to write what be [poke 
at random againji the Quakers ; with much more to 
the fame EfFcd:. However, we called for fome Re- 
frefhmcnt, but my Mind was under fo much Con- 
cern, I could neither ear nor drink : Wc called to 
pay for what we had, and we gave the Landlord 
Charge of our Horfes and Bags, whereby hefufpec- 
ted that we were going to preach ; he took me by 
the Hand, and bcgg'd that we would not go into the 
Street, but preach in his Houfe, and he would have 
his Family together, and they would hear us. I 
looked fleadilv upon the poor Man, who trembled 
very much, telling him, wc thcught it our Place and 
Duty to preach to the Inhabitants of the Town ; and 
thinkefl thou (faid I to him) we ^jall be clear in the 
Sight of God (whom we both fear and ferve) by 
preaching to thee and thy Family^ what we are requir- 
ed to preach to the People in the Town ? The poor 
Man I found was fmitten in himfelf, and his Coun- 
tenance altered greatly, but he made this Reply ; Is 
this the Cafe, Sir F I faid it was. Then, faid he. 



42 rhe LIFE and TRAVELS 

^«?,« and Godpreferve andblefsyou ; hut I fear the Mob 
will pull down my Houfe for letting you have Eiitertain-- 
menty and kill you for your good Will. I bid him not 
fear ; for he whom we ferved was above the 
Devil, and that not a Hair of our Heads fhould be 
hurt without his Permiffion. He then feemed paci- 
fied to-let us go, and followed at a Diftance to fee 
our Treatment. 

The chief Street was very broad, Vvdth a coniide- 
rahle Afcent, and near the Head of the x^fcent was a 
Place made to cry Things on, to which we then 
walked, where we paufed a little, but I had nothing 
to do there at that Time : returning back to the 
Market-crofs, which was at the Foot of the Hill, 
for that had an Afcent of three or four Steps, and a 
Place to fit on at the Top, where we fat down ; but 
we had not fat long before a Man came to us with 
a Bunch of large Keys in his Hand, and took me 
by the Hand and faid, I muft go into the Talbootk^ 
(meaning the Prifon) I afked him, for what f He 
faid, for Preaching. I told him, we had not preached. 
Ay ! but quoth he, the Provoft (meaning the Mayor) 
has ordered me to put you in the Tolbooth. For 
what ? I again replied. I tell you for Preaching. I 
told him, I did iwt know whether we ftmdd preach or 
not ; but it was foon enough to make Prifoners of us 
when we did preach. Ay ! fay^ he, I ken very weel 
that you'll preach by your Looks. Thus we argued 
the Matter, he endeavouring to pull me up, and I 
to keep my Place, and when he found I was 
Bot eafily moved, he turned to my Companion, 
who likewifc v;as unwilling to be confined, and 

then 



of SAMUEL B OWN AS. ^^^ 

then he v/ent to Samuel Robin/on^ our Guide, who 
was eafily prevailed on to go j and the eafier, lor 
that he had been there but the Week before with 
two Friends, viz. John T^hGinfon and Thomas Brath- 
waite^ both of our County o^ Weft mor eland. By this 
Time we had a large Affcmbly, and Samuel Robin" 
Jon fuppoiing we ihculd have a better ' Conve- 
niency to preach to them in the Prifon, as the 
Friends afore-named had the Week before, we 
were condudled there, juft-by the Crofs where we 
held the Parly, and put in at the Door : But Samuel 
Robinjon foon faw his Miftake, for the Week before 
the Windows of the Prifon were all open, nothing 
but the Iron Gates in the Way, the Windows be- 
ing very large for the fake of Air, but now all made 
dark, and were ftrongly faflen'd up with Deals. We 
had been but a fhort Time there, before a MefTen- 
ger came to offer us Liberty, on Condition we would 
depart the Town without preaching ; but we could 
make no fuch Agreement with them, and fo we 
told the McfTenger. A little after he v/as gone, I 
wrote the following Lines to the Provofl. 

fT is in my Mind to write thcfe few Lines to 
thee, the Provofl of this Town of Jedburgh, to 
^ let thee underfland that our coming: within thv 
^ Liberties, is not to difturb the Peace of vcur 
' Town, nor to preach f:dfe Doftrine or HerefV (as 

* is by your Teachers malicioufly fuggefl:ed, whofe 

* Intcrefl it is, as they fuppofe, to make the People 

* believe it) but in Obedience to our Lord Jefus 
^ Chrifl^ whofe Servants we are, for he hath bought 

' us 



44 ^>^^^ LIFE and TRAVELS 

^ us with his moft precious Blood ; and we arc no 
^ more our own, but his that has boughl: us, whofe 
^ Power is an unlimited Power, and ail Power is 

* limited by him, (o his Power is not to be limited 

* by any other Power ^ therefore we his Servants 
' dare not limit ourfelves, or promife any Man wc 
« will do this, or we will do that, but commit our 
^ Caufe to him, as his (the Lord^s) Servants did of 
^ old, knowing that if we pleafe him he can deliver 
^ U5, but if not, we can make no Promife to any 
' Man on this Account, becaufe we ourfelves know 
^ not what he has for us to do ; and therefore we 

* endeavour to ftand clear from all Engagements, 
' readv to do what he requires at our Hands. But 
' I muft tell thee, that the Manner of our Imprifon- 
^ ment looks very rigid and uncommon in thele 
^ Times of Liberty, fo far below a Chriftian^ that 
^ 'tis hardly humane, that we fhould be here detain- 
« ed as Evil-doers, before we are examined, or any 
^ Breach of Law appears againft us. Doth your 5^^?^^ 
^ Law judge a Man before it hears him ? if fo, 'tis 
^ very unjuft indeed, and looks very hard, that the 
^ King's Subjejfls may not have the Liberty to walk 

* in your Streets as eifewhere, which was all we did, 

* befides fitting dov/ji on the Market-crofs in a 
' thoughtful Senfe of our Duty to God, not open- 
« ing ourMouths but to him that violently forced us 
^ into Confinement; nor do we know that we fhould 
^ have fpoken to the People in a Way of Preaching 
^ at all : But that is the Work of our Mafler, and 
« we mufl wait his Will and Time, to know both 
^ whea and how to ^o it, therefore if thou tliinkefl 

' ^ '• to 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 45 

^ to keep us until we promife thee or any of thy 

' Officers not to preach in your Streets, it will be 

* long that we muft abide hrre : Therefore I defirc 

* thee to take the Matter into a Chriftian Confide- 
' ration, to do as thou wouldft be done unto, and 
' give thyfelf Liberty to think for what End the Ma- 
^ aiftrate's Sword is put into thy Hand, that thou 
^ mayft ufe ife right, lead thou fliouldeft be found 
« one of thofe that turn Juftice backwards, fo that 

^^ Equity cannot enter. This is from one that wilh- 
^ eth thy Welfare and Salvation, 

^ Samuel Bownas/ 

JiDBUFGH Tolbooth, thc 1 8th 
of the iNinth Month, 1701. 

When I had writ this, it was very hard to per- 
fwade any one to carry it to the Provoft, for now 
they were lo affrighted about having any Thing to fay 
or do with us, that they durfl: not appear to talk with 
us ; and w^hether he had it or not, I cannot be cerain. 

The next Day there was a Country Gentleman 
came into the Town, and fent his Servant to invite 
us to his Houfe ^ to which we replied, V/e knew 
not yet ^ when we fhould have our Liberty ; but dejired 
our Thanks might be returned to his Majier^ for that 
kind Invitation : He replied, we fkould foon be at 
Liberty, for his Mafler was gone to the Provoft 5 
knowing they had no Pretence to keep us there. Ac- 
cordingly in lefs than two Hours after, we were fet 
at Liberty, and went to our Inn to refrefh ourfelves. 
The Town was very full of Country People, it be- 
ing Market-day, and we went to the Market-crofs, 
which was fo much furrounded with People felling 

their 



46 The LIFE and TRAVELS . 

their Ware, that there was no Room for us, without I 

great Damage to them : We therefore, after a fhort i 

Paufe, walked up the Street to the Place before- ] 
named, and the Street and Balconies being filled 
with People, with the Safhes and Cafements open, 

and crouded with Spectators, fome computed the j 

Number to be above 5000, but fuch Gueffes at \ 

Numbers are uncertain : But there I flood up (being \ 

above the People, both by the Advantage of the i 

Ground, and the Place w^herc I ftood) and opened, \ 

my Mouth, being full of the Power and Spirit of \ 

Grace, laying. ' Fear the Lord and keep his Com- \ 

* mandments, who by his Servant faid, / will f tit ■. 
' my Laivs in their Minds ^ and write them in their \ 

* Hearts ^ and I will be to them a Gody and theyjhall \ 

* be to me a People, New if you be obedient to this j 

* Law, you will do well, and thereby become the \ 

* People of God ; but if difobedient, you will lie \ 
' under his Wrath and Judgments/ With more, ] 

-diftin|?:uiihing betw^een the Happinefs of them that ; 

obeyed, and the Unhapplnefs of the Difobedient. ; 

Th^n I ftepped down, in Exped^ition that my Com- ^ 

paclon might fayfomewhat,but he was willing to be i 

gone ; and I was concerned to flep up again, and , 

kneeling down, was fervently drawn fordi in Prayer, | 

but after I had begun, two Men came and took me J 

by the Arms, and led me down the Street praying, \ 

and by the Time we camiC at the Foot of the Afcent, ; 

I had done praying : After which I took a View of \ 

the People, who (hewed great Refpecft indeed, but I ^ 

was conveyed to the Prifon Door,where was a Gentry -j 

of tw^o Soldiers, v/ho flood by and heard what I faid 



&f 3 AMUEL BOWNAS. 47 

to the Officers that brought me there, which was 
to this EiTedl : ' That the Day before I was forced 
' in there againft my Will, and contrary to Law, 
' but that I would not liow^ go there again, without 

* firft being examined by the Provofl:^ or by their 
^ Prieft and Eiders of their Church, or other chief 
^ Officers in the Town, and if then any Thing did 
^ appear that I had broken sny Law, or done ought 
^ v/orthy of Inipriionment, having a Mittimus fetting 
^^ forth my Crime, I would willingly luffer, and not 

* refufe giving there ; but without fuch an Exami- 
^ nation Lrefufed to go there again, unlefs forced 

* to it by Violence, and that, I hoped they would 
^ not be guilty of.' At which one of the Soldiers, 
taking his Muilcet by the fmall End, advancing the 
Butt, faid, his Countryman had fpoken rights and what 
he [aid was according to Law andyuflice, and ought to 
be obferved as fuch y and therefore if you will (faid he) 
take him before the ProvofI in order for Examinationy 
you may ; but if not^ touch him that dare. At this 
bold Attempt and Speech they both left me, and I 
was advanced above the People about Hx or (tv^v\ 
Steps, and turning about to them, there being a 
little Square before the Door, furrounded with the 
Guard Chamber on one Side, the Tolbccth on the 
other, and a Wall facing the Street about four Feet 
high, I had a very good Opportunity to fpeak to 
them, which I did, about a Quarter or near Half 
an Hour, and they were very quiet and civiL When 
I had done, and acknowledged the Soldier's Kind- 
nefs and Civility towards me, who faid, it was his 
Duty to do it, I came down the Steps, the People 



crowding 



4^ T;^^ L I F E and TRAVELS 

crowding very dole to fee as well as hear me, but 
they divided foon, making a Lane for my Pafla^^e, 
iLevving me coniidcrable Refped: in their Way : 
Some faid, I'^cu ha^^e dung them^ Sir, you have dung 
them, Sir ; meaning thereby I had got the Vivftory. 
All was very quiet, favc that one or more would 
have forced a Horfe over us, but was prevented by 
the reft : Not the leaft Unhandfomenefs appeared, 
fave that amongft them. Retiring to our Inn I was 
full of Peace and Comfort. 

By this Time the Day was much fpent, and con- 
cluding to ftay that Night, we ordered fome Refrefli- 
ment to be got for us, for I found myfclf in want 
of it : It was foon got ready, and we invited our 
Hoft to fhare with us, who willingly did, fhewing 
his good liking to v^^hat had been faid 3 adding, he 
never faw the People fo ftruck, and give fo good 
Attention ; nor ever did he fee fo large a Multitude 
that heard all fo intelligibly down to the very Foot 
of the Hill, which was, as he fuppofed, not much 
icfs than Two Hundred Yards in length, and I 
t :)ok, bv Computation, the Street to be upwards of 
: hlrty Yards wide, and all that Space much crowd- 
ed, i gave him a Hint of his Fear, putting him in 
Mind that our Duty, in preaching to that Multitude, 
could not pofTibly be difcharged bj preaching to 
him and his Family, and he acknowledged it was 
right in us to do as v/e did. 

By this Time the Evening clofed in, arrd fundry 
Gentlemen fent Word that they v\'0uld gladly pay 
us a Vifir, if v/e would permit it, and the Land- 
lord, I favv', carneftly defired .that we Vv^ould, and 

he 



of SAMVEL BOJVNAS. 49 

he had a very large Room, into which we went, 
and they foon came to us, and quickly fell into 
Conveifation (for they are very full of Talk about 
Religion, and very tenacious in their Opinions upoa 
it.) The iirfl 'Article of Difpute was, about /^6' 
Ride of Faith and Fratlice ; and this was argued 
[pro and coi'i) between them and our G\:^\^t Samuel 
Robinfon^ near Half an Hour, who v/as a very fen- 
lible religious young Man, and had a good Share 
of Learning alfo 5 but I found they made nothing 
of it. Our Opponents would endeavour, in their 
Way, to make out the Scriptures to be ' the only 
Rule of Faith, and that the Spirit we profelUrd to 
be guided by, muft be fubordiiiate to the Text. I 
hitherto had faid nothing, but now defiring a few 
Words by way of Queflion, the anfv/ering of which 
might bring this Difpute to a Point; I thought Jioty 
faid I, that Ifoiddtake the Argument fron my Friend 
Robinfon, whom I take to be more capable to fupport 
it than I am. All were very willing to hear me ; 
then I began to Hate the Diiference between us, thus: 
We all agree ^ faid I, that the Scriptures is a Rule of 
Faith and FraSiice : Do ive not f this w^as granted. 
The Difference lies here t hen ^ if I take it rights we fay 
ifs a Rule s you Jay, ifs the only Rule ; this is the 
Point in Difpute^ is it not ? this was hkev/ife 
granted me. Then I proceeded thus : Allowing 
what you fay to be true^ it mujl be con/ldered^ that all 
inflrumental Rules are made^ whether the^ relate to 
fpiritual or temporal Affairs^ and mufl be contrived 
and adapted to anfwer the End for which they are made. 
This waG aiiov/ed alfo. Aind as the Text is a Rule 



D mad:. 



50 The LIFE ^7^^ T R A V E L S 

made^ contrived and adapted for fpiritual Affairs^ 
who made it fo ? fince the "Text could not make itfelf. 
Here was a long Paufe; at laft one replied, Hoh 
Men writ as they were moved by the Holy Ghojl. Here 
was a Paufe again j And, laid I, ts this your Mind? 
It's the plain Words of the Text, faid another : 
Granting this -, then it muji by your Accejjion be al- 
lowed y that the Spirit gave forth or made the Scrip-- 
tureSy by the Medium of holy Men ; therefore the 
Spirit gave forth the Text : Now judge you^ whether 
a Rule madcy or the Author that made that Rule, be 
fubordinate ? There was a Paufe for a little while, 
and one of the Company faid, Tou are dung, you 
are dujig, (meaning they had loft the Vidtory) the 
Scriptures muJl be fubordinate to the Spirit that gave 
them forth. I replied thus, We believe concerjiing 
the Text, that it is a Rule, and the bejl external Rule 
we have-y but that the Spirit, which gave it us by 
the Medium of holy Men, is the principal Rule of 
Faith and FraSiice. Thus this Debate ended, and 
they ftarted another about Baptifm ; but that was 
foon ended. Our Friend Robinfcn was an over 
Match for them by far, about it. Then they had 
a few Words about the Bread and Wine : That 
held but little Time, for they allowed thefe Cere- 
monies to be external Parts of Religion. Then they 
came to Preaching, and ftated the Queftion thus ; 
Our own Teachers^ we know how they come by their 
Miniflryy and by what Authority they preach : (Mean- 
ing their Learning, and the laying on of the Hands, 
as they term it, of the Prefbytery at their Ordina- 
tion, ^c^) But we want to know^ how your Preachers 

com^ 



of SAMUEL BOJVNAS. 51 

et^me by their Minijlry ? And by 'what Authority they 
preach ? Here, our Friend rcafoned with them fome 
Time, but they either could not, or would not be 
convinced with his Words ; fo he told the Com- 
pany plainly, that he never did preachy and therefore 
would leave it to them that did^ to give Account how 
they came by it themfelves. I was, all the Time that 
they banded this Affair^ under a great Concernj ' 
fearing how wc might come off; but when Samuel 
Robinfon had laid the Matter fo juftly and fairly at 
our Door, there was fo conliderable a Space of Si- 
lence, that they exped:ed nothing from us, but 
began other Difcourfe, until I could no longer with- 
hold ; and befpeaking their Silence and Attention^ 
was willing to relate to them, how I came by my 
Mini/iry ; at which, they all liftened with clofe 
Attention. Then I premilcd thus, as an Intro- 
du6lion before I came to the Matter itfelf. Although 
in the Thread of my Difcourfe^ fomething might appear 
liable to an ObjeSlion^ I entreated the Favour of them, 
all to hear me outy by reafon what I might fay after-^ 
wards would perhaps folve their ObjeSiionSy without 
giving me or themfelves any Interruption. Which ^ 
with one Voice, they all alTented to, that it was a 
reafonable and juft Requeft. Then I proceeded as 
follows, 

' My Father was a Cordwainer^ that lived by his 

* fmall Trade of making ShoeSj who died before 
' I was a Month old, and left my Mother a fmall 

* Patrimony to live on of about Four Pounds a Ycar^p 

* to keep hcrfelf, me, and one Son more, who Was 
' about Seven Years old when my Father died. 

Da ,^ My) 



^2 "The LIFE a?2d TRAVELS 

My Mother gave me a religious Education in this 
fanie Way. When I was fit to go t© School, I 
was fent there, until I was ten or eleven Years 
old, and then was taken from School and put to 
keep Sheep: My Earnings, though very • fmall, 
giving feme Affillance to my Mother, who had 
bound my Brother an Apprentice, I was. kept 
dole to attend the- Flock when wanted, ahd af- 
terwards put an Apprentice to a Blackfmith^ ftill 
goiiYg to our'own Meetings, but did not under- 
ftand the Rudiments of that Religion I was trained 
up /in, but Vv^as addicted to the Pleafures of the 
Times j and when. J went to Meeting, knew not 
hbvvMo employ my Thoughts, and often, yea, 
very often, the greateft Part of the Meeting (for 
want' of a proper ' Employ rae'nt of Thought) I 
fp^ntin Sleeping^i^or the Preaching (which was 
px^etty - much ) Was 'what I did > not underftand : 
Thus two or three Years of my Apprenticefhip I 
fpertt V/ith very Uttle- Senle of God or Religion. 
Btit foAit fell oUrV 'tot a young Woman came to 
vlfit our Meetin'g, krid in her Preaching, feemed 
to ' dtredt her Words to me^ which were -thele, 
or tt)-theiame.Effed:; ^/f traditional Quaker, thcic 
^oesfram the' Mrelvig as ihou comes to it ; and thou 
comes to it, as thou ^weiit from it, having 720 'Profit 
by Wing \fO'^^^ ivilt then ^ do in the End 

^W^^i^fThefe Words w^erc io pat to my then 
State, that I^ was pricked to the very Heart, cry- 
ing out in fecret> Lord! How Jhall I do to mend 
^^it t^'<I "would ^mllingly do it if 1 knew how. A Voice 
^'Irl'm^'Breall replied> Look unto me y and thmjJjalt 
r ^ 'find 



cj SAMUEL BOJVNAS. 53 

^ find Help. From that Time forward I found it ^ 
^ true, that what is to be known of God and true ' 
' Religion, is revealed ^x'/VZV;? ; and relying on the 
' Lord, w^ho begun thus to reveal his Power in me, 
^ and let me fee that I mud depend on him for 
^ Strength and Salvation, the Scriptures fecmed to 
^ be unfeaied, and made clear to my Underftand- 
^ ing ; fuch as, bei?7g bom from^ above, and that 
\ which is to be hiami of God, is made vtamfeft in 
^ lis ; and alfb that Text which fays, T/3^ Kingdom 
^ of God is within^. . The Lord opened my Under- 
^ fLanding by. his Spirit, to fee the proper QupJifi- 
^ cation and Gall of true Minifiers, that it was not 
^ external but internaU ^nd the Heart mufl firft be 
^ fanclijiedj before the divine Anointing could be 
' expetled. Thus for fome Time I went on in 
^ my religious Duties with great Succefs, and -I 

* found I gained much in fpiritual and divine Know- 
^ ledge : And as I was going to Meeting on that 
^ Day commonly called Sunday^ it came into mv 
^ Mind, that if I was watchful rnd obedient, care- 

* fully minding to keep my Place, and to that Guide 
' I was /lov/ acquainted with, I fliould be made ^a 
^ Treacher cf ethers : I proceeded on my Way to 
^ Meeting, and being fat down therein, in a fhort 
^ Time I felt the Power of the Spirit llrong upon 
^ m.e, to f peak a jew Sentences : But oh ! the'Rea- 
^ foning and Excufes that I formed' in ray w^eak 
' Mind, that I might be fpared from this Work 

' ^ fome Time longer ; and the Weight feemed to 

* be taken from mc for that Time. But oh ! the 
^ Trouble and Uneafinefs which I afterwards went 

^Lukexvii. 21: P 3 ^ through 



54 'I'he LIFE and TRAVELS 

through, made me enter into Covenant, that if 
ever the like Offer was made me, I would give up 
to the heavenly Vijion. The Trouble of niy Mind 
affeded my Countenance fo much, that it gave 
my Mafteir (being of the fame Way) Reafon to 
examine va^^bow it was? I gave him a candid 
Account, withal adding, my Fear that my Offence 
was fo great, I fhoijld be reje^ed as a Caft-a^ay : 
But he comforted me^ with urging various E^x- 
amples of the like Kind, for my Encouragement^ 
no way doubting, but that at the next Meeting 
the farne Concern wopld come upon me, and to 
which he advifed me to give up, with a fympathi- 
2!ng Spirit of Love, in various and comfortable 
Exhortations confirmed by Scripture Examples : 
And as he had faid, the next Meeting, before I 
had fat there ar Hour and a Half, the iame Gonr 
cern came upon me, which was this ; (and I had 
now to deliver the fame Words with the fame 
Authority as I did when in that Meeting) Fear 
not them which kill the Body, but are not a^le to kill 
the Soul : But rather fear him who is able to dejlroy 
both Body and Soul in Hell. I fay, VeaK you him 
who will terribly flonkt the Earth, that all which is 
vfoveable may be Ihaken and removed out of the Way ; 
and that which is immoveable may jl and. This was 
the firft Appearance, in the Words aboyefaid, 
that I made in public, as a Treacher:' By this 
Time I found, that the Power of the Gofpel was 
over them, by their wiping of their Eyes, and I 
was affiftcd to go o» with Strength of Argument 
and Demonftration, further addling, ^ that then I 

* had 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 55 

* had near three Years of my Time to ferve, which 

* I did with great Faithfulncfs to my Mafter; and 

* before the Time was expired^ preaching a little 

* at Times, but not very frequently, yet to the 

* great Satisfadtion of my Brethren, I found a Con.- 
^ cern upon me to travel abroad as a Mini/ier -y 
^ and I acquainted my Mafter therewith, who had 
^ been as a Father to me : He told me, Before I 
^ went on that Errand I muft acquaint th'^ Elders 

* ther€with,and lay it before the Monthly-meeting,* 
(enlarging on the peculiar End of thofe Meetings, 
letting forth the Service thereof, to take Care of 
our Poor, and to deal with Offenders who were a 
Scandal by their ill Conduct to their Profellion, and 
fundry other Matters cognifablc in thofe Meetings) 

* that they might judge, whether my Concern was 
^ rights and give me a Letter of Recommendation 
^ or Certificate, to fignify their Unity and Satis- 

* fadlion therein : Which I did accordingly, and 
^ with fome very fuitable Advice to my then pre- 

* fent Infant State as a Minifter, they gave me a 
^ Certificate or a Letter of Recommendation, and 
^ figned it in the Meeting, as is ufual in fuch Cafes: 

* I accomplifhed that Journey, and was, at my 
' Return, calle?! upon to give Account thereof, and 
^ to deliver up my Certificate. 

' After which, in a fhort Time, I had another 

* Journey before me, and by our Difcipline, or 
^ Church Government, was obliged to go to the 

* fame Meeting for a frefh Certificate, which was 

* readily granted ; and the Brethren rejoiced at my 

* Improvement, advifing me to render tjje Honour 

D 4 thereoj 



^6 The LIFE and TRAVELS 

thereof where due. At my Return, I was obliged 
to attend the faid Meeting, and give Accvount of 
my Travels as before: This Pra&ice amongfl us 
is judged needful, lefl: any one fhould fvverve 
from their iirft Foundation, and undertake td 
preach without a right Commiffion, and fo im- 
pofe upon our Friends v^ho know them not. 
^ In a little Time I was concerned to take another 
Journey, and laid before the fard Meeting my 
Concern as abovefaid, and had a Certificate. At 
my Return I gave Account as before, and deli- 
vered my Certificate : After which, I had another 
Concern to rifit this Nation in this very Journey, 
and laid my Concern Ibefore the faid Meeting, 
had a Certificate readily granted me (and pulling 
it out of m.y Pocket-book faid) and there if is J 
At which, one of them took it, and, at the Defire 
of the reft, read it up ; nnd it was returned me Vv^th 
a profound Silence : So I proceeded to add, ^ that ^ 
^ I had vifited all that Kin i^dom, where I found 

* Drawings in my Spirit to go, and this (fo far as 
^ I yet fee) is the lail Place: And now I mufl 
^ leave you to judge, whether it's not realonable 

* for you to conclude, at leafl: that I think myleif 
^ concerned by an almighty Power, elfe how could 
*^ I have expoied rnyfelf to luch an unruly Mob ps 
^ I have preached to this Day?' Flere I ftopt 3 and 
one in the Company aiked, if ^11 cur Preachers came 
hy their Miiiiftry this fame Way ? To Vv^hich I replied, 

* Icould not give Account how another Pvlan might 
^ receive his Minifiry, but I have given you a faith- 
^ f?l and candid Account how I received mine/ 

' ^-^ Here 



of SAMUEL B OWN AS. S7 

Here my Companion was full of Matter to re- 
late, by giving them an Account how he came by 
his Miniftry, but let in a Fear, that what he might 
add, would hurt the Caufe. One of the Company 
faid., ifs enough ivhai UoC have heard, and lo he was 
very handlomely excufed. 

The Night (by the Time this was over) being 
far fpent, it being fome Time pail the Middle, a 
Reckoning was called, and they would not allow 
us to pay any Part thereof, but took Leave of us 
v/ith great Affection ; and the Country Gentleman, 
that was affixing to our Liberty, gave us a very 
kind Livitation to his Houfe, which we received 
very thankfully ; but being engaged in our Minds 
for Engla?2d, had not Freedom to go with him :' So 
we parted in a very loving and friendly Manner. 
We being now left to ourfelves, I had an Oppor- 
tunity to refied: on v/hat had paffed, and to examine 
my whole Condudl all that Day ; a Pradlice I fre- 
quently ufed, after a more than common Day's 
Service, and indeed after every Opportunity of an 
Enlargement in my Gift, by Experience finding 
the befl InftruSror in my own Bofom, to fhew 
where I hit the Matter or miffed It : And confider- 
ing why I began yj low as my Father , fetting forth 
my Manner of Education and Trade, which feemed 
to have no Relation to my Call to the Miniftry, I 
law the Reafon thereof, and found it to be this, 
that they might not think my Miniflry to have, in 
the leaft, any Dependance u^^on Literature -^ a Qua- 
lification much depended on for the Work of the 
Miniflry amongfl: them, and fome of them will not 

take 



5 8 ^he LIFE and TRAVELS 

take any Notice of any other Sort 5 if a Man (for 
they will not admit a Woman to have any Part in 
this Work) be he never fo divinely fitted by the 
Spirit, yet if he want human Learning, it's all no- 
thing with them. Thus the Wifdom of Truth, 
which I did not fee fo plainly at firft, appeared to 
my Undcrflanding very clearly : And on a clofc 
and narrow Infpedtion into this Day's Work, I 
found inward Peace, a Joy fpring in my Heart that 
I could not fet forth by Woids. And my Compa- 
jiion had more Eafe and true Content than I feared 
he could have, by reafon of his not coming up in 
his Service, to let the Company know how he came 
by his Miniftry, and by what Authority he preached. 
I have been more particular in the Relation of 
this Day's Work than I otherwile fhould have been, 
as containing in it fuch fignal Marks of Providence; 
firjiy That we fhould be detained in Hold, jufl till 
the People from the Country were come in. 5^- 
condly, and then fet at Liberty to fay what the Lord 
gave us. And Thirdly, That we had fo feafonable 
an Opportunity to explain our Practice as to the 
MiniJierSy viz. the Condud: of the Society towards 
them ; and likewife the Service of our Monthly- 
meetings refpefting the Poor, Marriages, admonifh- 
ing Offenders, making up Differences, granting of 
Certificates to fuch as faw Caufe to remove them- 
felves from one Monthly-meeting to another, as 
well as to Miniflers. Which bv their fhewing fo 
'inuch Kindnefs, and raifing no Objedlion to any 
Thing faid on thefe Heads, did plainly demonflratc 
their good liking and Satisfaction therewith. 

The 



t)f SAMUEL BOWNAS. sg 

The next Morrnng we fet out for England^ and 
by the Evening got aniongft Fnends in the Border^ 
within the Com|:afs of Sowport Meeting, and had 
fome few Meetifigs, as at the Border^ Scotby^ Car^ 
lijle^ and fome others. I came to my old Mafter 
Samuel Parrcfs^ haying no Place to retire to as a 
Home, but fometimes 1 was at Sedgwick^ and fome- 
times quartered with my Friend Robert Chambers^ 
and fometimes at Kendal^ and at Gatejide^ at honefl 
JVi^diam Si^pfins^ where I did fometimes help 
them in their Bufinefs, he being a Blackfmith. But 
I was now preparing myfelf for a Journey into 
America^ and was near ready: And Ihad an Op- 
portunity to take my Leave of the Neighbouring 
Meetings, as Dent^ Garflale^ Sedburg, Grayrigg^ 
Kendal^ Prejion^ with divers other Neighbouring 
Meetings thereabouts ; but that at Prefton was the 
moft memorable and folid, the Senfe whereof con- 
tinued with me all over America^ at Times ; I went 
thence to Telland^ and many Friends came to that 
Meeting from divers Places to take Leave of me, fo 
that it was a very large and living Meeting ; and I 
parted with my Brethren in great Love and Unity. 
I then came by Wray^ Bentham^ Settle and Airton^ 
that great and good Man William Ellis being then 
living, and full of Power, having great and folid 
Experience concerning the Work of the Miniftry, 
who was very edifying to me, by the wholfome 
Counfel he gave. James JVilfvt was then with me, 
who was not at that Time a public Minifler, yet of 
great Service in vifiting Families, being clofely en-r 
gaged in Spirit for the maintaining good Order and 

Difcipline j 



6o 7le LIFE mtd TRAVELS 

DifcipIIne ; and v/e being both very young in thefe 
Things, .thi^ worthy Friend gave ftich Advice to 
us both, with rcfpe<£t to a faithful coming up in 
our Services, that v/e could with good Reaion lay, 
that his Words ivere like Apples of Gold in PiBures 
of Silver ; for a long Time after, the Senfe and 
Virtue of them dwelt on my Mind, to my great 
Advantage. We flayed with him one Night, and 
had a fmall Meeting, in v/hich the Preference and 
Value I had for him, together v/ith an Awe that 
was on my Spirit concerning his great Services and 
Experience as a Minifter, took fuch Place in my 
Mind, that I was filent before him. 

Next Day we took our Leave, and ht brought us 
on our Way a little, heartily prayi6g at parting, 
that I might be preferved in my Place ^ and return 
with Safety. 

James IVilJon came with me as far as Leeds, and 
then we parted, and I went through Nottingham^ 
fbtre and Leicefterfhire^ viliting fundry Meetings, 
(where fome Time before I met with great Trials 
and Afflidlions in Mind, as already hinted) and 
fome w^ere convinced : My Mind was flrongly en- 
gaged to fee them in my Way, and I had good 
Satisfaction in that Vilit. 

Having done this, I v/ent by the Vs/'ay of Hit- 
ching and Hertfordy viliting fundry Meetings, find- 
ing Encouragement to go on : But I flill expeded 
that I fliould be ftopt by the Morning-meeting, for 
want of a Companion. I came to Loizdon the latter 
End of the T^enth Months 1701, being by Letters 
;idvifed, the Ships would fail in a Week's Time, 



of SAMUEL BOTVNAS. 6i 

or very ihortly; but a War breaking out between 
En^fland and France, an Embar8:o was laid en all 
Shipping for two Months, lb that there was no Ex- 
pectation of getting ojff. I ftaid in London about 
three Weeks, viiiting all the Meetings in and about 
the Gity, which gave the Brethren a thorough Tafte 
of my Service; fome of my belt Friends adviiing, 
that Ifhould not lay my Concern before the Meet- 
ing, that I dsligned for America^ until the Gene- 
ral or Monthly-meeting of Miniflers did come 
roundy and in that Time my Service as a Minifler 
would-' be generally known. I readily complied; 
and when the Time came, I went in great Fear to 
lay my Concern betcre that Meeting, being ilill 
apprehenfive I fhould not be permitted to proceed, 
for want of a luitable Companion ; but as no Ob- 
jection did arife, they perufed the Certificates that 
I had from the Pvlonthly and Quarterly-Meetings, 
and did well approve thereof; and a Minute was 
made, appointing fome Friends to prepare a Certi- 
ficate againfl: the next Meeting ; which was accord- 
ingly doiie, brought there, and figned. 

All Things now being 'clear for my going the 
firft Opportunity 5 it v>^as thought proper to fee for 
a Ship, which by the Affiftance of fome Friends 
was done, but no- likelihood of going quickly, by 
rcafon of the Embargo. 

I had fome Defii'e to vifit the Wefi^ in particiilar 
Dorfet^ Somcrfet^ Briftol^ and Wilts^ but at a liofs 
for a Horfe, having fold my own foon after I came 
to London', but flie Friend to whom I fold him, 
coffered that I fhould have him that Journey, which 

I 



62 rbe LIFE and TRAVELS 

I accepted, and fo fet out, having in Company « 
young Man that had been bred at a College, his 
Name was Samuel Crifp, a pretty meek Ipirited 
Youth, and rightly convinced. When we got forty 
or fifty Miles from London^ he had ftrong Inclina- 
tions to go back. I made a kind of a running Vifit ; 
and when I was at Briftoly my Friends there were 
exceeding kind, and would willingly have had me 
gone from thence ; but my prior Engagement at 
London would not permit it. 

I {laid there two Weeks at leaft, and taking my 
Leave, fundry Friends brought me on my Way to 
Bath^ Bradford^ &c. They returned, and I went 
on for London, and quartering at an Inn at Hunger-^ 
ford^ (not being eafy to take any more Meetings 
till I came to London) I fell in Company with a 
couple of Tradefmen, who, when we fat down to 
Supper, complimented each other about which 
fhould crave a BleJJing^ at laft they pulled off their 
Hats, and one of them did it in fomefort; but my 
fitting with my Hat on was fuch an Offence, that 
they began to reprove me very fharply : I faid but 
very little for fome Time, until they had fpent their 
Reproach upon me, and then I fpoke to this Effect, 

* That the Appearance they made, juft before Sup- 

* per was brought to the Table, was fo very void 

* of Grace in their Hearts, that I could not think 

* it my Place to pull oft my Hat to their formal 

* Prayer : And befides, as foon as the Words were 

* out of their Mouths and over, it appeared to me 

* that they were the fame, and I faw by their Con- 

* dud that they did not underftand the Nature of 

' trus 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 6^ 

* true Prayer^ which is to be performed both with 
^ the Spirit and Underftanding ; and if you had not 

* wanted both, you could not pafs fuch filly Com- 

* pliments on each other about it/ I was now 
very quiet, and they faid no more to me. But as 
foon as Supper was over, and the Reckoning paid, 
they left me with free Confent, for our Company 
was unfuitable. 

Next Day I went towards London by Newbury^ 
where I ftopt at a Funeral, and fo to Readings and 
by Maidenhead to the City, but found the Embargo 
not yet taken off. It being now pretty near the 
Middle of the Firji Month, I vifited fome Parts of 
Hertford/hire, having my dear Friend "John Tomp^ 
kins part of the Time, and Samuel Crifp, who was 
a fweet Companion, having received the Knowledge 
of the Truth the right Way. 

About a Week or two in the Second Month, Orders 
were given for the Merchants to get ready, and a 
Convoy was to go with them : But for all this, it 
was the latter End of the Third Mo?ith before wc 
got off; fo I had an Opportunity to vifit the greateft 
Part of Kent. And after we failed from the Downs^ 
we were put into Portfmouth Harbour by contrary 
Winds, and lay there two or three Weeks, which 
was very tirefome. But all this Time I never con- 
lidered any Danger of being taken by the French ; 
it did not fo much as enter into my Mind, until I 
came into Philadelphia, where hearing that T^homas 
Story, Richard Groves, and others, were taken fome 
Time before, and carried into MartinicOy a French 
liland, I thought of it more clofely* 

Heft 



64 The LIFE a^id T K AY Y. h S 

I left Enghmdin th^ Third Month, 1702, about 
the Time of the Yearly-meeting, with inward Sa- 
tisfadiion and Peace of Mind, and wrote a few Lines 
to be fent to the Meeting of Minifters in Kendal, or 
elfewhere, in WejlmGreland^ my native Place ; which 
J here infert, being the iirfl* Fruits of that kind to 
my Brethren. - 

' To //jt^ Meeting ?/^ MINIS TE RS ^/ Kendal, 
* in Wellmoreland. Thefe. 

* JV/y dea^dy beloved Brethren and SijQers^ 

* TN that Love which in Time paft we have 
^ JL- enjoyed together, do I heartily falutc you, 
^ having in mind fome few Things to impart, as 
^ Counfel and Caution to us ail, including myfelf 

* therein. 

' We who apprehend ourfelves called into this 
^ public Station of Preaching, ought clofely to wait 
^ on our Guide, to put us forth in the Work. And 
' dear Friends^ I fee great Need for us to carefully 

* rr nd our Openings, and go on as we are led by 

* the Spirit ; for if we over-run our Guide and 
^ Openings, v/e fhall be confufed, not knowing 
' where, or how to conclude : Biit if we begin and 
^ go on with the Spirit, we fhall conclude fo, that 
' all who are truly fpiritual will fenfibly feel that 
^ we are right: Thus v/ill our Miniftry edify them 
' that hear it. 

' And dear Friends y let us be fingly and in Sin- 
*^ cerity devoted to the Will of God, whether to 
' preach or be iilentj for if v/e are not fenfible of 

' fuch 



ej SAMUEL B O IF N A 8. 65 

fuch a Refignation, it Is doubtful, that we may 
fet ourfelves at work, when we foould be quiet^ 
and fo bring an Unealinefs upon our Friends, and 
a Burthen upon ourfelves : And this Conduft will 
fhut up Friends Hearts againfi: our Service and 
Miniftry. And 7;^^^ dear Friends^ every Time yen 
appear in the Miniftry, when it is over, exarriirie 
yourfelves narrowly, whether you have kept iri 
your Places, and to your Guide • and cor.fideri 
whether you have not ufed fuperfluous Words^ 
that render the Matter difagreeable, or fucK Tones 
or Geftures as mifhecome the Work we are about^ 
always remembring, that \^\ttnie Minifters preacB 
not themfelves, hut Chriji Jefus our Lord. Let us 
' bear this in mind, that neither Arts, Parts, Strength 
' of Memory, nor former Experiences will, ivith- 
^ out the Sandtification of the Spirit, do any Thing 
^ for us to depend upon. Let us therefore, I en- 
^ treat you, keep to the living Fountain, the Spring 

* of eternal Life, opened by our Lord Jefus Ghrift 

* in our Hearts • 

\ I alfo deiire, that you would not negledt /out 

* Day's Work, in viiiting the dark Corners of the 

* Counties about you ; but be mindful of your Ser- 
^ vice therein, as the Lord fhall make Way for it. 

-*\The Things above writtert have been on nsy 

* Mind to communicate to yoU;, pty de-ar Friends^ 
y with Defires that the God and Father of cur Lord 
^ Jefus Chrifl may be with your Spirits, Amen^ 

* IL^ping alio, that I Ihall not be forgotten by you^^ 
^ in your neareft Approaches to the Throne of 
^ Grace^ in your Supplications to the God of the 

^, ! Spirit^ 



/ 



66 7he LIFE and TRAVELS 

^ Spirits of all Flelh ; remembring me, that I may 
"" be prefcrved by Sea, and in the Wildernefs, through 

* the many and various Excrcifes and Baptifms, that 

* I may be fuftered to undergo for the Service's 

* Sake y and that I may be prefer ved in Humih'ty, 

* and Seif-der;ial, under the Power of the Crofs, the 
' mofl beautiful Ornaments a Minifter can ever be 

* cloathed with 3 that if it.pleafe him we ihoald 

* meet again, our Joy msy then be full in the H^ iy 

* Ghofl\> which is the fervent Prayer of your cxer- 
^ cifed Friend and Brother, 

Samuel Bownas/ 

This was written in the Second Month 1702, and 
left with mv Friend "^ohn Tompkins^ not to fend it 
until he heard I was gone off. 

An Account of my TRAVELS in America, 
the jirfi Time. 

AS advifed by Friends appointed to aflilT: me, I 
took my Paffage on board the yojiah^ ychn 
Scwden Mafter, bound for Weft-River in Maryla7id^ 
and we left Ejjgland about the 2/\.th of the Third 
Month 1702, and landed in the River of Fatiixent m 
Maryland, about the 29/^6 of the Fifth Month fol- 
lowing. 

Ivifitcd fome Meetings in that Province; but G^^r^^ 
Keith being there, and challenging Difputes where- 
ver he came, gave both me and Friends fome Exer- 
cife : To me, by challenging a Difpiite without my 
previous Knowledge, in the following Terms. 

' T$ 



if SAMUEL BOF/NAS. 6/ 

^ ^0 the Preacher lately arrived from England. 
^ S I R, 



1 Intend to give Notice after Sernion, that ydd 
and myfelf are to difputc To-morrow, and 



i 

€ 

^ would have you give Notice thereof accordingly, I 
^ Sir^ I am your humble Servant ^ j 

Dated the i ft S u n d a y' ! 

in August, 1702. . ^ \ 

^ George Keith/ ; 

He writ this on Occafiori of an hohefl: Frierid'^^ 
fpeaking fharply to him, and giving him the Title of i 
tn Apofiate ; adding, (he could riot pretend to difputc \ 
with him, but a Friend that was to be at their Meet- 
ing on Firfl'day next, (meaning me) fhe did riot doubt i 
would talk with him. Well then^ faid Keith; next \ 
Monday let him come^ and I will prove him^ and all the \ 
Quakers, tinfound in both Faith and Principle. With. - 
more of that kind. The honefl: Woman being ] 
warm, aiid c^ealous for the Cauie, replied^ He will ] 
not be afraid of thee y I'm fur e. ^ f \ 

The MeiTenger that brought the Letter, delivered ! 
it in hafte,^ as he was ordered, to John Faidkner^ a \ 
young Man from Scotland^ who was then Store- 
keeper in B. Brains and Companies Employ. We* | 
were juft then a confiderablc Number of us in Com- i 
pany, going to a Meeting at Chefter in the Woods,^ \ 
fome Diftance from any Houfe, and John infi'fted for^ 
me to write an Anfwer, adding, Keith would caW ^ 



6S Th: LIFE and TRAVELS 

the Country together, and make much Noife about if, as 
if we were afraid, &c. aiid 'twas bejl to nip his Ex- 
peShition in the Bud. And ^s wc knew Nothing^ of 
the Conference Keith had with the Woman Fnend 
two Days before, I writ to the Effed following. 

^ George Keith, 

i 

J Have received thine, and think myfelf no way 
obliged to take any Notice of one that hath 
been fo very mutable in his Pretences toReligion % 
befides, as thou hafl long fince been difowned^ af- 
ter due Adolonition given thee by our Yearly- 
meeting \t\LGndon,{o\' thy quarrellome and irregu- 
lar PradiceG, thou art not worthy of my Notice, 
being no more to me than a Heathen Man and a 
Publican 3 is the needful from 

' Samuel Bownjis/ 

. Dated the fame Day. 

yohn Faulkjier c?.xntd myAnfwer, and we went to 
our Meeting, being at Che iter in Maryland^ as afore- 
faid : By that Time the Meeting was fully gathered, 
yohn Faulkner came back, and we had a comfortable 
Meeting : Afterwards John Faulkner told us, George 
Keith read my Letter publickly amongil his Compa- 
ny, appearing very angry at theContents of it j and 
the Company laughed very heartily, many of them 
being much {Sealed with it : Bxxtjchn Faulkiiex came 
out of the Company, and a fubflantial Planter fol- 
lowed him, and told him, he had much rather ^o 
with him to our Meeting, than to hear George Keith. 

laiJ 



of SAMUEL BOTFNAS. 69 

rail and abufc the fakers ; but he, being in the 
Commiffion of the Peace, muft (as Keith was re- 
commended by the Billiop of Lcjidoji) iliew feme 
Refpedt y withal adding, that Jchn Faulkner Ihould 
bring me to his Houfe to dine the next Day ; which 
^ohn Fatdk?ter would have exculed, urging, that a^ 
they had a Value for me, fundry Friends would be 
for bringing me on my Way farther > adding, vve 
fliould incommode his Houie. He urged it the niore^ 
faying, we fkoidd all be welcome. Accordingly feve- 
ral went with me there, and he was very kind, giv- 
ing us an Account of George Keiths railing againft 
us the Day before, and how difagreeable it was to the 
Affembly. Keith left a broad Sheet printed, where- 
in he pretended to prov« the fakers no ChriliianSy 
out of their own Books \ I had an Anfwer thereto 
in print, which Friends were glad of, and I left 
with them feveral to fpread where he had left his. 

After we had dined, we took our Leave, and a 
Friend, my Guide, went with me^ a nd brought me 
to a People called Labadeijis, WraSS? we were civilly 
entertained in their Way. Whenrj^upper came in^^ 
it was placed upon a long Table in^ large Room^ 
where, when all Things were ready, came in^ at a 
Call, about twenty Men or upwards, but no Women : 
We all fat down, they placing me and my Compa-. 
nion near the Head of the Table, and hdving paufed 
a fhort Space, one pulled oiF his Hat, but not th^ 
reft till a fhort Space after, and then one after another 
they pulled all their Hats off, and in that uncovered 
Pofture fat filent (uttering no Words that we cpuld 
hear) near Half a Quarter of an Hour ^ and as'^thev 

E 3 ^i:] 



^o fhe LIFE and TRAVELS 

did not uncover at once, fo neither did they cover 
themfelves again at once ; but as they put on their 
Hats fell to eating, not regarding thofe who were 
flill uncovered, fo that it might be about two Mi-: 
flutes Time or more, between the firft and laft put- 
ting on of their Hats. I afterwards queried with 
my Companion concerning the Reafon oftkeirCojidudt^ 
^nd he gaye this for Anfwer, That they held it un- 
lawful to pray till they felt fome inw^ard Motion for 
the fajnie ; and that fecret Prayer was more accepta- 
ble than to utter Words ; and that it was moft pro- 
per for every one to pray, as moved thereto by the 
Spirit in their own Minds. 

^ I likewife queried, if they had no Women amongji 
the?n ? He told me they had, but the Women eat by 
themfelves, and the Men by themfelves, having all 
Things in common, refpefting their houfhold Affairs, 
fo that none could claim any more Right than ano- 
ther to any Part of their Stock, whether in Trade or 
Hufbandry^ and if any had a mind to join with 
them, whether Rich or Poor, they mufl put what 
jhey had in the common Stock, and if they after- 
wards had a Mind to leave the Society, they muft 
likewife leave what they brought, and go out empty 
handed. 

They frequently expounded the Scriptures among, 
themfelves, and being a very large Family, in all 
upwards of a Hundred Men, Women and Children, 
carried on fomething of the Manufadtory of Linen, 
and had a very large Plantation of Corn, Tobacco, 
Flax, and Kemp, together with Cattle of feveral 
'^inds- [But at my lafl going there, thefe People 
" wer© 



9f SAMVEL BOJFNAS. 71 

were all fcattered and gone, and Nothing of them 
remaining of a religious Community in that Shape.] 

I left this Place and travelled through the Country 
to Philadelphia^ and w^is there feized with a Fever 
and Ague, which held me about thirteen Weeks, 
and I ftaid there till the yearly Meeting came on, 
which was very large, but my Diforder of the Ague 
would- not admit my being at one Meeting ; George 
Keith with his Companions came, but theDifturbance 
they gave was a confiderable Advantage to Friends, 
and the Meeting ended to great Satisfaction. 

Being recovered and pretty ilrong, I left FennfyU 
vania^ and travelled through the Jerfeys Eail: and 
Weft, and having given Expectation to a Friend, 
one "James Miller in Scotland, who had a Sifter mar- 
ried to one of the Barclays Family, that if I came 
near where ftie dwelt, I would vifit her at his Requeft. 
She was a very zealous honeft Friend, but her Huf- 
band joined Keith, and left Friends ; and on enquir- 
ing about her, where flie dwelt ? I was told, it would 
be very little out of my Way. Then a young Man 
offered to be my Guide, to pay her a Vifit; and when 
we came to the Houfe, there were fundry Priefts, 
with others, met to fprinkle an Infant, the faid Bar^ 
clays Grandchild : The Ceremony was over before 
we got there, we coming from Shrew/bury Yearly- 
meeting, where Keith alio had been, but gave us no 
Difturbance, nor did he come to our Meeting at all, 
but held a Meeting a fmall Diftance from us for two 
Days, and then went off. Our Meeting held three 
Days, and was thought to be larger by much, ia 
Expectation that George Keith would hz there- It 

E 4 ended 



72 The LIFE and TRAVELS 

^nded well^ and it vyas faid, fome were convinced at 

|hat Meeting 

Put to return to my Friend Barclay -, fhe vras iri 
^n Apartment by herlelf, and gave me a fhort Ac- 
count of what they were or had been doing ; faying, 
the)/ have fprinkJed the Babe my Grand-childyand the 
i^/re,mony is over^ hut they have not yet been to Dinner ^ 
to which (he added, my Hufband will be eameji for 
thy Company , if thou haji Freedom to go, I /hall leave 
thee at Liberty:, but if thou refufe/l to go, they will be 
ready to report , that thou durji not face them ^ adding, 
Iwriildbe pleafcdwith your Company (meaning me and 
my Companion) to dine with me, but it wilt be bejl, I 
think y for you to dine with them, and I hope, faid ilie, 
the Lord will give you JVifdor/i to conduB your [elves, that 
tl^ey may have nojuf Cauje to reproach the Principle on 
your Account. She had no fooner ended, than (as 
ihe had fuggefted) her Huiband came, and after 
Ibme Compliments, and Enquiry about his Brother- 
in-law James Miller, and Relations at Ury, we were 
called to Dinner, and by no Means would he excule 
rne : We went in, and the Miftrefs of the Feaftj 
the Mother of the Babe then fprinkled, would have 
me fit at her Right-hand, and fet George Keith at her 
Left. We fat all down, and after a fliort Paufc 
fjre&rge Keith flood up with all the refl of the Com- 
pany, lave me and my Companion, we kept our 
Flaces, and Hats on, while he repeated a Jong Pray- 
er for the Church and State, Bifhops, and all the in- 
ferior CJ^roY^ the Queen, and Dutchefs Dowager of 
JJanover, &CC, The Grace being ended, the Mil- 
trck carved^' and would fervc fne iiril j I would have 
^^-- -'-■- - ^^ ^^^^ - reiblcd 



^f SJMUEL B OWN A 8. 73 

fcfufed, and put it to George Keith, but he refufed 
it likevvife : When ihe had done helping us and her- 
felf, Ihe began to catechifc me in the following 
manner. 

After enquiring about her Relations at Ury in 5^^/- 
land, and her Uncle Miller^ flie then deiircd to know 
myBufineisin Scotland, pretending to fuppofe me a 
Merchant that dealt in Linen to fell in England 'y but 
I law her Delign was to lead me to feme unwary An- 
fwer, iov Keith and the reft to find Matter of Objec- 
tion to. This put me upon my Guard, to make 
Reply cautioufly , I freely owned I had no Concern 
in buying or felling of any fort of Goods. Pray then. 
Sir, what was your Call there? I replied, that I thought 
it my place fometimes to advife my Friends and o- 
thers, to endeavour fo to live, that Death, when it 
comes, might not be a Terror to them 5 and doubt 
not but thou wilt count this a good Work, and need- 
Jful to be done. She readily allowed, that it was ve^ 
ry needful, and the more (o,for that the Age was noi» 
"very wicked. Then {lie proceeded to query the Rea- 
fon of my coming into thofe Parts, pretending to 
luppofe it was on account of Trade, as being a Su- 
percargoe, with fundry trifling and impertinent Quef- 
tions^ as when I was infuch and fuch Places f To all 
which I gave her Anlwers to the fame Effed: as be- 
fore, that my defigned Bufinefs was the fame in this 
Country as in Scotland. Then ihe proceeded to 
more trifling Queftions, as wheji Handed? and where t 
and which Way I was going f All the Company at 
Table gave ear to our Dialogue, which appeared to 
me very weak in fuch a learned Corppany as they 

thought 



74 ^e LIFE ^;;^ T R A V E L S 

thought themfelves to be, and none fo much as put 
in a Word between ue. Dinner being ended, I 
defired to be exculed, for that Time called me away, 
an«l my Friends would wait for me at the Ferry, 
which we had to pafs that Evening. Thus Keith and 
I met and parted. 

Then taking Leave, I went to fee my worthy 
Friend in her own Aparment, with whom we had 
a fhort, but very agreeable Opportunity : We took 
our Leave and v/ent to Woodbridge^ where the next 
Day we had a Meeting, George Keith preached at 
A^nboy the fame Day, which Places are not far apart ; 
we often interfered one with the other, but he no 
more gave me any Challenge to difpute, but took 
another Method to put a Stop to my Travelling, as 
will appear afterwards. We came to Long-JJlandy 
and a Meeting was appointed for me at a fmali Vil- 
lage called Hempjiead, where George Keith alfo was, 
cither by Accident orDefign, and had at the fame 
appointed to preach within our hearing, and between 
the two Appointments, there was a very large Ga- 
thering ; and I being young and flrong, my Voice 
was plainly heard by the People who were with 7^(?///6, 
fo that they all left his Meetmg and came to ours, 
(for v/e had Room enough for both Meetings, it be- 
ing a very large Barn) except he that exercifed as 
Clerk, and one WiHiam Bradford^ who had been a 
Printer for Friends 2it. Philadelphia^ but deferting the 
Society, Friends took the Buiinefs from him. But 
fome Time after, Keith and the faid Bradford agreed, 
that Bradford fhould come and try if no Advantage 
might be taken at my Dodrine , accordingly he came, 

and 



^ SAMUEL BOJVNAS. y^ 

and pulled out of his Pocket a fmall Book, v/ith Pen 
and Ink, and ftedfaftly ilared in ray Face, to put mc 
put of Countenance if he could ; but I was above 
being daunted at that Time, though at other Times 
very incident to it. He opened his faid Book and 
writ about two Lines in it, then fhut it again, con- 
tinuing his flaring, to try (as fome thought) whether 
he could not daunt me ; but it was paft his Skill, 
for I felt both inward and outward Strength, and 
divine Power to fill my Heart, and my Face was 
like Brafs to all Oppofition ; he opened his Book, 
writobout two Lines more, and a little after about 
two more, in the whole about fix Lines in a fmall 
odtavo Leaf ; and after I had done, he fi:ood up and 
faid, Willyoujiand by thefe DoBrines in public that 
have been now preached? (meaning by public Difpute.) 
A worthy Friend, John Rodman by Name, defired 
him to be quiet, and atter Meeting was ended hs 
ihould be anfwered. Accordingly the Meeting con- 
cluded, and he waited for his Anfwer. To which 
Friend Rodman faid, William, thou knowe/l what our 
Friend hdth been concerned to /peak about this Day^ are 
fuch Points as have been by the Prefs argued over and 
over ; and as the Controverfy has been fome Tears in 
the Prefs^ 'tis therefore jjeedlefs at this Time d Day t9 
reduce it to a verbal Difpute. But he wanted to hear 
what I would fay to the matter \ and I told him, his 
Queftions being more forContention thanEdification, 
I therefore did not think myfelf obliged to anfwer 
them ; more elpecially, fince for his Contentious 
and diforderly walking, he had been dealt with and 
adviled in a Brotherly and Chrijlian Spirit to repent, 

but 



^6 The LIFE and TRAVELS 

but his perfifting in the fame, had obliged his Friends 
to difown him, and for this Reafon, Ifaid, I have 729 
more to fay to tkec on this Head. He turned from me, 
and in a very angry manner faid,. I fhould hear of it 
in another JVay. But I called him back, having 
fomething to fay on another Subjed ^ which v^as to 
deliver fome Tokens of Gold fent his Wife by her 
Sifter from London : This foftened him lomcw^hat, 
(he finding the Pieces to agree with the Letter, 
which I rcquefted might be opened before my Friends 
there) and brought him to confefs, that he believed 
I was a very honeft Man, and he was forry I fhould 
be under inch a Delufion, as to be in Communion 
with that erroneous People. But at his Return to 
Keith, they laid their Heads together, and trumped 
up the following Depolitions from what he had writ 
as aforeiaid, viz. 

* T JVilliam Bradford, of the City of New-Tork^ 
^ jL aged about forty Years, depofe upon the holy 
^ Evangelifts. T\\t 21 /i oi November 1702, going 

* into the fakers Meeting at Nathaniel Pearfal\ 

* dcceafed, in Hempflead, I heard one Bown, that is 
^ lately come out of E?7gland, preach, and the firft 
' V/ords I heard him fay, were the Sign oftheCrcfs ; 
^ and thus ; Friends, having gone through the Pa- 
^ pi/iBzpt\{m, let us examine theChurch of England: 
' Well, what do they do? Why the Bifhop lays his 

* Hand upon thofe that have learned the Languages, 

* and ordains them t® he Minifters. Well ! and 
' what do they do ? Why they baptize the Children, 
' the young Children, and fprinkle a little Water in 

' their 



of SAMUEL B OWN AS. yy 

their Faces, and by this they make th^ Child a 
Chriflian^ as they iay, and for fo doing the Chil- 
diens Parents muft give thePrieft4^. or a Groat j 
indeed this is an eaiy Way of making Chrifiiaiit 
for a Groat ! And how do they do this ? Their 
cv/n Catechifm tells us the Prieft fays to the Child, 
what is thy Name ? The Child anfwcrs, IhomaSj, 
JameSy Mary^ &c. Well ! and who gave thee 
this Name ? The Child anfwers, my God-fathers 
and God' mothfers in my Baptilm, wherein I was 
made a Member of Chrift. This is brave to be 
rnade a Member of Chrift ! Who would not have 
a little Water fprinkled in their Faces ? And what 
did your God-fathers and God-mothers then for 
you ? Anfwer^ They did Promife and Vow threa 
Things in my Name ; iji. That I fhould renounco- 
the Devil and all his Works, the Pomps andVani- 
ties' cl this wicked World, and all the iinf ul Lufti 
ol theFlefh. Ay ! did they fo ? this is brave; \^^ell ! 
v/hat did they promife more ? 2d!y. Tha-tl fLouLf 
keep God's holy Will and Commandmi at^, and 
walk in the lame all the Days of my Life : And 
yet in Contradiction to this, they plead for Sia 
Term of Life, and fay they can't keep God's Com- 
mandments in this Life. Why ! this is flrange, 
that the God-fathers and God-mothers friould 
promife what they believe they can't perform* 
And does the God-fathers and God-mothers thus 
promife ? Yes, they do. But this is ftrange, that 
their God fhould need a God-father and God-jr.o- 
ther. ButFriendSj our God, is the true and ijv:ni^ 
Gcd i in the firfl (jijcbn it js fajd, i;j fli Bs^pn- 






78 T;^^ L 1 F E ^/^^ T R A V E L S 

* ning was the IVcrd, and the Wo?^d was God. Bu^ 

* this God had no need of a God-father or God-mo- 

* ther. Well ! and what do the Frefoyterians do ? 

* Why they baptize their Infants alfo 3 but as I take 
^ it, they do not make ufe of God-fathers and God- 

* mothers, noi the Sign of the Crofs : They havef 

* thrown away that piece oi Pcpery. 

, * Next, as to the Lord's Supper, I fhall fpeak 
^ very brief; Ch rift fays, that which goes in at thd 
^ Mouth defiles not. So I fhall make this Apph'cati- 

* on : 1 he Bread and Wine which they receive, 

* and call the Lord's Supper, goes in at the Mouth, 

* and fo into the Draught, and profit not. They 

* call it a Sign ; yea, and an empty Sign it is. But 

* by thefe Ways and Forms the Hirelings deceive 

* the People : But we have had fufficient Proof of 

* thefe Hirelings in our Day ; for they will turn 

* with every Wind, and every Turn that will anfw^er 

* their Priefts Ends, as we have feen fulfilled large- 

* ly in our Day. 

* William Bradford, 

^ ,. * Joseph Smith, •» t /i- 

Coram nobis. ^ -L o ^ , ,0 IJulticeSa 

' Edward Burrows, j-' 

• j4 true Copy by Thomas Cardall, Wgh-Bheriff- 

Having patched up the above Depofition in tlieir 
ewn Way and Manner, and Form of Expreffion^ 
Keith informs, and Bradford v/as his Evidence \ and 
being at a Lofs for v^ant of another Evidence to con- 
firm Bradford's^ (without which they could not pro- 
ceed^ 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 79 

ceed) they met with a young Man who was there, 
and Keith got ibme Words out of him, that he faid 
he heard fpoken ; then they threatned, if he did 
not come in for Evidence to what he had heard, 
what they would do to him ; therefore he was pre- 
vailed on, thro' Fear, to give his Evidence on Oath, 
in the Words Gecrge Keith had got from him by 
Guile, before the faid two Juftices, which he did as 
followeth, although to no Purpofe. 

* nichard Smithy aged about 28 Years, depofeth 

* *^ upon the four Evangelifts : That on Sunday 

* laft, he, this Deponent, was at a fakers Meet- 

* ing in Hempjiead^ where he heard a Man preach, 

* whofe Name he fince undcrftands \s Samuel Bcwne: 

* In his preaching, he, this Deponent, remembers to 

* have heard him fpeak thefe Words, or Words to 

* the likeEfFed:, W2;. That the Church oi England 
^ in Baptifm made ufe of God-fathers and God-mp- 

* thers ; but our God is the ever living God, and 

* has no need of a God-father or God-mother : And 

* further this Deponent faith not, 

^ Richard Smith. 

Jurat 24th Die 9bris c JosePH SmITH, I t /i- 

i70.,coramnobis. , ^^^^^^^ BuRROWS, ^ >^^^^^- 

Having thus laid a Foundation for a Prcfecution, 
a Warrant was iffued out, A Copy of which is as 
followeth. 

Qiieeng 



8o The LIFE a?2d TRAVELS 

Queens /rJ' Joseph Smith, Efq-, Edwars^ 

Co\x\\iy JJ' ^ ' Burrows, £,^; y^Jiices cf the 

' Peace for Q^ieens County, /(? thS 

' Hlgh-Sheri^' of the County iGtQtt" 

* "Vr O U are hereby, in her Majefty's Name, 
' X ilrii^iy charged and commanded, iramedi- 

* ately on the Receipt hereof, to attach the Body of 

* Samuel Bowne^ a ^aker^ if he can be found- in 
^ your Bailiwick, and to bring his Body before us, 

* to anfwer to fuch Matters of Mifdemeanour, as 

* fhall on her Majefty's Behalf be objeded agaiiiil 
^ him. And hereof fail not at your Peril. Dated 

* under our Hands and Seals this z^th gber 1702, 

VeraCopiaEx. p, * Jos. Smith, 1 t r* 
Tho. Cardali, vie. ' Edw. Burrows, \ J^^'^'^^^^y 

Thus all Things were ready to be put in Execu- 
tiouy and lundry fubftantial People, not Friends^ 
^vouid have had me gone off, but that I could not 
do 3 therefore on the 29/^6 of the fame Month, as I 
was at Flufhing \n^Lo?2g-Iflandy it being the Half- 
yearly Meeting, which was very large, Keith beiag 
expcdled there : When the Meeting was fuliy {ct^ 
the High-Sheriff came with a very large Company 
with him,- who were all armed ; fome had Guns, 
others Pitchforks^^ others Swordsj^ Clubsr^J^lberts^ 
&c. as if they jQiould meet with great Oppofitiori in 

tMt\g ^WQt fiily h^rmieli %U^p oat gf cBe Flock. 



;&/ SAMUEL BOIVNAS. 8i 

The Sheriff ftepping up into the Gallery, took tiid 
by the Hand, and told me, I was hisPriJonefi By 
what Authority ? faid I : He pulled out his Warranty 
and lliew'd it me : I told him that Warrant Was to 
take up Samuel Bowne^ and my Name was not SaniU'- 
el Bowne^ but that Friend's Name is fo^ pointing at 
the Friend by me: We know him, faid he, that's 
not the Man^ but you are the Man t Pray then^ 
Whafs your Name ? That^ faid I, is a Queftion that 
requires Confideration, whether proper to anfwer or 
not, for no Man is bound to anfwer to his own Pre- 
judice j the Law forces none to accufe himfelf* 
Thus we pj-od and corid a little Time^ and I got up 
from my Seat, and John Rodman^ Samuel Bowne^ 
and fundry other Friends^ and walked out of the 
Meeting, it not being proper to difcourfe there zt 
that Time ; and they on con verfing with the Sheriff, 
who in his Nature was a very moderate Man, hav« 
ing known Friends in England, eafilv prevailed an 
him to ftay the Meeting, with ail his Retinue, and 
afterwards they would confider what was befttoi^e- 
done. They willingly laid down their Arms on the 
outfide of the Door, and came in, which encreafed 
the Throng very much : The Meeting was filent x 
Coniiderable Time, and the Sheriff's Company que- 
ried of one another privately, foas I heard it, Why I 
did not preach^ others concluding that 1 ihould 
preach no more, being novv i Prifoner 5 that's e-- 
nough to filence him, faid they : But finding the 
Word like as a Fire, I could no longer contaiit;, but 
ftanding up, I had a very agreeable Service, both to 
m) felf and Friends, with the reft of the Companv ^^ 

F 4iU 



iz The LIFE and TKKYEJ.S 

the Sheriff himfelf, and his Company alfo, Ipokc 
well of it : It was the firft Day of the Meeting, and 
the feventh of the Week» After Meeting was end- 
ed, iundry Friends went to *S^;;7i:^^/£^t£;;^^*s, to con- 
fult with the Sheriff, and he being very moderate, 
and in a very good Humour, fpoke very mild and 
courteoufly, blaming Keith and Bradford^ and gave 
Liberty that I fhould flay with my Friends until 
Fifth-day following, there being two Days of the 
Meeting yet to come, and a Funeral of a noted Friend 
to be the Day after it ended : The Meeting encrea- 
fed, and the laft was both largeft and mod open j it 
was fuppofed there might be near 2000 People the 
laft Day, but Keith did not come there. 

Now the Time for my Appearance before the Ju- 
flices being come, fundry fubftantial Friends went 
with me, and a great Crowd of ether People came 
to hear ; but for want of the Conveniency of a large 
Hall, which they might have had, but by the Cold- 
liefs of the Seafon, as was pretended, the Juftices 
would not go there, io they were deprived of the 
Opportunity for want of Room to hear my Exami- 
nation. 

There were four Juftices, W2;. Jofeph Smith, Ed-- 
ward Burrows, ychn Smith and jonatha?2 Whitehead. 
This laft was a very moderate Man, and endeavour- 
ed much to have fet me at Liberty ; but they had a 
Prieft with them, who endeavoured to put the worft 
Conftruilion on every Thing I faid : Be fides, they 
had fhut a Man up behind in a Clofet, to take ia 
Short-hand the Examination, that they might pe- 
f afe the fame to their own Advantage : 3ut the Man 

was 



»/ SAmVeL BOWNAS. gf 

"wii (o very drank, that he loft his Papers going 
Home^ and a Friend providentially found them, to 
their great Difappointment and Shame : Great En- 
quiry was made about them among the People in 
vain; Having done what they thought fit in exam-* 
inihg mej they turned me and my Friends out o£ 
the Roonij to confult what was to be further done 5 
and after a little Time^ we were all called in^ I to 
receive ffiy Doorn^ and my Friends to hear it j and 
the Clerk^ as Mouth of the Court, faid, Thefe ho^ 
noUfahle Ju flicks have agreed ^ thut yoU mull enter int^ 
a Two Thoujand Found Bail^ Tourfelf in £1006. and 
two of your Friends ift £^00 i eachy of elfe be committed 
to the common GoaL I anfwered, I could enter into 
no Bond on that Account. Here one of the jufticea^ 
qUeriedj if the Sum was tod large ? I anfweredi that 
was Nothing to the Matter^ if aS fmall a Sum as 
Three-halfpence would do^ I fhould not do it, it be-» 
ing a Matter of fuch a Nature that I could by no 
Means comply with* Then the laft Juftice offered 
to be bound for me, in what Sum they required* 
But not only I3 but all my Friends, did oppofe it witlv 
all our Might, giving them, as well as him> thci 
Reafon for it. 

It growing late the Court broke up, and this Ju-« 
ftice begged that he might have me to his Houfe^ 
and he would fee me forth coming on the Morrow 5 
which they readily granted him, and then they ad-» 
journed till Ten o' Clock next Day, giving their 
Clerk Orders to provide my Mittimus by that Time* 

1 went with my kind Friend the young Juftice ta 
Jlis Houfe, and found very good and kind Entertain^ 

F » m^vitj 



$4 "The LIFE ^W T R A V E L S i 

ment, his Wife being a very religious, tender-heart-*^ \ 

cd Friend, and took great Care of me. Next Morn^ ' 

ing we met again, the Mittimus was brought in, ex- ' 

ecuted< and was as under, ' ' 

Queens ^^ ' Joseph Smith, £/^; Edward Bur- \ 

County,^*^ ' ROWS, Efq-, John Smith, Efq^ and \ 

* Jonathan Whitehead, Ejq ; \ 

* Jujiices of the Peace for Queens 

' County, &c. To the High-Sheriff \ 
^ 9f Qiipcns County, Greeting. 

' TK7 E fend you herewithal the Body of Samuel \ 

^ V V Bow7jas, a ^aker^ brought before us this \ 

* Day, and charged with fpeaking fcandalous Lies \ 

* of> and Refled:ions againft, the Church oi England j \ 
^ as by Law eitablifhed, and other Mifdemeanours \ 

* by him done and fpoken at a public A/iembly in \ 

* Hempjiead^ in this County, oh the 2 \Jl Day of this 

* Inftant {)ber. And therefore thefe are in Behalf of 

* her Ma^efly to command you, that immediately \ 

* you receive the laid Samuel Bownas^ and him fafe- i 

* ly keep in the common Goal of this County, un- ; 

* til that he (hall be thence delivered by the due \ 

* Courfe of her Majcfty's Laws. Dated utider our ; 

* Hands and Seals at * "Jamaica^ this 30//6 Day of , 
^ ^ber^ in the lecond Year of the Reign of our So- \ 

* vereign Lady Queen Anne^ of England^ &c. An-- | 

* noque Domini ^ 1702. . i 

^Jamaica inL0K«JstA»»i k Nsw^Y^rk Gortrsm^n?, 



tf SAMUEL BOWNAS. 85 

^ Joseph Smith, 
A true Copy J by ' Edward Burrows, 

T?ho. CardalL ^ J^^^^ Smith, 

* Jonathan Whitehead/ 

Now I was delivered up aPrifoner, and my Friends 
left me, having firft got me a good wholefome Room, 
and a very good Bed, taking Care that I fliould want 
Nothing neceflary for Life. This continued for 
three Months ; at the End of which, a fpecial Com- 
miffion of Oyer and T^ermiiier^ and general Goal Dc»- 
livery was given to ^okn Bridges^ Efq ; Chief Ju- 
fticebf the Province; Robert Miller^ Efq; kcond -^ 
Thomas JVhellett^ Johnjackfon^ and Edward Burrows-, 
and on the 26th Day of the Twelfth Month, Bridges 
and Miller came, attended with much Company, ia 
great Pomp, with Trumpets and other Mufic before 
them, to hold the laid Court ; and about the fourth 
'Hour in the Afternoon, they in the fame Order 
went to Court, which was held in the Hall, read 
their Commiilion, and called over the Jury, to whom 
they gave an uncommon Charg?, sidjourning till 
Monday the 28^/6, at Ten o'Clock in the Morning. 

At the fanie Time the Court met, and Proclama- 
tion was made as follows, 

Cryer. O yes ! Silence on Pain of Imprifonment, 

Called over the Grand Jury, conflfting of twenty 
two Men, and charged them to retire to their Cham- 
ber, and the Attorney General fhould ka^ them 
Buiin^fs, 

The Court adjourns, 

F 3 Crycr^ 



t6 the LIFE ^;7^ T R A V E L S 

Cryer, O yes ! All Manner of Perfons that have 
uny Bufinefs at this Court of Oyer and Terminer^ let 
them depart hence, and come To-morrow Morning 
§t Eight o'clock, and they fhall be heard. 

Accordingly the Grand Jury retired, and had a Bill 
of Indi^ipent fent them againft me, but I could 
never get a Copy of it firft nor laft, I had prepared 
fundry Realons to -fet Bradford's Evidences afide, 
which qre here omitted, they being pretty large, but 
the Granid Jury had the fame before therp, and they 
were of confiderable Weight with them, The 2gt% 
fhe Court met. 

Cryer. O yes ! All Manner of Perfons that have 
«ny Bufinefs at this Court of Oyer and "Terminer ^ let 
<hem draw near, and they {hall be heard. 

The Clerk ordered to call oyer the Jury. 

'Richard Cornell Foreman, Ephraim Goulding, 
yohn Clayer, Ifaac Hicks^ Robert Hubbs^ Reginald 
Motty Theodorus Fanderwick, Samuel Dent on ^ jun, 
"yofeph Motty Richard Valentine, Nathaniel Cole, jun, 
^ofeph Dickenfon, Ifaac Doughty , Samuel Emery , John 
£mithj yohn Serin, John Oakey, Samuel Hallet, Ri^ 
€hard Alfop, yohn Hunt, James Clement , and Willi- 
am Bloodgopd, 

Then it was demanded, what Bufinefs the Jury 
had to lay before the Couut ? And they prefented 
two BillSj^ one againft ^ Woman for fome Mifde- 
fReanor, and the Bill againft me, both indorfed J^- 
poramus. Upon which the Judge was very angry ; 
the other Juftices on the Bench being moftly Pr^j- 
terians, faid little or Nothing fo the Matter, but he 
f|ddreffin| hin^f^lf to the Jury, faid thus. Gentlemen^ 

furel^ 



cf SAMUEL BOWNAS. 87 

furely you have forgot your Oaths ^ and for fo doing I 
could give you fome hard Names ^ but at prefentjhall for- 
bear : Is this your Verdi6l touching the Qnaker ? For 
they mattered not the other Bill, if they could have 
had their Ends on me. 

The Foreman faid, It is, Sir. 

Judge. I demand your Re a fons^ why you have not 
found the Bill againji him ? Meaning me. 

One, whole Name was James Clement^ a bold 
Man, well fkill'd in the Law, anfwered, we are 
iworn to keep the Qiieen's Secrets, our Fellows, and 
our own ^ and for that Reafon we declare no Rea- 
fons. 

Judge. Now Mr. ^\(tmzr\ fpeaks^ but Itellyou^ 
you are not fo fworn^ and I could find in my Heart to 
lay you by the Heels y and a Fine upon your Brethren. 

Clement replied, he might if he pleafed, but when 
it was done, it fhould be expofed with as much Ex- 
pedition as the Cafe would admit in fFeftminfter^hall-^ 
for, adds he^ Juries, neither Grand nor Petty, arc 
to be menaced with Threats of Stocks or Fines, but ' 
they are to Ad: freely, according to the befl: of their 
Judgments on the Evidence before them. 

Now the Judge finding he had not Children to 
deal with, altered his Manner of Addrefs, and be- 
gan to flatter, and requefted that they would take 
back both Bills, and refumc their Conliderations 
upon them. On this the Jury was in Judgment di- 
vided, but at laft they all confented, and then the 
Court adjourned till Nine o' Clock the next Day. 

Met according to Adjournment* 

F4^ Oyif 



81 "The L IF E and T R A V ELS 

Cryer. O yes ! Ail Manner of Perfons that have 
sny Brifinei^ at iho. Coml oi Oyer 2iXi6, Terminer^ let 
them draw near and they lliall be heard. 

Cryer, Call over the Jury ; which being done- 

Judge, Foreman^ how find you the Bilk f V 

Foreman. As we did Yefterday. 

On which Bridges in great Wrath charged them 
with obHrudting the Courfe of Juflice. 

Why ? Says Clement ! becaufe we can't be of the 
fame Mmd as the Court is: We would have you to 
know, that we defire no other but that Juftice may 
take place. 

The Judge now threatned to lay Clement by the 
Heels again. But, Clement, no Way daunted, told 
him, he might if he pleafed ; but if he did, he fhould 
hear of it in another Place/ 

The Clerk was now ordered to call over the Jury 
by Name iingly, to fhew their Reafons, why they 
could or could not find the Bills. Sundry of them 
tefufed to fay any more, than ^at is our VerdiB. 
Others again, faid, How unreafojtable^ and againfi 
Law it isy that the Court Jlmdd endeavour to perjure 
the yury^ by revealing their Secrets in the Face of the 
Ct/un^ry. However, it appeared after the Examina- 
tion of the Jury, that leven were for finding the 
B U, and fifteen flood firm agairift them for the Ver- 
c\&y as figned by the Foreman. Which anger'd the 
Judi^e to that Degree, that he gave ftridt Orders to 
keep me more clofe than before -, threatning. As 
yujlice cannot he here come aty Til fend him to Lon- 
don, 



#/ SAMUEL B OWN AS. 89 

don, chained to the ^ Man ofWara Dcck^ like ether 
vile Criminals y %mth his Crimes and M'ljdemcamurs a- 
long vnth him^ which are of the htgheji Nature^ and 
mofl da?7gercus Confequence^ as t eliding to fubvert both 
Church and State. When an Account of this was 
brought me, I was under a great Cloud, and the 
Power of Darknefs fo verv ftrong upon me that I de- 
fired Death rather than Life, fearing that if I was lo 
ferved, I fhould be an Objeft of Derifion to al! on 
board ^ and greatly doubting that I fhould not be 
able to bear the Suffering which I muft undergo in 
fuch a Cafe, with that Decen^cy and Honour that was 
requifite in fo good a Caufe. 

The Friends lefjt rae alone, and I having loft ail 
my Faith, which was ftili worfe than being alone, I 
thought myfelf the moft wretched among Men, and 
fcarcely able to live under it. At which Time, an 
boneft old :|; Man (his Name was Thomas Hicks, 
who had been Chief Juftice in the Province fome 
Years, and wejl vers'd in the Law) came to vifit rae, 
and on my ftanding up to fhew my kefped:s to him, 
he took me in his Arms, fainting me with Tears ; 
thus exprelling himfelf : ^ Dear Samuely the Lord 

* hath made Ufe of you, as an Inftrument, to put a 
^ Stop to arbitrary Proceedings in our Courts of Ju- 

* ftice, which have met with great Encouragement 

* fince his Lordfhip came here for Governor ; 
^ (meaning the Lord Cornhury^ who opprelfcd the 
^ People forely.) BuMjiere has never fo fuccefsful a 

' Stand 

* A Man of War Vaj then lying at York, ready to fail Convor 
for P;n GLAND. 4: NoTB, h« did not profcfs wkh us^ but wae alwoft 
Qgg in Prindi^Qg 



9© The LIFE and TRAVELS 

* Stand been made againft it as at this Time : And 
^ now, they threaten to fend you to £;2^A7W chained 

* to the Man of War's Deck : Fear not, Samuel, adds 

* he, they can no more fend you there than they can 
^ fend me ; for the Law both here and in England 

* isfuch, that every Criminal mull: be tried where 

* ftlie Caufe of Adlion is ; elfe, why in England do 

* they remove Criminals from one County to ano- 
f. ther to take their Trials where the Offence was 
« committed ? But you may, after the Judgment of 

* the Court is given againft you, bring your Appeal 

* againft that Judgment ; and you fccuring the Pay- 

* ment of fuch Fees as are commonly allowed in the 

* like Cafe, they dare not deny your AppeaL But 

* the Judge frets bjscaufe he cannot have his End a- 

* gainft you : And befides, the Governor is difguft- 

* ed alfo, he expelling to have made confidcrable 

* Advantage by it ; but the Country's Eyes are now 

* opened, and you are not now alone, but it is the 
^ Caufe of every Subjed: ; and they will never be able 

< now to get a Jury to anfwer their End, the Eye$ 

* of the Country are fo clearly opened by your Cafe. 

< Had, fays he, the Prejbyterians ftood as you have 

< done, they had not fo tamely left their Meeting- 
^ houfes to the Church: But that People had never 

* fo good a Hand at Suffering in the Caufe of Confci- 
« €nce, as they have had in perlecuting others that 
« differed from them/ Here he blamed that People 
very much, for being fo compliabic to all the Claims 
of the Governor, although nev«r fo unreafonabic 
and againft Xaw, 

Anl 



€j SAMUEL BOWNAS. 91 

And this honeft Man, as if he had been fcnt hj 
divine Cummiffion, byhisDifcourfc raifed my droop- 
ing Spirits, renewed my Faith, and I was quite a- 
nother Man : And as he faid, fo it proved. They 
could not get the next Jury to find the Bill againft 

But to return, I could never get 1 Copy of the 
Mittimus or Indictment againft me, but the Judge 
gave the Sheriff Orders to keep me more clofe. And 
1 was accordingly put up in afmall Room made of 
Logs, which ha^ been proteftcd againft as an un-^ 
lawful Prifon two Years before ; but that made no 
pifference : I was lock'd up there, and my Friends 
denied coming to me. I was now advifed to demand 
my Liberty^ as a Right due by Law^ and I did fo ; 
but it was denied me, without {hewing any other 
Reafon, than that I might thank the Gand-Jury for 
my then Confinement. It was likewife thought pro-^ 
per to lay the Cafe before the Governor by Petition^ 
and demand my Liberty of him alfo ; which Petiti- 
on is omitted for Brevity's Sake. But all was in vain, 
for they were refolved not to be fo baffled by the 
Country, they faid, but they would bring me to Ju^ 
ftice. And Keith printed lome Sheets, pretending 
to open the Eyes of the People, faying, that /i6^^ 
reproached the Churchy the Ordinances and Government ; 
aggravating the Cafe to the higheft. But what he 
printed with a Defign to make my Cafe appear the 
worfe, had quite the contrary Effedt upon the Peo-r 
pie, it being look'd upon as no other than the Pro- 
dudl of Envy and Revenge againft the fakers in 
|eneral, and jne in particwiar, 

Howercr^ 



9^ The LIFE ani TRAVELS 

However, that Court was adjourned for fix Weeks; 
and finding myfelf more clolelv confined than be- 
ford, and not knowing when or how it would end, 
I began to be very thoughtful what Method to take, 
not to be chargeable to my Friends : And as I was 
full of Thought on my Pillow about the Matter, it 
came into my Mind to try if I could learn to make 
Shoes ; and applying myfelf to a Scotch Churchman 
in the Neighbourhood, one Charles Williams^ a good 
natured Man, I made a Propofal to buy a Pair of 
Shoes of him, cut out for me to make up, and to 
give him the fame Price as if made, withal defiring 
him to let me have Materials and Tools to go on 
with the Work, requefting that he would be fo kind 
as to fhew me how to begin and proceed in it : I 
acquainted him with my Reafon for fo doing. He 
replied, it is very honeft and honourable in you : 
But, added he, if one of our Minifters was iq the 
like State, they would think it too mean for them to 
take up fuch a diminutive Pradlice, though it were 
for Bread : And your Friends perhaps will not like 
it. However, he readily fell in with me, that if I 
could get my Bread with' my own Hands, it was 
moft agreeable with PauVs Practice ; and according- 
ly next Morning he brought me Leather cut out, 
with Materials and Tools to Work with, and with 
liis Direction I clofed one of the Upper-leathers be- 
fore he left me, ^nd he put it on the Laft for me, 
and by Night I finjfhed that Shoe ; which when he 
came to fee, he admired it was fo well done, (hew^ 
ing me how to mend the Faults in the next, which I 
finilhed the ne^c t Day ; |le then fuppofcd I had donq 

fomethipg 



#/ SAMUELBOJVNAS. 93 

fomcthing at the Trade before, but was miftaken : 
And when I would have paid him, he refufed it, and 
told me, he would not take any Money of me ^ fo 
I propofed, that if he would give the Leather, I 
would give my Work ; and fo by Conlent we gave 
the Shoes to a poor honeft Man that did go on Er- 
rands for us both* I had then more Work of him, 
and he was fo pleafed with it, that he would allow 
me half Pay for making it up, and was fo forward 
to advance my Wages in a few Weeks, that unlefs I 
would take full Pay, he chearfully told me, I mull 
look out for another Mafter: I as plealantly replied,. 
1 did notdcfirc to change: Well then, replied he, 
I fell the Shc>es you make, for as much as any of the 
like Sizes made in my Shop. 

I made fuch Improvement In this Bufineis that I 
could in a little Time earn fifteen Shillings per Week^ 
being three Shillings their Money for making a Pair 
of large Man's Sho\ss, which was my chief Vv'^ork. 
Now their Shilling was about Nine-pence Sterling* 
This new Trade was of very great Service to me, 
by both diverting Body and Mind ^ and finding 
I now could fupply my own Wants with my ovm 
Hands, it gave rric great Eafe indeed: But fori e 
Friends were uneafy that I fhould do it, as fuppoSdng 
it would be to their Difhonour ; but others again were 
glad, and thought it a great Honour to the Caufe of 
thcGofpel; and they rejoyced with thankful Hearts 
that I fucceeded fo welL 

Going on thus fome Weeks, my kind Mafter came 
one Morning, and did not bring {o much Work as 
hphtt. ik^d him thfe R^ajfon ? adding pleafantly. 

What 



^4 ^^ LIFE and TRAVELS 

What doth my Credit finkj that I have no more 
brought ? He fmiling faid ! It's not heft to truft Goal 
Birds too far^ and I am now refolved you ihall work 
no more for me after thefe I have now brought* 
Why ! what is the Matter? faid' I. He added, you 
(hall be a Mafter as well as L How Can that be ? 
faid L He replied^ you ihall have Leather of your 
own, and by doing that, you may get Eight-pence^ 
Ten-pence or a Shilling a Pair more profit than you 
do now* But I told him I had rather Work Jour- 
ney-work for him than do fo i For I knew not how 
to get Leather and other Materials, and when I had 
it, I was a Stranger to the cutting it out. Trouble 
not yourfelf about that, faid he^ for I wiM do all thi* 
for you : And fo he did with much Chearfulnefs, 
delighting toferve me eiFedlually* 

I went on thus for fcveral Months, and he catiie 
to me every Day once or twice, and was a very chear-^ 
ful) pleafant tempered Man, but too much addided 
to take delight in fome of his Neighbours Company^ 
who too often were difguifed with ftrong Liquor, 
and he would often fay, it you Were to continue here^ 
I ihould overcome it, and I verily believe fhould be 
a ioh^v^aker. I told him he muft leave the Com- 
pany he too much frequented ; which he not Obferv- 
ing, I heard afterwards they proved very hurtful to 
him- We had very often feriousConverfation about 
Religion, and it appeared to me, he had been fa- 
voured with an enlightnedUnderftanding, and would 
confcfs, if there was any fuch Thing as preaching 
Chrift truly, it was amongft the fakers j for both 
Churchmen^ Pri^Jbyterians^ Independents^ and others. 



6f S AMUkL BOWNAS. 9^ 

all preach themfehes^ and for their own Advantage 
in this World j fo that if there was no Pay^ there 
would be 720 Preaching. He frequently attended our 
Meetings tor a Time. 

But to return to the Proceedings of the Court, 
whxh adjourn'd from the ^%th Day of the Firji-^ 
Month 1702-3, for about fix Weeks, and fo continu- 
ed by feveral Adjournments to the laft Day of the 
Eighth-Month following. The Occafion of thefe 
Adjournments was this; Judge En ^^5 was ill, and 
had been for fome time declining, but was expedted 
to be able to attend the Service of the Court, and 
take Vengeance on me and the ^akers^ none be- 
ing thought fo fit for that Work as he ; yet he ne- 
ver did, but died fome Months before I was fet at 
Liberty. 

I had in this Time of Confinement fundry Vifits, 
two of which were more remarkable than the reft# 
The firft was by an Indian King, with three of his 
chief Men with him ; and the other by one John Ro-- 
gers from New-Loftdon^ and he (laid with me from^ 
the Time became about fix Days. An Abftradt of 
both Conferences are as follow, "viz. 

Khali firft take Notice of the Conference with 
the Indian Y^wig^ as he ftiled himfelf; but his Na- 
tion was much wafted and almoft extindt, fo that 
he had but a fmall People to rule. However, there 
was in him fome Marks of Superiority above the 
other three who attended him, who ftiew'd fome 
Regard to him as their Sovereign. 

This Indian^ with thefe his Attendants, came to 
vifit me, and ftaid fome Time, enq^uiringtheCaufc 

of 



96 rhe LIFE and TRAVELS 

of my Confinement : An Account of which I gave 
them as intelligibly as 1 could, finding they under- 
ftood Englifh better chan they could fpeak it. The 
Conference was moilly between the King and me^^ 
the reft bat very feldom put in a Word. 

The King aiked^ ij 1 was a Chriftian ? I told him 
I waso And are they^ faid he, Chriftians too that keep 
you here f I laid they profeiTed themfelves to be io. 
Then he and his Company fhewed their Admira- 
tion, that one ChriJUa?! could do thus to another. 
And then he enquired concerning the Difference be- 
tween me and them. I replied, it confifted of fun- 
dry Particulars* Firfl^ my Advcrfaries hold with 
fprinkling a little Water on the Face of an Infant, 
aling a Form of Words, and the Ceremony of mak- 
ing the Sign of a Crofs with their Finger on the 
Babe's Forehead, Galling this Baptifm^ and urging 
it as ejfential to future Happinefs ; And I, with my 
Brethren, can fee no Good in this Ceremony. Here 
they talked one with another again, but I under- 
ilood them not- After which they afked me^ if t 
thought there was nothing in this Ceremony of Good to 
fecure our future Happinefs? I faid, I fee Nothing 
of good in it. / was rights they faid, neither do we: 
Alking, wherein do you further differ from them? I 
proceeded, That, they held it needful to take at cer- 
tain Times, a Piece of Bread to eaty with a fmail 
Quantity of Wine to drink after 'tis confecrated, a$ 
they call it/ which they pretend to do in Remem- 
brance of Chrift our Saviour^ ^rgi^g this as necejary 
to our future Happinefs as the former^ calling this 
^^L^rd^-Supper, . Hetold Hiei tkit they Jiad (ccn 

both 



) of SAMUEL BOJfNAS. 97 

both thefe Ceremonies put in Pradice by the Pre/by-- ^ \ 

teria72s, huicowld not underftand, if it was a Sup^ \ 

per^ why they ufed it in the Middle of the Day, but : 

they look'd upon them both as very infignificant to ; 

the End propofed ; faying, The ^ Mang Monettay looked \ 

at the Hearty how it was devoted, and not at thefe Chil- ] 

difb Tubings. Afking, wherein do you differ further from \ 

them ? I proceeded, that they held it lawful to kill and \ 

deflroy their Enemies 5 but we cannot think that ■ 

good and right in us; but rather endeavour to over- j 
come our Enemies with courteous and friendly Offi- 
ces and Kindnefs, and to alTwage their Wrath by 
Mildnefs and Perfuafion, and brin^ them to conli- 

der the Injury they are doing to fuch as can't in Con- \ 

fcience revenge themfelves again. He affented, that 1 

this was good : But who can do it ? fald he ; when my \ 
Enemies feek my Life^ how can I do other than ife my 

Endeavour to deftroy them in my own Defence ? My J 

Anfwer was, That unlefs we were under the Govern- ! 

ment of abetter Spirit than our Enemies, we could \ 
not do it; but if we are under the Government of 

the good Spirit, which feeks not to deflroy Mens \ 

Lives but to fave them, and teaches us to do Good \ 

for Evil, and to forgive Injuries, then we can fub- ; 
mit to Providence^ putting our Truft in the great 

God to fave us from the Violence and Wrath of our \ 

Enemies. The King (aid. Indeed this is very good ; \ 

but do you do thus when provoked by your Enemies ? I \ 
faid, fundry of our Friends had done fo, and been 
faved from the Rage of theirEnemies, who have con- 

. fefTed our Friends to be good Men. Ay, faid he, \ 

G they 

* The great God they frequently called fo. " ,' 



98 r/:^^ L I F E ^;7i T R A V E L S 

they are good indeed -^ for if all came into this JVay^ there 
"Would then be no more need of War^ nor killing one the 
other to enlarge their Kingdoms^ nor one Nation want to 
overcome the other. I then afked him, if this was not 
a right Principle ; and what would much add to the 
Happinels of Mankind ? They all four faid, it was 
very good indeed ; but feared few would embrace this 
DoBrine. I faid, all Things have their Beginings, 
and 'tis now our Duty to embrace this Truth, hoping 
that others by this Example may do the fame. They 
lifted up their Eyes as a Token of their Aflent, fliew- 
ing by their Words their Defire that this good Spir-* 
it might prevail in the World : ^hen^ faid they, 
Tki?2gs will go well. But wherein^ added he, do you 
differ more from them ? I faid, we held it unlawful to 
fwear in any Cale ; but our Adverfaries did not. I 
found they had not any Notion about Oaths, and lo 
they dropt it, being defirous of introducing another 
Subject 3 for having obferved our Friends Behaviour 
in not pulling off their Hats as others did, they want- 
ed to know cur Reafo?2S for it : I faid, uncovering 
our Heads v* as a Token of Honour we paid to the 
great God in our Prayers to him ^ and we thought 
any Homage equal to it ought not to be given to any 
of his Creatures. They faid, it was all very good. 
Then we fat filent fome Time ; and I afked them, 
what they thought of the G?rat God? One of them 
took a Piece of a Wood Coal from the Hearth, like 
Charcole half burnt, and made a black Circle there- 
with on the Hearth-flone, and faid, they believed the 
Great God, (or Monet t ay, as they then call'd him) to 
be all Eye, that he [aw every Thing at once i and all 

Ear^ 



of SAMUEL BOW N AS. cj§ 

Ear^ that he heard every Thing in like Manner ; ai^d 
all Mind, that he knew all "Things, and Nothing could 
be hid from his Sight, Hearing, or Knowledge. Thea 
I aikedv what they thought of the Devil ? (or bad 
Monettay, as they Called him.) They laid, they did 
not look upon his Power independant from th^ good 
Monettay, but that what he did was by Permijjion ^ 
nor indeed did they think he had any Power . at all, 
but what was given or fuiFered for him to exercifo 
over Indians^ to bring about fome good Deligns of 
the good Mohettay for their Advantage, to reclaim! 
them when they were bad/ and difpleafed the good 
Monettay: For they believed th^ good Monettay had 
all Power; yet he employed his Servants or Angels,^ 
is we Term them, to execute his Will; And the 
Ji^^/W that rfiade the Circle, defcribed four leveral 
fmall Circles on the Edge of the great one, and they 
fliewed theif Opinion how their little Gods were em-' 
ployed to^ chaftize the Indians when bad, and to com- 
fort and encourage them in Good : They likewifd 
fuppofed the four fmall Circles to anfwer to the four 
Quarters of the World ; that they had Inferiors un- 
der them again to execute their Will when they re- 
ceived a Commiflion from th^t g?rat Mind , but that 
all derived their Power from ih^fuprerne Eye,' Ear^ 
and Mind-; dembnftrating their Meaning by Compa- 
fifon thus : As fuppofing the Indians bad, the good 
Monettay y^'^i it, and he gives Orders to that in the 
North, and by him to them under himv whereby 
We are by hard Frofts, great SnowG, and cold Winds;, 
in the Winter, very much afflicted with want of 
If'ood, and with Cold ; and in the Summer, either 

G z cxtreani 



100 The LIFE and r RAVELS 

extreani Heat or Wet prevent the Fruits of the Earth 
from coming to Perfedtion, until we be made hum-- 
ble zndi good : Then we pray for Relief, and Com- 
mlffion is given to the Monettay in the South, and by 
him to them under him, whereby we have warm 
Winds, and pleafant Rains in the Spring, that makes 
Tec-Cod (meaning Bucks) eafy to be taken, and Fat, 
&c. And in the Summer, fruitful good Weather, 
neither too wet nor too dry. Thus they account for | 
all reigning Diftempers, and common Calamities by J 
Sicknefs or Famine ; and on the other Side, Health 1 
and Plenty, &c. So in like Manner for War and ■ 
Peace, wz. When two Nations are both wncked, \ 
they are y?/>r^^ ///> to deflroy each other, either by] 
the Devily or by Ibme of theie Monettay s by him \ 
employed, &c. I then proceeded to query, what ^ 
thought ^ they had of a Future State after this Life f i 
Firft deiiring to hive their Opinion, whether they did \ 
not think they had a Part in them that would never I 
die ? Which they readily granted, and gave me their ! 
Opinion, what both the State of the good and bad \ 
Indians would be in the other World ; that the good i 
Indians would go into the South and South- Wefl-, ; 
where it was very warm and pleafant, and Plenty of j 
all Things both for Plealure and Profit : As fuppof- ; 
ing, that they fliould have the Delight of enjoying '\ 
the Comforts of eating, drinking, hunting, and all \ 
other-PIeafures they enjoyed here, in a more agree- : 
able Way to Iboth and pleale their Defires, than e- \ 
ver they could in this World. Thus they dcfcribed \ 
Heaven^ as beft fuited their natural Senles, endea- \ 
vouring to inftil into their Youth, as they faid, Prin- i 

cipies ! 



cf SAMUEL B OWN AS. loi 

ciples of Virtue and Juftice, that when they die, as 
to this World, they may be fit and worthy of this 
good Country or Heaven, where it always is ierene 
and quiet, no Night, nor Winter in this brave plea- 
fant Country ; but all Things are plenty, very good, 
well and comfortable. But then, the wicked and 
bad Indians, when they die, go into the North and 
North- Weft, a Country extream cold, dark and un- 
pleafant; no Sun-fliine ; they endeavour to get fome- 
thing to fatisfy their Hunger, but can't, for the y^eo^ 
Ccd are very poor, and they can't catch them ; fo in 
this Extremity they defire to die, but can't 3 nor 
can they find any Means to put an End to this mi- 
fearble and wretched Life, but they muft continue 
in Sorrow and Trouble without any Hopes of End. 
Thus they defcribed their Thoughts ot a future State, 
either in Heaven or in Hell, according to their No- 
tions of both. 

I then turned my Difcourfe and afked them, what 
they thought of a good Spirit that was prefent with 
them in their Mind ? (finding they had no Notion of 
Chrift, as to his bodily Appearance) they readily ac- 
knowledged, i\\2it a good Spirit attended them, and 
did reprove, or make them forrowful when they did 
badly: They likewife did believe, tho: tad Monettay, 
or Devil, did perfwade them in their Minds to Evily 
and the more they ftrove againft the Devil, and 
prayed for Stength, by and from the good and great 
Monettayy the more they prevailed over thefe evil 
and wicked Temptations of the Devil in their ( wn 
Minds, which had, they faid, no Power to lead them 
intO'Evil, but by their own Confent y nor could do 

G 3 them 



^02 Tbe LIFE and T R A V E L | 

them any Hurt if they did not yield to his alluring 
and deceitful Temptanons. I further enquired, if 
all the Indians were much of the fame Mind in iheji 

Matters? but they could riotrefolve me. 

I alfo enquired, whether any amongjl them were 
looked upon as Inftrudlors,' more than others ? They 
laid, no ; but the Head of every Family ought to do 
their befl: Endeavours to inftrud: their Families, but 
it was negleftedV yet they retained the Practice of 
coming all together once in a Year, and the Elder 
did advife the Younger, what their Parents and El- 
ders had told them, and thus they tranfmltted the 
Knowledge of former Things from one Generation 
to another^ by having them repeated in thefe Aflem- 
blies/ "' ^ '"' '■ "*" 

' Here our Conference ended : And as I could 
treat them with fome Refrefhment, I did, which 
they thankfully received ; and we parted in great 
Friendfhip and Love, after a Stay ot one Night and 
almoft two Days. ' 

' Some Weeks after this, "^ohn Rogers, 2l Seventh-day 
Baptifly from New-London in New-England^ came 
near two Hundred Miles on purpofe to viiit me; he 
was the chief Elder of that Society called by other 
People ^laker-BaptiJls, z^ \vnd.2\r\'mg {tho falfly) 
that both in their Principles and Dodnnes they leem- 
ed one with us -, whereas they differed from us ia 
thefe material Particulars, viz. About the Seventh- 
day Sabbath^' and in making Ufe of Baptifm in Wa- 
ter to grown PerfoQs, aft^r the Manner of other B^/- 
iifls, and ufing the Ceremony of Bread and Wine as a 
Communion, and alfo of anointing the Sick with 
^ . - Oil: 



/ 



ef SAMUEL BOWNAS. lo? 

Oil : Nor did they admit of the Light of Truths or 
Mantfefiation of the Spirit, but only to Believers % 
alledging Scripture for the Whole. They bore a 
noble Teftimony againft Fighting, Swearing, vain 
Complements, and thojuper/iitious Oblervation of Days, 
for which he had endured fundry long Imprifon- 
ments, and other very great Sufferings befides, both 
of Body and Goods. He v^as a Prifoner when IVil^ 
Ham Edmundfon was in that Country, (fee his Jour- 
nal Page 90) and had by Sufferings obtained fo com- 
pleat a Victory over his Oppofers, that now they 
took no Notice of him, he might do and fay what he 
pleafed : But he thought himfelf, that he had carri- 
ed his Oppofition to the Oblervation oiihtFirJl-day as 
a Sabbath a httle too far at Times, fo that he would 
do all Sorts of Work, yea, drive Goods or Merchan- 
dize of fundry Sorts in a Wheel-barrow, and expofe 
them to Sale before the Pulpit, when the Prieft was 
about the Middle of his Difcourfe, if he was not hin- 
dered, which fometimes, tho' but feldom, happen- 
ed; and would do any other kind of Labour, letting 
the People know his Reafons for fo doing, was to 
expofe their Ignorance and Superflition in obferving 
that Day, which had more of Law than Gofpel \n 
it, for Chrifl was the true Sabbath of Believers , 
withal adding, that he was raifedup for that very End. 
They admitted Women to Speak in their Meetings, 
(believing fome qualified by the Gift of the Spirit for 
that Work) and fometimes they had but very little 
faid in their Meetings, and fometimes they were 
wholly filent, though not often ; for they admitted 
any one, who wanted Information concerning the 

G 4 meaning 



I04 T/^^ LIFE ^7;?^ T RAVEL S 

meaning of any Text, to put the Queftion, and it 
was then expounded and fpoken to, as they under- 
flood it : Any one being admitted to (hew his Dil- 
fent, v/ith his Reafons for it : T^hus^ faid he, weim^ 
prove our Touth in Scripture Knowledge. I afked him, 
if they did not fometimes carry their Difference in 
Sentiments too far to their Hurt ? He acknowledg- 
ed there was Danger in doing fo, but they guarded 
againft it as much as they could. 

He gave me a large Account of the Conference 
he had with William Edmundfon, and told me that 
Nothing ever gave him fo much Trouble and clofe 
Uneafinefs, as his oppofing V/illiam Ednmndjon at 
that Time d;d, deliring me, if I lived to fee Willi-^ 
am Edmujtdfon^ to acquaint him with the fincere Sor- 
row that he had upon his Mind for that Night's 
Work. 

At my Return, I acquainted William E^dmundfon 
therewith, who defired me, if I lived to fee him a- 
gain, to let him know that it was the Truth Willi-^ 
am Edmundfon bore Tcftimony to that he oppofed, 
and therefore it was no wonder that he was fo much 
troubled for his foolifii Attempt therein. 

He gave me an Account of hisConvincement and 
Converfion, which was very large, and although at 
firft it was agreeable and very entertaining, yet by 
his fpinning of it out fo long, he made it difagreeable, 
for he ftaid with me five or fix Days, and it was the 
greatcfl: Part of his Difcouric all that Time, al- 
though I did fundry Times ftart other Subjeds, 
which he would foon get off, and go on about his 
own Experiences, 

I 



t)f SAMUEL B OWN AS. 105 

I queried, why he was fo very liiff about the Seventh- 
day, and whether^ upofi a mild Conjideration of the 
Oppojition he gave about their Sabbath^ it was not by 
him carried too far ? He acknowledged, that he did 
not at iirft fee clearly into the true Meaning of the 
Sabbath, but that the Provocations he met with 
from the Priefls, (who ftirred up the People and 
Mob againft him) might fometimes urge him far- 
ther than he was afterwards eafy with, in oppofing 
them ; but when he kept his Place, he had'inex- 
preffible Comfort and Peace in what he did ; ad- 
ding, that the Wrath of Man works not the Righteouf- 
nefs of God. 

I queried with him, why they kept to the Vfe of 
Bread and Wine^ and plunging or dipping into Water ^ 
Jince he taught his People to put no Confide?2ce in thofe 
Ceremonies^ byfuppofing anyViriue or Holinefs in them ? 
He replied, that they did it for the Sake of thofe who 
were weak in Faith; adding, that if our Friends 
had taken thofe two Sacraments along with them, 
they would have driven all before them. This led 
us into a long Conference, the Subftance of which 
was to the Effed: following. 

He fpoke very much of his Satisfadlion and Uni- 
ty with George Fox, John Stubbs, John Burnyeat^ 
and William Edmundfon, as the Lord's Servants, with- 
fundiy others of the firft Vifitors of that Country ; 
that he knew them to be fent of God, and that they 
had carried the Reformation farther than any of the 
Protejlants ever did before them, lince the general 
Apoftacy from the Purity both of Faith and Doc- 
trine i frji^ the Church of England, they did No- 
thing 



ao6 r/&^ L I F E ^;^^ T R A V E L S 

thing in the End but made an Englijh Tranflation of 
the Latin Service ufed before; the Prejbyterians they 
diflented, and the Independants^ but came not to the 
Root of the Matter 5 the Bapti/is diffented irom all 
the other three^ but went not through. Upon which, 
tho' 1 could not wholly agree with him in his Afler- 
tionSj I queried, if he thought that all thefe feveral 
Steps of the Englifh Church from Popery^ the Pref- 
bytertans and Independants from the Englifh C^iurch, 
and the Baptifts from all three of them, had not 
fomething of Good in them ? viz. I mean, whcr 
ther the firfl: concerned in diflenting from Popery^ 
though they afterwards reftfed too much in the Forra 
ofWorfhip in the Epifcopal^Tcy^ had not the Aid 
of Chriil's Spirit to alTift them in their Diffent ? and 
fo for all the rejft* This he did readily grant to be a 
great Truth ; and fo allowing, that the firft Refor- 
mers were aded by divine Lights and being faithful 
to what was made known. to them, had their Re^ 
ward 'y and their SucceiTors fat down in that Form 
their PredecefTors left them in, but did not regard 
that Power and Life by which they were aded, and 
fo became Zealots for that Form^ but oppofed the 
Power. And this, faid he, is the true Caufe of the 
feveral Steps of Dijfent one from another y and the 
Reafon why there is fo little Chrijiian Love, and fo 
much Bitternefs and Envy one againft another, is 
their fetting down contented, each in their ownForm^ 
without the Power^ fo that they arc all in one and 
the fame Spirit, acting their Part in the feveral Forms 
of Worfhip in their own Wills and Time, not only 
oppofing the Spirit of Truth, but making it the O/^- 



pf SAMUEL BOWNAS. 107 

h£i of their Scorn, and thofe who adhere to it the 
•^iS/z^V^ of their Reproach, Contempt, and Envy: 
And this is the Foundation of Perfecution, faid he. 
But we fhall, faid I, digrefs too far from what we 
had in View : Thou alloweft the aforementioned 
Friends to be Servants of Chrijl^ and guided by h/s 
Word, and that they advanced the Reformation 
higher than any had done before them ; and 'tis plain 
they had a Concern to lay afide Fightings Swearings 
vain Compliments J as well as Baptifm and Bread and 
Winey thtittwo Sacraments^ as you call them ; and 
as you continue in the Practice of them, it muft be 
%i your own Will^ and not in the Will of God, by 
thy own Gonfeffibn. How dofl thou^ faid he, make 
that out? ThM%y Giid I -, Jirjly Thou alloweft thofe 
of our Friends to be true Minifters, and declareft thy 
Unity with them as fuch, and they had a Concern to 
draw Peoples Minds from depending upon thcfe 
Shadows to truft in the Sub/iance : Now how could 
jthis be fo effe(5tually done, as by perfwading the Peo- 
ple to difcontinue the Ufe of tliofe Shadows ? for 
whilft they did ufe them, though at the fame Time 
they were told, there was Nothing in themy yet weak 
Minds would ftili retain fome Kegard, as though 
they had fome real Good in them, when in Truth 
there was none. But if our Friends had a Concern 
from the Lord to do thisy how canft thou in Reafon 
fuppofe, that by the fame Spirit you had a Concern 
from the Lord to continue in the Performance of them, 
unlefs thou wilt fuppofe contradi Story Pinciples and 
Dodlrines proceed from that good Spirit ; which I 
hope is far from thy Thoughts. Tea^ faid hoi Jh 

that 



io8 T/^^ L I F E ^//i T R A V E L S 

iiiat is indeed. Adding, we do not adl fo, for we fay 
as you do, that there's Nothing in thefe Ceremonies but 
a Sign-, it is the Power of an endlefs Life that we 
pcrlwade them to feek for in themfelves^ and not to 
look on thefe fes any Advantage in a fpiritual Senfe 
at all. Then, faid I, you had better do as we do, 
wholly lay them afide^ pray remember the brazen Ser^ 
pent that proved a Snare to Ifracl, faid I : But he 
would not yield to this. Then I afked him, if he 
thought either oithck Ceremonies of more Ufe than 
the other ? No, replied he; fet one afide, and fet both, 
for there is no more Virtue in one than the other. 
I then queried with him, if ever he had fecn a fmall 
Treatife entituled the DoSlrine of Baptifms, wrote in 
Cromwelh Time by one William Dell} he never 
heard of fuch a Book, he faid. I had it by me, and 
turning to the Preface in the laft Paragraph, where 
the Author in a prophetick Way has thele Words, 
^ But becaufe I fee this p 'efent Generation fo rooted 
^ and built up in the Dodirine of Men, I have the 

* lels Hope that this Truth will prevail wi h them ; 
^ and therefore I appeal to the next Generation, 

* which will be farther removed from thefe Evils, 

* and will be brought nearer to the Word, but efpe- 
^ cially to that People whom God hath, and jQiall 
^ form by his Spirit for himfelf, for thefe only will 

* be able to make juft and righteous Judgment in 
' this Matter, feeing they have the Anointing to be 

* their Teacher^ and the JLamb to be their Light. ' 
Having read this Paragraph, he took the Book and 
read it to himfelf, and was filent until I obferved to 
him, that the Author plainly pointed at our People. 

He 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 109 

He allowed there was Reafon fo to think. By this 
Time it was late, and I delired him to take the Book, 
read and confider it, and let me have his Thoughts 
the next Day. So for that Time we parted, and he 
came not till late in the Afternoon next Day, altho^ 
he lodged hard by the Place of my Confinement. 
And when he came, told me he had read it careful- 
ly, and confidered it clofely, confeffing that it was 
the Language of the Spirit, and true DoSlrine. I 
told him, now I hoped that he was fatisfied, that it 
was mod fafe for them to lay thele Shadows afide, 
^and labour to bring their People to the Subjlance. 
'He allowed that it might be proper to do fo. But, 
added he, it muft be done with great Care and Ten- 
dernefs, left lome fhould be hurt by it. To which 
I replied, they would be more in Danger to be hurt 
by following thefe Poadowy ObfervationSy in which 
they could have no Benefit, and continuing in them 
might be a Means to lead them into Superpition and 
Idolatry, and make them fit dow^n and take their Reft 
in the Shadows^ and feek no farther. 

Having faid what we could, both of us dropt it by 
Confent ; and after fome fhort Paufe (for he could 
not long be filent) we fell on theSubjed: oiEleSlion 
and Reprobation, he afiferting, that faving Light and 
Grace was only given to the Elecly or true Believers^ 
and the reft were blinded. I alledged the contrary^ 
That an Offer of divide Love was made to ally but 
^7//did not make good Ufe of it : So to Argument we 
went, and I requefted the Peafon for his Belief in 
this Doctrine ? defiring him firft to explain himfelf, 
whether he thought that Reprobates were from 

their 



2 10 r^^ L I F E ^7/;^ T R A V E L S 

their Cradles or Births fo Jit xed^ that no Means or--' 
dained could alter it? He paufed fome Time, and at 
laft faid, all Things with God are /o^*^/^'; but from 
the Dodrine o( Paul, Rom. ix. it plainly appears/ 
fays /jt\ to be foy and that God is glorified by both, 
as in the Cafe o^Pharoah. I replied, PharoaU^Q.^iQ 
could not properly be adapted to this Docflrine, be- 
caufe It was in itfelf peculiarly intended for the con-^, 
nnncing of the Egyptiani^ as well as the r^ of 
Manlcind, that he (God) was the only All Power ^ 
fulGody worthy of Obedience, and that the Life and 
Power of Kings was in him; and to confirrh that 
weak People the Jews^ that if they leaned upon^' 
that God who had done all this before their Evesy 
they need not fear i\\c Wrath of Kings ^ thoiigh ac- 
companied with flrong and numerous Armies ; for 
God, who had chofen them, could foon overthrow' 
their Enemies, and fave them by a mighty Deliver-- 
ance from their Rage and Wrath : But how this' 
can be brought to lupport EleUion and Reprobation 
as now it's underftood, and preach'd up by fundry 
pretended Teachers, I fee 7tot: I therefore defire 
that thou wouldft explain it as thou underftands it.' 
He then proceeded as follows ; firfl: calling for the 
Book, and turning to the Text, Rom. ix. he begatf 
at the Toth Verfe, and went on, expounding very 
ftrongly and undeniably, in his own View, to the 
the 2iftVerfe, continuing his Expolitions to an im^ 
common Length > all which I heard with a pro- 
found Silence, and he became filent too at laft, and 
we iat in Silence fome time, and then I fpoke to the 
Effect following: That as it appeared to me, the 2 2d 

Verfe 



of SAMVEL BOTVNAS. iii 

Verfe took off much of the Edge of what he had faicf 
with refpeft to Reprobation ; which I read, and he 
confeft it did pretty much fo. I further added, that 
the Dodlrine of EkStion and 'Reprobation^ in the 
Way it is now expounded by thee, is very injurious, 
in reflcdling on the infinite Mercy of God, and 
point blank oppofwg the chief End of the Gofpel, 
and coming of our Saviour, who tajied Death for e'very 
Many and offers Life by his good Spirit and Grace 
to all. Befides thy Way of expounding the Apoftle 
in this Epif le, makes him quite cont:adidl himfelf 
in other Places, where he clearly fets forth the 
Love of God by and through Chrift, to be univerjaU 
ly offered both to 'Jew^ and Gentiles^ in order to Sal- 
vation : And laft of all, as thou haft explained thyfelf 
now upon this Doftrine thou renders that great 
Duty of Prayer almoft impertinent ^ if not quite ufelefsy 
with ^11 other religious Endeavours^ &c. fo that if thou 
canft not make it out otherwife than this is, I may, 
I think, without any Breach of Charity, conclude 
thee unlound in thy Faith and Doctrine of the Gofpel 
of our Lord Jefus Chrift, v^ho died for all Men^ and 
was by his Apoftles preach'd the Saviour of the World 
to both j^^'Z£;i and Gr^^i^: Therefore we muft ex- 
pound PW in i?<?;7/. ix. after another Manner, fo as 
to reconcile Paul with himfelf, where he plainly 
fhews, God wills all Men to be faved, and to come 
to the Knowledge of the Truth, as in the fecond of 
the firft oiTimothy^ and abundantly elfewhcre, that 
we have already touched upon : But if thou wilt 
give me Leave, without Interruption, I will give 
thee my Thoughts on this Subjea:, which ia fhort 
arethefe, viz. }^ 



112 The LIFE a7td TRAVELS 

It Is beyond all Doubt or Queftion with me^ 
that God wills all Men to be faved ; and to com- 
pleat his Will, and Offers of Salvation to all, he 
has ordained the Means to procure the End by his 
own Son, who tafted Death/ir every Man^ whereby 
all have it put into their Power, as free Agents, to 
make Choice for themfelves, by applying to the Means 
ordained by God thro'his Son our Lord JefusChrift, 
for fhe obtaining that which he has willed jor theniy 
'uiz. Salvation ! Now, if this is true, as the Scriptures 
aflert, and our own Experience confims it to our- 
felves, then it follows, that all who are diligent, 
through the Obedience of Faith,' endeavouring to 
make their Calling and Eledlion fure, by apply- 
ing to the Means ordained of God, (viz. that Grace 
and Truth that is come by Jefus Chrift) for the ob- 
taining that which he has willed for them^ as I have 
faid, we may fafely conclude all in this State, to be 
the Eled of God in Chrift. But then all who con- 
trary to this, negled: and flight, nay, fuffer me to 
fay, r^/^^/ again (l the inward Conviftions of Grace and 
Truth in their own Minds, (which is \\\zonly Guide 
and Rule for doing better) and continue herein un- 
til they are left and hardened in their Sins and Wick- 
ednefs, being given up to a Reprobate Mind, hav- 
ing their Confciences feared with an hot Iron, arc 
"^^^ feeling of any Remorfe for their ungodly Deeds. 
Thefe I take to be in a Reprobate Cojidition^ and this 
Reprobation is of themfehes^ they having chofen it; 
for they had the Offers of the fame Grace and Truth 
to aflift them to do better, as the Eledl have had, 
but would not applyv themfelves thereto, but did 

wilfully 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 113 

wilfully rejc5l it. Now all this thou know eft may 
be fairly proved by the Scriptures, and thou csinft, 
I thinki do no otherwife than allow it to be co?2chi^ 
five to decide this Point; for 'tis plain, the iirft are 
the Children of God, made fo by their co-working 
with the Spirit of Chrift ; and the other are Repro- 
bates and Children of Antichrift, made foby tkeir 
Rebellion againft the Spirit of Truth and Obedience 
to the Spirit of Error : And here I conclude with 
the Apoftle's Words, Rom, ix. 22. What if 
God\ Willing tojljcw his Wrath ^ and to make his Pow^ 
er known, endureth with much long fuffering theVeJjels 
of Wraths (by their own Rebellion) Htted to Deftruc- 
tion f 

Here we clofed up the Difcourfe ; and now I 
fhall go on with my Imprifonment and Clearing 
from the fame. 

About the Beginning ©f the Eighth- Month 1703 ^ 
the Sheriff had an Order to call or warn eighteea 
Men for a Jury^ to try their Succefs a fecond 
Tim.e : But whether they went upon the old 
Indiftment or a new one, I could not underftand, 
but it was thought by fome of the laft Jury, 
to be the fame Indictment that the firft Jury 
went upon ; but I was never admitted to fee it : 
The Sheriff had private Inftrudlions to get fuch 
Men put into the Jury, as they thought would an- 
fwer their End, which he fhewed me with Abhor- 
rence, affuring me, he would never do it ; fo the Ju- 
ry was fairly named, and they made no great Mat- 
ter about it, but in a fhort Time (as their Predecef- 
fors had done before them) they came in with their 

H Bill, 



114 The LIFE ^W T R A ^ E L S , 

Bill, iigned Ignoramus ; which gave fome of the 
L^.wyers Caule to lay, in a jocular Way, they were 
got into an Ignoramus Count 7^y. 

This was on the fecond Day of the Ninth-Monthy 
and the Ccmrt adjourned to the next Day, at which 
Time I was had into Court; which I was told, was not 
regular nor lawful to bring a Man to the Bar that had 
nothing laid to his Charge by his Peers, the grand 
Inqueft; however, I was alTced, if I had any Taking 
to offer to the Court ? I defired my Liberty, and Re- 
paration for the Wrong done me in taking it from 
me &c: The Judge lold me, I^night have my Li- 
berty^ paying my Fees. I replied, that I was inform- 
ed there was no Fees due, as the Cafe then was, ac- 
cording to Law^ ; but if there had, I fhould' not 
pay any, it being to me a Matter of Confcience. 
The Judge faid, He believed fo^ and fmiled, /peaking 
fomething to thofe near him, that was not heard by 
me : However I was fet at Liberty by Proclamation \ 
and a large Body of my dear Friends, from all Parts 
of the Ifland, came to fee me Cleared, and had me 
^way with them in a kind of Triumph, not being 
a little glad that I came off fo honourably ; and e- 
ven the Country People who were not Friends, were 
there in abundance, and rejoiced exceedingly at my 
Enlargement. 

I was now at liberty, after having been aPrifoner 
one Year wanting; three Weeks and about two Days ; 
but having not Freedom to go away, I flaid fome 
Tinie, vifiting every Corner of the liland, and had 
very large and open Meetihgs \ The People were 
thoroughly alarmed, fo that I found by Experience, 

that 



'of SAMVRL BOWNAS. 115 

that my long Imprifonment had made me more po- 
pular and regarded, fo that they flocked in great 
Numbers to where I waSj and Friends were careful 
that they fliould have Notice. They appointed a 
Meeting for me at a Place called CoW'-neck^ at one 
Jacob Doughty Sy there not having been any at that 
Place before 3 and as I lay in Bed at my dear Friend 
John Rodmans at the Bay-Jide^ the Night before, I 
dreamt that an honeft Friend was fiihing in a large 
Stone Ciftern, with a crooked Pin for his Hook, a 
fmall fwitch Stick for his Rod, and a Piece of Thread 
for his Line 3 and George Fox cam-e and told me, 
that there were three Filhes in that Place, and de- 
iired me to take the Tackling of the Friend, for 
that he wanted Skill to handle the Matter : Accord- 
ingly, methought he (the Friend) gave me the Rod, 
and the firft Time that I threw in I cauf^ht a fine 
Fifh : George Fox bid me try again, for there were 
two more in that Place ; I did, and took up another : 
He bid me cafl in my Hook once more ; I did, and 
took the Third : Now^ faid George^ there is no more 
there: This Dream was taken from me as if I had 
not dreamt at alL The next Day we went to the 
Meeting, and were a little late, by Reafon the Tide 
and high Frefh-water obliged us to ride the fartheft 
Way, and when we came into Meeting a Friend 
was preaching on unlverfal Grace 5 but in a little 
Time he left off, and my Heart being full of the 
Matter, I took it up, and we had a blefled powerful 
Meeting, and all ended well. 

I returned with my Friend Rodman to his Moilfe, 

and in our Way my Dream came frefh into my Me-» 

H :? mory/ 



i i6 The LIFE and TRAVELS 

mory, and that Evening I told it to my Friend Rod- 
maity and gave him a Defcription of George Fex's 
Features and Bulk, as he appeared to me ; and he 
faid, 1 had a very jull and right Apprehenfion of him. 
He had been much with George Fox vvhen he v/as in 
Barbadoes^ and v/as well acquainted with him 3 ad- 
ding, this remarkable Dream (hews fome Good done 
there '^" this Day. 

Now after I was clear of Long-Jfumd, (it being 
juft with me as if I had been to let but from Home) 
I founditofNeceffity to convene the Elders, and lay 
before them my Concern, as I did when I came 
from Home ; and in a tender and fatherly V/ay thev 
took care to examine what I might be in need of, 
both with refped: to Linen, Woolen, Pocket-Mo-- 
iiey, and a Horfe ; (for as yet I had not bought one, 
never finding Freedom fo to do) : But Friends> to 
their Praife be it fpoken, afTifted me from Stage to 
Stage, and when I was in Prifon I faw I had no want 
of a Horfe^ and admired the Kindnefs of Providence 
in retraining me from having one till wanted: And 
I had Money plenty by the Trade of Shoe-maki?ig^ fo 
that I wanted none, nor did I want any Neceffaries 
for tl)e Journey but a Companion, and then fundry 
offered them (elves very freely to travel with me : 
But my dear Friend Sa?7iuel Bowjieh^kdi a Concern to 
vifit the Eaftern Parts of Nev:- England^ who had a 
line Gift, but not very large ; I was very glad of his 
Company, fo we fet forward in the Beginning of the 
^%2;eifih- Month y and the Winter not being broke up, 

we 

* There's a large Meeting fincc fettled there. 



r/ SAMUEL B O IV N A S. iiy 

we rode over the Ice in fundry Places in ConneBirui 
Colony, fome narrow and lome broad Rivers, New- 
London, the biggell, but we had no Meetings fcr 
near two Hundred Miles : The People being moftly 
rigid Prefoytcrians, counted it a great Crime to be 
at a ^takers Meeting, efpeciaily on the Eahbath-day^ 
as they Term the Virjl-diy of the Week, But com- 
ing mtoNarraganJetj we were amongft Friends again. 
So we went for Rhode-Tfland, and there Friends 
v/ere very numerous, and we had large Meetings in- 
deed : There was a Marriage of a young Man (his 
Name wis Richardfon) with a Daughter of Thomas 
Redman, a Man of the firfl Rank in the Mand, (o 
that we had the Governor, (his Name w^as Samuel 
CranftCf?) and moft of the chief Men in the Govern- 
ment at the Marriage, and we had a precious living 
Time, w^hich gave me great Encouragement. The 
Governor was very kind, and queried with me a- 
bout my Imprifonment, he being a great Lover of 
Friends, but not a profeil one himfelf. 

From Rbode-Jljafid we went pretty ftralt towards 
Hampton and Dover, having iome Meetings, but fev/, 
by reaion we purpofed to return to the Yearly-Meet- 
ihg in Rhode-Ifiand, 

Vv hen Vv^e came to Dover, we had a pretty large 
Meeting, but we were both lilent, at which I was 
fomewhat amazed, it being new to me : However, 
another Meeting was appointed next Day, fome lit- 
tle Diftance from Dover, which was much larger : 
My Companion faid fomething, but very litlle, and 
was uneafythat he faid any Thing : I w^as quite fhut 
up, and after Meeting I was exceedingly comforted, 

H 3 " being 



n8 The LIFE ^W T R A V E L S 

being filled with divine Sweetnefs and heavenly Joy* 
that I was preferved, and did not force myfelf to of- 
fer. They appointed another Meeting the Day fol-. 
lowing, iome Diftanceoff, at which 1 found myfelf 
quite (hut up, and held back as it were, from faying 
any Thing, and my Companion was alfo filent, who 
after Meeting look'd upon me very innocently, fay- 
ing, Samuel^ JF/jaf do/i Jhink thefe People will fay ^ 
that we fhould come fo Jar to appoint Meetings amofigjl 
them ^ ajtd have Nothing to fay ^ It juft then Hvingly 
came into my Mind to reply. Fear not^ have Faith^ 
Nothi?2g doubting but we fhall have etiough to fay be- 
fore we leave them. " '""' ^ ' ' -^ ' 

Our next Meeting was to be in the Center of the 
Meetings which we had before, in a confiderable 
large Houfe, but not big enough for the Company 
by far, and the Country was all alarmed, fo that it 
was a very large Meeting indeed ; and it being War 
Time with the Indiam, the People brought fuch 
Weapons as they had to Meeting, lo that when we 
came to the Meeting- houfe, I was iurprized to fee 
fo many Fire-Arms, and other Inftruments of War, 
ftanding againft the Meeting-houfe Wall. How- 
ever, I was before told, that it was the Cuftom of 
other People to do fo s and I found that thofe Fire- 
Arms, and warlike Weapons belonged to other Peo- 
ple, not Friends,- that were come to Meeting : A 
large Meeting it was indeed, and v^ry quiet 5 we fat 
a lon<'" Time in Silence, which put me on examin- 
ing my Condudt, and looking back to fee how it 
was with me ; but finding no Caufe of Uneafinefs 
from any Thing I had done before, to caufe me to 
i . be 



of SAMUEL B OWN AS. 119 

be thus fliut up, I cam? to this Conclufion and Re- 
fignation, thzi I was but a Servant^ and could of 7ny- 
felfdo Nothing ; fccretly praying that the Lord would 
give me Patience not to be uneafy, if he had No- 
thing for me to do, and if he had, there I was rea- 
dy and willing to do it : And thus I fettled down, 
diligently waiting for divine Diredion. And in a 
little Time a Word came with Life, (and I flood up 
w^ith it) to the Effea: following : ' The Lord's Time 
^ is the heft Time, and let us not grow uneafy to 
' wait for it ; for when he opens none can fhut, and 
* w^hen hefhuts none can open.' Enlarging on this 
Subjed: a little more ; and we had a very glorious 
Meeting, in which I was largely opened in fundry 
Branches of the Do6lrine of Chrid ; and I had not 
feen very often greater Tendernefs than was at that 
Time amongft the People ^ for the War with tjjc 
Indians had humbled them to fuch a degree, that 
Truth had a very great Reach upon them indeed, 
and the Meeting ended well. 

Immediately I found an uncommon r^nd weighty 
Concern to requeft the Minifters to come together, 
which they very readily complied with, and they 
were an handfcme Number, but not all thoroughly 
baptized into the Work. My Companion was very 
prettily opened, and we had a very fuitable Service 
amonft them, and faw clearly the Reafon why we 
were fo fhut up ia Silence ; fome of them were got 
into an Extream in Preaching and Praying, and 
would continue Meetings to an unfeafonable Length, 
as likewife in their Preaching and Praying at Table j 
v^ich gave great Uneaiinefs to fomefenfible Friends 



120 ^he LIFE and T F. A V E L S 

amongil: them, but they could not redrefs it till after 
this Opportunity. They themfelves favv they were 
wrong in doing as they had done, and got out of 
thisExtream, which was a Degree oi Ranferifm, 
being attended with a Spiiit ot Oppoiition againfc 
the Order of Friends in Monthly and Quarterly- 
Meetings, > ' 

Having finillied our Service, we returned hack to 
J-Jampton^ and had feveral Meetings, and* fo for 
i^/Wtf-i/fe;;^ Yearly-Meeting, v/hich was very large, 
and to good Satisfailion. 

From thence I went by Sea to ieveral Iflands, as 
Marthas Vineyard^ Nantucket^ and fome others ; 
but in NanUicket I had great Satisfaftion, for the 
People, not joined with Friends, were 'moderate 
Baptifts?A'\d came generally to Meetings, their Preach- 
er alfo with them, who after Meeting raifed fcDie 
Objections againfc us, that he had from cur Adver- 
faries Bocks and that which he pitched upon moil]}^ 
was about Prayer, that ive did not pray to God in the 
Name cfChriJt^ but in stir c-dm Names. ' I told him, 
we jook'd upon it to be our Duty to pray to God in 
ChrilYs Name, and as his Name is underflood to be 
his Fewer ^ v/e durft not prefume to pray to the Fa- 
ther, but as the Wifdom and Spirit of Chrifl gave us 
Utterance. He faid, // was a Gojpel Truth in its pru 
mifi'^ce Purity. 

The Governor fent for mr, and we had a Time 
to confer about our Principles, and after a little 
Time he feemed much pleafed with what I had to 
fay : And having finifhed my Service I returned to 
Rbcde-JJIand, and found fome were contriving to 

have 



of SAMUEL BOWNJS. 121 

have me taken up, by informing the Governor a- 
gainft me, as tho' I was a TranfgrcfTor, by preach- 
ing, as they faid, zg^im^i Baptifm, and i he Supper of 
the Lord, as they call the Bread and V/ine. But the 
Governor being at the Meeting himfeH where this 
fuppofed Offence was given, quickly faw that the 
Arguments ufed againft the Prefent Pra6licc of the 
£;?^///7:? Church, as well ^L^Frefiyteriam^LVi^Baptijis^ 
had fo much Scripture and Reafon on their Side, that 
it was vain to attempt to confute them ; he therefore 
thought it their wifeft Way to let it alone. 

After this, I made another Trip to the Eafiward^ 
my dear Companion being returned, and vifited iii 
my Way back to Dover, Meetings as they came ir 
courfe ; and I viiited all the Meetings, where I had 
been before, and had fat in Silence in.fom.e of them, 
but I had now large and good Service^ and great Sa- 
ti^fadion amongft them, and the more fo, as they 
now faw it their Places not to preach in every Meet- 
ing, but to wait for the Conllraint of the divine 
Word before they fpoke. 

From thence I went to Strawberry-Bank, a Haven 
where much Shipping reforts for Mafts, and when 
clear of thofe Parts, returned to Hampton, Haverill, 
Exeter, and fundry other Towns, where Meetings 
had not been kept, and amongfl them to Newbu?^ : 
A Man that lived in that Place, being newly convinc- 
ed, was very defirous of a Meeting at his Houfe, 
which I confented to ; and when the Time came, 
his Wife, not being pieafed that we came on the 
Account of a Meeting, would not permit us to en- 
ter the Houfe, but kept the Doors lock'd againft us,. 

beinga 



122 rhe LIFE and TRAVELS 

being, as was faid, advifed to it by fome of their 
Teachers. 1 took a Turn round the Houfe, and hap- 
pened to have fome Conferrence with her at the 
Window, firft afluring her, that we had no Defign 
to put her Huiband to any Manner of Charge, but 
only to let us haveHoufe-room for about two Hours 
to hold a Meeting ; adding, that it did ill become a 
Wife to keep her Huftand out oi his Houfe at fuch 
a Time 3 promifmg her, thatifibe would let in her 
Hufband, not one of our People fhould come in 
with him. And by realoning the Caie, fhe, after a 
little while, opened the Door and would have us to 
go in, but I had not Freedom. Then the Place to 
hold the Meeting was got ready, being a large Place 
like a Barn, where the Friend and his Men built 
Boats for the Shipping, that being his Calling, and 
we fat down, being a few Friends, and in a little 
Time many People came, amongft whom, as it was 
faid, came fix Preachers : And in fome convenient 
Time a young Woman flood up v/ho had a pretty 
Gift, but the People behaved very rudely, fo that it 
put the poor Girl out of Countenance, and fhe fat, 
down. Then flood up Lydia Norton^ a famous 
Minifler, none more fo of that Country, and indeed 
fhe had an excellent Gift, and knew how to condud: 
herfelf in it ; but all this did not avail, the People 
grew worfe and worfe in their Behaviour ; and Ly^ 
^//zhavj^a very ftrong manly Voice, extended it 
very j(i*d, but all to no purpofe, for the People 
were as loud as fhe, calling for a Dram, and fport- 
ing themfelves in their Folly, fo fhe fat down ; and 
a young Man, called Jo/Joua Fuddingtofi^ flood up ; 

they 



Bf SAMUEL BOTVNAS. 123 

they were rude to the Women, but worfe with him, 
raking up his former Faults, and calling for a Cann 
of Flip, for he could drink as well as they, they 
faid : And he having been a Companion with them 
in fifhing, they made very free with him, fo he fhut 
up. By this Time the Meeting was exceeding nu- 
merous, and continued enlarging very much : It 
came into my Mind, to ftand up and take out my 
Bible, which I did, (for I always travelled with one 
in thofe Days, finding a confiderable Service in it at 
times) and opened it, and put my Finger in it, as 
tho' I would take my Text, but I faid Nothing for 
fome confiderable Time, till all was quiet, for the 
People continued in a great Confufion for a while, 
till fome of them obferved my Book ; then they be- 
gan to quiet and flill one another, urging as a Rea- 
fon for it, that I had the Word of God in my Hand^ 
fuch a great Regard they paid to my Bible 3 and in a 
little Time all was quiet and flill : Then I opened 
my Mouth and faid, Behold^ 1 am an Englifhman ; 
and enumerated the many Lands and Places I had 
travelled in, but had never met with any People of 
fuch a Behaviour as theie were ; referring to them to 
advife me, what Accouiit I mujl give of the People of 
Newbury at my Return into Englaitd ? A good come- 
ly Gentleman-like Man, in Excufe for the Behavi- 
our of the People, faid , Sir, as for Wo^nens Preachi?tg 
we hold it unlawful , becaufe St. Paul hath forbid ity 
therefore we think it not proper to give them a hearing : 
And as for the Man, we know him perhaps better than 
you, and cant think him qualified for that Undertaking ; 
but you Jeem to be a Gentleman of Senfe^ and we will 

hear 



J24 The LIFE and T Pv A V E L S 

heaj' yoii. I replied, that as for Woniens Preachim. 
Its allowed a difputable Point from Pauf% Words, 
yet neverthelefs, if any of you are (after this Tvlcet- 
ing is over) willing to hear what I have to fay in 
Favour of it, I iliall be willing to give you the beli 
Account I can, w^hy I think it is lawful : And if a- 
ny of 3?ou can Ihew better Reafons againft it, I flial! 
as willingly hear them. And as for the young Man, 
I grant you may, as he is a Neighbour^ have had a 
much better Knowledge of his former Conduct in 
Life, than I can pretend to ; but allov/ing that he 
may have, in Time paft, been loofe, that argues not 
againft giving him a Hearing : For how know you, 
but that as ^W did, he might condemn his pail: Life, 
and give you an Example, by his prefent Condu6f, 
to reform \ for which Reafons, you ought to have 
heard with Patience w^hat he had to lay to you. 
The fame Gentleman replied, I [aid very rights they 
ought to have heard him : But I pray you [peak "what 
you have to fay freely^ and I charge all prefent to 
7nake no Difturbance or Interruption^ if they do^ 
in the Queen's Name / W// commit them. By 
which Words I found he was in the Commifficn 
of the Peace : And then I began, ^ That Religi- 
^ on v/ithout Righteoufnefs was ufelefs, and could 
V not profit thofe whoprofeft it.' And going on, I 
came in the Courfe of my Service to recite the great 
Improvement true Religion made on the Minds of 
thofe who lived in it, in giving them Power over their 
Lufts and Paiiions, repeating that oi James i. 26. 
If any Man among you feem to ke religious^ and hridleth 
not his Tongue^ but deceiveth his own Heart., this Mans, 

Religioji 



of SAMUEL BOPFNAS. 125 

Religion is njain. One out of the Throng faid, &>, 
you impoje upon us^ there s nofiich Text. I made a full 
Stop, and turned to it ; and there were many Bibles 
then appeared, i repeated Chapter and Verfe, and 
they turned to it. Then I afked them, if they had it? 
They replied, they had. Then I read both the 26th 
and 27^/6 Verfes, and afked, if it was fo in their Bibles? 
They anfwered that it was. I then defired them 
to confider, whether I that repeated the Text, or he 
that faid there was no fuch Text, 'was moft in the right. 
Then I went on with my Opening, carefully mind- 
ing my Guide ; and in the Courfe of the Dod:rine I 
had in my View, I came to treat 01 Faith, and diftin- 
guifhed betwf^en trite audfalfe Faith, ihewing, that 
nctwithftanding we might give our AlTent to the 
Truth of that called the Apojlles Creed, or any other 
made and drawn up by Men, and that we might be 
zealous to difpute and contend for the Truth of thefe - 
Creeds, in the wording Part of them ; yet for all that, 
if we did not lead Chriflian Lives, we were flill but 
Unbelievers 3 f 07 'Faith without F/orks is dead, the Text . 
tells us, At which laft Words one cries out, you im-- 
pofe upon us, there's 720 fuch Text. I immediately ftop'd, 
and turned to it, and quoted it, and they all who 
had Bibles made Search. There being a profound 
Silence, I read the Text, Hiking, if it was fo in their 
Books ? They all replied, it was. I made the fame 
Remark as before ; and then I went on, diflinguifli- 
ing between true and/^^^ Faith, plainly demonftrating 
from Scripture, that Faith was much different from 
what many took it to be. And indeed Truth was 
dminently preached that Day, and there was a con- 

fiderable 



126 rhe LIFE and TRAVELS 

litderable Tenderncfs ainongfl the People, and ihi 
Meeting ended well. 

When I came out, the Gentleman came to me 
and I acknowledged his Kindnefs towards us ; and 
it fuddenly came before me to Speak with a loud 
Voice in the Street, and to defire, that if any one 
was at a Lofs, and did not underftand any Part of 
what I had faid, or thought I had fpoken any Thing 
not agreeing to Scripture, I would then delire them 
to let me know it, and not mifreprefent any Thing 
I had faid when I was gone, the Gentlemnn made 
Aniwer on Behalf of the People thus ; None canhavc 
any ObjeStion^ for I never heard the Word better pre ach- 
ed in my Time. And then I told them I was ready 
to let them know my Reafons, why I thought Wo- 
men, properly and duly qualified, might preach 
lawfully^ on Condition I might have their Reafons to 
the contrary* The Gentleman, who undertook ftill 
to fpeak on Behalf of the Company (who flaid to 
hear and fee) faid, Here is none here will undertake 
to difpiite with you upon this or any other Point of Re- 
ligion : But I defire you will favour me with a Fro-- 
mife to have another meeting here ^ and 1 will get Jome of 
the befl Writers the Country will afford^ to take down 
your Sermon. But he little knew, that this was no 
great Inducement to my coming there again : 
However he preft it very clofe, which I excufed in 
the heft manner I could, as not knowing that I 
fhould or fhculd not : And afterfome earneftpreffing 
of me^ to go to his Houfe to refrefh myfelf, which I 
likewife defired to be excufed in, by reafon we gave 
Expectation to goto our Inn, and we could not ftay 

much 



of SAMUEL BOJVNAS. iif 

much longer, becaufe Night was come upon us ; 
we parted in good Refpeiland Harmony to all Ap- 
pearance, and my Heart was filled with Thankful- 
nefs and Comfort that we got over that Day's Work 
fo welL 

Now being clear of thele Parts I returned, vifiting 
the Meetings of Friends, and lundry other Places, 
as in particular Cape-Ann^ where I met with great 
Oppofition ; the Cafe was thus. 

At Cape-Ann fundry Friends were defirous of a 
Meeting, and more fo, becaufe that Icveral voung 
Men, who were Friends, refided there while they 
built a Ship. Accordingly I went, and feveral 
Friends went with me, and we got there early on 
z Seventh-day^ and gave Notice of a Meeting, which 
was to good Satisfaction, and it being a new Thing, 
it was very large ; the People defired another, 
which was granted : And between Meetings, 
(ome gave their Preacher Notice, who had but a 
Imall Congregation that Day, advifing him to look 
after his Flock, it being his Duty. Accordingly he 
came before the Meeting ended, with feveral of 
his Elders, and was very noify. Firfb, he would 
prove Water Baptifm, from the Text, to be an Or- 
dinanceof Chrifl. I replied ; v^^hat Form of Water 
Baptifm would he prove fo ? To which he anfwered 
evafivcly, not being willing to be tied to one more 
than another. But after fome farther Pros and Cons, 
he was by his own People preft to vindicate his own 
Practice, which was Sprinkling. Then he faid, that* 
was plainly proved by our Saviour's Words, Suffer 
little Children to come unto me^ &c. I (hewed him 

hit 



I2S The L I F E a?2d TRAVELS 

his mlftake ; that without Perverting that Text, it 
could not be applied to fprinkli?ig of Infants in any 
wile : But our Saviour's Words in that Place refered 
to the State of Innocency that fuch fhould experience^ 
to be like little Children in their Minds, as free from 
all Manner of Vice and Wickednefs, before they 
were fit and prepared for the Kingdom of Heaven, 
yNh\Q\\ fprtTikling with elementary Water could not do 
for them. Opening more at large the State of the 
Ne^D'Birih and Regeneration ; in doing which, he 
would often break in upon mc, but his own People 
cried Shame, for the Interruption he gave, adding, 
when I had done, he fhould be heard. But he 
was fo much out about the Proof oifprinkling In- 
fants by our Saviour's Words, that I found he was very 
weary of the Difpute, and willing to drop it, and 
would go on upon VerfeSlion. I urged him to clear 
up Baptijm firfl, as we were upon it ; but he would 
break off from it, urging, that both he and his Peo- 
ple were fatisficd about it ; I then afked him, why he 
did begin upon it ? To fhew us cur Errors, he replied. 
So finding nothing was like to come of it, but Tu- 
mult and Nolle, we preffed it no farther. Then he 
charged us wiii being in an Error about Terje^ion 
I defired to know, ^wherein ? he was very unwilling 
to ihtw wherein y and flew off to Ele^ioh ; in fliort 
he would flick to nothing. So that one of his Hear- 
ers reproved him very iharply, for his abounding in 
fo many charges of fuppofed Errors, and proving no- 
thing ; adding, that it did not fuit his Station as a 
Minifler, whofe Work it was, or ought to be, to fet 
People to rights and to jGhew them wherein they vv^'erc 

wrong:^ 



of SAMUEL BOt^NAS. 129 

wrong, and not to heap up Chargeg of Errors, with- 
out fhewing of an/ thing of Proof that fhey were fo^ 
which could by no*means be a Way to convince and 
inform thofe in Error. , At which pertinent Kebuke 
he left us, fome, though very few, going with hinii 
I then defired the People to fit down, and be flill j 
which they readily complied with ; and after a fhort 
Paufe, ^it was with me briefly to fpeak to each Point, 
explaining, as well as I could, in fo fhort a Time, 
the Do(fl:rine of outward Baptifm to be but a Figure 
of the /;2w^r^, as outward Circumcifion was of the 
Inward, viz. of the Heart : And jikewife fctting forth 
the ?2ew Birth and Regeneration in as clear a Light as 
Time would permit j with PerfeSlion and ^ RleSlion^ 
and Reprobation i all w^hich, though but very briefly 
touched upon, took up a confiderable Time, fothat 
the Night was above half fpent confidcrably. When 
I had done, the People were exceeding quiet and 
civil, arid declared their Satisfadlion, wifhing their 
Minirter had likev/ife fl:aid, for he could not have 
gainfaid what was fpoken to each Points Some few 
of theni flay'd a fhort Time after, defiring that they 
might have more fuch Meetings, and we parted in 
much Love and Sweetnefs i in particular, that Elder 
who reprehended the Minifler, as he called him, 
faid, Religion could never profper^ fo long as it was 
made a ^radeofto get Bread by :, and he feemed con- 
vinced, that both the Dodrine and pradice of their 
V^o^X^Vf^x^inconfiflent with primitive Religion and 
our Saviour's Dodtrine. And thus we clofed our 
Conference and took Leave- 

% YvcM 



I30 The LIFE ^W T R A V E L S 

From thence I returned towards Rhode-IJlajid tak- 
ing my Leave, as not cxpefting to fee them again 
this Journey. 

I went from Rhode-IJland to Block-IJIand^ where 
were a few Friends, but much hurt by lewd Compa- 
ny, fuch as Privateers Men and the hke, but all the 
Inhabitants came to Meeting, and were very fober 
and willing to hear. One Ebenezer Slocum^ a fine 
Minifter, was with me in this Ifland, and we had 
three or four Meetings among them : Then I return- 
ed to Rhode-IJland zg^Xn^ and was at two large Meet- 
ings with Friends, then took my folemji Leave ; and 
I had a Meeting in ConneSlicut^ at which were many 
Friends from both Rhode-ljland and Naraganfet ; a 
fine folld Meeting it was. Then I went to Nara-^ 
ganjet^ and had two or three Meetings there, and 
took mv Leave and came to NewLofidon^ and fo for 
Long'JJJarjd^ and at the Eaft End of it had fome 
Meetings, where both Friends and others were very 
glad of my coming. I had many Meetings in fe- 
Teral Places, and there was great flocking to Meet- 
ings, and very great Opennefs amongft the People 
in thofe Parts. A Friend tald me, that Geoi'-geKHth 
had propofed, as a Means to prevent the growth of 
^akeriffn^ as he called it, the making of a Law 
to reft rain Friends from travelling, fave to their own 
Meetings 5 for he faid, it was the travelling Preach- 
ers that kept t]\t fakers up fo ftrong in Countenance. 
This^ was thought by fome hot Eiggots a likely Way 
to put a Stop to the Increafe of the c^^^^id^ri, which 
had infefled almoft the whole Country ; but by 
People of Moderation and Senfe it^ was hiifed at. 

But 



of SAMVEL notVNAS. 131 

But to the Matter ; there was a very large Meeting 
at Wejibury on the Flain, called a Yearly meeting, to 
which moft of the Friends of the Ifland, and many 
of the better Sort of the Weft End of it came, it he^ 
ino- known that I lliould take my Leave there ; and 
I was very much opened^ in fetting forth the Dif- 
ference between the true and falfe Minifters, and 
the true and falfe Worfliip ; and there being fome 
of Keith\ Friends, they threatened to have nie taken 
up again ; but I found that Truth was over them^ 
and they could do no more than fhew their Teeth iot 
they could not<bite. 

After this Meeting I left the Ifland, and went into 
tile Jerfeys by Stratan-IJland to Woodbridge^ Shrewf- 
hury^ CrGJfwicks, and back to Egg-harbour^ vifiting 
Friends, and fo back to Philadelphia to the Yearly 
meeting, which was very large, and I had good Sa- 
tisfaction in being there. Here fiindry of my dear 
Friends from Lo;^^--5^^W met me, in particular, my 
dear Friend Samuel Bowne and his worthy Wife^ 
Who v/as a good Mother in Ifrael ; with this good 
Woman I left fifteen Pounds to defray feme Charges 
my good Friends had deen at about my Imprifon-* 
ment, for Charnber Rent, and a Prefent they made 
the Keeper, which I was unwilling to have them 
pay, having Money plenty, that I earned in Prifoa 
by making of Shoes : But my dear Friends would 
not permit it, but returned it me by Samuel Bowne^ 
who ufed fo many Arguments, that it did not look 
well for them to fufFer it, by reafon it would be a 
Reproach on them, and look as though I did not 
count them worthy to treat me as a Minifter j fd m- 
^ I a th^e 



J32 The L I F E ^W T R A V E L S 

ther thaii bring an Uneafinefs upon my Brethren, 
I took It again. 

From Phi ladelpblal accompanied thefc my Friends 
going Oil their Way Home, about thirty Miles, as 
far zsCro/fwicks, vifiting that Meeting and Burlingtcny 
took my Leave there and came to the Falls Pvlecting, 
and fo vifited all the Meetings on that Side of the 
River, down througli the IVelfrj Towns to Philadel^ 
phia-y and taking my Leave there alfb, went to C?;;- 
cord znd Che/ler^ viliting fundi y Meetings, making 
towards Maryland: A JVelJh Friend, named Ellis 
Ptighy who propofed to come over \^ith me to vifit 
his Friends in Wales ^ was now with me, and we 
came into Maryland, and took Our Pailage Home 
with a Friend, whofe Name was Daniel Maud^ but 
he could not be ready to fail under two Months; fo 
my Companion returned to his Family, and I vifited 
Virginia and Carclina, and had .good Satisfadlion. 
I took my Leave and returned to the Ship, and found 
my dear Friend Ellis Pugh labouring among Friends 
in Maryland. In a little Time the Ship fell down 
the Bay to Kickatan, where the Fleet made up, 
waiting for Convoy, and in a few Weeks the Fleet 
came together, being very htrge ; but many Ships 
had taken fo great Damage by flaying fo long in the 
Country, that they could not bear the Sea, and fe- 
veral foundered, and fome put back to unload, and 
have their Ships repaired. We had a long PafTage 
but arrived lafe, landing at Porffmcuth in the Tenth- 
Month 1706, and vifited only a fmall Meeting at 
Pdrtfmou'h and took Coach for Londuty where I flaid 
to vifit the Meetings in the Cit}^, and afterwards went 

down 



of SAMVEL BOWNAS. 133 

down to Wilt(htre Quarterly-Meeting, where was 
forme Uneafinefs amongft Friends, but happily recon^ 
died. 

I then went into SomerfetjJAre to vifit my Friend, 
being under an Engagement of Marriage to her, as 
before hinted, where I ftaid a few Weeks, and vi- 
fited fundry Meetings in that Neighbourhood, and fo 
for Brijlcl^ where I ftaid a Week or ten Days, then 
went pretty direftly into the North, which I called 
my Home, and glad I was to be amongft my old 
Friends again. 

Having vilited the Meetings in our own County, 
and delivered up my Certificate, giving an Account 
of my Travels, at next Monthly-Meeting I acquaint- 
ed Friends with my intended Marriage, having a few 
Lines from under my intended Wife's Hand, as like-? 
wife from her Parents, fhewing all their Confent. 
And I defired a Certificate from the Meeting, and 
Perfons were appointed, as is ufual in the like Cafe, 
to make Enquiry of my Clearnefs : And in the In- 
terim the Quarterly-meeting for Cumberland h'^^^^n^ 
ed to be at Carlijle^ whither I went. The Meeting 
was exceeding large, and I had great Satisfadion in 
being there. I vifited a few Meetings in Cumberland^ 
but was limited for time, being obliged to be at th^ 
next Monthly- meeting to have my Certificate to pre- 
fent in SomerjetPjire, in order to proceed towards my 
Marriage. 

By this Time the Spring was advanced, and my 
worthy Friend JamesWilJon offered his Company to 
go to my Marriage ; accordingly we fet forward, and 
took in our Way the Yearly- meeting at Middlewich^ 

I 3 which 



J34 ^''^^^ LIFE (ind TRAVELS 
which was very large, and fundry weighty Frien.ds 
were there, I had great Satisfaction and Comfort ii> 
being there. So we took Meetings, as they fuited, in 
pur Way : And I found my Companion under a great 
Concern to fpeak fomething in Meetings, but very 
backward and loth to give up to it \ but I gave him 
what Encouragement I could : And in Tewkefbury 
Meeting, after fome Struggle in himlelf, he flood 
up, and appeared very much to his own, and Friends 
Comfort, and fo in every Meeting after till we came 
to Bri/ioh, and indeed he appeared more like an EU 
der in the Work than a Babe. But at Brifiol he did 
pot get through what he had before him tp his lik- 
in^y, and fat down under very great Difcouragement, 
but I cheered him up as well as I could, by giving him 
an x'^ccount of my Experiences : And when we came 
to the little Country Meetings again, he did finely, 
and gathered Strength and Experience in the Work 
very fad. 

We came to my intended Father-in-Law's Hpufe, 
and went to their Monthly-meeting, where I and my 
Friend propofed our intended Marriage, which wag 
takeh Notice of. And then Brifiol Yearly-meeting 
coming on, we went thither, and rnet our worthy 
Friend Thomas Camm, who intended to be at our 
JMarriage/ After the Yearly- meeting y/as over at 
Briftoly Thomas Camm took a Meeting or two in the 
Way, but my Friend James and I returned back, h\ 
order for me to get clear of the Monthly-meeting, 
jjnd likewife to provide ourfelves Neceflarie$ for the 
Weddings Vhich was to be accomplished the Week 
follQwirigj ^t a Meeting on purpofe at Puddimor^^ 

and 



cj SAMUEL BOWNAS. 135 

and it was a very large Meeting, fundry Public Friends 
beiides Thomas Camm being there. 

The Yearly-meeting at London coming on, I 
ftaid but a few Days with my Wife ; I would have 
had her gone with me, but her Mother was taken 
ill of a feverijh Diforder, and was very weak, for 
which Reafon fhe was not eafy to go ; fo I was o- 
bliged to leave her to nurfe her Mother, who in a 
few Days grew much better, but I had firft a fweet 
Opportunity with the Family, and one or two Friends 
more in her Chamber, and the Spirit of Prayer came 
on James^ and he was drawn forth very largely, and 
very devoutly. After which (not without fome con- 
fiderable Reluctance) we parted for a fhort Time, 
and James and I fet out for London^ and that Meet- 
ing was very large, and Friends there were willing 
I fhould give fome Account of my Travels, which I 
was much afraid of ; but being call'd upon in the 
Meeting, I did it, and came oifmuch better than I 
expeded ; fundry Friends expreffing their Appro- 
bation of it. 

As foon as the Meeting was over, dear James and 
I had a heavy Parting ; but as I was going to my 
Wife, that helped to chear my Heart a little. I 
came diredlly Home without taking any Meetings, 
having my di^2iv¥ xxtndi James Salter ^ and fundry others 
who had been at the Yearly-meeting, in Company. 
And now I ftaid with my dear Wife, and went very 
little abroad for more than twelve Months, having 
very great Comfort and Satisfaftion in my married 
State, my Wife being a true Sympathizer with me in 
all the Exercifes which I often was under, of one 

1 4 Kind 



136 The LIFE and TRAVELS 

Kind or another ; as fometimes I fear?d how we fJ:ould 
go on in the World-, and fhe would often fay, if we 
get but little,^ we will fpend lefs 3 and if wc fave a 
little out of our Gettings, we fhall do well enough, 
I am not at all fearful of it, neither would I have 
thee. ^^ Then I was jealous that my Miniftry was not 
fo living as it' had been before I was married 3 and 
making my Trouble and Uneafinefs about it known 
to my Wife, fhe would endeavour to dilTwade me 
from fuch Thoughts, adding, there was no Reafon 
for it ; fo that I found her to be an Help-meet in-- 
deed. ^- ^ -■ ,.."-- /• - . • ^ 

^ Then finding a Concern to vifit Ireland^ I ac- 
quainted her therewith, and flie gave me up fo free- 
ly and cheerfully, ' that it was a Cordial to me ; fay- 
ing,' -that flie expeded I would often leave her, and 
that fhe- had refolved in herfelf before Marriag;e, fhe 
would never hinder my Miniltry if fhe could pofiibly 
avoid it^ and fhe hoped that the Lord would flrength- 
en her,, and make that eafy to her. ^- • ^■ 
' So accordingly about the Fifth-Month 1708, lap- 
phed to the Monthly-meeting for a Certificate, which 
I had, and 'then took' Shipping at Minehead, and 
landed at Cork^ where I ftajd two or three Meetings 
to good Satisfaction : Then I went to Charlevi 11 ^ind 
Limerick, vifiting the Meetings along that Side of the 
Nation to Colrain, and I found very hard Work in 
many Places, and in fome Meetings was quite fhut 
lip ; but I found, where the People who did not pro- 
fefs with us came in plentifully, it was not fo, but 
there was an open Door y and that worthy Friend, 
and heavenly minded^ meek, and divine Preacher, 

Gilbert 



of SAMUEL B OIF HAS. 137 

Qilbert nowpfon, was there at the fame Time 3 and 
when we converfed about it, I found lie was, much 
as I was, Ihut up, and found it very hard Work in 
iome Places to get forward ;' and as he was in Expe- 
rience and Age much my Superior, I requefted what 
he thought might be the Reafon, nzhy itfeemedmore 
dead among fl Friends in this Nation now^ than infome 
ether Places t He gave this as a Reafon, T^hat the Pro- 
fejfors of Truth in that Nation were very Jlri^ and 
exa5l infomeThings^ ' and placed ?nuch in outNvard Ap* 
pearance,^^^/ Y(9(? much negkufed the Reformation and 
Change of the Mind, and having the Iniide thoroughly 
cleanfed from VridQ and Iniquity ) for thou knoweft^ 
faid \\^^ the Leaven ^///j^Pharifees was always hurt^ 
ful to the Life of Religion in all Shapes. Yet nev?r- 
thelefs we found a brave living People in thatNation, 
and great Encouragement there was to vifit frefh 
Places. ^^ ■' •' 

' I came from Colrain to Lurgan^ Mount Allen ^ 
and fundry fmallMeetings thereabout, Hiljborough^ 
Lijburn^ Ruffer-I^and, and fo to Drogheda^ Friends 
having a Meeting-houfe in that Town, but few came 
to Meeting, there being no Friends in the Town, 
except two Men/ From thencci went for Dublin^ 
then vifited the Meetings towards Wicklow^ Water-- 
Jord and fo to Cork^ and had a large Meeting at 
Kinfale, it being the firfl: Meeting in the Meeting- 
houfe that Friends had built there. Friends in that 
Kingdom are highly to be commended, in not fpar- 
jng Charge for accommodating Meetings, either by 
building or hiring Places for that Service- 

Br 



138 TZ;^ L I F E ^//^ T R A V E L S 

By this Time the Half-yearly-meeting at Dublin 
came on, but Nothing very remarkable happened 
there. I took my Leave of Friends, and when clear 
I left the City, and my dear Friend Jofeph Gill ac- 
•companied me about three Weeks. He did not 
then appear as a Minifter in Meetings, but was un- 
der great Exercife, and I was fatisfied he was under 
a very confiderable Influence of divine Goodnefs, 
which would be manifefted by his coming forth in 
the Miniflry in due Time, whiph accordingly came 
to pafs ; for in a few Weeks after his Return, he 
appeared very acceptably in the Miniftry, and be- 
came a very ferviceable Man in the Work. 

After we parted I went on for Cork^ in order to 
take fhipping Home, which I did, but the Wind 
not favouring us for almoft three Weeks, gave me 
lome Uneafinefs, becaufe I wrote to my Wife, that 
I intended coming looner ; and I heard afterwards 
lome of our Neighbours had reported, that I with 
the Ship wa? taken into France ; but my poor Wife 
bore up bravely under it. When the Wind fprung 
up fair, the Mafter fet fail, but we werejufl but got 
clear of the River before it veered againfl us ; fo the 
Mafter purpofed that we might fetch Waterford^ 
and thought it would be better to do lo than to go 
back to Cork ; accordingly we all agreed, and got 
there by the Clofe of the Evening, being Seventh- 
day 3 I ftaid the Fir/i-day Meeting, which was ve- 
ry much to Satisfadlion, and I was opened in the 
Excellency of the Gofpel. On Second-day we fetfail 
again, and got into Minehead in about forty eight 
Hours, and I polled Honie by Bridgwater^ and met 

jvith 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 13^ 

with a hearty and kind Welcome from all our Fami- 
ly, more e/pecially my dear Wife, having Ipent in 
Ireland fomewhat more than eighteen Weeks. It 
ibon got abroad that I was come Home, and many 
Friends from feyeral Neighbouring Meetings 
came to Vifit me and we had great Comfort in one 
another. 

Now I had nothing to do but Vifit the Meetings 
around me, which were pretty numerous : But one 
Thing came upon me pretty much, and that 
was, to put mylelfintofome Bufmefs toget Bread. Some 
propofed oneWay^ forrje another. London 2ind Br i^ 
(ipl were both propofed, but I could not fee my way 
to either of them j and what I fhould do in the Coun- 
try, being ignorant of Farming, I faw not yet. At 
laftr it was propofed that I might with a little Charge 
make a Conveniency to make a little Malt, in which, 
when an Apprentice, I had feme Experience, being 
th^n ufed to it. I accordingly did, but my Stock 
was very fmall, but fome kind Friends lent me feme 
Money, and I found it anfwer better than I exped:- 
ed, fo that I was encouraged to proceed ; and in a- 
bout three Years Time, I found it anfwered 
very well, fo that I went on with Pleafure, and took 
great Care, and was very diligent in my Bufinefs 
and in attending all Meetings that I could reach in a 
Morning's Ride, as I found a Concern fo to do; 
^nd the Comifort andHappinefs I enjoyed was great, 
for I could entertain my Friends with a Lodging, 
and other NeceffarijES in a plain Way, which was ve- 
ry agreeable to us both ; and moft Friends that 
came, took a Bed with me one or two Nights^ as 
befl fujtcd their Convenience in their Journey* But 



140 The LIFE and TRAVELS 

But in a little Time a Storm arofe : The Parfon 
of the Parifli having had Nothing from our Fam.ily 
for thirteen Years and upwards, of his fmall Tithes, 
and other Church-dues, (as he ftiled themj got a 
Summons for me to meet him before the Juftice s 
but before the Time came I writ him a few Lines, 
to know his Demand, and he writ oie a long Letter 
in anfwcr thereto. And I replied to his Anfwer. 
All which are hereunto annexed. The Time came, 
and fome other Friends were convened by other 
Priefls from other Pariihes at the fame Tirne. When 
I was called, there were two Juftices, one Edward 
Phillips Efq ; of Montacute^ 2Lnd—Harl?e/j Efq ; of 
Newto72 : Phillips was very rough and boifterous in 
Words, and Harben altogether as mild, ufing fundry 
Arguments to perfwade me to pay it myfelf, or fufFer 
fome other Perfon to pay it, being very earneft that 
I fliould fuffer him to pay it for me, and he would 
not defire to have it altogether ; fuppoling that I 
might not fo v/ell fpare what the Parfon demanded 
at once. I told him, I was very much obliged to 
him for his kind Offer, believing his Intention was 
toferve me in it, but I could by no means accept it, 
without Injury to my own Mind, it being a Matter 
that concerned my Confcience, which I was defirous 
to keep void of Offence towards God. He took me 
into another Room, and was very earneft to have it 
made up ; urging, that it was fo much in Arrears^ 
that it was beyond their Power to end it ^ audit muft be 
put into /i?^ Exchequer, and that would be very charge^ 
abky which ^ fays he, muji fall upon you at lafi. I 
told him^ that I could do Nothing to make it up : 

And 



of SAMUEL ^OITNAS. 141 

And having Conferred feme Time, we went in a- 
gain, and he fpoke to the Effedl following, that he 
was 'very Jorry he could not Jerve iis^ as we were both his 
Neighbours and Friends (meaning the Parfon and me) 
and told the Parfon, // would be uncajy to us both 5 
and would have us end it between ourjelves. I laid. If 
it were a Matter of juft Debt that I was fatisfied was 
my Neighbour's Due, I fhould foon end it with my 
Neighbour Ray^ and be as willing to pay, as he was 
to receive it ; but as it was not of that Nature, I 
could by no means do it. So I was difmifled, and 
in a little Time ferved with an Exchequer Frocefs^ 
and in a few Months after, in the next Term, I was 
taken up in my Way for Brifiol, where I was going 
about my Buiineis, and put into Goal. But when 
the Parfon had got me there, he was very uneafy 
indeed, fo that he could not take his Reft, and told 
his Attorney, If he lojl all his Claim^ he could by no 
means keep me there ^ for he had no Reji or ^ietnefs of 
Mind Night nor F)ay> So accordinj2;Iy the xA^ttorney 
came to the Keeper in lefs than ten Days Time, in 
the Parfon's Name defiring him to let me go Home 
to look after my Bufinefs : Which I accordingly did, 
and in a few Days went my Journey to Brifiol \ and 
when I had done my Bufmefs there, took a little 
Turn intoWilffhirc, and fpent about two Weeks in 
vifiting fundry Meetings, and fo returned Heme. 

Then I advifed rriy Friends at the Meeting for 
Sufferings m London^ how it Aood ; who advifed me, 
that the Parfon could not proceed farther, a^ he had 
taken me up and put me into Goal : So I heard no 
more of it all that Winter : But in the Spring a dif- 

tant 



142 ^he LIFE and TRAVELS 

tant Relation of our Family came to my Wife wheil 
I was from Home, and defired her to lend him teri 
Pounds, for he was going to a Fair, being a confider- 
able Grazier. She had no Thoughts about the Par^ 
fon's Demands, that being a much bigger Surri; and 
he being a Dijfenter, and having done me the like 
Favour, (he lent it him, and he gave her his Note ac- 
cordingly. My Wife, when I came Home, told me 
what {he had done, and I faid, it was very well, mi(- 
trufting Nothing of any Trick in the Matter ^ but a^ 
he came in myAbfence to borrow it, fo in likeManneil' 
he came in pretence to pay it, addreffing himfelf to my 
Wife to this EfFedl ; Dear Couftriy if you can help me 
to that Note^ I had befi pay it ; you know I borrowed 
it djyou^ and [hall pay it to you. So (he very inno- 
, cently fetched his Note, and he tore it immediately ; 
and putting his Hand into his Pocket, takes out and 
throws her down the Parfon's Receipt for the tent 
Pounds, in full of all Demands for Tithes to that 
Time. My poor Wife was under a very great Sur^ 
prize, urging, it would be a very great TJneaJinefs to 
me. Your Hufband, faid he, is, we allow, a Man 
of Senfe, but in this he is a f^ubborn Fool ; and I 
would have paid it out of my own Pocket rather than 
he fhould have ruined you and himfelf, which this 
Exchequer Suit would foon have done if it had gone 
on ; for his original Demand is fourteen Pounds and 
upwards, and he hath been at forty or fifty Shillings 
Charge already, and you mufl have paid that and ten 
Times more if it had gone on, which now I have 
cleared for ten Pounds ; I think you are exceeding 
well off. Ay^ but^ faid fhe, we look at inward Peace 

more 



bf SAMUEL BOWN AS. 143 

more than ail thaty and IJhall be blamed for being privy 
to the Contrivance y and beget a Jealoujy in my Hujhand 
about other Affairs. Oh ! my dear Coufin trouble 
not yourfelf about that, faid he, fori can clear you> 
that you are as innocent of it as a new-born Babe : 
And I know I could not have brought it about with 
your Hulband, for he would have ftarted fo many 
Queftions, that I could not poffibly have brought it 
about any other Way, than by ploughing with his 
Heifer. When my Wife told me of it, which was 
not prefently, it troubled me, to have my Teftimony 
thus evaded by this undermining Trick, which was 
in the Man that did it, defigned for our Good no 
doubt, and the Note that he gave for the Money 
being deftroyed, I had nothing to fliew under his 
Hand for the Money, and what to do in it I was at 
alofs : But I thought it beft to convene the Elders, 
and let them know how it flood, and to be advifed 
how I might clear my Teftimony, and my dear 
Wife and Self, from having any Hand in this de- 
ceitful Trick ; which I accordingly did, and they 
were fatisfied we were clear of the Contrivance, but 
did not know what to do to fatisiy others about it j 
one Friend was tor fuing him that had thus trick'd me 
for the ten Pounds : But others thought fuch an Adt 
would do more Hurt than Good, and thought it by 
no means advifeable to ad: any farther, than to go to 
my Kinlman and let him know, that what he had 
done in the Cafe, thq' by him intended for a Kind- 
nefs, yet it had the contrary Effed: on our Minds, fo 
that altho' he intended to ferve us, it proved a Dif- 
fervice, and to requeft, that for the future he would 

never 



144 Tl^f' L I F E ^W T R A V E L S 

fiever ferve us fo again. In due Time my Wife and 
I took an Opportunity, and difcourfed the Matter 
over with him 3 and he to excufe i^; faid, he little 
thought we would take it fo much amifs'as we had, 
having, as he thought, no Reafon for it, and won- 
dered that our Friends fliould be fo ftubborn as to 
contend againft Law ; and he could not bear to *hink 
we fhould be ferved as Mr. Banton^nd Mr. T'illy 
were y and indeed, if it were again to do, I fhould do 
the fame, /aid be. Robert Banton ^W William Tilly, 
were two very great Siifferei i by Exchequer Procefs, 
both very hoiieji fine ere Friends. Thus was this Af- 
fair ended. The firfl Letter I writ the Parfon, with 
the Parfon's Anlwer, and my Reply, are hereunto 
annexed, viz. 

^ Lymlngton, //6^ 15th <5//i6^ Fourth-Month, Juhe^ 
/ 1712. 

^ Neighbour ^ AY J 

^ ^- 1 N C E thou art pleafed to proceed againft me 

* O by Juftice's Warrant, I defire thou wouldft be 
^ pleafed to let me know, what thou demandeft, 
^ elfe, how Ihall I be able to make my Defence. I 

* think thy People this Year and laft were very un- 
^ reafonable in their Taking, having both Years (mo- 

* deftly computed) taken above one eighth Part of 
^ mv Hay: And ^Brook's never, as I am informed, 

* paid any in kind till thou came into the Parifh j 

* but now for Nine-pence the three Acres, thou haft 

^ taken 

^ A tittle Water Mead of three Acr^i, talkd ti^oovi't MeiA. 



ef SAMUEL B OWN AS. 145 

* taken every Year Hay, worth eight or nine Shil- 

* lings per Annum at lead. As for Arguments 
^ between us, for or agamft, I fuppofe them need- 

* Icfs, but I take it very hard to be fo treated from 

* a Man of thy Pretenfions. I believe thou wouldft 
^ not, if in my Cafe, fike fuch Treatment ; not that 
' I murmur or repine becaufe my Goods are taken 

* away on this Account, being perfwaded that it is 
^ my Duty aBively to refufe a Compliance with the 
' Laws that command Tithes ; and if I muft, as I 
y have already, fuffer the Spoiling of my Goods, I 

* hope paffively to fubmit and bear it. This I cow- 
^ elude withDefires of Good for thee and thine every 
' Way. 

* Samuel Bownas/ 

^ S I R. 

« T HAVE been above thirteen Years in the Pa- 

' X rifh, anrd have not given your Family any Di- 

* fturbance, though the Arrears which are due to 
^ me are confiderable ; fo that you have no Reafoa 
^ to complain of hard Ufage from me, but rather, to 
^ thank me for my Kindnefs, in bearing this Inju- 

* flice fo long. 

* You don't think, when you go to Law with 

* one another, or with fome of thofe who differ from 

* you, that you fpoil their Goods, when you put 

* them to Charges, that you may force them- to do 

* you Juftice. And why, pray you, fhould it be 

* tliought a Spoiling of your Goods, when wc do'nc- 
^ thing more than you do yourfclves,, when you 

* think you are wronged; that is, endeavour to re- 

K. . t cover 



146 The LIFE and TRAVELS 

- ■ If 

• ->> 

* cover our own ? For 1 deimnd nutiiin^ of yx)«i 

* but what I iLnoAA^ :o be mnic brfore i rccciva it, - 

' You ni.rg.hl: aa weii i,avtkc, an Eatry, up^ri o^r 

* GicbeLanJsy, jx: wgmx a:U.5^<Tfaing^^l[e;i^)C puiil^-ik^ as 
^ to teize upoiin ttfati: TiiShe^s^^ to» wbdcli yuu. hctyie. ao 

* ni)re; T^itiic tSEaiCB tiio^dhie ^tiier,, unfcis; jfoa have 

* boui^h-t tbi^iir^^ as laBjom fee vc&toiEaire s^t^ 

* For. eTeir^ E(y.dif - wka lmmidc^^fetxd•^dWe' Things,, 

* wil:l teJl'y €»!.«,, tfeu^jt m^€,m feclj L^j^ds as are Tithe- 

* ficcy are :fcl:d ouvfett^ the^ a^e tor thatRealba 

* valued at an RiglieT:Price^ a;0d>h<;, L<)rd op , Seller 

* makts: the Tenant ot Pui chaier .pay for tbe Titlie^ 

* as well as for the rtft ol the B/b.^te : And that pa 
/ the arher haiad^tbcTc is a propj^ir'K nab!e Abate- 

^ ment made to the i'ui(^h^(e;s anu Tenants of fuch 

* Lands as are liable ru the Payment of "Tithes. 

* Andrtihere is .vet y good RcaioiTi'pi it,^ becayfejn 
*^ that Gaf€ythc:j\rL:bej^beHig no ;Part of the \u'^x\K^ 
^ >ard^ Propertyi b^ v^^fi^'t n^^Ke rhcm overto a- 
V potker^-.Oi' demand a Price for that wh:ch ht has 

* ribflohll^ and. thole who He it or Purchafe his^ 

* Eitit^jf ;c:5n clairfi jio Title bj Virtue of any Con- 
^ vevance or G.v^nt o: bi-, but only ro what be bad 

* 'a'R';>g=bt:to dilpole of hrmi^^ :; So that if you will 
^ ae^df*, inthis iTiatter prete-d Conference,. you ought 

* \mX to ©bcupy any^Land but what is. Tithe :£ree, 

^: But if vou think ibat thiS would be very.grie- 
^ vous ar.d inconveincnt, you ouo;hr^ when you ioc- 

* cupv Titbe-I^iiid; toptrrmu u>\qnietly to'enjoy i:)ur 
/ Tidies,, v/h ch are i Part of .oufv i?r«f^-fo/ri, and to 

* wn;cb' wr havi ithb if^fiie Title as lye havejto i ur] 

* G/V^^^, whcrciU you Ciiiitn. no Propriety, as indeed ^ 

' youfc:; 



. 



^/ SAMVEL BOWNAS. iaj 

you have no manner of Title to the Tithe. If 
you have, be pleafed to fhevv it| and let us know 
from whom you had it. And if you have none, 
as I know you have not, don't go to pretend Con- 
fcience for invading your Neighbour's Property. 
^ For my Part, I do not fee any Heafun, why 
you fhould not a(5tively comply with the Law tor 
Payment of Tithes^ as well as with that for Ta:> 
es, as your Friends have done over all the King- 
dom ever lince the Revolution ; and fome cf 
them have been Collec^lors, though the Title of 
the Ad: of Parliament did plainly fhew that the 
Tax was for carrying on a War againft France 
with Vigour : And yet your Friends^ even thofc 
who have been of grcatefl: Reputation among 
you, and the Champions of your Caufe, have de-« 
Glared as much againft the Lawfulnefs of all War, 
as they have done againft the Payment of Tithes ; 
and fometimes have carried the matter fo hieh, 
as to refufe the Payment of Money demanded of 
them for that Purpofe as Robert Barclay in \\\% 
dpology tells us, they faff Qved^ becaufetbey would 7iot 
pay J or Drums and Colours^ and other Military Fur ^ 
niture. And this they did in the Time of Peace^ 
when the Militia met only to make a Raree-lLow, 
and had at the Place of Rendezvous no other 
Enemies to fkirmidi with but ButterHies. Nc-* 
verthelefs, fmce the War againft France be^r^p, 
yonr Friends have given ths fame a(flive Obedi- 
ence to the Laws for Payment of Taxes, as tbeir 
feHbw Subjefts have done ; and I hope, you for^he 
ittture, will do for the Payment of Tithe?, which, 
K z t according 



l^S The LI F E /z;?^ T R A V EL S ; 

according to your avowed Principles, is as law- \ 

ful as the Payment of Taxes for carrying on a \ 

War with ViTOur. ] 

* It IS a vain Thing to pretend Confcience to ex- I 
cufe Opprcffion or Covetoufnefs, for it rnoft be ; 
one or either of thefe, which makes any Man take . 
PoffeiTion of what is not his own, but his Nci^h- 
hour s. I 

* If we lived by the Alms-bafket, and could i 
claim nothing but what we might expedl from \ 
the Benevolence of thofe from whom we make I 
any Demand of this Nature, we could not blame ] 
you lo much : But the Cafe is otherwife ^ foV 
we defire none of your Benevolence, and we ■ 
know the Tithe is no Part of your Eftate, and ■ 
that you can claim no Right to it, either by ' 
Donation or Purchafe. Therefore don't go to 
call that your own which is not ; and being you j 
difclaim all Violence againft, or Oppreffion of ! 
Men upon the Account of their Ccnlcience, we i 
may reafonably expedl lo much Tendernefs from ; 
you, that you would not opprels us, becaufe we 'J 
differ from yoii, and that you would not^ under i 
a Pretence of Confcience, feize upon our Eftates^ i 
and then make an Outcry againfl us, when we | 
defire the Affiflance of the civil Magiflrate, for ! 
recovering any Part of our Properties or Frjcc- 
holds, as often as you unjuflly invade them. Sure- 
ly we might look for more Equity from you, be- 
ing we are Members of that Church which ia 
other Refpeds permits you the free Exercife 

f of your Religion;^ and has confirmed the fame 

■ - : i>y 



tf SAMUEL BOWNAS. 149 

by the late Ad of Indulgence, agreed upoa 
by the Bifliops, Lords, and Commons of our 
Communion. An Inftance of fuch Modera- 
tion as v/as never jQiewn to our Church by 
any other Sedi: who had us under their Power^ 
whether PapiP.s^ or fome violent and fierce Pro^ 
tejlant DiJJenters, who perhaps would handle us as 
roughly as our Predeceflbrs were by them, if 
God (hould again permit us to fall under their 
mercilefs Hands. 

* You fay, Tou take it hard to he fo treated hy a 
Man of my Pretenfions, and if it was from fome of 
the fame' Cloth ^ you would think it was like them^ 
fehes. But why ihould it be thought inconfifl- 
ent with ray Pretenfions, to demand what I know 
to be ray own ? And why may I not fay the fame 
to you, that I take it hard to be fo treated by a 
Man of your Pretenfions, who profefs, that Vio-^ 
lence againft thofe who differ from you, merely 
upon the Account of their Confcience, is unwar- 
rantable-, and yet, contrary to this your Profefli- 
on, you teize upon that v/hich is mine, mine by 
as good a Right as you have to your own Ei^ 
tate : For you cannot fay that you have purchaf- 
ed the Tithes, or that any who had a Title to 
difpofe of them, did make them over to you ; 
and yet for all that, you pretend Confcience for 
the Diflurbance you give me, for no other Rea- 
fon, but becaufe I am of a different Communion 
from you. If this was done by fome who main- 
tain, that Violence againfl Men of another Pdr- 
fwalion is meritorious^ and that Plereticks ought 
Kg ^iiPt 



150 2^^ LIFE /f;/^ T R A VE L S I 

not to be luffered to live, I fhould think it was '' 
like themlelves ^ tho' from you I might cxpedl 
other Thing?. But let that he as it will, I dtiire j 
nothing from you but the Profits of my own Ef- ^ 
tate, which you unjufily with-hold from me ; \ 
and I am relolved, whatever you think or fay i 
about the Matter, that I W// have my Right. \ 
However, if you are willing to live peaceably,.! 
I fhall be as moderate as you can expedV, ard tor ^ 
that Heafon have referred this Eufiriels to Mr. ■ 
Smith, whom I have authorized to do as he thinks \ 
fit, and am, Sir^ 

At the Parforage-houfe, c Your Friend and WelUwifJ:er, \ 

.. July 24th, 1712. \ 

' ^ William Ray/ \ 

* Lymington, the lo/^&i?/'//^^ Sixth Month, Augufl^ \ 

' Neighbour Ray, 

* O I N C E thou hafl advanced fl^me Arguments i 

* i3 for thy taking Tithes, I have fcmewhat to of- I 

* fer in Anfwer thereunto, for my RejvfaL 

* I/?. Thou art pleafcd to write, 7 ought to thank j 
' thee for forbearing with this Injujlice fo long ; but j 

* I take the Refulal of paying Tithes to be no In- 

* juftice. ^herefore^ &c. 

* 2dly, Thou fays, ivhcn I go to Law with anoth^r^ 

* (or kxXTit thait differ from me) I do not think that 
' Spoiling of their Gwds ; which I do not take to be a 

' parallel Cafe with this ; For, /%/?, if I go to Law j 

,* with I 



#f SAMUEL BO TFN AS. ^s^ 

* with any Man^ it Oiall he for (om^ jwr Debt ow* 

* ing ^o me, for which ht% whom I io go to Law 
"^ with, iliail hive received Tome valuable Confider- 

* ation ; hut from tliee 1 have received none tor 

* the Tithe of my Incrcale j thcretore it's not a 

* parallel Cafe. 

3J^v. He \v!»h whom I j;o to Law (hall have i>o 
"^ /z^/? P//^<:2 of Zonfcience^ bt*cau(v^ if I can have no 

* piam Dc-m< willrat oa that l^ • had of me a valuable 

* Conpderation for wh'ch I make my Demands on 
"^ him^ I wiii not go to Law at all > therefore it's 

* not a parailcl Caie. 

' ^thly. If on fuch a Fecundation I go to Law, 
"^ and torce my adverfe Party t' Juftice^hy Law, I 
^ conclude with thee, it. is not fpot ling of Goods Eut 
^ to go to Law, and by k take awav Peoples Goods, 
^ wiihout fuch a valuable Confideration as above, is 

* Spoiling of Goods^m mv Opinion, with ^ Witnefs^ 

* Thou ^writes me, I may ns well fi^i' of the 
^ GJebe- lands, or upon any Thing elfe we pofjefs^ as 
^ upon the Tithes. Under Favour, I am of another 
"" Mind ; becaufe I have no Title to fhew for thy 
' Gkbe4ands or any Thing elfe thou enjoys : But 
^ for my Land, the whole I take to be mine, 
^without any Referve or exception whatfoevcr, 

* as the Writings that give me my Title to it, 
^ do fufficiently fet forth and declare; and I have 
^ given for it a valuable Confideration^ which thou 
^ never did for the tenth Part thereof: Therefore, 

* I am fure I have more Right to it than thou canft 
•* pretend to, in Jufl!ce, Equity and Reafon ;becaufe 
^ I have bought, witiiout Referve, the Whole, and 

K 4 ^ manured 



iS^ f^^ LIFE and TRAVELS 

* manured the fame at my own Coil: and Charge ; 

* but thou had bought no Pai t thereof, nor been 
^ at any Charge about improving it, that I know of. 

^ Thou further writes, that every Body that under^ 
^ Jlands thefe Things^ will tell ine^ whenjuch Lands 

* as are Ttt he-free are fold ^ for that Reafon they ^re 

* valued higher. What Argument is that for the 

* Lawjulnefs of Tithes according to the Golpel? I 
^ conceive none at alL 

* The next is, that if I occupy Tithe-lands^ I ought 

* quietly to permit you to enjoy the Tithes : That's the 
^ Matter in Difpute, which fliall in it's Place be 

* ipoken to. 

^ Now I am come to thy Argument about TaxeSy 
^ wherein thou endeavours to make us inconfillent 

* with ourfdves, in aSlively complying with the 

* Law for TaxeSy but refufing a Cotnplia?2ce with the 
^ IjZw for T/V/?(fJ endeavouring thereby to lay Tithes 

* and Taxes upon one Foundation : In this alfo I dif- 
^ fer from thee ; for I underlland Taxes to be paid 
*^ as a civil Debt^ Tribute or Cujlom to Ccefar : But 
"" Tithes are paid as a religious Adt to God, 
^ and holy Church, as in its Place fliall be 
^ farther fhewn- 

^ Indeed our Saviour faid, Render unto Casfar the 

^ Things that art Caefars ; and unto God^ the Things 

* that are Gods Mark xii. 17. Now if we muft 
^ render to Cc^far the Things that are Cccfars^ and 
^ unto God the Things that are God's, then it re- 
"^ mains to be proved, that Tithes are Ccefars Due, 
' before they be demanded as his Right. 

^ But 



of SAMUEL EOWNAS. i^^ 

^ But here's the grand Objed:ion oi Inconjijlency-y 
that becaufe we have fufFcrcd for refufing to pav 
towards the Militia for Drwns^ Colours^ &c. and 
yet aSiively comply with the Law of Taxes, 
which is to carry on a War with Vigour, &c. in- 
fifting on R. Barclays Words to ftrengthen the 
Objeftion ; we are ftill of the fame Mind with 
R. Barclay that Wars and Fighting are inconfi/ienf 
with the Gofpel Principles , and uhen ifs brought 
fonear to us^ tMt by Law we are obliged to a^ both 
in Per [on and Ejlate^ we in this Cafe chufe rather 
pafiiveiy to fuffer^ than adlively to comply^ for Con- 
fcience-fake. And this is ftill our Cale, and a 
Suffering we lie under (with refpedl to the Mili- 
tia) in many Places, being careful to walk by 
the Rule of Chrifl's Dod:rine ; and yet do not 
hereby think ourfelves inconfifcent in actively 
complying with the Law of Taxes, in rendering 
to C(^y^r the Things that areC(^r's,and he may do 
therewith what pleafeth him, we may not diredt 
him ; therefore, to ufe thy own familiar Simile, 
I take this Argument of Taxes to have no more 
Weight in it, in relation to Tithes, it being no 
parallel Cafe, than the Enemies that the Militia 
met with in their Rendezvous^ at their Raree-fhow. 

^ Thou writefl, that it's a vain Thing to pretend 
Confcience to excufe Opprefjion or Covetotfnefs. I 
am entirely of thy Mind ; fo that where any Man 
pretends to refuie the Payment of Tithes out of 
Covetoufnefs^ believing at the fame Time in his 
Confcience they ^vq jii/ily due y 'tis pity, I fay, 
ii that be his only Excufe, but that he iliould 

^ pay 



i^^ The LIFE and TRAVEL S 

"" p.iv pnar'/y for It: Bur beware ot miftaking, by 
^ fuppofing the Refufal to be from Covetoufnefs^ 

* when 'tis v^diWy Confcience. 

' ' Thou added, if you lived hy the Ahm-bajket^ Sec. 

* which indeed I think yoa ought to do, if your 

* own Hinds can't ruffijientl / adniinifter to your 
^ own Wants j for a forced Maintenance. \$ not con- 

* Ment with the Gojpel M!niliry ^ and that thou 

* knows right well, having jften con^efs'd it in my 

* Houfc. Thou adds, Tithes is no Part of my Eflate^ 
^ either by Donation ^r Purchaie. But I fay as a- 
^ hove, I ha^e pu^ chafe d t\\t JVhole^ without any 
^ Referve or Exception oF Tithes. But in thy owa 
' Country, North' Britain^ I have been informed^ 
^ Tithes a:e excepted in D^eds and Conveyances, 
'^ fo that they have fomr Colour to ule (uch an Argu- 
"^ ment there, but lean lee no Foundation for fuch 
^ an Argument in this Country at all. Thou ad- 

* vifes me not to call that my own, which is not : I 

* fay, it is my own, becaufe as above, I have, with- 
^ out Referve, purchajed the Whole^ as Witnefs my 
^ Writings. Beiides all that, at my own Charge I 

* have manured and improved iL 

^ Thy next Paragraph is already anfwered. 
^ I acknowledge thee a Member ot that Church, 

* or Society, who have granted us the Indulgence 
^ we now enjoy in the exercife of our Religion ; 
^ for which I with the reft of my Brethren, ought 

* to be truly thankful to God and the Government. 
^ But I muft tell thee, fome of thy Brethren, not 
^ of the meaneft rank in your Church, have, 
^ like battering Rams, endeavoured tQ break that 

! Chain 



$J SAMUEL BOWNAS. iss 

^ Chain -oi Indulgence ^^^ now enjoy, but Provi- 
"^ dence has hitherto prevented them, and I hope 
^ ever will, unlefs Goi fhall fee meet to try his' 
^Church, to difcover thereby the truly Religious^' 
^ from the Hypocrites. 
^ Thou feems angry, and to refent it, that I' 

* fhould take it ill or hard, to be Jo treated by a 

* Man of thy Pretenfions ; but the Reafon why I 

* fo .writ, is this, becaufe I have more than once' 

* heard, that my Neighbour Ray has faid in our 
^ Houfe, that it was a Matter (?/'Confcience tohim^ 

* /d? force a Maintenance from fuch as for the S^rke* 

* ^/ Confci^nce could ?tot pay him y ufing that Text," 
^ JVhofe Ox have I taken y or whom have I defrauded?' 

* Which I have fometimes fpoke of to others, and 
^ it gained great Credit and good Thoughts con- 

* cerning my Neighbour Ray ; and for that Reafon, 

* and no other, I took fuch Treatment hard. But 

* however, if thy Confcience be altered, it will 

* give Reafon for my Thoughts concerning thee 
^ alfo to change. 

^ Now I fhall give thee my Reafons, why I can't 

* actively comply with the Law for paying Tithes 
^ and anfwer thy laft Paragraph in the Conelufion 
' of this. 

^ ly?. I was in my Youth very thoughtful touch- 

* ing the Nature and Defign of Religion, and con- 
^ fcious to myfelf, that an implicit Faith, with a 

* bhnd Obedience, might not be fufficient to bring 

* me to the End intended by it. 2dly, Obferving 

* many under great Sufferings for refufing to pay 
! Tithes, and their Plea for it was Conjdencey hut 

t many 



156 The LIFE and TRAVELS 

many more I found did pay, and thought they 
did right, at lead made no fcruple of Confciencc 
in doing it ; this Contradiction in Practice made 
me willing to look into it myfelf ; that 3 ^i^, what, 
I did herein might not be for Imitations Sake on 
either Side, but that I might ad: on a Principle of 
Faiths as knowing, what is not of Faith is Sin. 
And ^thly^ and laftly, thefe Reafons put rne oa 
examining and trying for myfelf. 
* This premlfed, I now aflure thee, that it is not 
out o^ Stubbornefsy Ill-humour or Covetoufncfs^ but 
purely on a Principle of Confcience^ for thefe Rea- 
fons following, that I can neither pay or receive 
Tithes. 

^ ift. The Dedication of them is gro([y fuper/li^ 
tious (and I think protefted againfl by moft, unlef$ 
fuch as love to fuck the fweet of other Mens 
Labour) being dedicated and given by King Ethels- 
wolf (about 855) to God and St. Mary for the Re^ 
demption cfhis own Soul^ with the Souls of his An^ 
cejiors ; in the Conlideration whereof, the CJer- 
gy were to fing fuch a Number of Malles for the 
King and his Nobles, &c. 

' 2dly. It is already granted by mc, that we muft 
render to Ccefar the Things that are Ccefar^^ 
and unto God, the Things that are God's. And 
I promife thee, for my own Part, I fhall be both 
ready and willing to pay the Tenth of my In- 
creafe to God, when I am fatisfied he requires it 
of me; or unto them he fhall appoint, when I 
am fatisfied he has appointed them, as he did the 
Tribe of Levi ; but for me to pa^ Tithe to a 

.* Maa 



oj SAMUEL BOWNAS. 157 

* Man claiming it as a Minifter of God, when I 
' know that no luch Thing is required of me, 

* (Tithe being no Gofpel Maintenance^ that I can 
^ underftand) it may juftly be faid unto me, Who 

* has required this of thy Hands ? Yet however, if 

* Tithe be compelled from me by a human Law, 

* I can't help that, nor refift the Force of that De- 

* mand by Argument from Scripture ; therefore, 

* being pcrfwaded that God requires of me no fuch 
' Thing as the Payment of Tithes, but that I am 
^ called to proteft againft all Superflition znd Ido-- 
\ latry^ and the Law of Tithes plainly appearing 
^ to me to be fuch, therefore I cannot, with a fafe 
' Confcience aSlively comply therewith, but chufe 
^ rather to pleafe God than Man, although it may 

* be to my Difadvantage in this World, yet by fo 
^ doing I hope^for future Gain. 

* 3^!/y, And again, Tithes are required to be paid 

* as a religious A5l^ viz. to God aiid holy Church \ and 

* as above, I am perfwaded that God requires no 

* fuch Thing, therefore I can't pay them with a 

* lafe Confcience, being a Proteliant againft that 

* which I call Popery^ not in Word and Tongue 
^ only, but in Deed and Truth alfo. 

^ Laftly^ Tithes are not required by the Gofpel, 

* that I can underftand ; if thou canft make it put, 
V pleafe to do it, for 'tis clear to me, that Chrift came 
^ to finifh and put an End to that Law which re- 

* quired Tithes, as well as to the Priefthood fup- 
^ ported by them; therefore to continue in . the 

^ Practice of Tithing, is in ^^tOi^ denying that Chrijl 
t is come in th^ Flefh to put an End to them^ticcotd'' 

1 ing 



158 7^^ LIFE ^^ TRAVEL S 1 

* ing to Scripture and the Praftice of former Times-} i 

* for which Realoi)> I think an aSiive Compliance | 
' with the Law tor Tithe.^^ is Sitiy and in my Opi- ; 

* niun, lie that pay eth or he that receiveth^ are e- \ 

* qually cuipaljle in God's Sighr > fwr which Caufe 'i 

* we can neither receive nor payy as this Deed • 

* of Settlement will pr(!)ve, and more Infl:ance,s of \ 
^ the hke kind might be produced from fundry j 
' Parts of the Natioii ; a plain Demonftration, that ; 
^ as we can't pay Tithes, neither can we receive \ 
' ihem, when they are as legal a Property to us \ 
> :.s they are to you. ! 

' I GO»ld fey more, but what is faid may perhaps \ 
^ -be.tedious, and thought impertinent^ therefore tor I 

* the j>relent this fhali luffice. ^ 

' To conclude,, thou art pleafed to give .me, thy i 
' RelbIut!on, viz. to Lave v^h^ii thou calls thy Right -^ ^ 

* and if I could think it was fo- too, we fliould loon \ 

* reconcile this Matter. 1 
^ T[\o\x^Cid%if I cm 'wilUjigf olive peaceably J (and , 

^ I def] e no ether than a peaceable Living) thou \ 
' "Wilt be as 7noderate as I can eypeB . But this feems i 

* an ' odd Way o{ fhewing thy Moderation, to em- 

* plov' ?.n Attorney;- for thou ^d&>,Jor that Pur- 
/ pcfe thou.ha/i rej erred the Matter to Mr. Smith, t(f 

* do as he thinh jity ard tkat may not perhapa be. 

* the beft Way to fhew thy Moderation ; howeyer, 

* be that as it wiil,T mull teil thee, that vyhq^t I 

* cannot diredly pay„ lor the Reafons atorefaj^d, I 

* .cannot order or allow .another ind redly to ^pay 

* for me J lor although I might bribe my Co^fci- 
f aiice^ as the chief Pritils a^d the Soldiers^ and lull 

' - c it 



« 



of SAMUEL B OWN AS. 159 

it aflecp in fuch Hypocrify, yet an awaking Time: 

• welcome on, when every Thought, with eveiy 

• lecret 1 hing, wiii be brought to Light, and ap- 

• pear as it. is. 

' This with due Refpecfts from him who inall 

• always be rendv and willing to {tivt thee and 

• thine, in any Thin^ I can with a I a e Conlcience^ 

• and in; any Ofiice ol Love mayeit command 

Thy Friend and Neighbour y 

Samuel EowNAs/ 



Thefe Letters were exchane;ed between us fome 
Wrcks^beloffl was ma€e^ Prisoner, and whether 
they mi;:!;h:(Iorten him or not, Ldare not fay much;. 
buti.as betore, he was very unealy while I was in 
PrKon, and, as I was informed,, told his Attorney 
^nd his Wite, if he lojl his Debiy he CQula not keep 
me there. 

ThiiJ Storm being blown over, I enjoyed Qu^et- 
Fiefs, fave that I was profecuted for Church Rates, 
fmali Tithes, 6?c: for the Paribh would not let his 
Dues, as he call'd them, run on again in Arrears, 
but w^ouid t.ike it in Kind every Year, io he never 
had mc before a Juflice again, but if hecouldnot 
have it in one Thing, would take anotlfer. I now 
had nothing but my Bufinefs that lay upon me, fave 
the Attendance oi Meetings for Worflojp and Difci- 
pline, with Marriages and Burials, which took up 
pretty rnuph of my Time, there being very few to 
attend flich Services in the Geuntrv : So thftt I had 
femetimes long Journies qix thofe Occufions, An^ 



i6o ^he LIFE and T R A VELS 

Ajz Account of my vifiting Devonfhire and Corn- 
wall. 

ON the 2ifl: of the Eighth-Month "iji^, I fet 
out from Home, and vifited "Taunton^ Welling- 
ton^ MilvertOHy Spiceland^ Cullumpton^ and Topfhamy 
where the Quarterly Meeting for Devonjljij^e was 
held at that Time : I was at three Meetings there 
to good Satisfaition. From thence to Sticklepathy 
and Launcejlon, where I had a very large and good 
Meeting. From thence to Fort-lfaac and FaU 
mouthy vifiting Friends to Fenrin : The Quarterly- 
meeting w^as held at Falmcuthy and 1 had .very a- 
greeable Service. From thence to P^j^r/V/, Mar- 
ket-Jew and Fen%ancey fo back to Falmouth. From 
the^nce to AuJlA^ Trcgon)\ Looe and Lijkardy Ger- 
manSy Flymouth^ Kingjlriclge apd T^otnefs 3 had Meet- 
ings at all thcfe Places, lume, of which were very 
large and v/ell ; and at Exeter likewife : From that 
to Chardy and ib >Home. In this fmall Journey I 
had abcut'i'fiTrty-y eight Meetings, and travelled about 
three Hundred and iijty Miles.. 

In about a Year or two after this, my Wife was 
taken with a lingering Diforder, for the recovering 
her out of which, I applied rayfelf to fevgraJ Doc- 
tors, but all in vain, tor llie continued waiting more 
than two Years and eight Months, growing y/c^ker 
apace a few Weeks before Ihe died, which \yas in 
t\\(t Eighth-Mofith xyig. She died in a fwee.t |^rame, 
often faying, that Nothing troubled her y but that jlde 
wns fo eafily deceived about the Parfons l^itUy iit^hich 

being 



tf ^AMVEL BOWNAS. Ui 

being done in Ignorance^ not deftgnedly^ floe was ti : 
more eafy about it. 

After which, I was at a ftrait what Courfe to tai: i 
for fome Time, being in Ccnfiderable Bufinc , 
which I kept on that Winter, and in the Spring pi c 
it off to my Servant, and lett what little Eftate I Iv.i I 
to him, putting off all Bufinefs, and went the nc^ : 
Summer into my own Country, the North, to'v.: 
my Friends. I went to the Yearly Meetings ; : 
Bri/Io I and London^ in courfe as they came, and t'- - 
veiled from Lor/don through HertjordJJdire Leiceji.i - 
finre and Nottingham(hire to Leedsy vifiting the Mc fl- 
ings of Friends as I paffed along : I was at funr: ^ 
very large open Meetings in my Way to the Yeari - 
meeting at fork, which was very large, and a grcc 
Number of Minifters of both Sexes. I had no Ti:^ * 
till the laft: Meeting, and the Time of that was 1 ' 
fpent before I began, but then I took my Time pre-* 
ty thoroughly-^ being opened very largely in the (! - 
ftinguifliing between true znd fa/fe Religion, fett:! ; 
them as it were Side by Side, that they might jun : 
for themfelves of both the Worfhip and the Minif;: , 
with their different Effedls upon the Minds of RI t 
and Women in regulating our Paffions, and refci i 
ing our Minds ; and opened pretty fully the Dar;^; - 
tijat Minifters were in, to preach from the Letter . - 
flcad of the Spirit -, and that our former Open!; 
and Experiences alone were i>ot to be depended i 
on, but our fafefl: and beft Support in that Wc 
was the immediate Ability of the Spirit, opening ^ 
Underftandings in Matter fuitable to every State, t : 
«ur Words might be fitly fpoken, then they wov; i 



362 Tbe L IF E and T R AV E L 3 

carry their own Evidence, and be ferviceable to the 
Hearers : I was very large and particular on thefe 
Heads ; and there being fundry Clergymen, and 
Teachers of other Societies, I did not hear of an/ ' 
Objeftion made to the Doftrine they heard : But \ 
fome of our Friends thought, what I had to fay about 
the Miniftry would have been better delivered in the , 
Meeting of Minifters; but that could not have an- 
fwered fo well, as to the Teachers of other Societies, 
who might want Inftrudiion in thefe Things, per- 
haps more than our own People did. This was a ve- ; 
ry high Day, and I found in myfelf afterw^ards great , 
Satlsfadlion and Peace. 

I now vifited Friends towards Kendal, and through ^ 
Part oi Cumbe7^Iand and Northumberland , into Scot^ , 
landy having for my Companion a young Man from 
Sedbdtrgj his Name was John Blamore. I found I 
Friends in that Nation very much decreafed in 
Number, above one Half, and fundry Meetings 
quite dropt, unlefs when a Friend came to vifit j 
them. ' 

I ipent about fix Weeks in that Nation, but No- ^ 
thing extraordinary happened : I returned into O/^^/t 
herlandy viliting mofl ox the Meetings in that Coun-- 
ty. Our Friends hr^d at Cockermouth appoinred a 
Meeting to be the Day after the Fair, at the Time 
cali'd Michaelmas, and it being in the moft hot 
Time of the Oppofition the Pearfons gave to Friends; 
jfob and his Brother being at that Fair on their Bu- 
finefs, they gave out, that they would be at the 
Meeting the next Day, which gave an Alarm to 
Both Town and Country People, fo that it was a 

j very 



iff SAMUEL BOPFNAS. 163 

very large Meeting s and as Joi and I had been ve- 
ry friendly before he fell into thefe ranting Fits, 
lome Friends thought he would fliew me forue Re- 
fpe6t,more than he had done to fome others, having 
been heard at Times to fpeak in my Favour: But 
James Dickcnfoii being prelent, whom they had a- 
bufed fo very much, faid, I floould be pleajcd to fee a 
Jriendly Meeting between Job and my Friend^ but I 
little expeSl it. The Meeting came on, and was ve- 
ry large, and very open, and quiet, neither Job nor 
his^Brother came, being otherwife employed; having 
fome Concerns with fome Country-men in the Fair, 
they went to an Ale-houfe to fettle their Affairs, and 
differed fo much about them, that from Words they 
proceeded to Blows, and this Fray held the Time 
of the Meeting, fo we were free from any of their 
Diflurbance, and a fweet, comfortable, quiet Meet- 
incj- we had to great Satisfaftion. 

From Cockermoufh I vilited the refl of the Meet- 
ings in that Part of the County, and fo into Weftmor^ 
land again, vifiting all the Meetings in that Coun>- 
ty, and through the Dales to Richmond^ and Tork 
Quarterly-meeting the Winter Quarter, which was 
very large, confidering the Seafon of the Yean I 
had fundry fatisfaftory Times amongfl Friends, both 
in Meetings of Bulinefs and amongfl the Miniflers, 
in very freely opening, and fhewing my dear Bre- 
thren and Sifters, in the Openings of divine Life, 
the Experience and Knowledge that I had attained 
to in the Work of the Gofpel, finding my Spirit 
much enlarged in the fetting forth thereof. But 
ihe lafl Meeting I was at in Tork^ was on the firft 

L 2 Da^ 



1 

i64 T/'^ L I F E tf«^ T R A V E L S ; 

•I 

day in the Evening by Candle light, and the Crowd! 
in the Houfe was fo very great, that the Candles ! 
would hardly burn, fome died quite out with the ] 
Breath of the People ; the exceffive Croud made ! 
it very troublefome for want of Room, and not fo ! 
edifying as if the Company had been lefs. \ 

From thence I went to Bridlington, Oujlwick^ : 

JSlorthcave, vifiting Meetings till I came to Brad- \ 

fcrd and Leeds : I had fome very large open Meet- \ 

ings in that Part, as at Brigboiife, Highfats Shef^ I 

Jield, &c. i 

I travelled to Nottingham, and had fome Meet- i 
ings in that County, and lo on to Leicefter, had fun- \ 
dry fmall Meetings thereabout, and fome who were ' 
convinced in my firft travelling thither, were glad \ 
to fee me, and I them, fo we claimed Kindred in 
the Truth. 

I now made a kind of a fhort Vifit in my Way 
to London, which I vifited thoroughly, flaid in the 
City four Weeks, and had very good Satisfaction : 
>Returning through Part of Berkfnire, I had at Read- 
ing two very large Meetings, and fo into Dorfet- 
Jhire, having no Meetings after Reading till I came 
there, and fo to the Quarterly-meeiing m Scme7^fet^ 
Poire, which being the Spring Quarter, was held at 
Gla/lonbtiry, very large it was indeed. Then" back 
to Somerton Monthly-meeting, vifiting Meetings to 
and fro, being at fundry Funerals, both before and 
after the Yearly-meeting at Briflol, which was this 
Year very large. From that Meeting I went to- 
wards London^ vifiting Meetings in my Way thither, 
and after Yearly-meeting was over I returned by 
I ' dlion^ 



of SAMUEL BOIFNAS. i6$ 

Altoriy Aihford^ Riunfey^ Southampton^ and the IJle of 
JVighty and back to Ringwoodto theQuarterly-meet- 
ing for Hampjhire and to P^6^/ Yearly-meeting, it be- 
ing there this Year. Alter which I came to Brid^ 
port^ quartering at Caleb Hills^ who married my 
Nieces and this Summer, before the Yearly-meet- 
ing at London^ I had made my Addrelles tp the Wi-^ 
dow Nichols, Xt^wing the Matter to her Confiderati- 
on, and now I renewed the Suit. And in the 
Eighth'Monthy with fundry other Friends, went to 
follicit the Parliament for an Amendment of the ^Z- 
Jirmation, in which Undertaking we were favoured 
with Succefs, which was of very great Advantage 
to the Society, and the good Effedts of it foon ap- 
peared. 

I returned home in the Spring, and then pro-* 
cecded in my AddreiTes to the Widow, and we were 
married in the Second- Month, 1722, and we went 
to London Yearly-meeting together, which was to 
very great Comfort. 

I returned direftly Home with my Wife, and 
being in a Coach, had no Opportunity of viiiting 
Meetings either going or coming. Being got fafe 
Home, I applied myfelf to affift my Wife in her Bu- 
fmefs as well as I could, attending General, Monthly 
and other Meetings on pubiick Occaiions for three 
Years: Then I had a Concern to vifit America once 
more, which my poor Wife could not at firft v/ith 
Eafe confent to, although I had laid it before her 
v/hen I firil made my Addrelles to her, yet when 
it came to be put in Pradice was not eaUly got over. 
But afterwards ihe gave me freely up to go with my 



266 "The LIFE and TRAVELS 

Son-in-Law ; and I got ready and went off, before it 
was thought of by almoft any Body but the Friends in 
our own Neighbourhood. However, that it might 
not look like ftealing away, I wrote to fome of my 
chofen Friends at London, in the North, Brijlol^ and 
elfe where throughout this Nation, and to fome few 
in Ireland, being willing to advife them whereto 
meet me with Letters in that Country. Now ha- 
ving nothing to do more, my Wife brought me on 
my Way to Pool, at which Place, before I went 
off, I received Anfwers to fundry of my Letters, 
fome of which, if Brevity did not require the Con- 
trary, would well deferve a Place here. 

I (liall now proceed to my laft Journey into Ame- 
rica, viz. 

jin Account of my T R AV ELS in Ami:rica^ 
thefeco72d Time, being in 1726, and in the FiJ- 
tieth Year of my Age. 

I Left my own Home the 2 2d Day of the Tenths 
Month 1726, being accompanied by my dear 
Wife, a Kinfman, and a Son-in-Law, to Fool, be- 
ing to take Shipping there with my Son-in-Law 
yojiah Nicklefon, but the Ship was not quite ready ; 
and when it was ready, the Wind being againft 
tis, were obliged to ftay there about five Weeks^, 
fo I had fundry fatisfadlory Opportunities both a- 
mongft Friends and others. 

AH being ready, my Wife alfo gone Home fome 
Days before, and the Wind fair, we fet fail out 
^i SiutJand-bay^ the 24th of the Ekventh-Monih^ 

witk 



#/ SAMUEL B OWN AS. 167 

^ith a fair Wind and plcafant Weather, which car- 
ried us a confiderable Diftance off the Land ; but 
it held but three Days, and then we had very con- 
trary hard Winds after that, which made me ve- 
ry fick, and other v/ays out of Order, fo that I al- 
moft defpaired of my Life for a few Days, but had 
great Comfort and Peace of Mind, being fatisiied 
I was in my Place, and in the Way of my Duty 
I recovered as the Weather grew better, and the 
Sea quieter, but we had a very long and tedious Paf- 
fage, being eleven Weeks and two Days upon the 
Sea, from Land to Land ; and on the 14th of the 
SecGfid' Month 1727, we landed at Hampton other- 
wife Kickatan in Virginia^ and that Evening I got 
a Paffage in a Pool Ship up to Sleepy-hoky and that 
Night about the i ith Hour I got to Reber't Jordan s^ 
being very glad, tho' very weary, that I was got to 
fo good a Place, where I had io hearty a Welcome, 
and had fo great an Income of Peace and Comfort* 
This being on the Seventh-day of the Week, the 
next Morning I went to a Funeral about twenty 
Miles, which was a long Journey on my firft Arri- 
val ; and confidering the Inhabitants are but thin, 
there was a great Concourfe of People on the Occa- 
fion, and I had a pretty open Time, confidering I 
had not quite recovered my Weaknefs j beiides, the 
Motion of the Sea was verv much in my Head, fo 
that I had a great Dizzinels and Swimming, that 
made me to reel like a Drunkard, as is common in 
the like Cafe. 

That Night I went with my Friend Robert Jordan 
to an Inn, near to the Place where his Son Robert 

L A. was 



i68 ^v:he LIFE and TRAVELS 

was a Prifoner, who was a pretty Youth, and had a 
very ferviceable Miniftry. The Father and I ftaid 
v/ith the Prifoner all the next Day, and in the Even- 
ing went to lodge at the Prifoner's Houfe, his poor 
Wife being alone ; and although her Hufband was 
confined, flie was chearful. We had a Meeting in 
\\\^ Prifon to good Satisfaction, many People came 
to it, and were very orderly. 

\ then had a Meeting at the Wcflern Branch of 
Nanfemund ^xwtVy aiid was at a Funeral of a young 
Man who was very much lamented. 

I went that Night towards Chuckatuck^ where I 
had a fine comfortable Opportunity, and on the 
Road, I had fome Difcourfe with an antient Friend, 
concerning the Health of the Country, we fuppofing 
People did not live fo long in Virginia as in Europe. 
This Friend told me, the firll: Man-child that was 
born in the Province of Englijh Parents lived eighty 
Years, and that many fincc had lived confidcrably 
longer ; f o that it's not the Climate, but the Intem- 
perance of the People, that floortens their Days, fcr 
Experience made it appear, that temperate People 
lived much the ft^me Time as they do in Europe. 
But this Firft-born of the Province was very remark- 
vible, for it was faid that he was difafrtded to the 
then government, and had uttered Ibme treafonable 
Exprefiions againfl it, and for that Caufe w^as tried, 
cind found guilty, being condemned to die for that 
Crime : But when it was made appear, that he was 
the firfl Male-child born in the Province of the £;?- 
/:7V/i6 Nation, it was refolved, that he fhould be par- 
'doncd. Thus he was prcferved from that untimely 

End, 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 169 

End, to run out Nature's Race, which was eighty 
Years. 

I went after this Meeting to :vilit the Prifoner^ 
and next day was at a Funeral, the People being very 
humble, by reaibn of a great mortality, fo that 
preaching theGolpel had a very great Reach upon 
them, and feveral were convinced : Next Day I went 
to Levy^neck^ had a Meeting, and went next Day to 
Surrey Mecting-houfe to a Funeral, having been at 
four in about two Weeks. After this I took a Tura 
round again to Levy-necky otherwife Pagan Creek^ 
and had a Meeting. Thence to Rajkers-neck^ had a 
Meeting, and fo round till the Quarterly-meeting 
was at hand 3 and then came on to the Prifone:r's 
Houfe, W2;. Robert Jordan s^ to lodge. Next Day 
at the Meeting I met a Friend of London^ his Name 
was JoJJoua Fielding^ who had viiited the Ifland,. 
and Soutk-Carclina^ and had travelfd by Land to 
Nortb'Carolina^ about five Hundred Miles, in about 
three Weeks, moftly alone, w^hich was a difficult 
and hazardous Attempt : Some thought it too great 
an Undertaking, and feemed to blame him for it,, 
but he got fafe through, the?' he had no Provifion 
but what he carried with him, and met with but a- 
bout four or five Houfes or Plantations in all that 
five Hundred Miles Travel, which obliged him to 
lodge in the Woods frequently ; but having a fmall. 
Pocket Compafs, that was his Guide, when the Sun 
and Stars were hid from him. But I have fincc 
heard, that fome others have travelled over this fame 
Ground, ( Plantations and Settlements being now 
placed at proper Diilances) with Iti^ Hardihip, viz, 

the^ 



ijo 7Z;^ L I F E ^7;^i T R A V E L S 

they having a Road mark'd out by the Government, 
and now they may accomplifh this Journey without 
fo frequently lying in the Woods, as when this 
Friend came from thence. I was at the Quarterly- 
meeting which held the Seventh and Firji-day^ and 
it being very hot V/eather, made it a little tedious to 
bear, there being a great Croud of People, but the 
Meetings ended well, and were of good Service. 

Thence I went to Levy-neck^ and vifited all the 
Meetings up to Curh on the Bank of y^w<?/s Rivery 
had an open good Meeting there, though fmall. 
Thence to Gerrard EUifon's and had a large and o- 
pen Meeting. Thence to Rappahannock Ferry, tra- 
velling lixty Miles that Day : I lodged at a poor 
Widow's Houfe, no Friend by Profeffion, but fhc 
was exceeding kind. I had fomething to fay in Pray- 
er before Meat, with which ilie was greatly affecfled, 
and broken into Tears very much, with feme others 
of the Family. When we left her in the Morn- 
ing, iTie would not be prevailed upon to take any 
Thing for our Quarters, hut delired that (he might 
be favoured with fach Guefts often. I gave her 
Children fomething, and we left her in much Love 
and Tendsrnefs. Thence I travelled towards Mrz- 
ryland^ about feventy Miles, and had but one Meet- 
ing in the Way, where lived one V/illiam Dnfy who 
was at that Time a very tender and ferviceable Man. 
The Yearly-meeting in Maryland came now on, 
which held four Days, viz. Three for Worfhip, 
and one for Bufmefs. Many People re fort to it, 
and tranfad: a deal of Trade one with another, fo that 
it is a kind of Market or Change^^ where the Cap- 
taint 



(?/ SA'MVEL B OWN AS. 171 

tains of Ships and the Planters meet and fettle their 
Affairs ; and this draws abundance of People of the 
beft Rank to it. It being in that called the Whitfun-^ 
week. 

After this Meeting I vifited the Province on that 
Side of the Bay, fully from Fotuxant^ and fomc 
^ Places where Meetings had not been, miffing no 
Place till I came up to the Head of the Bay ; but 
Nothing uncommon happened at thole Meetings^ 
which were about eight in all. Then I ferried over 
the great River Sufquehannah to Nottingham^ x^PennfyU 
va7tia : Some Friends came from thence into Mary-- 
land to meet me, and condu6t me over that large 
Ferry, which was attended with pretty much Dan- 
ger, it being a wide and very rough Sea, and I feem- 
ed in more Danger than I was upon the Ocean in 
the greateft Storm we met with, but through Mer- 
cy we all got fafe over, altho' with hard Labour and 
great Care and Difficulty ; and the iirfl: Meeting 
that I had in that Province was in Nottingham y and 
I had two in that Townfhip. Then I vilited the 
Meetings as they came in courfe, as New-garden^ 
London-grcve^ Kennet^ Concoy^d^ Chefter^ Spring-field^ 
and fo to Philadelphia. A great Number of Friends 
came out of Philadelphia to meet me, which gave 
me great Unealinefs, fearing I Ihould never be en- 
abled to anfwer the high Expeftations that were 
raifed by fuch a Condad:^ and it were better to for- 
bear fuch Doings, for it is rather a Hurt than a 
Help. Now I fliall give my Opinion of thofe Meet- 
ings which were fo very large, feveral of them a- 
mouuting to fifteen Hundred, and fome more, and 

moftlf 



172 Tbf LIFE and T'P^AV EL 3 

moftly another Generation ; but veiy tew of the E^ 
ders, that twenty Years before were ferviceablc, 
zealous Men, were now living , and many of the _ 
rifing Youth did come up in the Form more than ia 
the Power and Life, that their Predeceffors were in ; 
neverthelefs, there v/as a fine living People amongft 
them, and they were in a thriving good Way, fun- 
dry young Minifters being very hopeful, both Men 
and Women. 

I was at three Meetings in Philadelphia^ exceed- 
ing large, more like Yearly-meetings than common 
Firjl'days Meetings ; after which 1 ftaid but two 
Nights, being in hafte to reach a Yearly or Quarter- 
ly-meeting, near 300 Miles^ further North, ziNew^ 
port on Rhode- IJland^ fo I travelled from thence to 
Burlington^ CroJfwickSy Stony-brook^ and Woodbridge^ 
and had Meetings at all thefe Places, Then to 
Long-IJland. 1 was at a Yearly-meeting, as th^y 
caird it, at NeW'toivn on the firfl Day of the Week ; 
it was very large of both Friends and other People. 
There I found fundry of my former Friends, ^^John 
Rodman^ Hugh Coppertbwaite^ Samuel Bowne^ and 
fundry others, that had been of great Comfort and 
Support to me in my Imprifonment on that Ifland, 
and we were truly glad to fee and enjoy each other 
in the Truth of the Gofpeh 

Thence I took my Journey through Cofine^icut^ 
near two Hundred Miles, to Rhode-ljland^ and I 
went round from Newport^ vifiting th^ Meetings, 
as at Seconnety Cockfet^ Dartmouth^ and back to the 
Ifland, and lo to the Quarterly-meeting at A^crit;pi?r/, 
whicfci waj very large and continued three Days. I 

was- 



ef SAMUEL BOWNAS. 173 

was largely drawn forth to the Elders and Minifters, 
there being pretty many of them, and had very good 
Satisfailion in all their Meetings. Thence back to 
a Monthly-meeting at Dartmouth^ which was very 
large ; but a Narrownefs of Spirit did fome Hurt 
amongft them, and produged fomcUneafmefs, which 
I endeavoured to remove, which was chiefly occali- 
oned by a young Man's being, as fome thought, too 
much in the Fafhion, although plain, compared 
with fome others ; yet fome thought this Reafon 
fufficient to rcfufe his Propofal of Marriage among 
them, although well recommended from the Month- 
ly-meeting where he was a Member ; upon which 
I (hewed them, that as he was fo well recommended 
by Certificate, they could not rejcd: his Propofal ac- 
cording to our Difcipline. The Meeting, after we 
had fome farther Conference about it, let the young 
People proceed, and Matters grew eafy, and that 
Cloud of Difference difperfed and vaniflied, which 
was like to hurt both Monthly-meetings. 

From thence I went about five Miles to one yo^ 
feph RuffeWs^ in order to take fhipping for the Ifland 
of Nantucket. We met with fome Difficulty in the 
PaiTage, and were obliged to put into the Ifland cal- 
led Martha % Vineyard, but had no Meeting in it. 
After landing on Nantucket ou the fixth Day of the 
Week, Notice being given, the next Day we had a 
very large Meeting in the Forenoon, and on Firjl^ 
day it was much greater, efpecially in the After- 
noon, the Inhabitants generally inclining to Friends, 
there was great Love and Unity amongfl them- I 
dcfircdafckd Meeting of the Elders> to whom I 

had 



w 

174 The L I F E ^;7^ T R A V E L S 

had fomething in particular rchting to Difcipline and 
the Minijiry^ which was of good Service, and well 

. accepted. I ftaid two Meetings more, and viiited 
fundry Families on the liland, and then took fhip- 
ping back again, was two Nights on board, and be- 
ing in an open Boat, and the Weather very hot, it 
was tedious ; feveral of the Ifland came with us, 
and we landed at 'John RujJelH \ and from thence 
(having Nathaniel Starbuck With me) to a-fmall 
Meeting Q2\\tdiSeepecan^ and fo to Suckenafef. Here 
a Man gave fome Uneafinefs, by raifing Objecflions 
about the Lights, as not being untverfal^ rendering 
the Doctrine, as he would expound it, againft Rea^ 

Jony urging, that the natural Confequence muft hold 
forth as many Chrifts as People^ that were enlighten- 
ed by him. To which I anfwered, by alluding to 
the natural Sun, which enlightens the Earth, and 
every Dwelling, fo that we frequently fay, when the 
Rays of Light from the Sua come into the Room, 
the Sun Jhines into it -, but the Sun is not therefore 
divided, but 'tis the fame Sun that enlightens the 
Houfe here, that dees the fame to another elfewhere: 
Evenfo is the Light ofChrifi : He is the true Light 
that enlighten's every Man coming into the World. 
Thus expounding and iiiuflrating the Dodlrine of 
the Light, the People who were but a few, feemed 
much afFedled therewith, I had alfo in my Doc-< 
trine that Day laid down, the Kingdom of God or 
of Heaven to be within^ and that it was equally uni-^ 
verfal With the Light ; but at that he cavilled like* 
wife, but made Nothing of it, for I had it upon me 
to open and fct forth what the Kjngdom in this 

Piacf^ 



oj SAMUEL BOWNAS. 175 

Place meant, and how it ought to be underftood^ 
plainly fhewing, that by the Kingdom of Heaven was 
meant t\it divine Seed m the Heart, otherwife called 
the Grace of God^ which, as every one makes the 
Rule of their Actions, in both a moral and religious 
Condud:, it teaches us our Duty to God and one a- 
nother, by which wc are brought under the Gover- 
ment of Chrift, and thereby made Partakers of that 
Peace within, which may be juflly term'd the King-- 
dom of Heaven within. So the Objections thus made 
by this forward Man, though weak and impertinent, 
gave Opportunity to explain the Dodrine of the 
Gofpel more clearly, fo that altho' fuch Objed:ors 
leldom intend any Good, yet Good often comes out 
of their Objeftions. 

From thence I travelled to Sandwich^ Tarmouthy 
Scituatey and then to a Meeting where Michael Wan^ 
ton lived, and fo for Bo/Ion^ vifiting the Meetings 
to Lyftn^ Marblehead and Salem ; but nothing hap- 
pened at any of thefe Meetings worthy of Note. I 
came to Newbury^ the Town which I mentioned in 
my firft Journey, but there were very few Friends 
here now> not above nine or ten in all. The Peo- 
ple had Notice, but the Room was very fmalj, and 
the Prieft came, and did all he could to hinder the 
People from coming in, and made a very great Noife 
concerning the Danger of our Principles and Doc-i 
trines. I endeavoured to prefs him to fhew 'wherein • 
but he evaded that as much as poffibly he could, 
and charged in Generally but by being clofely prefs 'd 
upon^^ at laft he pitched upon our denying the Scrips 
tureiy Baptifm and the Stopper ^ and the ReJurreSion 

. of 






I76 ^^^ LIFE a;2dr R^A V E L S 

of the Body. I bid him hold, and firil: prove that 
v/c denied the Scriptures, and fo the reft in order, 
as they came in courfe : For I afferted, that we own^ 
ed the Scripture ; and he laid, 'we did not : And I 
demanded Proof of him, otherwife he muft be con- 
cluded a falfe Accufer. He went about it, but could 
make nothing of it. When he had faid what he 
could, I told him, his Accufation in this Point re- 
lating to the Scriptures muft htfalfey for that it was 
publickly known, that both in our Preaching, and 
alio in our Writings, frequent Recourfe was had to 
the Text^ to prove our Dodtrine, and this muft be a 
plain Demonftration and Proof, that we owned the 
Scriptures. The People allowed this to be right : 
And he coming fo lame off at firft, would proceed 
no farther in that public Manner, but would have 
me go to his Houfe, and talk thefe Matters over in 
his Clofet. I told him his Meeting-houfe was more 
proper for fuch a Conference than his Clofet, and 
there I would meet him when he pleafed ; for I 
told him, that I had heard that he treated the Doc- 
trines held by us, in his Pulpit, very unhandfomely, 
where he knew none dared to oppofe him, and if 
he would clear thefe Things up, Ifhould be pleai- 
cd with an Opportunitv to hear him do it in as pub- 
lic a Way as he had defamed us, either to make 
Proof of his Charges, or retradl them ^ but he would 
not permit any fuch Things : He had charged Friends 
with denying the Scriptures^ Chrifl^ the Refurre£iio7t 
#/ the Body y and that we pretended to Revelation now^ 
although, as he faid, it was ceafed fome Generati- 
ons fmce But he being a hgt. weak M»n, juft i^t 



of SAMUEL B OWN AS. lyy 

up in his Trade, did endeavour to ingratiate himfelf 
this Wav into the Minds of the Peopie, but he loft 
Ground by it greatly, lo that as he could make No- 
thing of it but Noife and Tumult, we parted ; and 
I was told, that Ibme of his own People- blamed 
him much, for the Interruption he gave me, and 
for endeavouring to hinder the People from coming 
to hear for themlelves. 

From thence I v/cnt to Atmjkiiry^ Hampton^ 6cc* 
it was Hampton Monthly-meeting, which held but 
one Day. I was concerned to ^ir up Friends to keep 
a faithful Record of all their Sufferings, to be made 
Ule of as Occalion might require, the Priefts Hear- 
ers making Spoil of Friends Goods to fupport their 
own falfe Miniftry, v^ith which Icme People were 
fo uneafy and opprefs'd, that Complaints in almoft 
every Townfliip appeared againft them. 

From thence I came to Dover ^ it was their Month- 
ly-meeting likewife : They were very raw, and man- 
aged their Affairs but indifferently, chiefly ocoafion^ 
ed tor want of lome better Hands to write and keep 
their Books in Order. I was likewife concerned 
here to put them upon recording their Sufferings^ 
and in a Way how to do it ; for they were Sufferers 
not only on Account of the hireling Preachers, to 
maintain them in their Pride and Idlenefs, but alio 
on the Account of bearing Arms, which was like- 
wife pretty heavy upon them in fome Towns ; but 
then in others their Neighbours were moderate, and 
made not much ado about them : But fome did com^ 
ply to pay oft their Quota about bearing of Arms, 
who would not pay a Doit to the Parfon, they fee- 

M ' ing 



178 75&^ L I'F E ^;7// T R A V E L S 

ing very clearly, that they were wrong, and preach- \ 
ed themfelves, and for themfelves. We had a fine \ 
agreeable Time in Conference, and there appeared 1 
both great Sincerity and Innocency amongft them ; i 
I was at their Firp-day Meeting, which was very ■ 
large, and to great Satlsfadlion. After Meeting, \ 
finding that fome Mifunderftanding was amongft ; 
them about the Building of a Mecting-hou(e, we ; 
got them together, (my dear Friend Nathaniel Star- \ 
buck from Nantucket being ftill with me) and^ we j 
endeavoured and perfuaded them to Peace and Love, ' 
in which we were fuccefsful : We appointed a i 
Meeting to be held there, which was attended by ; 
"allj or the greateft Part of Friends of that Monthly- \ 
meeting, and a fine comfortable Opportunity we \ 
had, and they leemed 'all very eafy and reconciled i 
one to another. \ 

Thence I went to Strawberry-bafik^ otherwifd \ 
Galled Portfmoiithy but it proved an unfuitabie Time, ' 
becauie all the Country was come together, the Mi- \ 
Jitary Part efpecially, with all their Arms and Ac- \ 
coutrements of War, to proclaim King George \ 
the Second^ (News being come three Weeks before, 
that his Father died on his Way to Hanover) and al- 
fo on Account of the Peace that vv as ccncluded with 
the Indians : However, notwithftanding the vaft, 
Crowd and Hurry, wc had a very quiet, though 
butfmall Meeting ; and Notice being whifpered, 
that there was to be a Marriage at Dover on a Day 
appointed, many in Curiofity came to it, and the 
People Itemed much pleafed \^ith our Way of Mar- 
rying, few of them havijig been at any before* All^ 

ended 



of SAMVEL BOWNAS. 179 

ended quiet, without any Difpute. Then wc had 
another Meeting at the new Meeting-houfe, after 
which I found a Concern to defire an Opportunity 
with the Minifters and Elders, which was very rea- 
dily granted ; and I w':;3 .ranch concerned to requeft 
and advife both the Minifters and Eiders, to endea- 
vour to keep in the Unity of the Spirit amongft them- 
felves, that they might be good Examples to the 
Flock, over which they were to watch, anH to be 
ready and willing to adminifter good Counfel, which 
the Apoflle Q2Xh feeding of the Flock ; and this he 
recommends to the Eiders as their Bufinefs : And 
that the Minifters look well to their GiftSj carefully 
avoiding either to abridge or enlarge in their Mini- 
ftry beyond the true Opening of Life in tbemfelve?, 
labouring with Diligence and Humility to evince 
the Truth of their Words by their own Conduit, 
that no Blemifh or Spot might appear amongfl them, 
nor any jull Ground to reproach them with teach- 
ing others what they did not pradife themfelves, 
being careful in Conduft, that their Words and Ac- 
tions might be agreeable ; this would give Autho- 
rity to their Miniftry, and attrad Honour and Re- 
fped: from their Hearers. 

From thence I vv^nt to villt the Widow Hanfon^ 
who had been taken into Captivity by the Indians^ 
an Account of which I took from her own Mouth, 
being in Subftance as followeth : ^ Eleven naked 

* Indians came with Violence upon the Family, and 

* killed two of the Children juft as they entred the 
' Houfe ; two little Boys more being at Play behind 

* the Houfe, when they heard the Noife, came 

M 2 running 



i8o 7^^ L I F E .jW T R A V E L S 

running in great Surprize, the younger of whom 
could not be prevailed with to moderate his Grief^ 
whereupon one of the Indians with a Tombci'wk (a 
little Hatchet) ftruck him on the Head and kil- 
led the poor Child, to rid themfelves of the Noife, 
and to prevent their being dilcovered, and toftrike 
the greater Terror upon thofc in the Houle. Then 
they rifled the Houfe of what they thought pro- 
per tj carry away. They took the poor Woman, 
who had lain in but two Weeks, along with them 
by Force and Violence, with her Httle Infant, and 
two Daughters, one Son, and a Servant Maid ; it 
being in the Afternoon, the Indians were in a 
great: Hurry to force them away as far as they could 
that Night, for fear of being purfued, and the 
Pfiforiers retaken. Thus they travelled for twenty 
Days, pafTmg through many Lakes and Rivers ; 
ndtwithftanding which they tock no Cold, but 
their Heahh was prefcrved.' The incredible and 
fevere Trials the poor Woman and her Children went 
through, during their Captivity, I cannot here dif- 
cribe to the full, in all which they were remarkably 
favoured by Providence, indnring hard Labour, 
though they w^ere drove to very great Straits for want 
of Provifions, being neceffiatcd to eat old Bear ahd 
Beaver-fkin Match- coats, flrfl (ingeing the Hair off. 
After my Return to Europe^ I faw at Dublin a Re- 
lation of this extraordinary Affair in a printed Nar- 
rative, which was brought over by a Friend from 
America. 

Now being eafy to leave thefe Parts for the prefent, 
I returned towaids Hampton, but in the Way had a 

comfortable 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. i8r 

comfortable Meeting at a Town called Sfrathaniy 
and io to Hamfon^ Aimjbury, Haverill and Nczvbury^ 
the Piace where the Pricft before had given (o much 
Diilurbances but although he hadNotice of the Meet- 
ing, he came not, and but a very few of his People ^ 
it was biit a fmall Meeting, yet peaceable. 

Then I returned to Lynn^ where was a Yearly- 
meeting, which was very large, and I had good 
Service in it- Then to 5^/t7:7, it being their Yearly- 
meeting for Worfhip, and Quarterly-meeting ior 
Diicipline, which was exceeding large 3 they had a 
Meeting of Minifters and Elders, in whicli I was 
much enlarged m Advice to both : Then came oa 
the Quarterly-meeting, in which for want of betfter 
Writers and Method, they Vv^ere fomewhat deficient 
in their Bufinefs, whereby it became tedious to 
themfelves 3 I endeavoured to put them in a better 
Method, which they took very kindly and well : 
And after this was ended, a Parting-meeting of Wor- 
fliipcameon, which was very /large, and was^ at- 
tended by abundance o^ Prcjbyteriam and other Peo- 
ple : I v/as very much drawn forth into various 
Branches of Dv)drine, and the Meeting ended well ; 
no Cavil or Diiputs arifing, which they arc but too 
liable to. I was informed, that what I had deliver- 
ed was taken down in Writing, but I never faw it 
tho' a Friend afterwards had a Sir>-ht of \x. 
and the Writer {aid, he did it with a View to have it 
printed by Subfcription, and get lomething by it. 

Not finding mylclf clear, I returned back with 
Friends to Havcril!y2.ud next Day had a comforfab:e 
little Meeting : Thcr.ce to Hamplcjz and Do-cer, it 
was Yearly-meeting there : Th-n^ h::ivinj; in alnx-fl 

M 3 c\'cry 



i82 t)f SAMUEL BOU^ N AS. , 

every Place once a Year a General-meeting, which 
. they call a Yearly-meefing, and by this popular Tit- 
tle abundance more People come together, in Ex- 
pectation of fomething extraordinary there to be 
met with ; it held two Days, and was to very good 
Content. Next Day I had a Meeting on Kittery-^ 
fide^ in an old Meeting-houfe that the Frejbyteriam 
had erected, but not being in fo convenient a Place 
for them, they had left it. Many, both Friends and 
others came, and before it was quite gathered, the 
Prieft with a large Company came in, and immedi- 
ately began to pray, continuing a long Time : But 
as foon as he had done, I {poke to the People with, 
fome Authority, which feem'd to daunt the Prieft, 
w^ho it was thought intended to have taken up all 
the Time himfelf, and to have put us by ; if he had 
fucceeded, they would have gloried and triumph'd 
much, but therein they were difappointed. In the 
Courfe of my Miniftry, I infifted on the Danger of 
negledling the Work of our Salvation, fpeaking cau- 
tioufly, that fuch an OmiJJion might be irreparable. 
The Prieft replying, faid, that {liould be exprefs'd, 
will be irreparable, I defired him not to difturb us, 
for we did not him ; and repeating my Words over 
again, with this x^ddition, I dare not fpeak conclufively 
of the Mercy of God, who is able by Chrift to lave us 
at the Hour of Death. After this he was filent, only 
writing when he thought he had any Room to cavil, 
but he was foon weary, for I was very ftrong both in 
Power and Dodlrine, and <:;reat Tendernefs was a- 
mong the People, which was ftrange to him, and 
Scripture came very apt to ccnfirra mv Dcdlrine ; 

the 



T/^^ L I F E ^W T R A V E L S 183 

the Pricft gi'owing weary would ftay no longer, but 
walked off, inviting the People to go with him, 
but very few went. We had a very good fervice- 
able Opportunity, the Meeting ended very quiet and 
well. 

Next Day I went to Vortfmouth^ having been there 
before at an improper Time, but now we had an ex- 
cellent Meeting ; then I was at the new Meeting- 
houfe, about which they had had fome Uneafinefs j 
we had a Meeting to very good Satisfaction, and 
Friends appeared well reconciled. Then I went 
once more to vifit the Widow Hanfon at K7wx anarchy 
that had, as before, been taken Captive. From thence 
to Stratham, having had a Meeting there two or 
three Weeks before, and the People were then very 
much affeded : But the Priefh hearing of it, was 
very uneafy, and went amongft his Hearers, beg- 
ging and praying them not to converfe with the 
§uakers^ if they could avoid it, fo that wx had but 
few that came, amongft whom was a Man in Drink, 
that did cavil, and v/ould pretend to a Difputation, 
but he was fo much in Liquor that he rambled in 
his Difcourfe, and knew not what he faid ^ he went 
away in a Rage, curftng as he went along. Thence 
I came to Hampton^ and Aimjbury\ and had Meet- 
ings at both Places. Thence to Ne^wbury z\\^ had 
a Meeting, to Vv^hich the Prieft was again invited, 
but he did not come near us. Next Day I w^as at 
their Monthly-meeting, which v/as but dull. Next 
Day I was up in the Wcods, at a new Place, w^here 
there were many People, and we had a good Meet- 
ing. Next Day I was at a Marriage, which was 

held 



184. of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 

held in a Prejbyterian Meeting-place, a very com^ 
modious handfome Houie, and would contain near 
two Tiiouland People, as fome faid ; however, it 
was as iuil as it could well contain, and the Meet- 
ing was very eafy and quiet : Sundry Teachers from 
the neighbouring Towns were there, and I was 
doubtful of fome J-ingling and Difpute, but all went 
oiFvery quiet and well: I was largely opened tofet 
forth the Service of our Monthly-meetings, with ref- 
pedl to taking Care of the Poor, deciding of Differ- 
ences, and taking Cognizance of Marriages : At 
which the People feemed pleafed, wondeiing that 
they had no fuch Order amongft them : This was 
a very high Day, and ended w^ell. Next Day I 
went to Ly72n^ had fundry Meetings at frefli Places 
about Lynn^ Marblehead, Salem^ and in/everal lit- 
tle Villages towards Bo/ion : Taking my leave of 
Friends in that Part of the Country, I came to BoJ-^ 
ton^ and had two Meetings there. Then I went to 
Mendam^ Brovideiice and Swanjh-, alias Wickaptn-* 
fett, and had Meetings ; and then to Scituate Y.ar- 
Jy-meeting, which held two Days, but nothing hap- 
pened uncommon, fave that the Parting-meeting at 
Pembrook was very large, very open, and to good 
Satisfaction : I had a Imall Meeting at Hanover and 
'Free-town, and fo back to Wickapinjett again, and 
then for Rhode-ljland Quarterly- meeting : The hrft 
I^ay I had fomething to fay to the Miniilers and El- 
ders about the Difcipline of the Churchy warning them 
to look diiigent'y to the Flock ; and letting them 
know, that the Apoflacy was partly occalioned thro* 
the Miuiders and Elders neglecting their Duty> ^^• 
N.-t Day \ras the Mcctin?- of Mirnftcrs and Elderj^, 

and 



r^^ L I F E tfW T R A V E L S 185 

and I was very much drawn forth to both. Then 
I had a Meeting at Providef^/ce middle Meeting- 
houie, which vyas fmall, but pretty well. Then 
by Mcndam I went to Leicefter^ and had a fweet 
good Time with a few leeking People, and in the 
Evening I had a long Conference with a young Wo- 
man about the Sabbath^ the Sacraments^ (fo call'd) 
and feme other Points \ in all which fhe fecmed 
very tender, and in a good Frame. I told her, I 
v/ould not treat her as a Difputant, in an adverfe 
Temper, but as a Sifter and Friend in the fame 
Faith in Degree : But fhe complained much of the 
Bondage of her Education, and lamented her 
Cafe. 

From thence I went to Oxford^ where was no 
Meeting fettled, nor any Friend in that Place ; the 
Priefts did all that in them lay to hinder the People 
from coming to hear Friends, when any came a- 
mongft them, if they knew it ^ however, we had a 
good Opportunity. Thence to the Meeting in that 
great Houfe, not far from Seth Aldrich\^ which was 
a fine full and comfortable Meeting. Then to the 
Upper Meeting-houfe, and fo to Mojhantatuck^ and' 
to Warwick^ and had Meetings in thcfe Places. 
I was defired to ftay to attend a Difpute. One 
Hugh AdamSy a Prieft, had challenged Friends, he' 
having undertaken to prove Infant- jprinkling iTom 
Scripture, to be an Oidinancc of Chrift. Eiit in 
the Proof he came off very lamely, Samuel Aldrich^ 
an excellent and ingenious Difputant, was by ap- 
pointment to manage the Argument on Friends 
Side, and none clfe : But fuch Arguments the Prieft 

brought 



J85 oj SAMUEL B W N A S. 

brought for their Sprinkling as were entirely new to 
the Audience ; one was, the Spray of the Red Sea, 
when the Children of Ifrael went through it, by 
the ftrcngth of the Wind jprinkling the Children, 
viz. Infants, as well as old People- ; and as the A- 
poflle faid, "They were all baptized in the Cloudy and 
in the Sea. This was full Proof of the Point for In^ 
fant-fprinkling^ he faid. But Samuel made an ex- 
cellent fhort Difcourfe on the Text, very much to 
the Purpofe, and he had fo much the Afcendant in 
the Argument on every Branch, that the Prieft loft 
Ground, and feveral of his Brethren being there, 
were much afliamed of him. 

Then I returned back to Rhode-Ifland^ and fo to 
Coakfet Yearly-meeting, which was very large ; and 
then Co Dartmouth Yearly-meeting, which was like- 
wife very large, and that Evening was a Meeting of 
Minifters, wherein I had much to fay on fundry 
Heads proper to them : And next Day being the 
Yearly-meeting, it was very large, as before, there 
being a great Refort of People many Miles round. 
It held three Days, and ended to the vSatisfaclon of 
moft. This Evening, as I was going to Bed, about 
ten at Night, there was an exceeding great Earth- 
quake, that made a Noife like the driving of Carts 
or Waggons on an uneven Caufeway 3 it continued 
about two Minutes, to the great Surprize of the 
People. It was felt about fifteen hundred Miles, as 
was after computed, and as was thought by Caicu- 
lation,was not quite three Hours in going thatSpace. 
From thence I went into the Ifland; and took 
my laft Farewell of my Friends in that Part of 

the 



rhe hlYE and TRAVELS i86 

the Country, having made a thorough Vifit a- 
mongft them. The Weather by this Time grew 
very cold, it being the Beginning oY the Ninth 
Mo?tth ; however, I proceeded to ConneBicut^ 
yames-town^ Kings- town^ and to Gr^^;2 W^/6 Month- 
ly-meeting. From thence Setb Aldrich^ John Cafeyy 
yohn Earky and Peleg Spencer^ accompanied me, 
and wx travelled into the Prejbyterian Country ; 
and firft, at a Town called Prefton^ we had a 
Imall Meeting, and hearing of a Funeral about 
three Miles off, we went thither; the People 
(who, as we apprehended were Baptijh) feemed 
much furprized, and our not joining a young 
Man who prayed amongft them, made them look 
more fhyly on us ; the poor Man feemed in Con- 
fufion : But when he had done, we had a fine 
Opportunity to guod Satisfaction. Then we took 
our Journey towards New-Loiidon^ and on the 
Way had a fmall Opportunity amongft feme 
Prelbyteriajis ; fuch of them who were bigotted 
that Way, were hard to fpeak to about the /;/- 
ward Work, they could not receive it. Thence to 
New-London on Groton Side, to one James Smiths 
who was one of Rogers's Kind of Baptijls, but 
his Wife was convinced, and they were under o-reat 
Perfecution by the Presbyterians, both in Body and 
Goods. I had a Meeting at John B-Ogerss on Ne-u;-' 
London Side, and he obje(5ted againft the Univer- 
fality of the Light that faves, and about Baptifm ; 
he had much to fay for the Continuance of Water- 
Baptifm, but at the fame Tihie would allow, that 
there was no real jpiritual Benefit in it at all; and 

he 



i88 oj SAMUEL BOWNAS. 

he aflerted, that that Light which condemns for 
Evil, was but the Tree of Knowledge and notfav- 
ing ; but Chrift's Light which faves, was another 
^hi?2g ; endeavouring hereby to divide between 
the Light that condemns^ and that which faves^ 
making them two different Principles from each 
other. I took the Bible, and turning to the firft 
of "John the Evangelift, ihew^ed him, that the 
Light there fpoken of, as the Divinity of Chrift 
the Saviour of the World, was the fame Prin- 
ciple thit condemned the Difobedient, and jiijiified 
the Righteous ; the Principle was not divided in 
itfelf, nor was it two Principles, but one and the 
fame in all: And though the Operation of this one 
Light differed, that Difference, it was plain, was 
not in the Light itfelf, but in the different Objedt 
on which it did operate ; as for Example, the 
fame Heat of the Sun xhiiJoftensWzx^ ^\\\ harden 
Clay; but this argues not two different Qualities 
in the Heat of the Sun, though the Effcd: of 
its Heat is different on Wax and Clay : By which 
(although this, or but few Allegories will hold 
throughout) the People law, that his Notion of 
two different Lights, one faving^ the other con-^ 
demning, had no Foundation in the Text. Then 
as to Baptifnij he divided the Inftitution into three 
Parts ; Jir/l^ from John ; fecondly^ from the Apoftles 
pra^ijing it 5 and thirdly^ from Mat. xxviii. 19. 
But I told him, as he had already allowed that 
there was no real fpirituai Advantage in outward 
Water-Baptifm, his imaginary Divifion of the Lifti- 
tution ieii of courfe 3 for 'twas againfl Reafon tofup- 

poie 



The LIFE and r R AV ELS 189 

pofc any Thing ordained or injlituted by Chrift, to 
be u(ed in his Church by Behevers, could be of no 
real Service 5 but thou allovveft that Baptiim with 
Water is of no real Service therefore it*s no Injlitu- 
tion of Chrift : But to conclude this Head, we may 
comparatively with the Apoflle lay, That it's not the 
vutward Part oi Chri/lianii\\ or Baptifm^ will do any 
good to Believers, but in reality he is a Chrifiian^ 
that is one inwardly : And Baptifm is that of the 
Heart, and not that of the Letter, that is really j^r- 
vicedble 2indi faving. Thus we ended this Confer- 
ence ; but he was full of Words, and confufed in 
his Notions. 

I had then another Meeting at Grotcn, though 
but fmall ; after that we had an Evening-meeting 
at ouQ John Wood's y^ which was the befl we had 
amongft that People, where fome Objed:ions were 
made ^^d!\n{\. pub lick Prayer, but their Objedlions 
were (oon removed. And afterwards at Colckefter 
and Hebron we had fome good Meetings amongft 
the People, tho' it was very difficult to get a 
Place to meet in at the former : But a Man of 
Refolution offered a Place, and there being a 
Town- meeting that Day, we had a large Compa- 
ny, who were very fober, no Cavilling or Difputes 
in the lead. Then we came to Sea-brook and iL/7- 
lingfworth, and had Meetiiigs amongfl a People 
who had feparated thcmfelves from the Prejhyteri^ 
^ns, and inclined to the Baptifts, and were gett- 
ing into a lifelefs Form of finging, and expound- 
ing in their own Way and carnal Manner, which 
was likely to be a Snare to their Hurt : We ap- 
pointed 



189 of SAMUEL B OWN AS. ^ \ 

pointed another Meeting amongft them, which 
was but fmnll, all my Friends favc John Cafey and 
yohn Earle having left me. We now fet out 
for NeW'Tork^ but had no Meeting till we came 
to Rye^ which w^as ab®ut 81 Miles. I was glad 
and comforted to be amongil our Friends again, 
having been ib long from them, they being much 
more agreeable to me than other People. From 
thence 1 went to Marrineck^ and over the Ferry 
to Flujhing, and it being their Quarterly- meetings 
which held three Days, the Meeting of Minifters 
and Elders was of good Service, among them 
were fome young Minifters ; at this Quarterly-^meet- 
ing we had alolidTime, a hrge Appearance of 
■young Friends of both Sexes being there. After 
this Meeting I went with Jd/fjua Fielding a little 
on his Way to the Eaflv/ard 3 and ov\ returning, I 
went to Viiit a Friend that was much afflicted, with 
/Lownefs of Spirits, and in a'defpairing Way, al- 
though he had from his Youth been a very fober 
-^ and orderly Man, but Providence having favour- 
'*^ ed him with confiderable Subftance, he imagin- 
^cd he tranfgreffed in having every Thinj^ too 
fafhionabie and too rich, and did not ferve his 
Maker with his Subftance as he ought to have 
done; this Was a great Load upon him. 

From thence I viiited JVeJfbury on the Plain : 

Thence to Sequatogue, Htmti?7gtcn^ and Oyfter-bayy 

and had good and very full Meetings. Thence 

to Maitinicock, and to Hewpjiead, where I had but 

" middling Times, tho' very large Meetings : I was 

rather 



^he LIFE and TRAVELS 190 

rather more iliut up than I had been for fomc 
Time -before, and being delired to go antl give 
the poor defpalring Friend another Vifit, I went, 
and iound him much out of Order, which made it 
unplealant to be with him. From thence io'Hemp- 
Jiead and Jamaica, the Place where I had been fo 
long a Prifoner twenty Years before, and had Meet- 
ings at both Places, but the latter was very fmallfpr 
want of due Notice. Then to Flufotng Monthly- 
meetings which was riiuch to my Comfort, not ha- 
ving had fo good a Meeting for fome Weeks before. 
I here receiv'd fome Letters from Friends at the 
Eaftward, which gave me fome agreeable Accounts 
of the Effe6t my Labours had had, by inclining fomc 
to come to our Meetings who did not before, in fe- 
veral Places vv^here I had Meetings, there being a 
Profped of fome coming nearer to the Truth and 
joining the Society ; withal informing me of the 
great Earthquake before noted, hpw that at New^ 
bury. Haver ill. At mjbiiry^zw^ Places adjacent, it con- 
tinued for fourteen Days, and was felt a long Way 
on the Banks of Mar emack River ; the Account was 
confirm'd by many who felt it, who declared them- 
fclves afraid to remain in their Houfes during the 
feveral Shocks, which returned every twent)^-foUr 
Hours, continuing about the Space of three Minutes. 
The Inhabitants did much b'ame themfelves for their 
Pride and Luxury, taking this to be a Judgment 
upon them for thofe Things. 

I then went back to v\{it Weftbury, Hempflead^ 
Rockway, and had Meetings in all thofe Places, 
and to Jamaica again, where we had a large open 

Meeting, 



The LIFE and TRAVELS 

Meeting, and thofe my old Neighbours, among 
whom I had been Prifoner in my firft Journey, 
came generally, and were glad to fee me, as I 
was to fee them, and we had a comfortable Op- 
portunity together. After which I vilited N^w- 
Towriy Flujhing and the Kihis by New-Towfi^ 
having a large Meeting ; and fo to Ne%v-Tork^ 
where I had an Evening-meeting, not very large* 
From thence to the Narrows over Staten-lfiandy 
and to IVoodbrtdge^ where I had a Meeting, and 
about three Miles diflant an Evening-meeting. 
Then to Shrewsbury to their Week-day Meedng, 
which was fmall, but very agreeable. Then to 
Manefquan, and back to Shrewsbury on Firft-dayy 
^where was a very large Meeting, and very ferviqe- 
able. Thence to Mtdd/e-Tozcmy where the Baptijls 
Jent us their Meetinghoufc to meet in, although 
they had given the Priefl Leave to preach there that 
fame Day, fo that the Prieil and his Hearers came 
fonie Time before our Meeting was ended, and 
enlarged it very much; no Cavil nor Dilpute hap- 
pened, but all ended quiet and well. Thence to 
Freehold^ and had a. Meeting in the Court-houfe 
to good Pufpofe ; althougli the People were of 
an ignorant Sort, who made no Profeffion at all 
of any Religion, yet feme of them were very well 
plealcd with that Opportunity. Thence to Aliens- 
Town and Crofwicks^ and was at their Meetings : 
Then went ^o vilit a Friend who- fometimes ap- 
peared in publick, and there was a DiiFerence 
in Sentiments about his Appearance, fome ap- 
proved and otners difapproved his Miniflry ; but 

altho' 



ef S AMUEL BOWNAE. 19$ 

altho' the young Man had taken Offence at thoic 
who did not like him, we got fome of the moft 
Difaffefted together, and gave him a Vifit, and 
by contering together, the young Man and thofc 
who were dilfatisfisd came to a better Underftand- 
ing, which was to all our liking. Thence to 
Stony-brook^ and Allen s-Tcu^n^ 9.nd Crojwicks ag^m^ 
to the new M'^eting-houfe, and to Mou?2t-Holly, and 
had Meetings at them all to Content. Thenca 
to one Meeting morCj and to tiaddovfeld yi^ctw^g^ 
Woodbury-Creek, Pilesgrove, Alloways^Creek, and to 
Cohanjey ; but the Weather being ib exceffive (harp 
with the Extremity of Froft, the Meetings were 
exceeding fmall. From thence to Salenty and had 
a very large open Meeting there, and thence to 
Haddonfield, and Thiladdplia, travelling over D^- 
laware-River upon the Ice above a Mile, and came 
to their Week-day Meeting, which was very fmall, 
by reafon of the exceeding Sharpnefs of the 
Weather : It is almofl incredible to think the 
Hardnefs of the Froft in thofe Parts ; a Man 
could fcarcely bear any Part of his Skin uncover- 
ed, for fear of bein^ froze. I ftaid in Town 
ovtx Firfi-day, and fromi thence went to Franks 
fort, German-Town J Abington, and Horjham, and 
fo back to Philadelphia^ and ftaid their Meeting 
of Minifters, and was at three Meetings on Firfl^ 
day, which were very large and good, cfpecrally 
the firftand laft. Then I vlflted Hertford, Radnor^ 
New-Town, Gojhen, and the Quarterly-meeting for 
the County of Chefter, held at Providence, which 
was very large, efpecially the Meeting of the Mi- 

N nifters 



394 ^^ LIFE and TRAVELS 

nillcrs and Elders, (for there were there the 
greatcft Part of the Mlniflers in the Province, and 
leveral from Jerfey Side) it was the biggeft Meet-' 
ing of Miniiters 1 ever was at in thofe Parts, the 
lime of the Year confider'd, and I was very 
much enlarged in Counfel and Advice to them, 
being never To opened on fundry Heads before 5 
and in th;: Meeting of Buiineis I was drawri 
forth to iliew the Qualifications of a right and 
true Eider, and the Excellency of right Govern- 
ment in the Church, which muft firft be known 
in cur own Minds ; for fuch who have not the 
Government of their own Spirits, are not fit to 
undertake the Government oF others. And after 
this I hi^d a Meeting at Middle-Tcwn^ and fo to 
Pro%)ide?iee General Meeting, but I had very little 
to fay in either of thefe laft Meetings. Thence 
to Varbvj and had a fmall Meeting, and fo to 
ThiJadelpbiay and had a b ave Meeting, infomuch 
that I was hi I'd Witli Admiration at fo uncom- 
mon a Supp'y of newDoiflrinc every Day, which 
gave me great Caufe to be more and more 
humble ; and when fome Friends wouid fpeak in 
Favour ot lucH an Opportunity, or Branch of 
Doftrine, it v^^ould give me a Shock, left by any 
of thefe unwary Commendations, I fhould take 
to myfeif that Honour which was"* due to the 
Father of Spirits^ and fo fall into a Robbery 
unawares. 

From thence I went to Plytnotith, North-Wales^ 
Eucki7:ghamy Wrighfs-Towny the Falh^ Nrfaamtny^ 
*nd jbnjiol, and had fatisladtory Opportunities tho' 

iome 



ofSAMVEL B OWN AS. 295 

fome more agreeable than others at each Place, and 
very full Meetings, the Sealon confidered. From 
Erijloi I went lo Burlington ^ and was at their Meet- 
ing of Minifters, but had nothing to fay ; I ftaid 
the Firft-d'oiy Meeting, which was very large and 
ferviccable ; it was the Qnarterly-meeting Time, and 
the Meeting of MlniHers and Elders, and L having 
had fuch remarkable Times among the Minifters 
occafion'd thcfe Meetings to be very large : At this 
Meeting I was divinely opened v/ith frelli Matter, 
fetting forth the Service of a divine, fpiritual Mini- 
ftry, which was free from all Contrivance and Fore- 
caft of the Creature, in preparing itfelf, either with 
former Openings, or beautiful Colled:ions of Texts, 
or Sayings from Books or Writings, all 'which Ga- 
therings would bring Deaih, and could be no other 
in the beft and moft favourable Conftrudlion, though 
well look'd on by feme, than the Miniftry of the 
Letter^ under Pretence of the Miniftry of the Spw 
rit, which is a Deception of the higheft Nature. 

Then I came into Pennfyhania to Wrighf s-Town^ 
was at their Meeting of Minifters, and had a very 
agreeable Time with them, wherein was fhewn the 
Danger of Murmuring at the feeming Weaknefs of 
our Gifts to a Degree of DejedVion, and Negledt to 
cxercife ourfelves in them, fhewing that every Gift 
of the Miniftry was of great Service, though but 
fmall in comparifan of others, and had a great 
Beauty in it, and that we ought by no means to 
flight and negled it, but to think well, and be 
thankful that the Father of Spirits hath given us a 
Gift, though but fmall. And on the other hand, 

N a to 



J96 rhe LIFE ^W T R A V E L S 

to exhort fuch as had a more elegant Miniflry, not 
to overvalue themi'elves upon their Gifts, but in Hu- 
mility and with thankful Hearts render the Ho- 
nour and Praife where due, not looking with an 
Eye of Contempt on their fuppofed inferior Bre- 
thren and Sifters, but in Love preferring each other 
to themfelves, more cfpecially confidcring, that mean 
and plain Diet, handled by Pcrfons who have clean 
Hands, and clean Garments, though but mean to 
Jook at, yet the Cleannefs of their Hands and Gar- 
ments, as alfo the Diet, though plain, put in decent 
Order renders what they have to offer very agreea- 
ble and acceptable to the Hungry, and for others 
we need not be fo careful. A Friend plealantly 
laid after Meeting, at his Table, / might freely eat, 
his Wife was n cleanly Houfe-ivifey being willing to 
improve the Simile, to her Advantage, ihc having 
fomething to fay, tho' but little, as a Minifter, and 
her Hufband thought fhe did not give way to her 
Gift as fhe ought. The next Day was Quarterly- 
meeting in the fame Place, which was pretty large, 
and I was drawn forth to fet the Degrees of El- 
ders, as well as their different Services, in a pro- 
per Light, under the Similitude of the various In- 
llruments made life of in the creding of a Building, 
and that every Inflrument or Tool had its Service, 
when ufed as Occafion required, and every Builder 
to ufe them at a proper Time, and not otherwife. 
Thence I went over the River to the Jerfey Side, ta 
one Meeting, that was large. Thence back to Ne- 
fmminy again, and to By bury, Abington, Horfham, 
JSiorth'Wales, and the great S'wamp, and had a De- 
gree 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 197 

grcc of Service and Satisfaction in all thefe Places. 
Thence I went to North-Wales to a Funeral. Thence 
to Perkeomingy had a fmall Meeting, and in coming 
from thence had an Evening-meeting at a Friend's 
Houfe, hig Name was Jobt Jacobs. Thence to a 
Funeral at Flymoiithy where was a very great Com- 
pany, and a very good Meeting. Thence to Fhi" 
ladelphia, and was at their Half-yearly Meetmg of 
Minifters and Elders : Sundry Friends came from 
Long'IJlandy and I was largely opened in it to re- 
commend a ftedfaft Conduft with Juftice and a fin- 
gle Eye to Truth, and its Caufe at all Times, and 
to fet forth the Service of Elders and Pillars in the 
Church, jfhewing how a Pillar ftanding upright 
would bear a great Weight, but if it leaned to ci- 
ther Side, it would bend, and perhaps break be-orc 
it could be fet upright again ; warning both Mini- 
fters and Elders againft Party-taking and Party-mak- 
ing, adviling them as careful Watchmen to guard 
the Flock, as fuch who muft be accountable for 
their Truft, and in particular, not to dip into Dif- 
ferences, the Miniuers efpccially, cither in the 
Church or private Families, but to ftand clear, that 
they might have a Place with both Parties, to advife 
and counfel, and fo they might be of Service in re- 
conciling thofe who were at Variance : And I had a 
Concern to caution the Minifters, in their Travels, 
not to meddle with Differences, fo as to rallily fav, 
this is right, or that is wrong, but to mind their ovva 
Service, guarding againft receiving any Complaints 
of Friends Unfaithful nefs before a Meeting, which 



19S Ihe LIFE and TRAVELS 

I had found very hurtful to me ; for fuch Informa- 
tion> without a carelul Watch, may influence the 
Mind to follow it rather than the true Gift. I had 
it alio to caution the Minifters, in their Travels not 
to be hard to pleafe with their Entertainment, but 
to fhew themfelves cafy and contented with fuch as 
poor Friends could let them have, and to guard a- 
gainft carrying Stories and Tales from one Place to 
another ; and as foon as their Service was done, 
to retire Home again ; for fomc, by flaying too long 
after their Service was ©ndcd, had much hurt them- 
felves, and been an Uneafmefs to the Church. I had 
likewife to caution againfl appearing* too often or too 
long in our own Meetings, but that Miniflers fhould 
wait in jheir Gifts for the Spirit to put them forth ; 
that they carefully mind their Openings, and not 
go beyond Bounds, tor if we do, we fhall lofeour In- 
tereft in the Minds of Friends, and our Service will 
be lofl ; always guarding againfl feeking after 
Praife, or faying any Thing in Commendation 
of our own Doings, neither to be URcafy when we 
have Nothing to lay ; z^ likewife to take Care at 
fuch large Meetings, not to be forward nor too long, 
becauic a Midake committed in fuch a Meeting did 
much more Hurt than it might do in fmall Coun- 
try Meetings. I likewife touch'd upon the great 
Duty of Prayer, requefling all to guard againfl run- 
in^ into too many Words without Underflanding, 
but carefully to mind the Spirit, that they might 
pray with if^ and with Under/landing alfo. 

Next Day was the Half-yearly-meeting, being 
the firfl-Day of tlie Week j I was largely opened to 

flicw 



-cfSAMUEL BOWNAS. 19^ 

Ihew the Difference between the true and falfc 
Church, letting them Side by Side, that thev might 
jud^e for themlelves. I {laid all that Week in Town, 
the Meeting not ending till Fcurth-day. I was at the 
Firfl acid ^Third-dafs Meetings following, and fa 
took my L(i?ave. 

From thence I came to Darby, Sprin^eldy Merion^ 
Chefier^ Chicbefier^ Ckrifieen, znd. I^€uca/lle^ and had 
tolerable good Meetings : Friends b;nng acquainted 
that I was now takiuci my L?,ave of the Country^ 
Meeting^ were very large, and leveral of them to 
good Satisfadion, much Openncfs and Biokennefs 
appearing am ongft Fiiends. Th'^rcc to Cfcrg/s^ 
Creek, Duck-Creek y Mother kill, Hoarkilis, Cold-Springs 
and fo back to Motherkill and Duck-Creek -, had 
pretty good Satisfaction in thefe Meetings : The 
r riends in thefe Parts were but fefdom vifited, and 
but very few public amongft them* The Priefts. 
both Church and Prejlyterians, attempted to da 
fomething, but the People being poor, and Pen^ 
fion fmall, they gave out for want of Pay. 

From thence to Chefter in Maryland^ it was n 
Half-yearly-meeting, but the Weather being very 
unfeaionable, made it but fmall ; it continued two 
Days, and the lafl Meeting was both largeft rnd 
beft. Thence to Cacil and back to Gilbert Fawk-- 
ners, and Johj ^ibbefs, and Duck-Creeky had good 
Opportunities, aad took my Leave after having one 
fmall Meeting about nine Miles diftant, and fo went 
for the Quarterly-meeting in Maryland at ^reaa^ 
haven-Creek^ it was held in the great Houfc ; a g^Ovxl 
Meeting, but I found feme Difficulties an i Mifun^ 
^X 4 derilandiigs 



too The LIFE and T KAV ELS 

derftandings among them, which did them much 
Hurt. Next was at a Moiithiy-mectingin the fame 
Place, where the Uneafmcfs appeared more plain, 
but Endeavours were ufed to reconcile Matters, and 
put a ftop to the UneaHncfs. l^hence to the Bay^ 
fidcy Tuckahoe, Marjhy-Creck, Ckoptank, and had 
Meetings in all thefe Places. Thence to France-- 
quaking^ Chickonancomaco^ Nanticoke^ znd over Vi ana-- 
Ferry to Mulberry-Grove^ and had Imall, but com-^ 
fortable Meetings in all thefe Places. Thence tor 
the Widow Gales at Monay^ and had a fmall Meet- 
ing there in her Houfe. Thence to AnnuameJjickSy 
and had a fm^ll Meeting in the Widow Waters^ 
Houfe. Thence to yohn Curtis ^^ and had a fmall 
Meeting at his Houfe; fo tp Thomas Crippin%^ and 
had a Meeting in his Houfe, there being no Meet* 
ing-houfes in thefe Places : Then one Captain 
T>rummond defxred a Meeting in his Houfe, which I 
alTented to^ and it was to good Content. This 
J)rummond was a Judge pf tHc Court, and a very , 
fcnfible Man. Thence to Ncfivadr.cks^ where was a 
pretty good Mecting-houle, and we had a 
very large and good open Meeting in it. Thence 
to Magoth-Ba\\ and had a very good Meeting at 
Edward M^ftins^ a fine zealous Elder he was ; he 
carried me' over the Bay in his Bont (about twentj 
Leagues they calTd it) to Nanfemundy we landed at 
old Robert Jordaits, and was at their Week-day 
Meeting. JProm thence went towards Carolina^ 
yofeph yordan accompanying me en my Way to 
HSiathan N'wh''s, and his Son went with mc to his 
Uncle GabrieP:. Next Diy I went to Pafcotanky 

and 



ej SAMUEL B O W N A S. 201 

iftnd had a fine open Meeting, which was very large, 
for the Inhabitants moftiy came to Meetings there 
when they expedled a Preacher, and at other Times 
pretty much. I vifited a young Man in the Neigh- 
bourhood, a pretty Minifter, but in a declining 
Way ; we had a comfortable Time with him, he 
being in a good Frame of Mind, fit to die. Thence 
ioLittle ^Rivery and to Perqui?nan\ Booth, to the up- 
per and lower Meeting-houfe, and had very large 
Meetings. Thence Gabriel Newby accompanied 
me towards Virginia back again ; the firft Meetings 
we had were at the IVeJlern- Branchy Pagan-Creek^ 
and at Samuel Savory % ; we had a pretty comforta- 
ble Time at thelaft Place. Then to Swans-Pointy 
and over James's River to Willi amjburgh^ and had 
a fmall Meeting at each of thefe laft Places : Joffph 
Jordan being with me, we paid the Governor a 
Vifit, and interceded for his Favour, on the Behalf 
of fome Friends put in Prifon on account of refu- 
fing to Train ; he was very kind, promiling to d© 
what lay in his Power for them, and our People ia 
general, and in a little Time the Friends were fet 
at Liberty, 

We then went {Jofeph being with me) to She- 
minho to the Widow Bate's^ it was a Yearly-meet- 
ing at the Widow's Houfe, which was pretty larg« 
and open. Thence to Black-Creek and ioCurF^^ 
and had tolerable good Meetings. Then we had a 
Meeting of xMinifters and Elders ; there were but 
a few Min^fters in thofe Parts, but we had a fuitable 
Opportunity to good Satisfadlion ; and indeed it 
not often iell out ihat in fuch Meetings I was in 

want 



2ot The LIFE anJ TRAVELS 

want of Matter fultable to their States. Next Da]f^ 
was the Publick-meeting, which was large and well. 
Next Day I was at IVain-Oak (thefe were all called 
Yearly-meetings) which was large and well, and 
yofephJorda?i\\Jidi excellent Service in it.butlhad ve- 
ry little to fay. Taence to tiie Swamp, GraJJy Swamp. 
Cedar^Creek, and Dover^ and had fine Meetings, Peo- 
ple being very ready to attend them ; thele Meetings 
were above th:^ Fal*3 of yarms's-River Thence 
back over the River to Robert Honycote^^ Le- 
muel Harg)oveSj Somertotij and to Nathan New-* 
bys ; in all thjfc Places I had Meetings, and fomc 
of them very large and open. From thence into 
Carolina to their Qjarterly-mecting, and had a 
Meeting; at James Griffefs Houfe. Thence to Lit-- 
tie-River on the Seventh-day of the Week, and firft 
of the Qaarterly-meeting: Next Day the Meeting 
was very large, and I took my Leave of Friends 
therein, and we had a baptizing Time together. 
Then I returned back to Virginia^ and was at Nah^ 
femund Meeting, and had a large Meeting at a 
Friend's H -«ufe, whofe Name was Levin Bufkin^ 
it was a fine edifying Meeti;ig indeed. Then I 
came to the Branchy and Cbuckatuck^ at their Month- 
ly-meeting, hwt Robert Jordan had all the Time, 
that being his laft Meeting, he being to come to £/7- 
W^W, to vifit Friends, in the fame Ship with me. 
Another Meeting was appointed at Arnold JVilkin-- 
/3;2's which was (mall. After Meeting I went to 
Robert Jordan's, hiving b^^en made exceeding wel- 
come, and alfo had fevcral good Opportunities in the 
Family. I went to but two or three Meetings 

mere. 



of SyiMVEL BOWNAS. 20J 

more, getting myfelf ready to return Home, and ac- 
cordingly we took Leave, and came down the River, 
to Kickatan^ but were forced, in failing there, by 
miffing the Channel, to lie aground by Newport's^ 
Nofe near twenty-four Hours before we ^ould get 
to Hampton^ and when there, ftaid about a Week 
and four Days, George Walker was very kind, in- 
vited us to lodge at his Houfe, which we did about 
four Nights, and had a Meeting or two in his Houfe, 
his Wife being more loving than I expedled : She 
\^2J^ George Keith\ Daughter, and in her younger 
Days {hewed great DiiTatisfa^tion with Friends, but 
after her Father's Death the Edge of that Bitternels 
abated, and her Hufband was very loving and hear- 
ty to Friends, frequently having Meetings at his 
Houfe. 

Having laid Wind-bound a Week and four Days, 
the Wind fprung up fair for us, and we weighed 
Anchor the 29th of the Fifth Month 1728, with 
a frefh and fine Gale ; Robert "Jordan feemed much 
pleafed that we were on our Way, and a fecrct 
Joy fiird my Heart, being thankful that I had 
been prefcrved fo well in Health, and affifted 
with Strength both of Body and Mind to accom- 
plifli this long and tedious Journey, through the 
very fevere Extreams of both Heat and Cold, in 
about eighteen Months, and miffed butfeven Meet- 
ings, w^hich were far back in the Woods, viz. 
one in the Government of New-Tork^ two in the 
' y^Kf^y^y ^^^ four in Pennfyhania : I was not eafj 
to mifs them, but my Friends thought the Weather 
and Seafon of the Year, together with the great 

Scarcity 



204 "^^r LIFE and TRAVELS 
Scarcity of the Proviiion both for Man and Horfo 
and the great and thick Snow, with the Extremity of 
the Froft, rendered that Journey hazzardous, if 
not impradticable, and to ftay till the Winter 
broke up, I could not fee it my Place y beiides 
which, by ftaying fo long I fhould have loft my 
Paffage by the homeward-bound Ships, otherways 
I fhould have been willing to have taken thofc 
Meetings, if I could have faved my Paffage, and 
accomplilhed it fo as I might wafte no Time, but 
go on diligently as I had done before, for there 
were but very few of their Meetings but that I 
vilited two, three, and fundry of them four, five, 
or fix Times, feveral of them being iituatcd in my 
Way in pafling to and fro. I was not by any 
Diforder or Sicknefs, or any Accident hindered 
(1 think I may fafely fay) one Hour all this Time. 
Indeed Friends had fcnt Word to appoint a Meet- 
ing for me about thirty Miles on my Way, but 
the Weather was fo cxtrcamly tempeftuous, that 
when we came there, no Meeting was appointed, 
fo, it was concluded I could not poffibly come, fo 
I w^s under a Ncceflity to ftayone Day longer in 
that Place, . which was the greatcft Hindrance I 
met with in all the Journey that I remember. 

Now to return : In our Voyage, about 250 
Leagues from Land as we thought, the Water feem- 
cd like a River after a hafty Storm of Thunder ; 
on feeing it thus, our People were under Surprize, 
and Ih that Surprize tried with the Lead for Ground^ 
but could find none ; it was fo uncommon a Thing, 
that the Sailors could not tell what io think of it : 

This 



f>f SAMVEL BOWNAS. 205 

This was about the 15th of the Sixth- Month '^ 
we had fine pleafant Weather, and great Plenty 
of Doiphins and other Firti, for which Providence 
I was very thankful ; but on the 22d of the fame 
Month, about three in the Afternooi>f exceed- 
ing Guft of Wind, fuch an Hurricane '#V:.. Sailors 
faid they never knew, came from the North, which 
bore fo unexpedledly without any Warning upon 
uf?, that to all Appearance our Ship would be in a 
Moment fwallowed up in the Sea, the Waves 
running over us, and the Water coming into the 
great Cabbin Windows and the Forecaftlc, lo that 
from five or fix Inches of Water in the Hold, it 
fo increafcd, that we had more than fo many Feet 
in a few Minutes; the Decks fcemed as the' they 
would break down; being fo very heavy with the 
Waves breaking in upon them, they alfo ftaved 
us above a Ton and a Half of Water in Cafks 
fafi:en'd upon Deck, wafiied fome Hogs overboard, 
and drowned us fevcral Dozen of Turkeys^ Geefe, 
and other Fowls, which afterwards, with the Wa- 
ter and Swine, were much mifs'd by us ; bcfides 
all this, the Wind tore our Sails like Paper, broke 
our Foretopmafi:, and feveral of the Yards, like 
rotten Sticks, and the round Foretop ; the Ship by 
the Violence of the Tempejfl lying fo much on 
one Side, as though flie would not right up again, 
fo that they were for cutting away her Mafi:s and 
Rigging, but I begged the Mafl:er not to do it, but 
to truft to Providence, for I was fatisfied flie would 
rife again as foon as the Wind abated: And the 
Wind began to abate in a little Time, and the 

Ship 



2c6 The LIFE and TRAVELS 

Ship righted up, but the Tiller of the Rudder 
being broke, it was very dangerous, until they had 
got the Rudder faftened, which in a little Timo 
before it was dark, was effected wiih great Dif- 
ficulty and Danger; but the Sen running fo very 
high^ toit the Ship very much, and the Sea came 
in with that Violence, that there was no Ap- 
pearance of any Thing but foundering and linking 
immediately, for feme Time, cf|)ccially till the 
Rudder was put to rights; but when they had 
the Command of the Rudder there were feme 
Hopes of Relief, but while the Rudder was at Li- 
berty there was no commanding of the Veflel, 
but fhe lay at the Mercy of the Sea, and it leem- 
ed as though that would alone carry away the 
Stern of the VefTel, by being forced through the 
Violence of the Waves from one Side to the other : 
But when we had got up the dead Lights, and fc- 
cured ourlelves in the beft Manner we could, then 
all Hands to pump, for we found between (tvea 
. and eight Feet of Water in the Hold, but as the S 
toiling of the Ship made that very difficult to guefs | 
right, it might be more or lefs ; however, having j 
a good Ship, new and firm, we found Hope in- i 
creafed, but we were all very wet, and very much 1 
fatigued, and a dark and troubleibme Night it was, ■ 
and we much longed for Day, but the Wind was \ 
very much abated, not iafting above two Hours j 
fo very flrong : And when Day-light came wd ^ 
were glad, but that was foon turned into Mourn- | 
ing, by difcovering the mean State of our Ship, : 
cfpecially the Rigging and Sails, and finding fo j 

great ^ 



cj SJMUEL BOWNAS. 207 

great a Lofs oi Water and frefli Provifion, Things 
of Value, next to Life itfelf : All thefe LolIe» 
put together were Caufe of Trouble, but by griev- 
ing we could not help ourfelvcs, therefore wc 
could with the Pfalmift, in fomcthing of the like 
Nature, fay, fuch Trials put People to their H''it$ 
Endy * howbcit, in turning the Mind to that 
divine Power and Providence which is prefent eve- 
ry v/here, ruling both by Sea and Land, and whcym 
the Winds obey, I found Comfort in meditatiiig 
on his Promifes to care for thofc who put their 
Truft in him. 

Now our Men, who were all prefervcd from 
any other Damage, faving the taking of Cold, 
wh ch we all fe!t the Effcdt ot to a great Degree, 
went about putting the Rigging to rights again, 
which took up a full Week befo e we could make 
Sail, the Wind blowing ftrong and variable ; and 
when they had got Things in a good Condition 
the Wind was againft us for feveral Days, w^hich 
made us thoughdul to take Care of what Water 
and Provifion we had, that we might not be 
furpri'zed with Want, when we had no Power to 
arm againfl it. The Men were all cali'd up to 
hear a Propofal, which was thus ; Three Pints 
of Water a Man for twenty-four Hours, and 
five Pounds of Bread for a Man a Week, having 
other Pfovifions, both frefh and fait, a good hand- 
fome Stock, to the full Allowance. At this ther# 
was Uneaiinefs ; but this Allowance would hold by 
c^ur Calculation but lor about four Weeks, fo that 

it 

% Pi^lm evil. 27. 



2o8 r^^ L I F E z^;?^ T R A V E L S 

if we faw not fome Hopes of getting in, in two- 
Weeks, wc mufi- come to lefs Allowance again.- 
The Wind continued ftill againft us till the 7th 
of the Seventh' Months and then veered a little 
to the Southward, and we apprehending ourfelves 
to be too much to the North, were not willing 
if we could avoid it, to put into Ireland : But in 
about thiee Days after this we had a brave Wind^ 
which laded for fome Day?, and it gave us Hopes 
of feeing Land, whiw:h we much longed for, be- 
ing threatned with Want of Provifion, of both 
Bread and Water, but not Flefh, if Providence did 
not interpoie : Our Hearts were chcarful, and 
Gladnefs appeared in every Countenance, but alas ! 
it was but a fliort-liv'd Joy, for in the Forenoon 
on the 13th the Wind fcanted upon us again, 
nnd about five in the Afternoon we founded, try- 
ing for Ground, but found none ; this made us 
all look pale, and Sadnefs of Heart appeared in 
every Countenance ; btiide^^, our Ship being a 
dull Sailer, added fomewhat to our Trouble, fear- 
ing that we were farther from Land than wc 
thought by our Reckoning, and the greatcfl: Com- 
fort we had, v/as a good Ship ui^der us, tliough 
a heavy Sailer, therefore we cheered each other 
with the Hope of gaining our Port in due Time 
with Safety and Comfort : And this I moralized 
to myfelf, by confidering the Refemblancc of a 
Chrijlians Progrefs through this Life, fometimes in 
a Degree of Profperity, being under Encourage- 
ment to prefs forward with a fair Wind, and anon 

tinder 



• ^7 SAMUEL BOtfNAS. 26^ 

iinder as great Adverfity and Difcouragement by 
Temptations, Perfecutions and AiBidlions. 

In two Days more we founded, and found 
Ground at eighty-two Fathom, judging ourfelves 
from the Lizard iixty Leagues ; but alas ! the 
Wind veered and blew feven Days ftrong againffc 
us, fo that we were driven from Land, as we 
thought, a Hundred Leagues. This made us talk 
of fliortcning our Allowance again, but that Night 
about twelve o'Clock the Wind veered in our 
Favour, and the Sailors cried, A large Wind^ a 
large Allowance ; Nothing being more difagreeable 
in its kind than a large Wind and fhort Allowance. 
And the Wind being fair, we went on with Cheer- 
fulnefs, and upon the Credit of this fair Wind 
fome of the Men had not a Morfel of Bread left: 
by Night, nor a Spoonful of Water, and had near 
thirty-fix Hours of their Week to come : How- 
ever, wc went along fo agreeably, that every Bo- 
dy look'd pieafant, and it was comely to behold ; 
but alas ! this lafted but about fixteen Hours be- 
fore it came right in our Teeth again, and blew 
very ftrong. Such Ups and Downs we had, that 
the Sailors grew very uneafy, and did curfe and 
fvvear, nay did not fdck to blafpheme in fuch a Way, 
as made it very uneafy, and unpleafant to hear ; 
but this did not laft: Ipng before it was calm, and 
the Wind came up fair again, and we fpeaking 
with a Ship outward bound, they gave us new* 
Heart, by advifing us that Scilly bore from us Norths 
Ball: about twenty-two Leagues Diftance. Alfa 
this Day we fpoke v/ith the King s Ship call'd the 

• Dragom 



4io The hlVEand TRAYUh9 

Dragon^ conic from Jamaicay and in the Evdnirrg: 
favv fiindry Ships coming in ; this made it looic 
very pjeafant, beiides a fine Gale in our Favour, fa 
that on the 27th we favv the Land about five in 
the Evening, and a Ship to Windward bore down 
to us, and told us it was the Lizard, and we 
jad;;eJ that it bore E.N. E. from us about fix 
Leagues Diilaace. Next Day the Wind was againft 
us, turning in the Night E. N. E. fo that we 
lod Sight of the Land again, but tacking and 
ftanding the other Way we foon faw it, and hav- 
ing the Tide under Foot, though but a leant Wind, 
we fliot in a confiderable Way, yet after the Tide 
was fpent we thought wc loil Ground, but the 
Wind veering to our Advantage, and a better 
Gale, did help us much, fo that on the 28th 
we fliot pretty near in, thinking to have put into 
Falmouth y but the Wind being iliil more favoura- 
ble, we flood for the '^ Ramhcad^ then it grew 
jalmoft calm, fo that what we got by the Flood 
we loft by the Ebb, and we could but juft difccrn 
the Eddijlone like the Mail oi a Ship through a 
Glafs, and fcarcely at all with the naked Eye > 
but on the 29th, it being the Firft-^day of the 
Week^ having a fine Tide and good Wind all in 
our Favour, gave us fome Hopes to get into Fly- 
mouth by Meeting Time, the very fhought of 
v/hich was agreeable : But alas! by eight in the 
Morning we found, to our Sorrow, the Tide 
a.^ainft us, and the Wind dying away^ we loft 
^^round, but iliortly after the Wind blew pretty 

ftroj:>g 
♦ A V<mt of LarAfQ caird» 



ftrong and fair ; then we found we ftem^d the Tid^ 
&nd got, a Httle forward, and when the Ebb 
was ipent, the Flood with the Wind came in 
very ftrong, though a Neap-tide, fo that we raif- 
cd the Land very faft, and about two in the Af-^ 
ternoon came a-breaft the EddiflonCy about a Muf- 
ket-fhot from it, arxd had a full View theieof, go^ 
ing along with Pieafure, In about a Quarter of 
an Hour after this, Pilots came off, leveral Ships 
wanting M^ Condud", and about nine we got fafe 
to an Anchor, juft by the Paflage againft Edgcombi 
Houlc, and on the 30th I landed at Plymouth^ and 
ftaid in Town that Day, and was very thankful I 
was fafe on Shore again, having been juft nine 
Weeks on our Paflkge, and the lad five of it was 
a very trying and afflidting Time, but the four 
firil: were very pleafant and comfortable. 

Being now on Shore amongft my Friends, I 
took Horle the ijfl: of the Eightb-Montby and came to 
Exeter that Night. Next Morning, being the ad 
of the Month and fourth Day of the Week, I 
came Home, and as I entered my own Houfe, oh ! 
the inward Comfort and Pleafure which I felt, 
ravifh'd my Heart, that I could fcarce forbear to 
cryout^ God! that God who judgeth Men^ isju/iin 
ell bis WaySy and rewardeth Peace into the Bofoms. 
cf thofe who fear and obey him. And being by all 
my Family and Friends kindly received, made my 
-Return exceedingly delightfuK 

In about twenty-two Months and odd Days I 
/inifhed this Journey, from the 2 2d of t\\Q.Tenth^ 
Month ijz6, to the ad of the Rigbtb-Montb 

9 z .i72§. 



2t2 the L I F E^W T R A V E L S 

1728, and in that Time I travelled by Land and 
over Rivers about five Thoufand three Plundred 
and tv^enty-two Miles, beiides paffing and repair- 
ing the great Ocean ; and as I had been out of 
that Country fomevvhat more than tv^enty-one 
Years, and found fo great an Increafe of the Pro- 
feiibrs of Truth, I had a Curiofity to examine a 
little into it, finding moil of the old Meeting-houfcs 
very much enlarged, tome to hold double, and 
fome treble, and fome four Times the People 
that the old ones would in my firil going thither, 
and even novv^ lome wanted to be either enlarged;^ 
or new ones built at proper Difranccs > befides the 
Account of nevr Houfes built in that Time, in 
Places where were ijone, nor Meetings but what 
were kept in private Houfes, v^hich grew fo nume- 
rous, that Necciiity put them upon erefting Houfes 
to accommodate themfelves. In New-England and 
Rhode-ljland are twelve : In the Government of 
New-'Tork are fix : In both Eaft and Weft-Jerfey 
are nine : In Pennfylvania thirteen : In Maryland 
four: In Virginia nine ; and in North-Carolina three*' 
In all, there have been fifty-iix new Meeting-houfes 
built within thefe two or three-and- twenty Years 
pafl:, and in thefe Provinces there are about ten Pla-* 
ces more that want where they have none, and ma-^ 
ny old ones want to be enlarged, not having Room 
for Plalf the People. Now the extraordinary In-^ 
creafe of Profeilbrs is much to be attributed to the 
Youth retaining the Profellion of their Parents, and 
marrying fuch : For chief part of the People in 
pennfylvania are of this Profeiiion^ as well as in the 

Jerfeys, 



of SAMUEL B OWN AS. 213 

Jerfeys^ and Rhode-IJlandy fo that yoang People are 
not under the Temptatioa to marry fuch as are of 
different Judgments in Religion, as in fome Parts. 

Now being fafe returned Home, I was diligent 
in my Wav, minding my Bafinels, and attended 
public Meetings, Funerals, &c. until the Year 
1740, at which Time I found a concern to viiit 
fome Parts ot the North, and Ireland, which comes 
next in courfe, with relped: to both Time and 
Place, viz. 

An Account of my TRAVELS into /y&^ North ij/^En^ 
^2LVi^,and\xz\'\viAythe feconciT^ime, in theTearij^tO. 

A FTER having acquainted my Friends with 
-^^ what I had in View, requefting, as is ufuat in 
the like Cafes, a Certificate from the Month'y-meet- 
ing, which was readily granted, I left my Houfe the 
I ft of the Third'-Month 1740, and went to the Fu- 
neral of an intimate Friend, viz, Thomas Harey of 
Long-Sutton, the Meeting was very large a. i well^ 
Thence I went to Street, and fo for BrijJo to. the 
Yearly-meetings which was attended by many 
Friends, and was very much to Satisfadlion ; J was 
largely opened both in the public and felecl Meet- 
ings of Minifters and Elders. Leaving that Place 
J went to Bath, Bradford, MilkJIjam, Chippenham y 
and Cahi in WHtfmre, and had in all thefe Places 
Meetings to good Satisfadion, in fome more than 
others. Thence to Newbury, Reading, Wickham, 
and Uxbridge, and had Meetings at all thefe Places, 
which w^re pretty well. Thence to London to th^ 

03 V«r^i 



^ a 14 5^^ LIFE ^;?i TRAVELS 

Yearly-meeting, where I was more particularly en^ 
larged amongft the Miniflcrs than ever I had been be-, 
fore in England^ which gave me fome Apprehenfi- 
on it was to be my laft, and Vi^hen I was taken fick, 
of which in its Place, it feemed to confirm it. I 
had likewife a very good Time in ihe Parling-mect- 
ing, which confirmed me that I was in my Place. 
From thence I went to Herffordj it was their 
Monthlj^meeting, and I ftaid three Meetings in that 
Town. ''Thence to IVare and Roy/ion, and had con- 
fiderable Meetings in both Places. Then into E/Jex^ 
to Saffrori'-Walden^ Thack/lead and Cogge/halL, and 
had tolerable good Times; fo to Colche/ler Yearly- 
meeting;^ which was very large, and I had the Com- 
pany of John Gurney\ and Jofiua ^ojt, who both 
had very eminent Service in that Meeting. 

I was taken ill with a Cold, but had fo good a 
Time amongfl the Miniflers, that I thought myfelf 
almofl cured ; but after Meeting riding to Bury^ 
it brought fuch a Fe^er upon me, that I thought I 
could not furvive it, and this fecmed to confirm my 
former Apprehenfion, from that uncommon En- 
largement I had amongfl theMiniflers mLondony that 
1 fhould never have another, and this Notion grew 
upon me, adding much to my Lownefs of Spirits ; 
however, I was obliged to tarry a Week with my 
Friend "^ohn Drewett^ at Bury^ and his Kindnefs P.nd 
Tendernefs over me in that low, weak Condition, 
was very great and comfortable ; he conveyed mc 
to MildenhaU in his Chair, but I was very wesk, 
f nd obliged to ftay at Jcfepb Ellingtons one Week 
longer, who was likewife very kind and tender 
#yer mf , From 



4 SAMVEL BOWNAS. 115 

From thence I went to Brand, znA through fomc 
Part of Norfolk into Lincokjhirey and had very largd 
Meetings ^iLyitn^ and ^tGainlborough a great Num-i 
ber at a Funeral, and Meetings at feveral other PJa-* 
ccSj which were large. I met my dear Friend Jo^ 
(Jjua ^oft at Lynn^ and he was with me at Gedney^ 
and other Meetings between that ^t\AGainJborough^ and 
then we parted, and I went into TorkfJnre, and had 
iundry large Meetings, confidering: the Places, as at 
heeds ^ Raw den ^ Bradford^Skipton^ Settle, and Sedbergh ; 
(at which lail Place my Mouth was firft opened rn the 
Miniftry) and onFirJl- day to Kendal, and had two large 
Meetings, and then went diredly for Whitehaven by 
Cockermouth, but had no Meetiiig till I came to Dub^ 
iin, ftaying in V/hitehaven but about two Hours. 

I took Shipping the ift of the Sixth-Month ij\Oy 
and landed fafe at Dublin the 4th. I ftaid there two 
Firjl-days^ being under fomc Diforder, and from 
thence I went to Drogheda and Monallen^ where I 
was verv particular about the Call and Qualificatirmj- 
of trueGofpel Miniflers, flicwing, that wicked Men 
could not be fuch ; and thence to Lurgan, and had 
fatisfadlory Opportunities, Michael Lightfoot being 
there at the fame Time. From thence to one Meet- 
ing between that and hijburne^ and fo I went to the 
North as far as Balluarrey, and then returned back 
to Toberhead^ OldCaJlle^ Coot hilly vifiting Meetings on 
that Side to Limerick and lo to Clonmelly Toughall^ 
and to Corky to the Province Meeting, and back by 
JVaferford to a Province Quarterly-meeting ^iMount-^ 
tnelUck^ vifiting Meetings round as I went to Mon^ 
trathy Edenderry^ and fo to Dublin to a Marriage, 

Q 4. wheff 



ai6 7^ LIFE ^/^i TRAVEL 8 

where for fome Time I had very hard Work, but il 
ended very w^ell : Frorfi thence I went into the 
County of Wicklow^ and round by CarloWy viliting 
the Meetings round to the national Half-yearly- 
meeting atZ)^MV/, about the i ith of tht Nrntb-Monib, 
I found in that Nation a brave, zealous and li- 
ving People in the Root of true Religion and Dif- 
cipline, or Church Government, well qualified with 
Experience in divine Wifdom ; but there were alfo 
fome who feemed very perfedt in the Form, and ap- 
peared to the outward very exad: and zealous againft: 
Pride and worldly Cuftoms, but for all that, the In- 
fide was not rights io that I found often very clofe Ex- 
ercife amongft them, in warning them againft the 
Leaven of the Pharifees, which was equally, if not, 
rnore hurtful to Religion than that of the Publicans: 
And in fome Places ihewing, that it was needful tO: 
be good Examples in Plainncfs of Speech, as well as 
Apparel, which many had deviated from ; but ne- 
verthelefs fuch there were, who tho' plain, and o- 
therwife flridt, were too much taken up with the, 
JVorJd^ and the Riches of it, making Hafle to increale. 
their Subflance, which was a very great Hindrance 
to their Growth in the Life of Religion, and made 
them dwarfifh therein ; letting forth, that a Forniy 
without Lifcy whether by Education or othervi'^ife, 
would nqt avail y alfo warning the Miniflers in the 
Exercife of their Gifts, to ke?p to the Spirit^ and 
mind carefully their Openings^ and not to preach the 
Letter^ under a Pretence of Preaching the Spirit^ 
and fo inftead of miniftering Life^ minifter Death 
%o the People. In the main, I had great Ccyrafprt, 
|i^d nia-ny yery good Opportunities. \ 



cf SAMUEL BOV/NAS. 217 

I lett that Nation fi|U of Peace in my own Mmd» ) 
being glad that I went thither : I was at eighty-two . 
or eighty-three Meetings in it, and took Snipping the • 
19th oi iht Ninth" Month 1740, in Company with 
my dear Friend Michael Ltghtjo.of, for Workington^ 
and was but twenty-four Hours on the Water; it 
>yas a rough though very quick PafTage : My Friend 
was very fick, and fo was I ailo, biit not to that De.- . 
gree as he was. We hired Horfes to go to White-- , 
haven, it being about fix or fcven Miles, and ftaid 
there till next Day, it being Fi^Jl-day, and had two 
Meetings, the laft being very large. Iviiitedall the 
Meetings in and about Cockermoutbj and Pardjay,'. 
many of which were very large, and then by Kef- , 
wick to Hawkfioead, where I was much comforted, , 
being at Friend Laficaflers Houfe at Co/thoufe, znd: 
had two Meetings there, which were very full. 

Thence I went to Kendal, had no Meeting, but. 
next Morning went to iS^^^^r^/^ to the General-meetr.; 
ing, which was fmall by reafon of a deep Snow and 
very hard Weather. Thence to Prejion-Patricky^ 
and back to Kendal, but had no Meeting. Thence- 
to Crook, and had a fmall Meeting, then back to 
Kendal to their Week-day Meeting, where was a! 
Funeral. Thence I went to Shap^hwtxX. was very? 
bad travelling by reafon of the Snow and Froft. 
Thence to C^/;;^rr/^W QuarterlyTmeeting, by C^;v. 
lijle and Moorhoufe to Wigton, where it was held ^ and 
confidering the Seafon, it was very large, holding 
two Days : At a Meeting of Miniftcrs and Elders 
held in the Evening, I was pretty much enlarged, 
|S well as at the other Meetings. I returned back 

to 



2i8 rhf LIFE and TRAVELS' 

to Penrith^ being accompanied by my Friend Row^ 
land Wiljon this Journey, who was of great Service 
to me, and my Friend "John Wilfon and his intended 
Son-in-Law met me at Penrith^ where we had a ve- 
ry large Evening -meeting, to very good Satisfadion ; 
the Diffenting Teacher, with many of his Hearers 
were there, and it was very well. Thence to Tcrily 
and to the Monthlv-mecting, at GreaUStricklandy 
and fo by ^hap to Kendal^ v/here I was at three 
Meetings befides the Quarterly-meeting, and the 
Meeting of Minifters, all very large and Satisfac- 
tory; and the Weather was much warmer. I took 
my Friend John Wilfon^ Houfe for Home at Ken-- 
daly and JapnesWilfonszt Sedhergh, ftaid their Fii-Ji^ 
i/^zy Meeting, and had an exceeding large Meeting in 
the Evening, That Meeting, with Cockermouth and 
Whitehaven^ were three of the largeft Meetings I 
had in the North that Journey. Thence to my 
old Friend Robert Chambers^ and to Prefton General- 
meeting, and dear James WUfon and his Wife met 
me there, it was a pretty large Meeting, but I was 
much fliut up in it j and after Meeting "James and 
John JVilfon^ with Robert Chambers^ and fundry 
others accompanied me to the Quarterly-meeting at 
Lancafter^ which began next Day, and w^as very 
large. Thefe Quarterly-meetmgs of Cumberlandy 
WeJimoreJandznd LancaJ}:ire^ were three of the largefl 
that I remember to have been at, one after the other, 
in fo fhort a Time, and they had an excellent Oeco- 
jiomy in the Management of their Affairs ; but there 
was no Meeting of Minifters at Lcmcafier, at this 
Time. It may be Iqid, I think very juftiy, that thefo 

three 



ef SAMUEL BOWNAS. 219 

three Counties are in a thriving Way in the very Life 
of Religion and true Godlincls. 

Having received a Line from my dear Wife, that 
fhe was weakly, and wanted me to return, prevent- 
ed my viiiting the North sis I had in View, fo that 
from Lancajler I had no Meeting till I came to Man-^ 
ehefter where I had two good Meetings. 1 hence 
to Stockport^ Macclesfield and Leek^ and had fmajl 
Meetings at each Place. Thence to Birmingham and 
had two Meetings, the laft a Funeral, pretty large, 
but not fo editying as I could have defired it. 
Thence to Wcrcefler^ Gloucef.er, and Briftol^ and had 
Meetings at them all to very good Satistadion, efpe- 
cially at Worcejler^ and BrijioU 

In this Journey I travelled in Ireland (exclufive of 
the Sea) fix Hundred and feventy -eight Miles, and 
in England^ before and after my Return from Ire^ 
land, nine Hundred and Thirty, which in all is iix- 
tecn Hundred and eight Miles, and fave my Illnefs 
at Bury,, had my Health as well as I could exped:, 
being humbly thankful, that I was fo ftrcngthned 
both inwardly and outwardly to accomplifh myjour- 
jaey fo well, not having, that I remember, left any 
Thing undone in that Nation, fave fomething I had 
to fay in the Mens Meeting at Dublin^ but their 
hafty breaking up prevented it, which gave me Un- 
cafinefs for fome Weeks after, and I remark it here 
for a Caution to others 3 for I mift fuch an Oppor- 
tunity as I could never more cxped: to have, and thig 
added to my uneafinefs. Thus I faw that my 
Fear of breaking in upon the Meeting, and hinder- 
ing their Bufinels, made me lofc my Tim.c^ fo that 
I came off with a Burden upop tny Mind , An 



220 27^^ L r F E and T R A V EL S 

An Account of my TK\YEL?> fmce the De^ 
ceafe of my IViJe^ who after a lingering JJlnefs de^ 
parted this Life the 6th of the Third-Month 1746. \ 

J Set out from my Houfe th^ 27th of the Fourth- 
Month 1746, towards the Qaarterly-mceting at 
Lifkard in Cor?iwad^ which in that County and De- 
vonfhire^ arc ufually cali'd yearly-meetings, and had 
two fmall Meetings in the Way, i;/2f. dxCoUumpton 
and Oak-hampton ; thence to hauncefton., where we 
had a very large Meeting, the Place confider'd, the 
People being very fober and attentive, and the Doc- 
trine of the Gofpel flowed freely to them ; I was, 
much comforted with that Meeting : Thence to 
Ijifkard to the Quarterly-tneeting, which by reafoa 
of theUnfeafonablenefs of the Weather, was fmailer 
than ufual, there being few befides Friends, but 
Things were tolerably well, and from thence to 
* Plymouth: Friends of both Counties attend thefe tvyo 
Meetings. After which I had a Meeting in the E- 
vening at a Pafifh, where I think but one Family 
of Friends dwelt, we had a tolerable good Meeting, 
many People came to it ; thence toKingJbridge^ and 
fo for Exeter and was at their Week-day Meeting, 
but had Nothing to fay y fo by CoUumpton to Chard, 
and then Hume, where I ftaid until it was Time 
to fet out for the Yearly-meeting in Glouceflerfldire, 
held at Hampton^Road^ which being v/cU fupplied 
by fundry able Miniflers attending, it wai^ thought 
to be of good Service, 



$f SAMUEL BOWNAS. 221 

I returned by Bath^ Froome and Shiptoij- Mallet^ 
had three Meetings at Bath^ one at Froome^ and one 
at Shipto?i, all to very good Satisfaftion, and then 
Home, where I ilaid fome Time; but finding the 
Conflraint of Love to vifit Lo7idon^ I waited to be 
dearly fatisfied in the Undertaking, and was hot eafy 
to ^o till the 20th of the Eleventh-Month. 

I went by Briftoly and the Meetings were very 
large, I (laid two Firji-days, and had very good Sa« 
tisfadtion in being there 3 then I went for London 
through Wilijhire, and had a tolerable fatisfad:ory 
Opportunity in the Evening at Chippenham^ where 
fundry Strangers came in ; next to Caln^ and had a 
Meeting there alfo, but not quite fo fatisfadory 5 
thence to Marlborough^ and had a very open Tirae^ 
many Neighbours came who were very fober and 
attentive 3 thence to Newbury^ and had a Imall Meet^ 
ing3 thence to Readi?ig, and was there on Firfl-day 
both Morning and Afternoon, and had good Satif-^ 
fad:ion ; thence to Maideji-^head^ where fundry Friends 
from London met me 3 from thence I went to ^ 
Meeting at Uxbridge appointed for Hannah Harris ; 
from thence to London^ and was in Town four 
Weeks. In five Firft-days I vifited all the Meetings^ 
and fome of them fundry Times over, and had fornc- 
times great Satisfa6lion and Comfort, but at other 
Times I was very low and under great Poverty of 
Spirit ; the Firjl-days vvere hard Service : The E-^ 
vening Meetings at Grace-church- (ireet were very q- 
pen, and the Gofpel flowed to them very plentifully, 
Jit which Meetings vaft Variety of Hearers frequent- 
ed, of diifercnt States and Profeflions, but the Foun-- 

taia 



2^2 lli L I F E ^TiJ TRAVEL S 

tain being opened, there was a Supply fuitable td 
their Conditions, 

After I was clear of the City, fundry Friends ac- 
companied me to EJhery where we had a imall but 
pretty open Meeting ; thence to Guildford^ where 
we had a very imall and poor Meeting. I queried, 
why they did not give their Neighbours Notice ? To 
which they anfwered, tbey did not ufe to do it. There 
is a very great Rcmifnefs amongft our People in this 
Refpedt, for if they were diligent, and dclirous to 
have the Company of their Neighbours, where the 
Minifter is fo concerned, it might be of great Service 
to them, I went from thence to Godalmiriy where 
we had a very large open Meeting j thence to Alton^ 
and had two very agreeable Meetings; fo to Win-- 
chefter^ where were but a few Friends; then to Rum-- 
fey, and had a fmall Meeting ; fo to RingwoodWcck-- 
day Meeting, which was fmall but pretty well ; 
thence to Pool^ and had a Meeting or two there, 
and then Home ; being very glad that I (ucceedcd [o 
well, both as to Health and Ability of mind, getting 
Home about the middle of the Second^Montb^ ^7M' 

I now vifited the Meetings in the Neighbourhood, 
until the 9th of the Third-Month 1747, and ontliat 
Day took my Journey towards Brtjiol Yearly ^meet- 
ing, and I had but one Meeting between Home and 
Brijicl ; the Meeting there was very large and well. ] 
From thence to the Quarterly-meeting for Gloucefier-^ ' 
Poire ^ it was held at T^hornbury^ and I had a very fa- < 
tisfadlory Time there : Thence I went to Nail/worthy , 
was taken much out of Order in the Night, but I 
went to Meeting, althgugh not very fit for 1% 1 my \ 

4e»f i 



tf SAMVEL BOWNAS. 22^ 

dear Friend Richard Champion came there, and I went 
with him to his Houfc, which made me think, by 
the Refpe<a:and Kindnefs he fhewcd, that he was 
an excellent fympadilzing Friend in Afflidtion, iot 
he foon, for my Encouragement faid, hewotddgo to 
Worcefter with me^ for the Meetings were appoint- 
ed fo far ; and my worthy Friend went with mc 
thithen 

I was bravely recover'd by the Time I got to Wor-- 
cejier^ having only Cheltenham and Tewkjbury Meet- 
ings between that and Nail/worth. I was at Worcef- , 
ter on Firfi^day at three Meetings, and had good Sa- 
tisfaction and Peace in them. I went thence to 
Bromfgrove^ and had a fmall Meeting comfortable 
and well ; thence to Birmingham^ where I flaid the 
Seventh-day^ and went to Coventry on Fir/l-day, and 
was at two Meetings there, which were both open 
and well, but the latter more fo than the firil:: From 
thence to Hinkley, Leicejler:, Cajlle-dunnington^ and 
to Nottingham on Firji-day^ where I was at their two 
Meetings, but few beiides our own ProfelTors were 
there ; the Meetings were tolerable well : I had not 
very agreeable Service, to my own Apprebenfiony 
in lome of the above Meetings, though fome Friends 
thought my Dodlrine fuitable to their States, and 
that is the chief End which we ought to aim at. 
From thence I went to Mansfieldy and had a very 
full Meeting at a Funeral, with which I had great 
Comfort and Peace : Th^nc^ to Cheprfield, Sheffield^ 
and V/arnfworth^ and had tolerable good Opportuni- 
ti(^s ; thence to Rawcliff] and to Tork Quarterly- 
meeting;, where I had gog4 Service, 

Fronr 



^24 "J^he LIFE and TRAVELS 

From Tork I went into Holdernefsy by Thorny Ith^ 
they^ Malt on ^ Cranjhjoick^ 2ind Beverley , wherev/asa 
Monthly-meeting, which was, I hope, ferviceable^. 
being a large Gathering of both Friends and other 
People of different Perfwafions ; thence to Hully 
Welickj Oiiftwick^ Hornfey^ and Burlington : Ouji-- 
wick was a very large Meeting, the others but fmallj 
but not to complain of 3 thence ^o Scarborough ^ where 
I flaid a full Week, and was at two Firjl-day Meet- 
ings, which were both large and comfortable \ I had 
feven Meetings in that Place to good Satisfadlion ; 
then I had a fmall Meeting at St ant on -dale ^ and lb to 
, Whitby., and had three Meetings there, but they were 
laborious, being pretty hard to get through ^ thence 
to MoorfafAy and at Cafileton had a fmall Meetings it 
being Harveit-tihie many Friends could not-attciid. 
From thence to Kirby-Mocrfide^ and lodged ivith 
my dear and worthy Friend John kichardfon at Hut- 
ton in the Hole^ and was at a very large Meeting at 
Pickerings called a Yearly-meeting, but it did Hot 
anfwer Expedlationj many of the People, who were 
tiot Friends, coming to it as to a Revel, and would 
afterw?a'ds get drunk before they went Home, which 
gave Friends much tlneaiinefs, and Room to confi- 
der, whether beftto continue it or hot. 

I returned to my old worthy Friend JohnRi'chard^ 
fon^ whofe Converfation and Company was very a- 
greeable and profitable ; thence to Kir by ^ and had a 
Very comfortable Meeting; ; fo to Bilfdaky Teaton^ 
Stockton 2itiaTa7^niy had fmall Meetings, but pretty 
. ftpen and edifying, x^t Tarm^ my Friend "Thomas 
Couldwell q{ Darlington^ and my worthy Friend 

James'' 



of S AMUR L BOWNAS. 225 

James Wiljon and his dear Wife, met me ; Thomas 
Could'wllvjdiS their Son-in-Law, and had a few Words 
in Meetings to goodSatisfadlion ; he was an innocent 
reputable Man, both in Miniftry and Condudt. 

James went with me through the County of Dur^ 
ham, where we vilited moil of the Meetings to New-* 
tajik ; from thence we went into Allendale^ and had 
a pretty large Gathering of Friends^ the MontKly- 
meeting being there, and their Buiinefs was well 
conduced, and the Affairs carried on ti^ Edificati- 
on and Comfort. From thence to Al/i one - Moore ^ 
had a pretty large Meeting, and a comfortable Op- 
portunity, it being Monthly-meeting alfo : From 
thence to Cornwcoi^ which was pretty full, and I 
had an agreeable Time. There being here (ome 
Convincement, I was opened to fhew the Differ- 
ence between a true and falfe Mijiijiry^ demonftrat- 
ing the Qualifications of each, that they might judge, 
whether z. fpiritual Qualification, which fancftifies 
and purifies the Confcience, fitting it for the jeceive- 
ing the Knowledge of the divine Will, by Infpi- 
ration of the holy Spirit \ or a human Qualification by 
Literature and Books, with what they call Ordinati^ 
on^ too often without the Sandlification of the Heart 
by the Word of Truth, was moil likely to advance 
the Work of true Religion. 

From this Place we went into Cumberland \ but 
after the firft Meeting James Wilfon went Home to 
look after his Affairs, it being Harveft-time ; but I 
vifited Cumberland pretty thoroughly, and was at 
Moorhoufe Meeting, and fo to Coldbeck^ but was ta- 
ken fo ill there, that I could not attend that Meet- 

P ingj 



^26 "^f^^ LIFE and TRAVELS 

ing ; from 'hence I went to Ithil z\aA Cokermoutb^> 
Parafay and pyhitthaven^ but I was very weak and 
low in'my Spirit, which rendered me very unfit for 
Service. I was at Workington on Firji-day^^ and had 
a very large and open Mcecmg, lo that I was finely 
recruited, and gathered Strength both inwardly and 
outwardly : From thence I went to Broughton^ AU 
lonby^ and to Holmy where was a trouhlcf ^me VVu- 
man, in whom the Spirit which influenced the Pear^ 
fons was very llrong, flie gave fome Diiturbance, e- 
fpeciaily iojohn Vrwin, but no Body faid aiiV Thing 
to her ; and after I had ipoke fome Time, and con- 
cluded, flie ftood up and exprtfl-d lomething to this 
ElTecfl, Here is a great manijine Words put wcil toge- 
ther ^ but where is the Ltje t And in Meetings ihe 
would often caft forth Reproaches and RLflcftions 
on Miniilers, both of the fame CouiUy and alfo 
Strangers. From Ploim we went round to W^gtcn^ 
ai.d I ftaid there over Firji-day, but John Urwtn left 
me, I had two very tdiiylng Meetings ; and Irom 
thence I went (p Moorhoufe^ and had a tolerable good 
Meeting, and lo to the Quarterly- meeting at Car-- 
lijle, which was very hirge, and I had good Satisfac- 
tion both in tht Meetings of Bufinefs, and the Meet- 
inj^s of Minifters, to my great Comfort ; and thele 
Meetings .yery much rellored me, for I had been ve- 
ry low and weak with the Diforder I took at Ccld^ 
beck^ but my Friend "^ohm Vruoin was of fingul^r 
good Service to me. 

In the Vifit f n m Carltjle to Penrith^ I went v^^ith 
my Frien IjohnWilfon and his Brother Cr^W/^;?, who 
were fo kind as to meet me at Carlifle^ and we had a 

very 



of SAMUEL BOJVNAS. 227 

very large, good, open Meeting, and I doubt not, 
the Power of Truth was eminently felt that Day by 
fome. From thence I went to Great- StJ^ickland 
Monthly- meeting for Difcipline, and to Shap^ and 
had fome Service, although I was dejected and low; 
and always when I was in that Condition, I endea- 
voured in fecret to be full, waiting in Patience, with 
fervent Prayer that I mi^ht beprefervcd in the Sim- 
plicity of the Gofpel, to appear jufi: as the Truth af- 
filed, carefully guarding againft forming any Image 
ox Likenefs from a wrong Root, left I fhould of^ 
fend my Mafter, as Ijrael did in Mofes^ Abfence^ 
by forming to themfelves that dumb lifelefs Idol the 
Calf, to worfhip after the manner of the Egyptians^ 
From Shap I \vtnt, to Kendal^ the Quarterly-meet- 
ing for Wejimorelani being there, it was very large, 
and I was niuch opened in it, having very latisfac- 
tory Service both to myfelf and fundry Friends : From 
thence I went to Lanca/ler to the Quarterly-meeting 
for that County, and had there very agreeable Ser- 
vice. Thefe three Quarterly-meetings fucceded one 
another, viz. Cumberland, Wepnor eland, and LaU" 
cufolre, and are the largeft of any I know of in this 
Nation, and falling fo in a Line, gave me the better 
Opportunity to attend therh \ I ftaid 2XLancajier over 
Fnjl-day, and had fome Service there, where werei 
two Meeting?, and both pretty large. From Lan- 
Ciifler I went to Telland, and had a fmall hard Meet- 
ii]g, my Friend Robert Cha?nbers and Wife met me 
here, and I went Home with them, and fo to Fref- 
taign Meeting nex-tDay; it was but fmall andhea- 
?y, n^y^n^v,^SarahWilJon,'Jamch^NV.^, und fome 

r 2 other 



228 7Z>^ L I F E ^/;^ T R A V E L S 
other Friends from that Side, met me there, v^ith 
whom I went ioBrigJIats Meeting, it was a fine Ga- 
thering, and a comfortable Time. Thence to Denfs 
Town, where was a General-meeting, which was 
pretty large and well : Thence to Garfdale^ and Ra^ 
^enfionedale^ and had two frnall Meetings which were 
edifying, altho' not without fome Mixture of Unea- 
finefs and Trouble, chiefly occafioned by Unfaithful- 
nefs and Indolence prevailing on fundry Profeilors, 
from whom one might expcfi: much better by their 
Appearances, and the Places they aimed to fill in 
the Church : Thence to Brig^fats Meeting on Firft-^ 
day *y and their Monthly-meeting lor Difeipline be- 
ing on the fourth Day following, I fiaid there, and 
all was conducfled to Edification and Comfort ^ thence 
to Gra^rig, a fmall Meeting ; fo to Crcok^ where 
fome Friends from Windcrmoo7^e met me \ it was but 
a fmall Meeting, and we had but a low, poor Time.- 
1 came back ioKendcd, and w\as at xkizFirjUday Meet- 
ings, that in the Afternoon v/as large, and I opened 
pretty clearly the Difference betwixt a natural^ and 
'di fpiritiial State ^ (hewing the Neceffity of the lafl, 
in order to qualify for the Knowledge of divine Things, 
as that knowledge is not to be attained to by the na- 
tural Man ; we had an edifying and good Time. 
"James WiJfon% was my Home while at Brigflats^ and 
"John JVilJons at Kendal^ during my Stay there. 

I went from Kendal toBenthafriy and had a confi- 
derable large Meeting to Satisfaction 3 thence to Set- 
tle^ and was at their Monthly- meeting for Difeipline ; 
thence to Skipto?2^ and had a fmall Meeting there 5 
and fo to Eradjord^ where I was on FirJI-day^ and 

had 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 229 

had pretty good Satisfadion ; this Week gave me a 
good Degree of Eafe and Chearfulnefs of Mind : 
Th^cnccio Rav-don, Leeds, Gilderjham, znd to Br ad^ 
j'^n/Monthly-raeeting, which was very frrxall, chief- 
ly occalioned by the Inclemency of the Weather, it 
being very heavy Rains and a great Flood 3 and I re- 
turned to Leeds, and fo back to Rawdon, and to the 
Monthly-meeting ztAfqtiith, >vhere I met with dear 
Benjamin Kidd '^ the Meeting was pretty large, and 
I think to good Purpofe. I returned to Leeds on 
Fir/i-day, it being my lafl and farewel Meeting ^ the 
Widow Hornor\ Houfe was my Home, and in it I 
had great Peace of Mind and Confolatipn, though 
Hie was at that Time under a very trying Ex- 
ercife, which gave her fome uneafy Thoughts ; but 
coniidering the great and clofe Trials fhe had under- 
gone, fhe bore it with great Decency and Patience, 
plainly demonflrating, that fhe was highly favoured 
of Truth, and always dwelling near it, to theCom- 
fort of her Family, and all feniible Friends w^ho had 
the Opportunity of her defirable and edifying Coi|-* 
verfation. 

I left Leeds, and went to Wakefield to a Funeral, 
on which Account the Meeting was fomewhat lar- 
ger, tho' it was a very flormy Day, and much Snow 
fell at that Time ; John Scott was with me, and we 
had a tolerable good Opportunity : Thence I went 
to Pontefra5l, and had a fmall Meeting; it was a 
deep Snow, and very hard Froft, which made it ve- 
ry bad Travelling ; thence to Warnjworth to their 
Monthly-meeting, where Roger Shackelton met me, 
and flaid with me till after Fit^rday^ John Scott be- 

P3 ing 



230 T^^ L I F E and T H A V E L S 

ing ftill with me, but Roger then returned Plome j 
we went from thence to Blyth in NottinghamJJoire^ to 
the Funeral of a worthy Elder and Minlfter, and 
had a very large Company, who were orderly and 
fober in their Behaviour ; thence io Hanfworth-lVood^ 
bctife, and had a fmall Meeting \ thence to^Sbeffield^ 
and had two large Meetings there to prettygoodSa- 
tlsfadlion : I jflop'd one Night at my Friend Peter 
Aclam^, at Ciittborp^ and then I went to Chejierfield^ 
and had a fmall Meeting there, and Ju) to Mansjield\ 
and had another fn^all one \ thence to Nottingham 
Week-day Meeting, ^nd fo to Leicefter on Firli-day^ 
here 'John Scatf left me. The Morning-meeting 
was but fmall, but that in the Afternoon was much 
larger, and both were to pretly good Satisfaction. I 
was at two or three fmall Meetings in the County; 
and then I came back to the Quarterly -meeting at 
Leicejier where I had a fatisfadlory Time before the 
Bufinefs came on^ which was condudleJ with Pru- 
dence and Love. 

From Leicejier I went to a general Monthly- mcet-^. 
ing, in a Parifh called JFigJloji-t^wo-Steeples on Firji- 
day^ where the Meeting was pretty large, and to . 
good Satisfaction ; and that Evehing came back to 2, 
Meeting 'sxLeiceJler^ Benjamin Holme being there al- 
fo, and the Meeting was well and comfortable ; 
Thence XoHinkley^ and had a comfortable Time, 
and fo to Nuneaton^ and had a very large Meetings 
which I hope was to good P^rpofe ; then to Covevi- 
jfry Week-day Meeting, and to Atherfion\ thefe Meet- 
ings were of fome Service, but not large : Thencq 
to WarU'ick on Firjl-day^ and had an Evening- meet- 
ing 



of SAMUEL BOW N AS. 231 

Ing the third Day following, which were all com- 
fortable O^^portunitics : Thence to Henley and had a 
fmail Evcr.inc^-IVIeetin^^ : but Friends were too ne- 
glii^ent in acquainting their Neighbours, for which I 
had Caufe to blame the in in leveral Places. From 
therce I went 10 Birmirigkam, and was at their 6Vx//6- 
{iay Mceti p.g, which was Imall ; I (laid over Ftrji^ 
dav^ and had two Meetings to pretty good Satisfacti- 
on, and I was comforted ; the fourth Day following 
I was at their Monthly-rneeting, which was well 
conduced, and I had an edifying Time in it to the 
Elders, tu keep their Places a*s Watchmen over the 
Youth, and to be good Examples^ and to take Care 
the Poor v/ere not negleded, but afTifled in due Sea- 
fon. From thence I went to Stourbridge ^ndi Bewd-^ 
ley y at St our bridge we had a fine large Meeting, fun- 
dry People came in, befides Friends, and it was of 
good Service : From Bewdley I went to Worcejler on 
Fir(l-day, the Morning- meeting was fmall and hea- 
vy, but that in the Afternoon was large and more 
open ; from thence to Tewkjbury^ and had a very p- 
pen^ good, edifying Opportunity, thoVbut a fmall 
Meeting ; thence to Cheltenham^ where altho' I r^^- 
queftcd Notice might be given, it was neglected, 
and the Meeting was very fmall 3 from thence to Paifif- 
ivick, where I much prefs'd Notice might be given to 
their Neighbours ; I likewife gave feveral Notice of 
the Meeting myfelf, defiring them to acauaint others 
of it, and by this Means we had a large and open 
Meeting 5 I hope it was of good Service to fome., 
they being very fober and attentive : From thence 
to Nailfworth^ and although it is a very confiderablc 

P4 ' Meetin^i 



232 TS^ L I F E ^;^^ T R A V E L S 

' Meeting, if not the largeft in the County, it was ve^ 
xy Imall, yet we had a comfortable Time together. 
Thence I went to Thoriibury on Fit-Jl-day to a Fune- 
ral, which was very large and open ; irom thence 
to Brijhly and was at the Third zni\ Sixth-dax Meet- 
ings, and on Firji-day at two Meetings, which were 
all well and comfortabje ; thence back to Thornbury 
to the Funeral of a worthy Eider, Thomas AUy^ he 
was much refped^ed, which his Neighbours mani- 
feded by giving their Attendance at the Meeting, 
v/hich made it very l^rge ; and many divine Truths 
were opened, which appeared to Satisfaction, there 
being Teachers of fundry Profefiions, who were ve- 
ry attentive : Thence to Frenchay^ a fmall Meeting, 
and fo to Briftol\ I was at the Sixth-day Meeting, 
and at a Funeral in Temple-^lireety where many of the 
People called Methodifls came y I f aid over Fir{l-day^ 
and had two Meetings, being edified in both, but 
the Iftft in Temple-^ fir eet rather exceeded : From thence 
I came to DaJjilx\^2iX ShiptGn-Mallet ^ and had a very 
fatisfadlory Meeting at Rofcombe, about a Mile oft 
Da/Jil, where fundry Baptijis, Methodijis, and other 
Diffenters came, being all very fober and attentive ; 
and indeed what much contributed to enlarge the 
Number was, that the Baptifi Teacher gave Notice 
both to his own People and the Inhabitants of the. 
Place, and gave his Attendance himfelf 3 and aiter 
Meeting he came to the Friend's Houfe where we 
dined, and defired a little Converfation, which was 
readily complied with ; this gave fome reafon to think 
he intended to objeB, but it proved to the contrary, 
for he was rather too much abounding in his Praife, 

commending 



oj SAMUEL BOWNAS. 233 

pommending whar he had heard more than I approv- 
ed of, wanting to know, whether I had not ftudied 
that Sermon (as he called it) before I came there : 
IVfy Anfwer to it was, I knew not when I camethere^ 
whether I Pjould have any thing to fay ornot, fo Jar I 
was from having any Thing provided beforehand : He 
faid it was a very good Sermon, and very luitable for 
them who heard it. He was very loving, and fo wc 
parted. 

From Rofcombe I came to Long-Sutton, and had a 
fmall Meeting; thence to Sherborne Meeting, the 
fmalleft I ever was at, or had in that Place, and to 
but little Satisfadtion ; the Smallnefs of the Number 
was much owing to the want of Notice to the Town's 
People ; from thence to a Funeral at Teovilly of an 
antient Woman of ninety-five and upwards ; a large 
Company of Neighbours attended the Corps, and 
we had a good Time, the People being very ferious, 
and leerned edified with what was fpoken ; frorr^ 
thence I came Home, it being the i6th oi ihoTwelfth-- 
Month 1747. 

I ftaid atHorae,andvifited the neighbouring Meet- 
ings until the 2d of the Third-Month 1748, and theri 
went towards Briflol Yearly-meeting, but had no 
Meeting till I came there, except the Monthlv-meet- 
ing for the North Divifion of the County of Somerfety 
and though it was very fmall, the Affairs thereof 
were conduced with Prudence and Judgment 5 
thence to Briflol Yearly-meeting, which was to ge- 
neral Satisfaction. 

From Briflol I went to Bath^ and had a fmall 
Meeting, and {p to Pickwick ; I had a fmall Meet- 
ing 



234 7^^^ LIFE ami TRAVELS 

i )g at Corlham, and then went to Bradford on Firjl-^ 
day 'y the Morning-meeting was Imall, but pretty 
open, that in the Atternoon was very large, and I 
was concerned to diftinguifh between the theory and 
tlie praSlical Part of true ReHgion, and many of the 
People called Methodi/h being there, were very at- 
tentive ', all was quiet, and ended well ; thence I 
ivent back to Pickwick to the Mens Monthly-meet- 
ing, and the adjourned Quarterly-meeting for the 
C unty, it was very fmail, which manifefted too 
much Negledt amongfl the Elders of the Society there 
for the Service of thcfe Meetings. From thence I 
came to the Devizes^ MelkfJ^arti^ and Market-La-- 
vingtoft^ and had a Meeting at each Place, which 
were pretty comfortable ; fo to Salijbury on Firft-day^ 
and had two large Meenngs there : A great many 
Methodifts came to both Meetings, aftid w<ire in their 
Appearance and Behaviour very agreeable ; fcvcral 
were partly convinced, and conltantly attended Meet- 
ings ; I had very fuitable Doctrine to their unfettled 
States, and feekmg Conditions, for they ieemed to 
be enquiring the Way to the Kingdom, with their 
Faces thither-wards \ and I hope there will be an 
Increafe in that Place to our Society. 

From Salijhury I went Ko Alton ^ and had but one 
fmall Meeting there, and fo for London to the Year- 
ly-meeting, which was very large ; and many hope- 
ful young People of both Sexes attended it, who 
feemed very likely to come up in the Places of the 
Faithful already gone, and a going to their long 
Homes, and my Heart rejoiced to fee and find in them 
a right Conpem for the Caufe of the Gufpel, and 

Zeal 



of SAMUEL BOW MAS. 235 

%c.^\io keep up theTcftimony their Parents joyfully 
lufFered tor : We had ieveral acceptable and edify- 
ing Times, and the Aftairs of the Meeting were con- 
dudled in great Love and Condefcenlion, and ended 
well; the laft or concluding Meeting was very large, 
and the only one I had a particular'Concern for be- 
fore I left Ilonie,, but I wasalmofl fhut out, being 
fo narrowed up for Time by thofe who appeared be- 
fore me, that it feemed quite unieafonable and dan- 
gerous to hold the Mcetir.g longer, and not like to 
comport with the Health of the People 3 but yet my 
Age and Infirmity coniidercd, and it appearing doubts 
ful whether I might have the like Opportunity, and 
being prefs'd in Spirit thereto, I ftood up under great 
' Fear and Weakneis ; but I was immediately ftrength- 
ened by the good Word oi Life, through which I 
was helped, and came oif beyond my Expeilations, 
being afterwards filled with divine Peace and Confo- 
lation, which confirmed me that I was in my Place 
gnd Duty, 

I flaid in London qver Firft^dayy but had no Ser- 
vice in public Miniftry, except at the Morning-meet- 
ii:g of Minifiers on Second-day^ where I was very 
much drawn forth to the Minifiers, the Meeting 
being very large with Country Friends, and I was 
much comforted in that Meeting. Next Morning I 
went, with my worthy Friend SamuclWaring^ bv JS/Z^^r 
to Alton^ and ftaid their Fir[t-day Meeting, and had 
a Meeting at Great-Fraile, and fi:aid the Monthly- 
meeting at Altony which was comfortable and well, 
tho' not much Appearance of Service : From thence 
I went to Rumfeyy but was taken very ill on the Road, 

and 



236 r/6^ L I F E ^;7^ T R A V E L S 

and was very much fatigued, but next Day was 
bravely recovered, and had a fmall Meeting with the 
two Families, which was very comfortable ; thence 
to Ringwood on Firjl-day^ and had two open Meet- 
ings ; the next Day was their Quarterly-meeting, 
where their Affdrs were well conduced : The Day 
following was the Yearly-meeting of the two Coun- 
ties of AS'^^i'i&^;7^/i^^^ and Dorfet, pretty large both in 
the Forenoon and Afternoon, and were of good Ser- 
vice to Appearance. Thence to Pool to the Quar-r 
terly-mceting of Dorfet(hire, and I ftaid there over 
Firjl-dajy and had two pretty full Meetings, efpeci- 
ally the laft, which was very large and open ; many 
divme Truths were clearly and plainly declared to 
the People, who by their Stillnefs and Attention ma- 
nifefted a good Difpofition to hear and be informed ; 
I ftaid the Fourth-day^ and then came Home the lafl 
Day of the Fijth-Month 1748^ 

An Account c/;;;;r JOURNEY /^ Briftol Tear^ 
ly-meetijigy andtoljondoviy Norwich, &c. 

I Left Home the 17th of the Second-Month 1749> 
and had one Meeting at Crofcoume, or Cofcoome^ 
near Shipton- Mallet ^ to good Satisfadtion ; thence to 
Brijloh and ftaid the Yearly-meeting, where I had 
iome very agreeable Opportunities, both in the feled: 
and public Meetings. Being clear of that Place, I 
proceeded by Chippenham^ Caln^ and Marlborough y 
and had a Meeting in each Place ; thence to Ne^mbiiryy 
being Firfl-day^ and had two Meetings, the laft pret- 
ty large and agreeable > thence to Reading, Henley^ 

Wickham. 



of SAMUEL BOWNAS. 237 

tVtckham, and Uxbridge, had but fmali Meetings^ 
tho' fatisfadlory Opportunities at each Place : From 
XJxbridge T went to London^ and had fundry very ac- 
ceptable Times in the felcd: Meetings of Minifters^ 
and was largely opened in the public Meetings, and 
*I found my Concern to grow upon me ; but when 
I was clear I left JLondon^ in Company with "^ohn 
Wiijon of Kendal^ who went to vifit his Wife, who 
had received iome Hurt by a Fall from her Horfe 
near BtUerica \ (he lodged at a Friend's Houfe in a 
Parifli called Stocky and I lodged at my Friend Sa^ 
mnel Arnold'^ Country-houfe. We found yohns 
Wife finely recovered, and we rode together next 
Day to Colchejler, being the 27th ot the Third-Month^ 
the Yearly-meeting beginning next Day, and the 
Qiiarterly-meeting for the County the Day following^ 
and the feled Meeting of Minifters on the Morning 
of the third Day of the Week, which appeared to 
me but of little Advantage ; but the public Meetings 
were both very large and edifving, and ended well, 
and to good Satisfaction. Thence to Maningtree^ 
and had a fmall Meeting, and fo to Ipfwich^ and was 
at their Weekly-meeting in Company with '^ane 
Hojkins (forrherlyF^;^;?^ 'dc^di Elizabeth Hud fon^ both 
from Pennfyhania^ who had agreeable Service a- 
tnongft Friends : I ftaid in Ipfwich over the Firji-day^ 
imd the laft Meeting was very large, being appoint- 
ed about the fourth Hour in the Afternoon, and ma- 
ny of fundry Profeflions were there, and were very 
attentive and fobcr ; and foitie very much affedted 
and broken into Tears, lo that I hope that Meeting. 
'^as of Service to many : I was largely opened on 

^ the 



t^S f/je L IJ^ E and r R AV U L ^ 

the Subjecfl o^ working out our own Salvation^ and \\t . 
Means whereby it is attainable. 

f>om Ipjwicb I went to Woodbridge^ it being the 
Qu^arterly-meeting for the County of Suffolk^ and 
there being fonie Uneafinefs amongft them, Friends 
wer^ concerned to advKe them to a ReconciUation, 
left by continuing in their Uneafinefs, they Ihould be 
wounded by a Breach of Union and Aficdlion, The 
Meeting, by Adjournment, held all Day, and Friends 
leemed in a tolerable Sweetnefs and Condefcention 
one to another^ though a party contentious Spirit had 
too much got in among them. Next Morning was 
a Meedng of Minifters, to good Satisfadtion ; and 
then the Yearly^meetings of Worfhip followed, 
which were exceeding large, and ihe Parting-meet- 
ing the Day fol owing ; they Vvcre all very much to 
Satisfadion : In the Parting-meeting I was much 
enlarged on the progrejjive Advancement in a living 
and' laving Faith, which is the very Life of true Re-^ 
ligion ; and we had a Imall Meeting the Day fol- 
lowing, being their Weekly-meeting. Then I went 
to Brandon^ Edmund Pecko'ver being witli me, and 
he had very good Service, and the Meeting ended 
well ; then 1 went back to Woodbrid_ge^ and ftaid o- 
ytvFirJi'day^ but there were very few befides Friends, 
though it was expected the laft Meeting would have 
been large, but for want of Notice it was not. 
Thence to Lay/fon and Peafon-hall^ and BeckleSy and 
had a fmall Meeting at each Place, but to tolerable 
Satisfadion ; thence to Mutjord zndi Paikfieldy and 
had as large Meetings as the Accommodation would 
permit 5 what was chiefly wanting, was Room for 

the 



of SAMUEL BOJVNA S. 239 

the People in both Places; th^Dc^ tr^ Tarmcufh, and 
had a pretty large Meeting to Edification s thence to 
North-lValJham, and had a Imaii Meeting to httle 
i'urp;)ie; thence to A>Wc/6 Yeirly-meeting, which 
was very Urge : I was enlarged on the ^lalijications 
of true Minilters, fliewing, that without the divine 
Aid of the Spirit of Truth, that Work could not be 
rightly performed to the Edification of the Hearers, 
From Norwich I v/cnt to Lamas General-meeting, 
which was very large, too much for the Houle to 
contain, but the People were very quiet ; thence 
back to Norwich^ (laid there the Week-day and Fir/i^ 
day Meetings following, whefe I had ten Meetings, 
though in two of them I had Nothing to fay, and 
the Meetings were moilly very large and to good 
Purpole, being full enough for my natural Strength 
to go thro' with ; but thankful and glad I was, find- 
ing inward Strength andAfliftance every Day to help 
rhe through fo well, to my own Comfort and his 
Praife, who is God blelfed for ever ; and he has gi- 
ven me Faith to believe, that lo long as he engages 
my Mind imthe Work of the Mmiftry, he will j.'ivc 
a freih Supp!yof Strength, both inward and outward. 
Adequate to his Requirings. From Norwich I cime 
to MuttifJjaly JVinahamy and Tea/borough^ and had a 
Meeting at each Place, the laft was enlarged confi- 
derab'y with Friends from Norwich ; Things were 
riiiddling, no Caufe of Complaint ; but I was under 
j>reat Poverty of Spirit in thefe fmall Meetings: 
Thence to Difs to a general Meeting ; Friends from 
Norwich and other diflant Places came in and atend- 
cd U.S, that it laid me very low indeed ; but I ^faw 

ia 



240 The LIFE and T R_A V E L ^ 

in the Opening of divine Virtue, that as the Elefling 
of Chrift my Mailer, upon a fmall Qoantity of but 
plain and low Food, gave Satisfacftion toa Multitudej 
more than we were like to be, fo I found it beft to 
retire to my Gift, and be ftill : The Meeting was 
very large, quiet, and well, and I was concerned to fet 
forth the Foliy and Emptinels of all Forms of Reli- 
gion, without the Virtue and Power of the Spirit of 
Chrift, and was opened on this Subjc6t very largely, 
much to myown Satisfaction, all being quiet and well. 
Thence to Bardwell^ and had a Imali Meetings 
which was pretty well ; thence to Bu?y^ and fo to 
Ratlefdon ; I had three Meetings at Bury, and one at 
the other Place, all to pretty good Satistadion. 

From Ratlefdon I went to PValden^ Roy/ion^ and 
Baldock^ and fo to Hitching^ but had but low Times 
in all thefe laft Meetings ; thence \ci Hartford 2ivA 
Ware^ and had tolerable good Satisfaction in both 
Places \ thence to Bifhop-Stortford^ and Dimmow^ 
and had a fmall Meeting at each Place ; and fo to 
Chelmsford on Fir f -day ; Things were well and com- 
fortable : Thence ioBillerica^ and had a fmall Meet- 
ing, and then went with mjFrwnd Samuel j^rnold to 
his Houfe, in a Parifh called Stocky and ftaid fome 
Days, and then canie with him to London^ being the 
20th of the Sixth' Month 1749. 

I ftaid in Town feveral Weeks, and my Concern 
grew upon me, and being filled with Gofpel Virtue,, 
I had feme very agreeable Service, vifiting all the 
Meetings in the Gity^- fome three or four Times over,- 
and the Fir/l-day Meetings were very full^ but W eek- 
day Meetings were foialh 

Finding 



bj SAMUEL BOWNAS. 241 

Finding myfelf eafy and clear of the Town, I left 
it in great Peace on the 3d of the Eighth- Alonth 1749, 
and came to Ef/:)er to a Imall Meeting, fo to Guild- 
ford, Godalmin, and Alton^ Bafmgfloke^ Baghurft^. 
and Andover, and had fome very agreeable Times^ 
and in the main was pretty well fatisfied. Thence 
to Salijbury, and had a very full Meeting, fundry 
Methodi/is being there j fo to Fording-bridge^ and 
was at a Funeral, where many People attended ; I 
had good Satisfadion in being there, and left the 
Place in much Comfort and inward Peacfe ; thence 
to Ri?7gwoody and had a pretty large Evening- meeting 
to good Satisfadion, thence to Pool^ and fo to Wey-- 
mouth, and had Opportunities in both Places ; and 
Irom thence I came Homc^ being the 2d of the 
Ninth'Month 1749.———. 

From this Time it docs not appear that our dear 
Friend kept any Account of the Meetings he attend- 
ed, but upon Application to his Monthly-meecing, 
they fent us the following brief Teilimbny of his 
Service, from the Time he iinifhed his Journal 
hisDeceafe, viz. 

From our Monthly- meeting held at Bridport, the 
of the Ninth-Month 1755, to Friends at t 
Second-day's Morning-meeting in London. 

Tiear Friends and Brethr^'^i 

THE Journal of our dear and worthy Friend 
Samuel BownaSy feem^ to break off fome what 
abruptly, ending the 2d of the Ninths Month 1749, 



'^ •• •'T 



242 ^A TESTIMONY, ^c. 

and wc cannot find that he kept any Account of hisi 
Travels, Labours and-Services in th:e Miniftry, from 
that Time to the Time of his Deceafe, which was on 
the fecond Day of the Fourth- Mojith 1753, during 
which Time he took no long Journeys, for being 
advanced in Years, his Hands fhook and Eye-fight 
failed him much, but he was very diligent in attend- 
ing Meetings both at Home and in the Neighbour- 
hood, for twenty or thirty Miles round, as long as 
his Health and Strength continued ; and his Miniftry 
was lively and powerful to the laft, to the Edification 
and Comfort of thofe that were fav®ured with it, 
and his Removal was a great Lofs to Friends in thefe 
Parts, but we have Reafon to believe it was his great 
Gain, for in his laft Illnefs, which was very fhort, 
he feemed quite fennble of his approaching Change, 
faying, that he could not ftay long with us, and hop- 
ed that kind Providence would be pleafed to take 
him to himfcl£ 

Signed in and on Behalf of the faid Meetings by 

h Joseph Curtis, 

i) Robert Curtis, 

2 Thomas Westcomb:5> 

William Kenway, 
Joseph Hutchins, 



FINIS. 



A N 

A C C O U N T 

OF T H E 

LIFE 

OF THAT 
Ancient Servant of JESUS CHRIST, 

JOHN RICHARDSON, 

Giving a R E L A T I O N of nisny of his Trials 
and Exerdja in his Youth, and his Services 
in the Work of the Miniftry, in England, 
Ireland, America, &c\ 



He thai heareth yoUy hearelh me : And he that de^ 
fpileth you^ defpifeth me : And he that dejpijith me^ 
dejpifeth him tbdt feni me^ Luke x. lb. 



LONDON Printed : 

fniLADELPHiA, Reprinted, and Sold hv William 
Dunlap, at the Newest Printing-Office, in 
Market-Direct J 1759. 



0f 



m 



testYmony. 

O F 
Friends belonging to Gishrough 

Manthly-meeting, concerning our Worthy Friend 
John Richardson, who departed this Lif^, near 
. Hut ton in the Hole, the ad of the Fourth Month 
^7^^, in the Eighty ieventh Year of his Age, 
ar,u was buried in Friends Burying Ground at 
Kirby-imorfide, 

AS many of our Elders are removed, and but 
few left who had perfonal Knowledge of this 
our Friend in his younger Years, and early Part of 
his Service, we cannot give fo full an Account 
thereof as otherwife might have been done. 
. Neverthei-rfs, by Accounts tranlmitted to us, we 
have Caqfe tp believe he was much 4evoted and 
f hearfully given up to walk in the Way of his Duty, 
and therein was of great Service to the Churches 
where his Lot \^as caft ^ as alfo an Inflrument in the 
Divinc Hand, in turning many to Righteoufnefs. 

As to the latter Part of his J^^fe, we have this 
Tcftimony to give of him, That he was a Lover of 
P'fcipline and good Order in the Church, diligent 
jn rtending Meetings for Worfhip and Truth's Ser- 
yi<:c, whilft of Ability ; a good Example therein, 
fey luting in a ftill, quiet, and unaffeded Manner in 
Silqncc, and when raifed up to. bear a publick 

Teftimonv, 



r iv } 

Tcfllmony, was comfortable and acceptable to 
rFiends. 

And when his natural' Faculties were fomewhat 
impair'd, and he confined at horrnc thro* old A'>e 
and Infirnjitiec, he appeared niorc and niore hea- 
venly minded, and fcem^d to grow in the Life of 
Religion, that we hope he is now at Reft in the 
Fruition of that Happinefs prepared for fuch as hold 
Out t© the End in vVell doinij. 



Signed en Behalf of the faid Meethig, held cd 
Caftiecon/X^^ zzdofthe Third Month, 1754^^? 



John Snowdon 
William Peirson 
John' Flintoft 
John Wilson 
Thomas Ward 
Onesiphorus Hoopirs 
Isaac Stockton 
John Baxer 
Thomas Wood 
Jv^HN Stephenson 



Isaac Taylor 
Thomas Ellerbt 
Caleb Fletcher 
John Mi^RTiN 
George Coats 
George Mason 
Joseph Flintoft 
Richard Wilson 
William Hartas 
Jl^SEPH Heslsto^^o 



TESTlMONT 



AN 

A C C O U N T 

O F T H £ 

LIFE 

OF 

JOHN RICH ^.RT> SORy 

Introduced 

fVith a bfief Relation CG77cermng his 

Father William RiChardscn. 

^'^)^^ T has beea repeated iy revived in my M*^ ■ ^ 
Q [ Q to leave the following Account concerL 
Sm)^M "^y d^^^ P^*^^^^ William RichardsoV 
having alfo feen iomething of hi> owmi in Manufcript, 
concerning his Coiiv' ncement y with Remarks onfome 
other Things ] but I being young when He died, 
did not then niuch heed it, and when I would gladly 
have, {t^w it ior my own Satisfaction, I couic^i '^^^y 
rjQT as* yet ca;n meet with it ; therefore, 

Inaffh'uch as my Father \vas early convinced off\ie 
Truth, a Sufferer forjt, and bore a public Teftimony 
to it, I found it rriy Duty, as near;as I coutd remem- 
ber the Contents thereof^ to leave this fflort Accotme 
^Joneerning him, 'wiz. 

B He 



[ 2 ] 

He ^ Was' born at Norih-€a've, in the Eart Pai t oi 
YorkftAre^ in the Year 1624, of honeft Parents, and 
of good Repute, and was educated in the Epijcopat 
Wrv b.eingfoberiy inclined from his Cbi*dh(od and 
upwai.rd, aLcVerarid Seeker after Puritv and Virtue : 
And^f have heard him fay, gave his Mind much to 
Retirement, reading the holy Scriptures, breathing 
and feeking after.the Lardy efpccially in the Fie'dsv 
being by Calling a Shepherd -^ and it pleafed the Lord 
to open hisUnderftandmg fo clearly, that he faw and 
fonged for a more excelfent Dilpenfation to come j 
r:nci.'alfe>fav^fhat the Prfefts Were wrong, and gen'e- 
rafiy^proud and covetous, fo that h^ vvas weary wi'rh 
following them^ and much wt:aned from ihem and 
a;l Company, except two or three Men whodid meet 
w'itli himy and fppke x^he- Or)td ara lief cenceVning 
their inward Condition^, .and what they had experi- 
enced of the Lord's Dealings with thcnl. This was- 
J^^^le^they had heard of the Name ^/^/^/:r, osij was. 
^^^^^AortiTime after given to fhd People which the 
^-^^^d raifed up to^give Teftirnony of the notable and 
-f^ftYettt, yet nevviy revived and bicfied D'fpenfation 
of Cbrifl's Coming, and Manifefta-tiorr by tbe holy 
'Spirit, rnwardly in the Hearts and Minds' of the 
.Children of xMen,- in order eo enlighten, -q'lreken, 
(j^nftify, and five them from Darknels, Death, Ig-^ 
7^ ice and Sin, that they m'ght be made capable 
liirobeying, v/orfhiping andgiorifying th^ great G^:^- 
ahc|\San(3:ifier of them; '- :: : 

^ And as my Father was th-us vt^aiting and looking 
for a more gencrarbreaking foath of this glorious, 
powerful and Gofpel-day, whicfe fejd in a good de- 
gree? 



[ 3 ] 

grep Tprung up in his He^rt, he had not, as yet, fcen 
thcit worthy and g 'od Man GecRGe Fo:?f, although 
he paff d thioagli thofe Parts about that Time ; but 
loon alter came William Dews^erry, and at th^ 
Sound of his Voice, I have heard my Father lay, he 
was exc^^eding g'ad, in hearing him declare the Way 
to find the loft Piece of Silver, the Pearl of great 
Price within^ a Saviour 7iear, th^:had been held forth 
by Men to he at a diftance. Bat hayin;^ left th« 
darll: Watchmen, of whom they ufcd to eaq[uire, 
they now met with their Beloved at home, in their 
o vn Bofoms \ renowned be the great Nan>Q of thQ 
Lord, now and tor ever, 

• Thus the hearing and lejeiving th^ ever bleffeci 
Tru h, was as the Seed, or Word of the Kingdom^,' 
fown in the good Ground^ or hofioft H^arts^ of Men, 
which took Root downward and fprang upveard^ 
and brought forth Fruit in fome thirty^ in fomey/x/yv 
and in oiha s an hundred Fold y to |he Piafe of thQ 
great and good Ilulb-andman. 

My faid Father was early r^Ted up to bear a pub<^ 
lie Teftimony, which was living and acceptable ta 
Friends, biit was {o nauch attended with Weaknefs 
of Body for many Years, that he went little abroad 
in the Work, of the Mi,ni(lry. He iulTered patiently 
the Spoiling of his Goods, and ImDrifonment of hia 
weakly Bpdy, in the great and more general Impri-^ 
fbnment; he nc.t only believed in Jelus Chrifl, but 
Ibffered for him ; he was a gooJ Neighbour, a lov-- 
ing Hufband, and a tender Father cvjr all that was 
good, but fe\o-e to all that which v:z% wrong, and 
w^s forJud|ii;ent3 vi^ithoatRefpcc?;. of Perfon^, and 

fpared 

■4 



[ 4 ] 

fparcd It not eyen to his ovyn Children ; and efpccij 
ally he was much concerned tor me, for^ as he faid, 
I turns the wildeft of tipem y and as he lived well, an^ 
believed in Jefus Chrift, I doubt not but he has fi- 
nifhed his Courfe in the Love and Favour of God, is 
entered into Manfion of Qiory, and is at Reft with 
all the Faithful who Iqved not tbfir Lives unto Deaths 
but racher hated them in Comparifon of that endeared 
and unfeigned Love the bore to God the Father, 
and to Jcfus Chrift his dear and well-beloved Son, 
who died tor them, and alfo for the whole World. 

He departed this Lite in 1679, aged about ^My^ 
five Years, and was decently bi a ed in Friends bp^ 
rying Place in Hatham^ near Cave^ whpre he wa| 
born. 

^T O W having gi^ven this fhort Account concernr 
^ ing rny Fathej*, it remains v/ith me to leave 
to Pofterity tome I^einarks on my CmjvinQement, wtth 
an Account of iundry Tran'ailions, Travels, Heal- 
ings, and Dciiveran^ies I met with, in and'from my 
Youth to this D;^y, with feme Advice and openings 
in the Spirit pf Truth. 

I was yoting when my Father died, not above,, 
thirteen Years of Age, yet the Lord was at woilc by 
his Light, Grace ancj holy Spirit in my Heart, but 
I knew not then y/hat it was ^yhich iriWardly dif- 
quieted my Mind, when any Thjng which was evil 
did prevail over the Good in me, which it oftentimes 
d d, for war.t of taking heed % that of God in m.y 

Heart ; 



[ 5 .1 

H<^art , I dcfired Eafe ^nd feace lomc other Way;, 
without taking up the Crofs of Chrift torny own 
corrupt Will, and ilroye for lomc Time (as nodouht 
many do) to raake merry over the juft Witnefs un?- 
tii for a Scafon the converting and true Witnefs of 
pod fecmed to be ilain, or d'^fappeared, and then I 
lQ.>k Liberty, bbt not hi groofs Evils yvhich many raa 
jntOj bping preferyod religipuily indined, leeking 
after PrpfelTors, and enquiring of them, for my Jnr 
formation and Satisfadllbn, to find (if J could.) any 
Thing that was fafj to reft in, or any true and folid 
pon:|tort to my poor dilconfolate and bewildered Soul, 
|)ut 1 was afraid I ihould be deceived, or take up a 
failc Reft in any Thing that was wrong or unfafe j 
Vvhich was the great Love and Mercy of Gpd to me^ 
But after pnany Searchings and Enqulrings among 
thole vvho were but in the Letter withoqt, and in the 
outward Court, wheae the Veil is over the Under- 
flanding, and the Eye cf the Mind is not truly open- 
ed to fee into Things that are invifible, and hid from' 
al! carnal-rninded Men ; even fo was my State and 
Afiiivftions hid from them, and all the deceitful 
Workings of Satan, and the fhong Temptations which 
I met with, fthefe bjind Guides could not fee, nor 
their veiled tlnderftandings know how to dired: me 
to the ti qe Shepnerd of Jfracl, the Law-giver coming 
put of <yion, that turns away Ungodlinef$ from^^^^^, 
and Tr^nfgreiTicn from Ify^el^ not having truly ex- 
perienced Deliverance wrought in therr^ out of this 
cloudy, bewildered and tempted State which I was 
in. Oh ! that People would come to him that hath 
the Eye-fahe, with which if the Eye he truly anoint- 
ed 



[ 6 ] 

cd, it will fcr clearly Thinge as they are, 'ane not 
(darkly, miftaking Trees for Men, and Things ter- 
reftial for Things caeleftial ; and that they would buy 
Gold, tried by the Fire of him that is called the tried 
Stone, eledl 2iX\d precious, laid in Sion for a Foundation : 
This is Chriji whom the true Church believes in, and 
builds upon, and they are enriched with his Love, 
Power and Virtue, which is better than Gold out- 
wardly ; this is the Anointing, and the UhBion, wh ch 
the true Church hath, and doth receive fr ^rn Chrift 
the help One \ and fuch as do truly put on his 
Righteoufnefs, Purity, and Hohnefs, their Cioath- 
ing is better than that of fine Linen outwardly. Oh ! 
that all the Inhabitants of the Earth might be thus 
anointed, enriched and truly cloathed, that no mo^e 
inward Blindnefs or Poverty may be found in the 
Children of Men, nor the Shame of their N^kedneis 
be any more feen, now or hereafter* 

Receive and learn thefe Things, you tliat can, of 
him that is the faithful and true Witnefs, that always 
witnelTeth againfl: the Evil in Man, but always giveth 
Witnefs to the Father, for the good in Men which 
they do fay and think. This is the Spirit of hini 
that was dead, and is alive, no more to be known ajter 
the FleJJo, as the Apoftle gave Teftimony, and is tu be 
known inwardly and fpirituallp by the Children of 
Men, to open the blind Ey^, and unfiop the deaf 
Ear, and pierceth intq the Soul that h^^th been cloud- 
ed and captivated, imprifoned and miiguided, and 
even in a Wildernefs, and fees not a Way of P:^li- 
veranee ; like Ifrael in the Lanp of Egypt^ when the 
Lord Jehovah fent MofeSy a lively Type of Chrifl, 

;ind 



I 7 1 

ianci employed hirh in that great Work of pleading 
\vith, and plaguing Pharaoh and the Egyptians y yetr 
fcr a Time their Burthens and Afllidions were in-, 
creafed, and their Excreifts more imbitteredunta 
them, until that great and marvellous Work was in 
a good degree accomplifhed, which was their Deli- 
verance out of Egypt ^ the gje^it and mighty Work^ 
for which Mofes was chiefly fent ^ which Deliverance? 
vyas" not wrought until the Firft-born of Man, and of 
Bcaft, was ilain throughout all the Land oi Egypt. 
, ;Now the clear Opening I had in the Light, of[ 
what is to be underftood, and gathered from h6nGC,> 
is not thtjlayijig of the outward Man, hut % putting, 
cffli ov Jlaying the Body of the Sins of the Flejh, cruci- 
fying, or putting off the old Man with his Deeds ; and- 
as to the BeaJ}^ all Cruelty, Lufl, Piifhing, l^earing, 
t)evoi>ring, and Savagenefs, is to be flainorput away; 
and the corrupt or ftrong Will of Man, as well as, 
what, is beaftial, muft be flain before Man can comej 
from. under the Power of him wlir) is called the; 
Frince of the Power of the ylir, wlio rules in the Hearts •- 
cf the Children of Difobedience. Thefe Tlii.tigs.muft. 
be experienced, before the Children of Men can go 
forth rightly qualified to glorify God, and foUov^ ms 
dear Son, whoxii he hath appointed to hz a Leader^ 
arhd a. Commander of his People : This is he, as Mcfes 
declares, who is to be heard in all Thinge^ under the 
Penult V of being cut^offfrcm the People 5 or of having 
their Nxirnes blotted out of the Book of Life ; or being . 
deprived of the .Comforts af the Lord's holy. Prefence4 
h ead this, you who have heard and underftood what.. 
th,&prit- faith unto ihc Ckurchcs.---^ThQk Thxg^t: 
' faWa 



fkWj after thfe iviic Wrtnefs arofc 6r revived, arid {h^ 
Eiglit did ihine which had dilappeared, or had Beent 
clouded. I hgvc been led tnto thefe Openings, vvhicH' 
have eaufcd a little Digreflioa from my Wildernefs 
State! mentioned before, xvhich I now return to. 
"^ After miich Searching withouty amongft thorer 
who proved to tiie P'by/ida77S of no Value ^ and tnifera^ . 
Ble Comforter Si I betook myfelf to a lonefcrme and re- 
tired Lift, breathing; after, and feekirig the Lord inr' 
the Fields, and private Places, befeeching him, that* 
He would bring me to the Jiving Kncwledg^of hit 
7ruth i ind biefTed be the Name of the Lord now'. 
ind: for ever, I had not fought hini long with ail my 
Mcart^ before I met with his inward Appearance td 
mc, in and by hrs h"o!y Spirit, Light and Grace • but 
whctl the true Ligkt did begin iofhint more cle^fly^^^^ 
ahd the li\^i[ng Witnefi did arift in' my inward Man/ 
Oh then my uhdcne, bewildered and miferabie Gorif- 
dition began to appear, and then great ^ndtrnuttera- 
bte were my Gohflids, and the Dftrefs I v^as Irf f I; 
thought no Man's Gojidition upon the Face 6 f the? 
whole Earth tva's like mine ; I thoitght I wats not 66 
td die; neither did I know how to live ; I thougH jif' 
the Evening, Oh ! that it was Mcrning ; and in the' 
Morning, that it was E^cening. I hi:d m^any foritary- 
Walks in the Fields, and other Places sn which f 
many Ifimos poured out my Gcmplaint^ and Gries 
before the Lord:, with fervent SuroliGations to him, ^ 
that he v^'ould look irpOn my A ffiidrons, arid the;' 
ftrong Temptations 1 was then tinder, and that he 
Would rebuke the Adverfary of my Soul, arid deliver 
it, for I even thought it was as in the Jaws of a de- 

VQiwiag 



[ 9 ] 

Vourlng tion, and amongft the fiery Spirits, and, ai 
it were,, under the Weight of the Mountains. _ Read 
and underftand the Afflidions of thy^ ge^^r, thou 
that haft come through great Tribulations, and haft 
wafhcd and itiade thy Garments White in the Blood 
of the Lamb ; this is the Beginning* of that Baptifm 
which dotbfave.zndL of that Wafliing of Re-gencra- 
iioti. and renewing of the holy Ghoft, which thd 
IjOmJheds upon the Believers in abundance ; this is the 
B\oodL\^\{\ch fprinkleth the Heart fro^ an evilConfci^ 
ence^ that the Children of Men, thus changed, may 
fe/ve'ihe living and true Gcd ; this is the Life which 
converts the Worldy even as many tis are converted ;• 
this is the Virtue, Life and Blood, which maketh 
clean the Saints Ga^fnenlSy and inwardly wajheth theirt 
from' all Filthinefs, both of Flejh and Spirit. I found 
this was and is he'of Vv^hom it is faid, by him ivcre all 
Jhihgs made^ and he is Lord of all ; a Man ought to 
befilbfcrvi^ntto him, and all Things in Man fubfervi-^ 
.ent to'him, who commands and comprehends all 
Things, in whom all the Tj^pes and Shadows alfo 
do end,' dr arc fulfilled. Read this thou Virgirt 
JDaiighter, or fclean Church of Chrift, the Rock of thy 
Stre?2gthy whofc Name to thee is as precious Ointment 
poured forth ^ and becauje of the Savour thereof^ the 
Virgins kve him, and are under great Obligations to 
obey and follow him the Lamb of God^ wherefoever 
heleadeth. 
?^; Although I had ktn many Things, and had di- 
-vers Openi rigs, yet great were ray Trials, and many 
tvferc the Temptations! met with in thofe Days, for 
1 lived at a Djftancc from Friends, and Meetings 

B 2 which 



[ lO ] 

which made my Exercife the harder, as will more 
fully hereafter appear, in theCourfe of my Travels 
and Pilgrimage in this Vale of Tears and Troubles, 
and feme of them not very common ; but the Lord 
helped me through them all, blelTed be his Name 
for ever. 

I now^ came to witnefs that Scripture to be fulfill* 
ed, w^hich faith, that when the Lord's Judgments art 
in the Earthy or earthly Hearts of Men, the Inhabit 
tants learn Righteoufnefs : And notwithftanding there 
was an Averfion in my wild Nature to the People in 
fcorn called ^akerSy as alfo to the Name itfclf, yet 
whsn the afflidling Hand of the Lord was upon me 
for my Difobedicnce, and when, like Ephraim and 
Judah^ I faw in the Light my Hurt and my Woundy 1 
bemoaned myfcif, and mourned over that juft Prin- 
ciple of Light and Grace in me, which I had pierced 
with my Sins and Difohedience ; and although that 
Miniftration of Condemnation was glorious in iti 
Time, yet great were my Troubles, which humbled 
my Mind, and made me willing lo deny myfelf of 
every Thing which the Light made known in me to 
be evil, I being in great Diftrefs, and wanting PcaiCe 
and Affurance of the Love of God to my Soul ; the 
Weight of which fo humbled my Mind, that I kne\y 
not of any Calling, People, Pracftice, or Principle^ 
thit was lawful and right, which I could not em- 
brace, or fall in with. This was furely like the Day 
oijacob\ Troubles, and David\ Fears ; I faw that 
the Fiith of Sion was to be purged away by the Spirit 
of Judgment and of Burning ; this is the Way of 
the Deliverance and Recovery of poor Men out of 

the 



[ II ] 

the Fall, and the Time of the Reftoration of the 
Kingdom to God's true Tfrael Read ye that can, 
and undcrftand. This was the Day of my Baptifm 
into the Love of God, and true Faith in his beloved 
Son, as alfo into a Feeling of, or Sympathy with 
him in his Sufferings, which were unutterable, and 
I found that Miniftration changed ; that which had 
been unto Deaths was now unto Life ; and the Mini-r 
ftration which v^2l% of Condemnation unto the firft Birth, 
when that was fl-ain, and in a good degree nailed or 
faftned to the Crofs of Chrift the Power of God, 
then the Good prevailed over the Evil, and working 
out the Evil in the Mind, and alfo in the Members, 
made all good or holy. The Lord's living Power, 
and confuming burning Word, when it works andf 
prevails, it brings into Subjedion, and maketh the 
very Heart or Ground holy in Men. 

Whereas there had been an Averfion in me to the 
People calk^l in fcorn fakers ^ and alfo to their flricft 
living, and Demeanour, Plainnefs of Habit, and 
Language, none of which I learned from them ; for 
when the Lord changed my Heart, he alfo changed 
my Thoughts, Words and Ways, and there became 
an Averfion in me to Vice, Sin and Vanity, as there 
had been to the Ways of Virtue ; but having taftcd 
of the Terrors and Judgments of God becaufe of Sin, 
I was warned to flee from fuch Things as occafioned 
Chrift's Coming, not to bring Peace upon the Earthy 
but a Sword *j a Sword indeed, yea, his Heart pene- 
trating, fearching Word, which is JJjarper than any 
two-edged Sword thzt pierceth to the cutting, or ^/z- 
viding afunder between Fkjh and Spirit y Joints and 

Marrow^ 



1 ^^ 1 

Marrow, iVrid as thus I came toffee and abhornh^ 
Evil in myfelf, when fuch who had been my Coot- 
panions in Vanity reviled mq^ or came in my Way, 
I >vaa often moved to w^rn and reprove therpj having, 
as before hinted, tafted of the Termors p^ the Lord 
for Sin, I could npt w^ll forbear to warn others- to flee 
fuch Things as I had been judged for. Now I came 
clearly to be convinced abyut the i?j/->6^OT^^^ 
ike KitcCj the corrupt Langtiage^^^^ w^ll as^^?2ery jij 
Habit 'y all v/hich for Confcienccrfake,; and the Peace 
thereof, I came to deny, and t^ike.up the Crofs tOj 
and had great Peace in fo doing. 

Although the bleffed Truth, thus :prevailedi|i^ me^ 
yet notwithftanding, | waslcigt without great Con- 
. flifis of Spirit, Tc^iptations and Trials of divers kinds \ 
peverthelefs, my Mind' vvas r!sfigne4 to^thet Lord, 
and my fervent prayers were to hihi,. and he Ijept; 
pie, and opened my Underftanding, for I was afraid 
of being miflcd in any^ Thing, efpecially rel§tijrig ^^q 
rny Salvation : I came to be \veaned : from all m^y; 
Companions and Lovers wfnichJ h?id t^ken Delight 
and Pleafure in, and all Tjiings in this World were,, 
little to me^ my Mind beip^g much redeemed ojntpf 
the World, and" ^ot only the corrupt ^nd evil Part 
thcrcofj but even from the lav/ful Part ; fo that, my 
Heart and Mind bpcame much inclined and given 
lip to feek the Lord; .waiting ypon him to feel his 
Prefence, and Peace, and to knp.w his ,Will,^^9nd 
receive Power to do the fame. ^^ - . . 

A:s thus my Mind came to be brought in^o^a. de- 
pending and vi'^aiting. Frame upon the Lord, anfl to . 
be ftajcd in the Light, and experimentally and feel- 
^^ "' ■ irigly 



ingly to partake of his Love and Grafce, whlch.hdp- 
cd m^ jagainf^ my Infiripities, (bleiTed be his Name) 
I found itfufRcient for me, as I kept to it^ in .all 
TriaU an4 Temptations : Then I cai^e tp. fe©,/ihal: 
fill the outward Performances irtrM^tters of ReHgionr 
did r^ot avail nor ^f^n^er Man aecerpt^ihle to Gpd^/but: 
as the Heart pame to be truly given up t(l) hiiivthat 
he ^iiight not only; purge it lfon?i\ D^filejiient^- but 
keep.i|cjean through ^he IndwelUngof his holy Spi- 
rit : . And, a? near as I remember, I faw clearly 
throjjgh thefe Things before t^e fi^t^enth Year^ of 
my Age 3 although, between the Qeath of my' F^then 
and V this Tipie, I took Liljcrty .to. go. amp.ng\khat! 
People I would, n^y, Mother giv]ng\US.gr^^VLibfej^^^^ 
although (he was a Woman wel) ^e^punted of ^moi^gv 
Jiill People who , l^new. her, arj^.jppt undeferV6dly,\ 
for liQr ^ Induftry and .lair ^eajljng 'Cpneernjpg.'the 
Things of this Wo^^ ^^ ■\u\k'\. . -v^iV -.:). 

. After this Tip^? I/>^t^pdqd tfc.^i J^eetings ,Qf: the- 
Lord's People callod ^akens^ ^ .2^^ idiligentlyas ' my.- 
Cir<:umftances would well adrnitv'rJVdy Mother be-« 
ing left with iive Children,* I had onlyone Siftqr whoc 
was elder th^nm^yf^^f^rand three; ;]^pther5 ypuager,) 
tjie youngeft ^bout, thi:ee Years pM, when my Hatheiri 
diedi he leaving )but; little of this World to briiag^jos^ 
up wit,h fv yet my Parents always had as mu^h-'as . 
kept; them above ^Contempt, and no Body Ipf]: by . 
thcn^.^ but I found piyfelf under a Neccffity to work . 
hard for my own Support, the Help of my Mother, 
apd Education of my Brothers, more pfpecially as 
n}y Sifter died foon after. 

■lii c .V/ 

Wc 



[ H 3 

We belflg left in a Fairm of Grazing, Sahdpart 
Hufbandry or Tillage, did w^U as to the Things of 
this World, yet 1 cannot well omit mentioning one 
Thing whichgbecame a great Exercife to me, which^ 
was thus ; my Mother miarried one that was z<:falous 
for the Pre/bytery^ ^nd I being much againft it- fhew- 
ed myDiilike to the Marriage, ahd told my Mother, 
J ^as afraid that Jhe had too mucbMn Eye to what he 
kady for he was coanted rich as to this World ; but 
if jhe thought to augment our Porthfis in fo marrying^ 
^ibe Hand of the Lord would be againj} her ^ and aBlaJi-^ 
ing or -MtUew would come upon e^en that whicJi we had 
got through Indujlry and hard Labour^ and what the 
J^ord had intendedip havf ble£ed to U5\ if -we kept faiths 
ful to the ^ruthy and content ed ourjelves with our pre^ 
fent Condition, Then my Mother confeft, that at 
to the /worldly Enjoyments ^ it had not been better with 
her than now. I muft write with great Caution ; fhe 
was my Mother, and a tender^Molher over me, and 
was loth to offend me, and had promifed, as far as 
(he well durft, not to marry with anyone with whom 
I was not fatisiied* But as to their Proceedure in 
Courtfliip, and Marriage, from this Time I wasin- 
tirely ignotfent, until it was accomplifhed. But when 
my poor Mother was married, her Cry was, My Son^ 
how Jhall I ever be able to look hi m in the Face any 
more^ it will be fuch a Trouble to him ; he that hath not 
at any Time difobliged me^ but if I bid him go ^ he ran ; 
end if I bid him do any Things he did it with all his 
J^ighty or. to that Effed, as fcveral told me who 
heard her. But fhe being married, what we had 
was mixed with my Father-in-Law's Goods, and 

/ my 



[ •» ] 

i 

my Mother died fitft, and our Father married again, 
made his Will j^ and dying, left me Five Shillings for 
all my Part, which waii, of Right to delcend from 
my own Parents upon ;me; I gave his Executors a 
Receipt in full, and th ere was an End of all, except 
fome fmall Matter given to my youngeft Brother, 
for the reft of my Brothers and Sifters were dead. 
As near as I remember, this Marriage was in the 
eighteenth Year of my Age, fo that what I forefaw 
about i\it Blafl and Mildew^ came to pafs. 

Now to return to my further Account concerning 
the Troubles and, Trials , that attended me in the 
Time while I was in my Father-in Xaw and Mother's 
Houfe, after Marriage ; we, and wha;t we had, be- 
ing removed to his Houfe, except Part of the Stock 
which was left in the ground. Now I forefaw that 
I was like to come to a great Trial, and I was brought 
very low, what with the Trouble about the Marriage, 
and the Exerciic of my Mind concerning my owa 
Condition, having had many great Cpflflid;s of Spirit, 
io that I was almoft in Defpair, had not the Lord, 
in whom I believed, rifeniti his Power, and rebuk- 
ed the Adverfary of my Soul, I had been overthrown^ 
and fwallowed up in the Floods of the Temptalionsr 
that were caft out of the Mouth of the red fiery- like 
Dragon after me, in this the Day of my great and 
ftrong Trouble and Travail ; but the G od of Love 
and Pity faw me, and helped me in my Diftrefs, 
and in a Day and Time acceptable ; bie that heard 
poor IJJomael when he cried from unde?r the Shrub, 
and fent or gave Relief to him and his Mother, who 
with him was gone from Abrahams Houfe, faw me: 

ia 



I i6 j 

in this great Straight. Alfo, when I canie to mf 
Father's Houfe, he being a Man much given to Fa- 
mily^ Duties, of faying Grace, &c. before and aftet^ 
Meat, none of which I could comply with, except I 
felt evidently the^ Spirit of Truth to attend therein j 
gnd open' the Heart and Mouth, into fuch Duties. 
The firft Day I cariie to the Houft, being called to 
the Table with all or moft of oiir Family, I thought, 
Isit.ncw €b}neto thii f Iniufl etthfr Mfpleafe 'myheuven^ 
Iyer earthly Father^: But oh 1 the Awfulnefs^ or 
deep Exercife- which was upoj^'fny Spirit, and ftrbtig 
Cries that afcehded'unto;the Lord for my Help a:nd 
Prelei-vatidft that 1 rftight not offend him. MyTa- 
ther-in-Law fat with his Hat partly on, and partly 
off with his Eyts fixed oil me, as likewife mine werb 
on him in much Fear 5 fo we continued as long or 
longer than he ufed to bei in faying Grace, 'as they 
call it, but faid Nothing that we heard ; fo at length 
he put on his Hat again; to the Wonder of the Fa- 
mily : Neither did he thertV dr ever after^ afk me 
why I did iiot put^ off my Hat • neither did he per- 
form that Ceremony all the Time I flayed with hini, 
which was above one Year: Thus the Lord helped 
me, tenowned be his great Name nbw and forever. 
My. Father might fcem for Age, Spitit ahd UAder- 
ftanding, to have been much more than a Mdtchfor 
me a poor Shrub,- but the Lord (who caiifed the 
Pillar of the Cloud to be bright and give Light to 
Ifraely and brought -Dafknefs upon the Egyptians j 
arid fought againff^' them, and for 7/r^^/) I believe 
touched and fmoCe^my poor Father, that he could not 
rife up againft that Power the Lord helped me withi 

For 



l^or tt wis riot mine but the Lord's doing, to him 
be given the Attributes of Praife, Salvation and 
Strength, now and for ever. I faw clearly, that 
there could not be any true and acceptable Worfhip 
performed to God, but what was in the Spirit, and 
in the Truth, neither could any pray aright, but as 
the Spirit helped them, which teacheth how to pray^ 
and what to pray for, and rightly prepares the Mind, 
and guides it in the Performance of every Service 
which the Lord calls for from his Children. 

I found my Father-in-Law was much difpleafed 
with my going to Meetings, yet I could not fee v^hat 
Way to appeafe his Difpleafure, except in being ve- 
ry diligent (which I was) in his BufinefS;* rather be- 
yond my Ability, working very hard ; it is almoft 
incredible what my poor little weak Body went 
through in thofe Days, but all would not gain his 
Love, for the longer I ftayed with him, the more 
his Love declined from me ; although I told him, 
be need not be uneafy about my Wages^ for I would leave 
that to himfdf : I could not fee v/hat he could have 
againft me, except my going to Meetings, however 
that was all he alledged. Now when his former 
Stratagems would not do, he offered me a Horfe to 
ride on, if I would go with him to his Place of Wor- 
ship, I met vvith many a Snib and four Countenance 
from him, in my return on Foot from Meetings, al- 
though as feafonably as iny Body was capable of per* 
forming; for my Father commonly fent me on the 
Firfi-day Mornings into the Fields a Mile or two, 
and as far upon a Common to look at Beafts, Horfe, 
and Sheep (all this on Foot) I thought with a De- 

G figrt 



t -8 ] 

fign to weary and make me uncapable of going ia 
Aleetings ; all which I bore patiently, neither, that 
I remember, everfaid, this is hardlJfage : after all 
this, to the great Grief of my poor Moth(^r, I had to 
go two, three, four, five, and fometimes fix Miles, to 
Friends Meetings. After 1 had walked fafi:, and ran 
fometimes with my Shoes under my Arms for want 
of Time, I have feen many Friends weep, and could 
not forbear when they faw me come into the Meet- 
ing very hot and in a great Sweat, they being in pai^t 
fenfi.ble of the hard Tafk I had to undergo. 

There is one Thing fomewhat remarkable, which 
was thus 5 one F/ry?-^-^^ Morning when I was about 
going to the Meeting, my Father faid, if I would 
7^ide uponfiich ayouvg Mdre^ as he mentioned, I might '^^ 
which was one of the greatell of ten or twelve Hor- 
fes which he kept about four Years old, and not 
before rid at all : I thought his Defign was more to 
hinder mc of the Meeting than any Good to me, of 
any Expediation of getting his Mare rightly broke, 
but I accepted his Offer, only afking how I niiight 
catch her ? Having got Help to anfwer that, ihe 
being abroad, I put on the Bridle and niounted the 
topping Beail:, and upon her firft Refifl:ance, down 
ilie came ^ for that was my Way : And if the firft 
or fecond Fall did not, the third moftly cured them 
f ofn ftriving to throw the Rider ; I comtaonly fell 
upon my Feet, and endeavoured fo to free my Legs 
that ilic might not fall upon them, arid then fprang up 
on her Back while down, and made her rife i|^th 
me ; fo away we went, and came in due Time to 
the Meeting. This was partly the begmriing c^ this 

Way 



[ 19 I 

Way of managing Horfes by me ; To I rid to the 
Meetings two or three Times, and then my Father 
alked me, if the Mare did not carry rae foberh ? I re- 
pliedi /Jje did 5 then I muft have her no more, he 
would make her his Saddle-Mare j fo I betook myfelf 
to my Feet again, except fome other fuch like Turn 
came. The Lord's mighty Power bore me up, and 
he gave me as it were Hinds Feet, arid en^ibled n)C 
to go through thefc Exercifes, and to bear the Bur«> 
then in the Heat ol the Day of my Trials, inwardly 
and outwardly, which were many and various. 

Now the laft Stratagem my Father ufed to hinder 
my going to Meetings was thus 5 he took me in his 
Arms in great fhew of Kindnefs, faying, if I would 
be as a Son to him^ I /]pould find he would be, a Father 
tome^ expreflingfomething about his having no near 
Kindred, (and much n^ore to the fame Eftc<ft he laid , 
to my Brother Daniel^ who was an innocent, wife, 
and clean-fpirited Lad) I reply'd to him, ij in thus 
viaking me thy Son ^ thou intends to hinder me jrom going 
to Meetings^ or to oblige me to go with thee to the Pref- 
byterian Meetings^ or any l^hing that is againfi my 
Confcience^ I cannot upon this Bottom be thy Son ; and 
for the fame Rcafons, I refufed to be his hired Ser- 
vant, although he offered to hire me, and give me 
Wages. Now when he faw that neither Frowns, 
Threatnings, Hardships, nor great Promifcs of Kind- 
nefs could prevail with me, he told me bluntly and 
roughly I Jhould flay no longer in bis Houfe : I inno- 
ceairty anfwered, J could net help it if it mu/i be fo^ as 
all I could do would not give him Content ^ without hurt- 
ing my Confcience^ and the Peace of my Mifidy which J 

valued 



[ ao ] 

'calued above all mutable Things of this WorU. My 
poor Mother heard my pleading with him, and how 
I offered to do the befl for him I was capable of by 
Night or Day, (as I alv/ays had done) if he would 
be eafy, and let me have his Countenance ; but this 
WMS the Sentence, No^ IfloGuld notjlay in the Hcufe : 
And indeed that troubled my poor Mother fo, that 
I was forced to leave niy Father, and go to endeavour 
to mitigate her great Trouble by telling her, that if \ 
I "was hilt faithful^ the Lcrd^ I believed^ wcula take Care. : 
of me that Ijhoiild not "want ; and the more fully to \ 
difcharge myielf, I reminded her, that as fhe had en-- \ 
tend into Marriage Covenants with her Hujband^ JJoe \ 
fb07ild endeavour to perform them^ and in every Thing i 
faithfully to difcharge herfelf as a Wije ought to do to a \ 
Hufhand^ and leave me and alK and cleave to him ^ and \ 
to makeJoer Life as eafy as ft could : I alfo told her, i 
never to fend me any Thing that my Father knew not fy ' 
for I was not free to receive it ^ although what we had j 
was in his Hand, and all ilink there, as Imentipnedi i 
before. ' | 

I write this partly, that all who do marry, may < 
take fpecial heed that it be done with great Caution, 
and under due Cpnfidcration, and the Lord /oxight 
to in it, that it may be done in his Counfcl, and not 
only nominally, but truly in his Fear^ and then no 
doubt but it \\r\\\ be tveli with both Hufoand and 
Wife ; and being equally yoked, fuch will not only 
be meet and true Helpers in all Things belonging to 
this Life, but more efpccially in Things appertaining 
to the World that is to come, and the Good 6i the 
immortal Soul, v/hich to the faithful People of the 

Lord 



C ^i ] 

Lord IS of great Value. Oh, how happily and peace^ 
ably do fuch live together in the Lord, as they keep 
to that which thus joined them ! There is more 
in it| both as to the Parents and their Poftcrily, than 
it is to be feared many confider or think of, as is but 
too apparent in the many froward and unequal Mar-*- 
riages which I have made Obfervation of. 

One remarkable Faffage occurs to my Thoughts, 
which happened thus ; my Father having been at 
the Prejbyterian Meeting and come home, he, as 
his Manner was, put me or my Brother upon read- 
ing the Prieft's Text, which had bceQ that Day in 
Daniel^ co»cerning his being caft into the Den of 
Lions for his not regarding the Ring's Decree, but 
on the contrary prayed to the God of Heaven witk 
hi« Windows open towards j^^r^/f/;^, after his won t-f* 
ed Manner. My Father made his Obfervations as 
my Brother read, and very much magnified Daniel, 
and faid, the Spirit vf God was in him^ but that there 
were none juch as him in thefe our Days. I owned that 
he was indeed an extraordinary Man^ but that there 
were none endowed with a Meafure oj the fame Spirit 
in any Degree, in that I diffented from him, and 
gave my Father a brief Account of the many Suffer- 
ings of our Friends, fome of which were pafl, and 
fome of them under Sufferings for the Word of God, 
and the Teftimony of Jefus, which they bore for 
- himj, and efpecially the great Sufferings of our dear 
Friends in New-England, 'viz. hard Imprifonments, 
cruel Whippings, cutting off Ears, Banifhment if 
they returned into New-Englafjd any more ; and t 
(he\^ed him likewife, how they pm. to death Mar^ 

maduke 



madukt Stephen/on, William kobinfony William Leddra^ 
and Mary Dyer, for no other Caufe but labouring to 
turn People Jrom Darknefs to Lights and from the 
Power of Satan to the living Power of God, to his 
Light, Grace and holy Spirit in their Hearts, and 
labouring to bring the People from Perfecut^on, Pride, 
and every evil Work and Way, to live a Self-de- 
nying, humble Life ; a Life agreeable to the Chrif^ 
iianity they profcffed : This was the Purport or Sub- 
ftance of the Service they were called to, and fo 
deeply fufFcred for : From whence I inferred, there 
was fomewhat of the Spirit of God in Maninthefe 
Days as there was in Daniel, and many more for- 
merly, which helped and bore them up in their great 
Sufferings. Now my Father confefs'd, it was true, 
fame fufferd for Goody and fome Jor Evil -y and with- 
al laid, he had now lived to the Jlge cj about fxtyfve 
Tears, and altho he heard us telling of a Principle, or 
Light within, yet he knew not what it was. I reply'd 
very meekly. If he would hear me, I would tell him 
what it was ; which I did in the Words following : 
When at any Time thou haft been ujider a Temptation to 
put forth thy Hand to fleal, cr to lie for Advantage, or 
by Provocation to fwear, or any evil Work or Word, 
ba/i not thou found fomething i 71 thee^ that hath fke wed 
thee thou ought ejl not to have faid cr done fo, which if 
thou h 2d ft taken heed to, and not faid or done wrong, 
baft thou not found great Peace and inward Comfort in 
thy Mind? But if thou haft faid or done wrong, haft 
TWt thou found great Difquieinefs and Trouble of Mind? 
This is the inuoard Principle, Light, cr Grace, that 
Qod hath placed in Man to help and diredl himy "which 

we 



r 23 ] 

Ue the People of God called Qmkthy do hold agreeable 
to the holy Scriptures. My Father fmotc his Hands 
together, and confefs'd it was true. 

But that I was not willing to break in upon this 
Story, but keep it intire, there was one Thing wor- 
thy of Notice, which I now come to, wifhing it may 
be duly confidered by all who read or hear it : 
When I mentioned MarmaOuke Stephe?ifon^ that good 
Man and great SufJerer in the Caufc of Chrift, as 
before, my Mother faid, it was true 3 for fhe lived 
a Servant with Edward Wilberjofs^ an honeft ^aker 
fn Skiptofiy where Marmaduke Stephen/on was a Day- 
labourer, about the Time he had his Call to go to 
New-England. * If I remember right, fhe faid. He was 
fuch a Man asjhe never knewy for his "very Countenance 
nvas a Terror to them^ and he had a great Check upen 
all the Family -, ij at any Time any cf the Servants 
had been wild^ or any way out of the Truths if they did 
but fee himy or hear him coming y they were ftruck with 
Feary and were all quiet and llill : And if but one of 
the Children came into the Houfe where he laboured, 
and he would not have it to come, thefe were his 
Wo^ds, Go thy wayy or go Home leji I whip thee ; 
and they were fubjetl and quiet. This ample and 
excellent Account, I thought had fome Reach upon 
my Father, however, it much afFedted my Mind. 
Oh ! that we the Proicirors of the fame holy Truth, 
may fo live in it, as to reign over every wrong Thing 
in ourfelves, and alfo in others, but eipecially in our 
Children. 

Some 

* See the Account of New-England judged not by Man as Maa^ 
hni by the Spirit of the living God, written by Geo* g£ Bishop. 



[HI I 

Soffie little Time before the Marriage o£ My Mo- ' 
ther, I was brought into the publick Work of thcf ^ 
Miniftry, concerning which I had i;nany Reafonings, i 
being young, fcarce eighteen Years old, and naturally | 
of a ftammering Tongue, which I could not over- ■ 
come, although I had uled what Endeavours lay in 1 
my Power as a Man, confidering my Years and E- ; 
ducation, all would not do until the Truth helped ' 
me : But after many Conflid:s, great Troubles and ^ 
Temptations, the worfl: I ever met with, and the ; 
moft piercing Sorrow I ever had yet been in fince I ' 
came to the Knowledge of the blelTed Truth was, I 
when through Reafonings, Difobedience, and Un- i 
willingnefs to comply with, and anfwer the Lord'^ ] 
Requirings, he in Difpleafure took away from me ! 
the Comfort of his holy Prefence for feveral Months ; 
together. Oh ! the Tribulations and penetrating I 
Troubles I met withall in this Condition, no Tongue^ , 
is able to exprefsj no nor the Heart of any finite ] 
Creature is able to conceive the Depth of the An x- \ 
iety of the Heart-piercing and wounding Sorrows I ] 
was in j I thought my State was as bad as Jo/iaFs, 
for furely if there be a Hell upon Earth, I was in it : 
What greater Hell can be here to a quickened Soul, 
and an enlightened Underftanding, who hath tafted 
of the Goodnefs of God, and of the Powers, in a 
degree, of the World to come, than to be deprived 
thereof, and think they are fallen away from this 
State ? I coqld fcarcely believe I fhould ever have 
Repentance granted to me, or be reftor'd again into 
the Love and Favour of God, when I found that 
River of Lrfe dried up, as to me, which did before^ 

0Ot 



[ 25 ] 

not only make me, but even all the whole City cfGod, 
truly glad: But being left under an Apprehenfion of 
the Lord's Difpleafure, and in part a Fartaker of the 
Terrors of his Wrath ; Oh I thought, furely the 
very Mountains, and even the Hills were not fuf- 
iicient (if they could have been put into the Scales 
or Ballance) to have weighed againft my Troubles 
and AfHidions they were fo great ; but as the Lord 
had by his Judgments brought me in a good degree 
from the Vice and Vanity of this World, now by 
his Judgments he made me willing to give up to an- 
fwer his Requirings in part, and in my Obeditncc to 
him I began to feel fomc Comfort of Love and Fel- 
Ipwfhip of the Spirit of the Lord in myfeif, and in 
his People, ^yho were brought to be Parta|cers of 
the like Fellow/hip. 

Now I return to thePvIatter about my being turned 
cut of my Father's Houfe, which I mentioned be- 
fore, but was wiUing to keep this folemn Account 
entire, vyith Defires it may be % Caution to all, ini 
whom the Lord is at work in the fame manner, not 
to reafon or gainfay fo much as I did, but to give 
up freely and cheerfully to the Will of God, When 
I faw I muft turn out, I thought it expedient to 
acquaint foqie worthy Friends with it, lefc any un- 
due Refledions fliould be caft upon the Truth, or 
Friends, or myfclf, that if fo, thefe Friends might 
be able tocontradidt them; fo I acquainted Seba/lian 
Ellethorp, and that worthy Man and Minifter of the 
Gofpel Benjamin Padley^ two of the chief Friends in 
Ellington Monthly-meeting; and they came to my, 
Father's Houfe, and when they canie, they began 

C 2 " td 



[ 26 ] 

to enquire about the Rcafons why I'u^ent aivay ? and 
if my Father had any fhingagainjime concerning the 
Buftnefs' he employed me tn ? and, whether 1 was not 
faithful and diligent in all his Affairs hefent me about ? 
'He confefs'd, I was ; and thought none could exceed 
me. They laid, Well then, what is the Reafon of that 
Mifunderfta7iding which is betwixt thee and thy Son-in^ 
Law ? Is it about goingto Meetings ? When they un- 
derftood his Reafons, which were not hard to do, 
they exprefs'd a Pity towards me that I could have 
no more Liberty ; and they thought, as I was fo 
diligent in his Bufmefs, if he wouid give me a little 
more Liberty to go to Meetings, it would be more 
Encouragement to me. At which he took OiFence, 
and gave the good Men rough Language, and afl^ed, 
WJjat they had to do with him and his Son ? and bid 
them go Home and Mind their own Bufmefs ; which 
they were much troubled at, efpecially for my Sake, 
and much pitied me, and wondered how I had lived 
with him fo long ; for he faid in fhort, that there 
was no Abiding for me there. But Sebaflian Ellethorp 
told me, which was mightily to my Comfort, that 
•my Father had nothing againft me, fave that con- 
cerning the haw of my God. This is the Senfe, if 
not the Words, of thefe wife and good Men, which 
pafled betwixt them and my Father, as they ex- ' 
prefTed them to me 5 for I was not there when they 
were together. 

Notwithftanding I pleaded with my Father to let 
me flay until J could hear of a Place, he would not 
though I was fcarce fit for Service, being almofl like 
an Anatomy (as the faying is) fo thatmoft who knew 

me, 



i 27 1 

!tte, faid, t *wmld pine away in a Confumption ; but 
turn out I muft, and did, though I was weak, poor 
and low \\\ Body, Mind, Pocket and Cloaths ; for I 
think I had but Twelve-pence in my Pocket, and 
very ordinary Cloaths upon my Back.. Thus I took 
my fokmn Leave of the Family, with my Heart 
full, but I kept inward to the Lord, and under 
Truth's Government ; many Tears were fh^d in the 
Famil/, efpecially by my poor Mother, when I left 
them ; my Father faid little, but appear'd like one 
ftruck with Wonder, to fee fo much Love mani- 
fefted towards me t)y the Family, and io much wifli- 
ing that X might not go away : But out I came upon 
the great Common aforementioned, where I 
had many folitary Walks, but none like this, for 
this Reafon, that I knew not where to go. I then 
thought of Abraham who was called out of JJrm 
the Land of tht Chaldeans^ as it is briefly mention'd 
by Stephen ; but this wats the DiiFerence betwixt us, 
he was called^ I was forced out. But as I was walk- 
ing upon the Common, the Senfe of my weak Con- 
dition, not knowing whither to go, nor where to 
lay my Head, although Lhad many Friends, yet I 
could not be free to go to them, unieis lhad known 
they had Bufinefs for me, being not of a forv/ard, 
but rather backward and Ihy Difpoiition. I fay, the 
Senfe and Weight of my Condition eame over me 
to that degree, that it appeared to me as though my 
Way was hedged up on every Side, inv/ardly and 
outwardly ; F even thought mvfelflike a Pelican in 
the Wildernefs, or as an 0wl in the Defart, thei^e 
appearing to me fcarcc a Man in ail the Earth in my 

Condition* 



[ 28 ] 

i 

Gondltlon, everyway confidered ; and in the Senlc 
and deep Confideration of my prefent Wildernefs 
State, I felt myfelf under a great Oppreflion of Spi- 
rit, and my Heart feemed full, like a Bottle that 
wanted Vent : I looked round about me to fee that 
none were near to fee my Tears nor hear my Cries, 
and in the very Anguifh and Bitteinefs of my Soul 
I poured forth my Complaints; Cries and Tears td 
the Judge of all the Earthj who Ipoke to me and 
comforted me in this my depiorable State, which was 
worfe than Jacob' % when he lay upon the Ground, 
and had a Stone for his Pillow 3 he had his near 
Kindred to go to, w^hom he might expeft would 
receive him gladly, but I had none td go to but fuch 
as rather reviled me, and gave me hard I^anguage ; 
but the Lord faid unto me, as if a Man had fpoke, 
Fir/ijeek the Kingdom of Heave)! and the Righteoufnejs 
thereoj, and all thefe "Things that thou Ji an deft in Need 
cf pall be given unto thee. I then defircd he would 
pleafc to fhew me the Place I (hould go to ; and the 
Lord opened my Way, and fliew me the Houfe 
I fliould go to, and abide in for a Time. I faid,. 
Good is the Word of the Lord: I believed, and it was 
a great Means to ftay my Mind, and fettle it in the 
Truth, with full purpofe of Heart to follow the 
Lord, and obey his Requirings, according to the 
Knovi^ledge and Ability given me ; yet Reafonings 
attended me; two Things efpecially ftood much m 
my Way, yea three Things were a Lett to me^, for 
foon >after I came to the Friend's Houfe in Souths 
Cliff] VIZ. William Mon by Name, I bound myfe!^ 
to" him to learn his Trade of a Weavcry^vidi afier I 

was 



[ 2() ] 

was bound, I found this good Man loved mc, and 
I loved him to the Day of his Death ; and he often 
faid, he was blefjed for my Sake^ and all theit apper-^ 
taincd unto him 5 for w^hen I w^ent to him he was 
very poor, but he increafed very coniidcrably after I 
went to live with him. 

I come now to the Particulars which flood in my 
Way of anfwering the Lord's Commands fo fully as 
fometimcs I fhould have done ; Firji^ a violent Hu- 
mour fell into one of my Legs foon after I was bound 
Apprentice, which I with others thought was much 
occafioned by hard Ufage, Heats and Colds, and 
many Surfeits, even from my Infancy ; which Lame- 
nefs held me about two Years, and I fuffered much 
by the faid Leg, and it much difcouraged and dif- 
abled me. They^r^WHinderance was, mylo%vCir^ 
eumjiances in the Worlds which very few knew of, 
becaufe the common Fame was (and not without 
fome Truth) That I had rich Parents. Ihaveglvea 
an Account already how they were circumflanced, 
and fo I leave them at prefent and proceed; but few 
knew the Straits I met withal; yet my truly religious 
Mafler, if he underflood any Thing was upon my 
Mind to go to vifit any Meeting, or Meetings, he 
would fay, take my Mare and go thy way^ and be not 
meaf)\ neither about the Mare ?2or Bujinefsy nor do not 
hajlen thyjelf. Thefe KindnefTes made me often 
thoughtful how I might return fuitable Acknow- 
ledgments, and be duly grateful for the fame : I 
was diligent in my Mafler's Bufinefs, not ferving 
him with Eye-fervice, but faithfully ; believing it 
good and acceptable in the Sight of God, and I had 

great 



I 3^ 1 . 

great Peace in it 3 my Mafter never found Fault 
with iH€ tor doing too littte, but often for doing too 
much^ and would fometimes fay, 1 1 kink thou wilt 
cleave to the Beam 5 come off. andkt us^ walk hilo th^ 
Fields and fee how "Things are there. Now as to the 
/Z?/VJHinderance, the Account of which I was not 
willing to have interwoven with Matters of lefs 
Moment, although the healing of my very fore Leg 
I attribute to the great and good Providence of Gody 
for in a {hort Time after I gave up freely and cheer- > 
fully to anfwer the Lord's Requirings^ the Lord 
healed me of myLamenefs; and when I cried unto! 
him, that he would alfo heal my Tongue of its Stam- 
mering, believing that the Lor'd wa& as able to take J 
away the Impediment of my Tongue, as he was to 1 
flop the Violence of that Humour which had at- \ 
tended my Body, and had a Recourfe to my Leg^ ^ 
and made it fore from above the Ancle to the Knee : \ 
Aftd'^ notwithftanding feveral Men had given their ■ 
Advice, and had fhewed their Skill, it all proved' 
inefFeftual, until I came to believe in Jefus ChriH^ \ 
and to prek through all to him, and to touch the j 
Skirt, or loweft Appearance of his blefTed Truth j 
and Power, in which I found true healing Virtue to | 
my Soul, and alfo to my Body, and to my Tongue, 
even to my Admiration 5 fo that I did not only fpeak | 
plain m the Teftimony the Lord gave mc to bear, j 
but alfo fpoke plain in my common Intercourfe;; 
with Men. \ 

I was likewifein thefe Days linder the Difpenf^ ; 
tions of Openings and Vifions, and thought myfelf ; 
a^ it-were uport MotmtrPifgahi andfaw into the holy ^ 
:. Land;^ \ 



C 31 ] 

Land, and Into Things relating to God and his hea- 
venly Kingdom, and into his Work and Way of 
bringing Man out of the Fall and Alienation to him- 
fclf again, and into a heavenly State in Chrift, as 
Man yields true Obedience unto the Leadings and 
Operation of his blciTed Grace and holy Spirit in the 
Heart. But under fuch Diipenfations it is requilite, 
yea, of ab/^lute Neceffity, that Man be brought 
into true Self-denial, as alfo into a depending Frame 
of Mind, and true Refignation of Will to the 
Will of God, and a daily fitting as in the Dufl, as 
to the Motions, and the Workings of the Creature as 
fuch ; for all that is of Man's working, or Work 
does but let or hinder the fpiritual Work of God in 
the Heart ; and we mufi: come truly to know all 
fle/lily Motions, and the Workings in Man's own 
Will and Spirit, to be iilenced, to hear the Voice 
of God, which is aflillfmall Voice, and not to be 
heard in the Noife and Hurries of the World ; neir 
ther when the Mind is buiied with Things agreeablo 
to our own corrupt Wills and depraved Nature. 

But although at Times I had clear Sights intomany 
heavenly Things, and alfo had at times comfortable 
Enjoyments of the living Prelence of God, yet I 
wanted to be more eflabliilied in the unchangeable 
Truth, which I had at times fome comfortable feel- 
ing of; and in crying to the Lord, I found he in- 
clined unto me, and, as David faid, he heard my 
Cries y and phickt my Feet out of the Mire ajidClayy 
and fet them upon a Rock, that was higher than I, and 
fin part ejiablijhed my Goings ^ and put a new Song into 
my Mouthy even high Fraijes unto the Lord for all his 

tender 



[ 32 ] 

Under Mercies to me in thefe trying Times ; • and now - 
being more crucified to the World, and the Spirit 
of it, I witnefTed a more conftant Indwelling of the 
heavenly Power and living Prefence, Light and 
Grace, I came to be brought into Stilneis, and it 
became moftagreeabletomy Condition to keep much j 
in Silence, and wait upon the Lord for the Renew-- 
Kig of Strength, that thereby I might furmount all \ 
Temptations and Trials that might fall in my way, , 
or w^hich I might be tried with, which were not : 
a few. \ 

Now thefe Things, before recited, are worthy of \ 
Commemoration, and proved great Confirmations to i 
me in the Truth, in thefe Days of my Tribula- \ 
tions and great Trials : Read and believe thou that \ 
can'ft, for they are faithful and true fayings. After | 
the Lord had healed me, he fcnt me forth in the \ 
Work of the Miniflry, and the firft Journey I took \ 
Southward wa« into LincolnJJjire^ Nottinghawjkire^ \ 
and through Co'ventry, and fo to Warunck to fee 
William Dewjberry. One 1 hing is remarkable upon ' 
William's Enquiry, what Way I came ? In my Ac- i 
count of the particular Towns and Places I had . 
pafTed through, T mentioned Coventry^ which was \ 
the iaft and the worfl ^ for feme of the rude People \ 
flung Stones at me, as I was fpeaking in the Meet- '\ 
ing, with great Violence, fo that had the Lord fuf- ^ 
fered them to have hit me, they mufi: have fpoiled \ 
me ; but my Faith in the Lord, and the Strength ot \ 
the Truth, borfe up my Mind above Fear of the \ 
outward Man, or what wicked Men could do to me^ ; 
After William had heard my Account, he fixed hisl. .] 

Eyesil 



[ 33 J 

kyes on mc and faid, ^hou mufi go back again to Co- 
ventry. I appeared unwilling, for two Reafons ; 
Jirfl, becaufe I thought I had cleared myfell of that 
People. Secondly, I thought it riot fafe to run my- 
felf into banger of Suffering, linlefs, I was fatisfied 
the Lord required it of me. But William was po- 
(itivc, and faid I mujl go ^ for there was a Service for 
me to do there. Upon a deliberate Confideration of 
the Matter, and a feeking to the Lord to know his 
Will in it, I found my Way clear to go, and I 
had fome Service and good Satisfadrion, and left 
Friends nearer to one another than when I firft met 
with them ; . for there had Been a Mifunderftanding 
amongft fome Friends in that City : So I came from 
thence ta Tamworth, where there was a Difference, 
elpccially betwixt two Friends; both of them had 
been fuch as had made fome confiderabJe Figure a-' 
Aong Friends : I felt it upon me to go to the Man, 
to warn liirn of the Spirit of Prejudice and Envy, 
for if he gave Way to it, it would eat out his Love 
to Friends and Truth, and he would decline Meet- 
ings and come to nought, and turn his Back on the 
Truth ; w^hich came to be fulfilled, as I afterwards 
heard ; for he became a locfe Man, and lifted him- 
felf to be a Soldier. I was zealous for the Name of 
the Lord, and had a great Concern upon my Mind 
for the Promulgation of the Truth, and where I 
met with loofe Profeflbrs of the Truth, it was a 
great Exercife to me. 

When I returned home frpm this, and indeed 
jfrom all my Journeys, I took Care what! well could, 
fo far as my weak Body was capable, to fall into 

D Bulineft^ 



[ 34 1 

Bafincf?, and not to loiter away my Time, heither- 

abroad nor at home. My weak Ccuftitution would 

not well bea^i* i\\Q .fVeavrng-tradej therefore I left it 

much againfl: my Will ; but J wrought upon Clock 

and Watch-work, and naany other Things, which ] 

fupplied my Necrflities, the Lord allowing me as ' 

much Time at home ais put me in a Condition rea- j 

fohabiy fit for Travel, and then I was inclined to go i 

to viiit Friends. Many Things I omit, becaufe I ; 

am not willing to fwell my Account too much. I i 

travelled through mofi: Parts of E^/^/^^z/rf" four Times, \ 

and twice through mofh Parts of PVales^ between the \ 

twentieth and twenty eighth Year of my Age. \ 

After the Lord had opened my Heart, and I cafne \ 

in part to underiiand the holy Scriptures, and 'to | 

have a Feeling of that holy Spirit in which the holy ] 

f^enmen wrote them, and a Sympathy with the Spi- : 

rits and Exercifes of the Righteous therein mc ri- j 

tioned, Ltook great Delight in reading them,/and ■ 

havmg a good Memory, could thereby the better '\ 

deal with Priefls and with ProfelFors. I had many \ 

Difputesand Reafonings with Priefts and ProfefTors, \ 

of feveral Denominations, both in 21?r/^Vr^ and o- 

ther Parts in my Travels, fo that through thefe Dif- I 

putes, and much Reading, my Mind was rather too ' 

much in the Letter^ and not altogether fo much in \ 

Spirit y, and in Power ^ as it fhould have been ; for I 

which I met with a gentle Caution from the Lord, \ 

Vv^hich was thus : I heard a Voice (from the Lordf ^ 

as plain as. if one had fpoke to my outward Ear, 7he . 

Fowls of the 'Air lodge in the Branches. This being ^ 

repeated to me, I befought the Lord to fhew me j 

what /I 



[ 35 1 

v/as the Meaning of that Voic^ which I heard -, and 
the Lord, the might^y God, fhewed me in his con- 
defcending Love, jhat^the Scripures, even all of 
them which were written ss the holy Men were 
moved of the holy GhofV, Iprung irom the hvi?ig 
Root y yet thofe who refted o^nly in the Letter, and 
came not to be acquainted with, and live in3 and 
minifter from the faoie /?^^ *?//>//, are outward, dead, 
dry, ^iry and foolifli. This .gentle Check w^as of 
great Service to me.; noffo as to make me decHne 
reading the Scriptures, but" that I iTiould not have 
over much Dependency on them ; and to caution 
me againft the Negle(^ of waiting for the Help of 
the holy Spirit, the Root and pure Spring of the 
right and living Miniftry which reaches the Pleart, 
and carries the true Evidence with it to the Believers/ 
that it is of God 'y which that of th€ Letter cannot 
do of itfelf. I tenderly delire that all concerned in 
this* great Work of the Miniftry, may not be Mi- 
nifterso^ the Letter c/^/j', but of the Spirit alfo^ and 
may fpeak in the Demonftration of the Spirit and of 
Power. And let him that fpeaketh, fpeak as the Ora- 
cle of Gody and he that rainijlreth^ do it as of the 
Ability that God giveth. This is the laft and hfting 
Miniftry, which is after the Order oi Melchifedecky 
and not after the Order of Aaron, but in Jefus 
•Chrift the High-^Prieft, the one Offering, which 
makes perfedl for ever all who come to him through 
the Drawings of the Father ; he is the one Lord, and 
there is but one true Faith in him, and but one true 
^ndfaving Baptifm into him, or into the Likencis of 
his Death ; fo as Chriji died for Sin, we mSy truly 



f 36 ] I 

die to Sin 5 und ^s he ipas raifedby the Glory of the \ 
Father y fo we may walk in Newnefs cf Lije 3 the \ 
' heavenly High-Prieftj holy, hai mlels, feparate from ] 
Sinners 3 and fuch a High-Prieft who was .tempted, \ 
and knows how to fuccour«luch as are tempted ; he j 
is the Advocate with the Father, the Propitiatim for I 
the Sins of all, the true (S^/zW^ and Comforter, the** 
Leader of thfem into all Truth-, who obey and follow j 
him ; although to the World a Reprover zr\di2LjwiJt 
Wit?iefs 2ig2!m^ all Ungodlinefs and Unrighteoufnefs J 
of Men. ■ I 

My writing thus, from this gentle Check, con- . 
cerning the Fowls and the Branches^ &c. is not w^ith ; 
the leail IntCLtion either to leffenthe holy Scriptures, i 
or difcourage any from reading them 3 for I would ■ 
have all true Chriftians encouraged to be more con- \ 
yerfantin them ; yet with this Advice, kind Reader ^ \ 
from thy Well-wifhcr and true Friend, to breath tc^ \ 
and truly feck after the Lord for a Meafure of his ^ 
holy and bleiTed Spirit, the only Key and beft Expp- i 
fitor to open and truly expound them to thee, as by ^ 
the fame holy Spirit thy Mind and Underflanding j 
comes to be fitted and enlightened y apd indeed the ; 
whole Vefiel muft be brought into a Preparation tp ? 
hold the heavenly Ti cafure, and not to mix the pure | 
with the corrupt and impure : For without this en- 
lightning, preparing, opening, and fandtifyingGift ' 
cf God's holy Grace and Spirit, Man^ can neither •; 
know the heavenly Power of God, nor yet the holy \ 
Scriptures aright, as he ought to know them ; and \ 
for this Reafon it hath feemed good to God to hide \ 
thefe Things from the Learned, Wife and Prudent 

, cf 



[ n ] 

of this World, that they fliould not pry into, noi» 
find out the Myftcries contained therein, unlefs they 
are fanftified, and called of God thereto ; and asm 
Man knows the Things of a Man, Jave the Spirit of a 
Man that is in him } likewife the Things of God arc 
not perceivable by Man, without the Help of the 
holy Spirit of God in Man. 

Thus the Lord opened to me the true Meaning 
of the Parable of the Muflard-feed^ in this the Time 
of my Infancy as to the Miniftry, with which he 
fent me forth into the World, that my Faith might 
ftand in the Lord'alonc, the Author and Finifher, 
as well as Giver of the ^rue and laving Faith, even 
that Faith which works by Loye^ and gives ViSlory over • 
the Worfd ; it vvas by and through the Power, Virtue 
and Efficacy oif true Faith, which is the Gift ofGody 
that the Elders in former Ages obtained, and now 
do obtain a good Report ; it vvas in and through this 
Gift, that worthy Abel with his Offering was ac- 
cepted of God, although he was envied of his earth- 
ly and evil minded Brother Cain^ and alfo by him 
fiain. The ever memorable Enochs through the Vir- 
tue of this holy Gift, walked with God, ashimfelf 
gave witnefs that Enoch pleafed him ; he walked fo 
in Faith and Obedience even to the End, that he^ 
died not as Men in common do, but was tranflated' 
or changed in a peculiar Manner. Come, read thou 
that canft, and underftand tbou that art redeemed 
out of (and haft overcome) the Flefh, and the Pow- 
ers of the firft Nature, the World and the Devil, 
in a great meafure, for thou knoweft that it is by the 
Operation of this Gift that the Dead in old Adam are 

railed 



. { 38 -3 

railed to a new Life, and way of living in tliQ new 
Man } and through this heavenly ^J^^^, that 13 
Jcno wn to thefe to be a quickning Spirit, agreeable 
to holy Writ. Through Faith the Violence of Fire 
was quench'd^ the Mouths of Lions have been • 
ftopped, the Sword turned backward, the Armies 
put to flight, even fuch as were Aliens or Strangers 
who outwardly fought againft the Lord's People ; 
which fets before us, as in a Glafs, how and what 
wc are to overcomein this Gofpcl-day, in which we 
are not to iighf with Men, but with our Lufts, and 
overcome Sin and Satan 3 which i# as great a Vidory 
as he obtained that overcame the rampant Lions,"*' who 
^had Dominion over the wicked, as Sin and Satan 
have Power and Dominion over the Wicked and Uur 
godly to this Day. Confidcr now in Time, thou that 
readeft thefe Lines, whet4ier Chrift or Antichrift doth 
moft predominate in thfee ? Whether Grace or Sin. 
moft abound in thy mortal Body ? Whether the spi- 
rit of Truth, that leads into all Truth, or the Spirit 
of Error, that leads into all Error and Untruth, is 
the moft prevalent, and hath the greateft Place in 
thy Heaft ? For to him whom thou art the moft 
fubjcdt, and yields thy Members Servants to, his 
Servant thou art, and to him thou giveft way 
and fubj efts thyfelf, and his Servant thou wilt alto- 
gether come to be in time, and the Wages due to his ' 
Servants thou fhalt hs.ve given to thee at the End of 
thy Work: Therefore confider in due Time, while 
the Day of thy Vifitatioii is continued unto thee, 
and the Lord is following and calling by his fecrct 
and in v^^ard Checks and Reproof, by which hedif- 

quiets 

^ Daniel vi. v, 24. 



/■ [ 39 J 

quiets thy Mind, that although thou mayeit take 
feme Pleafure in Vanity and wrong Ways, whtxi 
thou canft get over the juft Witnefs of God in thy 
own Soul, yet while it ftrives with thee to convert 
and gather thee up out of earthly and fading Plea- 
fiires, to have thy Mind fet upon heavenly Things, 
and take Pleafure in them, thou wilt have no folid 
Comfort in all thy lower Enjoyments, but Condem- 
nation and Anguifh of Soul will attend thee, untif 
thou either gets over the Witnefs, or leaves the Evil, 
is the Experience of the Lord's People, who have 
been acquainted with the true and inward Warfare, 
and alfo with the Saints Victory. Read and learn to 
follow Chrift iy theFootfteps of the Flocks oj his Com^ 
paniom ; altho' it be through great Tribulations, yet 
it is the Way to have th'^ Garments wajhed'and made 
'white in the my ftical Blood of the immaculate Lamb of 
God : T^his is he, as John the Baptifl faid, that taketh 
away the Sins of the World. Happy is every one 
that truly putteth on his Lamb-like Nature, his Hu- 
mility, Righteoufnefs and Purity, and is covered 
with his holy Spirit^ and lives and walks in^nd un- 
der the Influence and Conduct thereof to the End of 
Time here, until we enter into Immutability. 

Now to return from this Digreffion to the hifto- 
rical Part. When I had travelledmuchof the Time 
between my going forth, which was from about the 
nineteenth Year of my Age unto about the twenty 
feventh, thert finding fome little Refpite from the 
Weight of that Service, I inclined to fettle a little 
clofer to Bufmefs but had little to begin any Calling 
with, being neceffiated to leave my Trade of JVeav- 

ing 



[ 40 } 

ing through Lamenefs, as before mentioned ; and 
I had been a Sojourner fome time at Whitby ^ Scar- 
horoughy zndiBridlington ; but. upon feeking unto the 
Lord to know what Place I might now fettle in, 
though my great Inclination was for Whitby^ yet it 
founded as in my Ear, Bridlmgton^ Bridlington is 

\ the Place tojerileinj and in the Crofs I repaired thi-| 
ther, and fettled for fome time, keeping a little Shopy^ 
and mended Clocks and Watches, as I had done for- 
feveral Years paft at times ; it was of good Service 
my fettling tberej for the Lord began to work ' 
mightily, efpecially among the young Friends, fo 

^'^^t in a few Years many had their Mouths opened 
in Teflimony for the Lord, and a fine Spring of 
heavenly Miniftry was in that Monthly-Meeting, . 

"" the like L have not known in the like Bounds, (for! 
it is but a fniall Monthly-hieetino; and hath been 
fo ever fmce I knew it.) for Truth did fo mightily | 
profper, and Friends grew fo in the Miniftry, that 
it became a Proverb, that Bridlington was become 
a School of Prophets. This mighty Work of the 
Lord, in thefe Days, is worthy to be chronicled and 
remembredi among his many w^orthy and noble Adts j 
we had many heavenly and good Meetings, praifcd 
and renowned be the worthy Name of the Lord, 
tiow and for ever. ., . , 

We had but little Difcipline when I firft feetled 
in that Place, but afterwards many Friends Hearts 
were ftirred up in a holy Zeal for the Lord, not only 
to promote Meetings for Worfhip, but alfo for good 
Difcipline in the Church, and they began to fee a 
Neceffity of coming up more in the Pradice q^ this 

Very 



t 4- 1 

Very needful Work s although there were fome that 
faid, they could fee no Needofjuch clofe Order and Dif- 
cipline : Yet I found k to be my Way in the Truth 
to bear with foch, if they were not irregular in their 
Converfations \ but if they were diforderly, we dealt 
with them as the Lord opened our Way in the Wif- 
dom of Truth ^ and thus bearing with xht-Eafinefs 
of fome on the one hand, and encouraging the faith- 
ful and zealous on the other, until way was made, 
beyond my Expedtation, for the fpreading of the 
Truth, its Teftimony, and the Difcipline thereof in 
thofe Parts. 

I had now travelled and laboured much in the 
Lord's Work at home and abroad for about ten 
Years, but had not in all that Time found my way 
clear to marry^ although not v/ithout fome likely 
Opportunities, and with fuch as were a great deal 
richer than fhe was whom I did marry ; but I was 
afraid in this weighty Affair to mifs my Way, know- 
'ing the great Difference there is between thera 
who only protefs, and they who poflefs the Truth, 
and them that are only in the firft Nature and un- 
regenerated State, (and ftriiflly fpeaking, hut the Sons 
a?2d. Daughters of Men) and fuch who are born again ; 
not of Flefh and Blood, nor indeed of any thing 
that is corruptible, but of that incorrujjtible Seed and 
living Word of God which leads into lively Hope, 
and brings forth a new and heavenly Birth in Man^ 
that takes delight to pleafe and obey the Lord in all 
Ihings, and fo become SonSy or Children of Gody 
in a more fpiritual and nearer Relation than that of 
Creation only j it is in and through this great Work 

D 2 cf 



I 42 ] 



# 



6f Renovation, and being born again, that fuch 
live up to that holy Seed and regenerating Prin- 
ciple: And as the fame doth predominate and rule in 
Man," in this State Man cannot Sin, as the -Apoftle 
faid, v^ith this Reafon annexed, becatife his Seed {to 
wit^> the Seed of God) remaineth in him :. Thus 
walking in the light, and living in the Seed, Grace 
and holy Spirit^ although the Term^ of it dfffer, the 
•Virtue and Nature of it are undivid'able ; fuch w^ho 
come' to be gathered to walk with, and truly love 
Chrift the Bridegrdom of the Soul, are brought in- 
to a greater Neariiefs, truer Sym-pathy and Unity of 
Spirit than the World knows of. Read this, you 
that are born again, and duly confider it in its proper 
Time and Plac^; I believe, and therefore truly 
fpeak it, the L6rd gave me fuch a Wife as really 
feared him, loved Truth and Righteoiifnefs, and all 
fuch as (he thought loved, and- efpecially fuch as 
lived in the Truth \ her N^mewd.s Pri/cilla Cannahy, 
Daughter of jfames Can?taby ^^ fhe was defcended c 
an honeft Family in the Eaft Part of Torkjhire^ the 
only Child her Parents left,- they were Bakers hy 
Trade, and gave her a commendable Education, 
though th&y did not leave her any great Portion s fhe 
was under the Care of her Uncle Charles Cannahy oi 
Bridlington^ an hdneil Friend, who left fomething 
behind him in Menufcript concerning hisConvince- 
ment of the Truth, and Sufferings for the fame 5 he 
was convinced early, lived to a great hg^^ and was 
a Man of great Service in thole Parts^ where he 
lived. 

I was in the twenty eighth Year of my Age 

when 



[ 43 1 

when I married my Wife, who was a Woman of an 
excellent Temper,, very affedlionate, fober and pru- 
dent, loved Retirement much, and waiting upon the 
Lord, and the Enjoyment of his internal and livin-g 
Prefence, and efpecially with the Lord's People, 
that they might alfo be made Partakers with her of 
the like fpecial Favours ; this was her Crown and 
Kingdom while in this World, even from her Child- 
hood ; and to lee Friends profper in the Truth vvas 
Matter of great Rejoicing to her. When we had 
bee^n married fcarce three Years, the Lord raifed her 
up to bear a publick Teftimony amongfl Friends in 
their Meetings, which was very comfortable andac- 
ceptable to them ; and alfo ilie had the Spirit cf 
Grace and Supplication, meafurably poured uporihei", 
lo that many with mc did believe fhc had Acceft to 
the "throne of God^ and to that Rifuer which maketl 
truh glad the City of God: She always freely gave me up 
to an{\ver the Service I believed the Lord called for 
of me. She was taken from me when we had been 
married but about five Years, in the twenty eighth 
Year of her Age, and died in a fwee^ Frame of 
Mind, and was fenfible to the lafl, and her laft 
Words were. He is come^ he is come y /whom my Soul 
loves y and my Soul rejoices in God my Saviour , and my 
Spirit magnifies him\ and fo paffed avvay like a Lamb, 
I believe into a Manfion of Glory, where her Jnno- 
cent Soul will for ever fing Hallekijah to the Lord 
God and the Lamb, who is worthy of Glory, Ho- 
nour, Salvation and Strength, now and for ever. 

I might enlarge much upon the Virtue and Vv^or- 
thinefs of faithful Prifcilla^ but in this, as in other 

Matters, 



I 44 ] 

Matters, It Is my Defire to avoid Prolixity, yci 
would take Notice of the moft remarkable Occur- 
rences that have happened to me in the Courfe ofthi 
my earthly Pilgrimage; alfo, I have been muc^ 
prefs'd by fome, and not of the leaft of my faith-^^ 
lulBrethren :Likewile, I believed it to be my Duty, 
to leave fome Remains to Pofterity for their Encou- 
ragement and Comfort in the Way and Work of the 
Lord. One Thing is worthy here to be inferted,: 
which had a ftrange and aftoniihing EfFedt upon 
my Mind, which was thus : 

As I was walking in a plain Field in the fore 
Part of the Day, not far from the Sea, betwixt Bnd^ 
Iingto?2 'znd Broynton^ my Soul was in a deep Concern, 
and at that Time exercifed in Meditation on the 
Things of God, and alfo in fervent Prayers to hirii 
for Prcfervation from every hurtful Thing ; and a 
heavenly Frame my Mind was then bt-ought ihtd, 
for then I neither faw Cloud over my Mind, nor yet 
any in the Firmament, fcr it appeared to me aM?r;z- 
ing without Chudi :, tho'- 1 had pafTed under many 
Clouds. Soon after ray Mind was brought into thi^ 
heavenly Frame, and as it were fwallowcd up in 
the heavenly and internal Prefence of the Lord, 1 
thought a bright Cloud came down and cover'd me, 
or caught me up into it j fo whether I was {land- 
ing, walking, or fet upon the Ground, or carried 
up into the Cloud in the Body, or out of the Body, 
I know not to this Day; yet Fear and Reverence, 
with bowing of my Soiil, did poffefs me before the great 
Majefty ; at the Glory of whofe Countenance, as I 
had it in a preceding Vifio;i, Men and Angels fled 
' ' \ /r '. . ^. - - • and 



[ 45 3 

and gave way, and could not ftedfaftly behold the 
Brightnefs and Glory of the Countenance of the 
Son of the Higheft, with the mighty God and Fa- 
ther, which are in one in Power, Greatnefs, Goodnefs, 
and Glory, who was before all ThingSy made all 
J^hings^znd upholds and fills all Things that are good, 
with that which is truly good, or at leaft is for a 
good End. Read this Myftery thou that canft, and 
learn to fear him that hath Power over both Soul and 
Body^ to kill and to caft into HelU for one Time or 
another he will make thee fear him, when he brings 
thy Sins to Judgment, whether it be now or here- 
after : The Time hath been, is, or will be, in which 
the Lord, the Judge of both Quick and Dead, hath, 
doth, or will plead with thee, and all Flefh, as irt 
the Vally ^ Jehofaphat ; therefore beware left thou 
make him wroth, as he was upon Mount Feriziniy 
but be thou fu()jed: to the Lord, as faithful Mofes, 
was upon Mount Horeb^ or the Mount of Gody when 
he obeyed his Voice, and put off his Shoes • do 
thou obey, if it be to the putting away of the Glory 
and Wifdom oi Egypt ^ ov Learnings or what elfe is 
required of thee : Oh then thou art in the way to 
further Service, and wilt' be enabled, as thou con- 
tinues faithful, to go through all to God's Glory, and 
thy unfpeakable Peace in the End« ' ' 

Now as to the laft Part 6t the Rapture or Vifion, 
when I was fwallowed up in the luminom Frefence of 
him that \^jirji and la/i, tht Alpha "SLnd Omegay I 
heard a Voice, very intelligible to that Senfatioh I 
had then given me, faying, Dofi thou fee how Pride 
andJVickedneJs abound in the Nation ? I anfwercd in 

much 




[ 46 ] 

jnuch Fear, Lord do I fee if: The next Words 
which I heard in the Voice and in the Cloud were, 
7he People are too many^ I will thin them^ 1 will thin 
theni^ I will thin them. I dciired of the Lord to fhew 
rne, whether it was his Mind I fliould publifh this 
in any Part of the Nation ? The South was fet be- 
fore me, with this Caution, Where this is opened to 
thee in my Power ^ tha^e fpeak ofit^ and 7iot other wife. 
I gave up to anfwer the heavenly Vifion, and vififed 
moft Parts of the fouthcrn Counties, as alfo the nor- 
thern Parts, 9,nd Scotland ', and where the Lord 
opened my Mouth tofpeakof what I had heard^ as 
before^ by way of Prophecy, "I gave up, but did 
Tiot'fo much infift upon that Matter,^ as to fuffer it 
to be a Means to miflead me from that Work of the 
Miniftry I was chiefly concered in, ' I would that 
all, who are concerned in the like manner may be 
cautious in this great Affair, and look well to the 
llife and Original from whence they receive this Gift, 
and how; and alfo what Frame of Mind they arc in, 
and that nothing of the Warmth of their own Spi- 
rits be fet to Work or flirred up, cither by Sight of 
. the Eye, or hearing, or reading outwardly, but that 
the Mind may be redeemed from all Workings, from 
thefe and the like Grounds, and purely purged, and 
truly adapted or fitted to receive this Gift or Spirit of 
Prophecy ; and aifo be fure to be very careful to be 
guidable in the Gift, or otherv^ife thou may ft mifs, 
as to Time znd Place^ &c. I intend not to dwell 
long upon it, as there are other Services included in 
this of Prophecy, as Edification and Comfort ^ &c. 
but Vi^hat I have been upon^ relates to foretelling 
" ' 'V fomething 



[ 47 ] 

fhmething that is to come-y and, as once a worthy EU 
der faidto me when I was young in the Miniftry, 
It is a great Thing to know what^ where and when ; 
and I have ever found it true to this Day. Learn of 
him that is (as he always was) meek and low of 
Heart, and be not difcoiiraged, but perfevcre in 
Faith and Sincerity, and look not overmuch at the 
Difficulty, but look over all to him who hath called 
thee, and in feme meafure revealed his Son through 
the Spirit in thee : Although I know from feme Ex- 
perience, what it is to be cxercifcd in the matter of 
Prophecy, for in the Journey touched of before, I 
was concerned to tell Friends at Kilmouck in Scot^ 
Urid efpecially, that the Lord would take many of them 
awaj\ which in a fhort Time came, to pafs, for many 
died before that Time Twelve-month, it being a Time 
of Scarcity of Corn ; and it was thought many died 
for want of Bread, the Year enfuing^my being there : 
I had good Service for the Lord, and great Satis- 
taftion in thefe my Jong Travels, as I had in the 
like before, in divers of which there were fome 
convinced of Truth. 

AiC^'omerm Norfolk, or\t Elizaketh Horry, when 

my Mouth was opened, dcfpifed qiy Youth, as fhe 

confefs'd afterwards ^but what I liad to fay fo reach- 

I ed her XTondltion, that flie fhed many Tears upon 

' her . fine Silks, and confefs'd, before the Meeting 

broke up, that all might hear, in thefe Words, All 

j that ever I have done hath been told me this Day, and 

j this is the everlajUng Truth. And as I paiTed along 

from that Meeting, not far from Cromer, with fome 

•-^•hcr Friends, it rof? in my Heart to fay aloud, that 



[ 4S 1 



! 



a Man who was watering his Horfe might hcar^ 
looking, and pointing my Hand towards him, That 
Man will he a Friend before he die \ and,, as he own'd 
after, he was fo ftruck with it, that he had no Reft 
till he came among Friends, though he was then 
afar off, but he came to be a ferviceable Man ^mong 
us, and his Wife was alfo convinced of the Truth, 
and was a ferviceable Woman. Samuel Hunt pf 
Nottinghamy was firfl reached at Leicefler by the 
Teftimony I had given me to bear in that Meeting 
at that Time, as he acknowledged afterwards 5 but 
I always gave God the Glory, and laid the Creature 
as in the Duft, that Man, as Man, might not be 
too much accounted of. 

After my being caught up, and hearing the Voice 
(as before mentioned) I had many deep and heavenly 
Openings, fomc of which it may not be amifs to 
mention here, inafmuch as I had now a more clear 
Sight into a tranjlated State than even I had before ; 
I. came thro' a divine Senfe and Participation, to have 
great Sympathy and dear Unity, not only with the 
ever memorable Encch^ whofe walking was fuch as 
the Lord gave Teftimony or Witnefs to, that he 
pleafedhim ; the Ground of which Witnefs was from 
hence, he lived near and loved God, and walked in the 
Ways of Virtue^ and abhorred Vice : But alfo with 
the Apoftle, having this Seal, that God knoweth who 
are Ins ; and with fome other of the Servants of 
Chrift in former Ages who could fay, as Tome novV 
can fay, (from true Experience) that the Spirit of 
the Lord beareth Witnefs with our Spirit s, that we arc 
his^ to wit, the Lord's Children^ fo long as we do well ; 
- which 



I 49 1 

\vhich laft Words are of large Extent, io do well, 
think well, fpcak well, and believe well -, for he' that 
hath no Faith, or that believes ilU cannot do well, 
he that eats, drinks, or wears that which he knows 
he ought not, doth not well ; bat what is done well, 
is done in a pure Mind and clean Gonfcience, for fo 
is true Faith held; and all acceptable Work to God 
perforfncd. I had great openings. into the Removal 
of MoJ?s, and taking up of .Elijah; that great and 
v/orthy Prophet, from the Earth into Heaven, and 
I have fcca Things not fit to be uttered, neither can 
the World yet beJieve them ; and I faw far into the 
Myftery of the Transfi^tiraiioH of Chrifl, and Ap- 
pearance of Mofes. znd Ellas wiili him upon the 
Mount • and the Voice which was heard from the 
excellent Glory, This is my beloved Son., hear him ; 
liot Mofes nor Ellas in Comparifon of him, for the 
Law pointed to him, and u^as as a School-mafter to 
bring to him'. The holy Prophets forefaw, and pro- 
phefied of his Coming, arid Johji the Baptift law 
Chrift; and baptized him, and bore Witnefs of hkrt 
tas the Light, and faid. Behold the Lamb of God; that 
taketh away the Sins of the Worlds he alfo faid, He is 
the Bridegroom that hath the Bride (the Church ; he 
fpoke of his own Decreafe, and Unworthinefs in 
comparifon of Chrift; though cdled by Chrift hirn- 
felf, as great a Prophet as was ever horn of a 
Woman, and he was alfo called Ellas, which mufl 
firft come, and is already came in refped: of Power, 
Knowledge, Boldriefs and Faithfulnefs ; he was as 
Ellas, yet the leajl in the Kingdom of Chri/i was 
greater than he^ becaufe the Power and glorious 

E Kingdoiri 



[ so ] ,j^\ 

Kingdom and Gofpei-difpenfation was not fully 
brought in (and reftored Xolfrael^ or thofe wholhould 
believe in him) until his ylfceiifio?! ; but now thefe 
great Agents in thefe foregoing Difpenfations all 
palled away, with their figurative, prophetical arid 
elementary Difpenfations, and gave place to the Son 
and Heir ot all Things, the MeJJiah^ the great Fro^ 
phef., Eifhcp, Shepherd, King and Lawgiver. 

Now read thefe Things, and learn truly to under- 
ftand how Mojes paft aw?iy, and Elias paft away, and 
Chrifi is left, who is able alone to perfed: the Work 
of Man's- Redemption, m)h^ trod the Wine-prefs, alone ^ 
and ^amon9;ft ail tire Sons ot Men, none were with 
him or helped him; he came* who was the Anti- 
type of all Types gone before : He, Chrifi^ is come 
to remove the Coiyenant made before, becaufe of the 
Weaknefs and Imperfection thereof, which Gove- 
ViO.nt made net the Comers thereto perfeB^hwX. the better 
Ilope brought in by Chrifi, did-, io this Covenant is 
aburidantiy more excellent which Was brought in by 
Chrift, and fettled and eflablifhed upon better Prc- 
mifes 'than th,at was or could be, by the Blood of Bulky 
Goats, andthe Ap:es of an Heifer^ which reached the 
outfide only ; but in the fecond or new Covenant 
is 'the Biccd nvhwb fpHnkleth the Heart from an evil 
Conference^ fo that fuch may be iitted and qualiiled 
to ierve th6 living God, not in the Works of the old Co- 
venant^ but in the Newnefs of the holy Spirit t This is 
he that, as tohisD'svinity and Eternitv, waj< lefore 
the Hills were Jettled, and the Seas and F cunt ains were 
made, that took delight to dwell with the J^o^s of i^^^^> 
or /// th^ haiitable Farts cf the Earth \ as he was a 

Spirit 



[ 5- 1 

Spirit or Word uncreated, he dwelt meafurably ia 
jibel, Sethy Enoch, and Noah befo.e the Flood ^ tor 
by his Spirit God ftrove with the old World to re- 
claim them from their Wickedneis, when it was 
great ; it was by this Spirit Nouh was made a Preach^ 
er oj Right ecufnefs^ and inilruded how to build the 
Ark ; this is he who was with Shem and Japhethy 
Abraham, Ifaac, Jacob, and Jcfeph, and all the 
faithful Fathers aker the Flood, tht Foundation of M 
the Righteous, Prophets, Apoftles, and Martyrs, 
luch as loved and believed iq him, and luffered for 
his Nome's fake, and the Teflimony which they 
held : This is he that defpifed the Glory of this Worlds 
and is lifted up a Standard to the People, and an En- 
fign to the Nations \ unto him Jh all the Gentiles [eek, 
and his Reft Jhall be glorious ; he hath lifted up a 
greater Rod than that of Mofes, fometimes called 
i\\Q Rod of Iron, by which he hath, and I believe 
will break to pieces many People as a Potters Ve(fel^ 
w^hen the Sin and Iniquity of the People is come to 
the height -, it was he that turned the Waters /^/'Egypt 
into Blood *, it was he ih'Sit flew the Fir ft.-born through'- 
out all the Land of Egypt, he overthrew, the Egyp- 
tians, and brought forth Krsicl by a Jlrong Hand, and 
an Arm outllretched. After he had marked the 
Dwellings of his People, and fpared them in the 
Time of this great Slaughter, which was executed 
both upon Man and Beaft, to %vit, the Firft-born m 
Egypt, then he became Ifrael'^ PalTover. Read 
thefe Things (that were typically done, and in an 
outward way) inwardly, and in thine own Experi- 
ence, that thou niay'fl fay, and that truly, Chriji is 

my 



f 5^ .1 ■ i 

7ny Tajjhver^ after he hath mitigated thy fore Bon- 
dage, and in degree hath given thee Faith in his 
great Name, and hath caiifed thc(? to love him, ar;(| 
made thee willing to fdllov/ him, although it he 
through the Sea of Troubles, and fopnetimes as 
through the Wildernefs/ Here is an eating of the 
heavenly Pa/Jover^ or Pqfcpal La?nk^ under the In^ 
riuence of the pure Love of God, that is fpfead or 
difplayed over the Soul like a Canopy, or Banner : j 
Here is' the heavenly Mmma^ the true Body to itt^ i 
on, that yields true Nouriihment and folid Comfort ! 
to thy Soul, in this thy Travel towards th^ heaJi 
Venly Country : Here is the Subftance of the .Sr^/^r- 
Goat known, \\\?Lt bearelh a%vay the §i7.2S of tie Peo- 
ple 3 for he bore oitr Iniquities^ arid through his Stripes 
nsoere we healed \ go his Part there vi^aiits Nothing, but 
on Man's Faith in, and Obedience to CJlrift : He 
js the Subitance or Antitype, of the brazen Serpent^ 
which was lifted up in the Wildernefs to cure the 
Peoples Ailrrients, Gccafioned by the Serpents; he is 
the Advocate 'with the J^atker^ as jfch^z faid, to en- 
courage little Children in that Time, which I think 
may veiy well be applied to all in that State until 
Time herefhall be no more. 'Happy is every one 
that heareth, obeyeth, and revercnceth the Son and 
Heiraf all Things in his fpiritual. Appearance in the 
Heart; where he fpeaks to the Conditions of the 
Children of Men, as 77'ever M^njpokf and to much 
better Purpofe than ever Man could do : This is he 
that [pake to the Fathers by the Prophets w.hoy iri^ ihefe 
Times doth /peak to us i?i or by his Son \ fo t^ke he^d 
to his fpirilual Appearance in the Heart, for there 

niufl I 



[ 53 ] 

pauft the Work of our Salvation be pcrfecfled, aftqr 
Sin is purged out, and the Guilt thereof taken away; 
to fuch Death is eafy, wheie Sin, the Sting of Death, 
is taken away, haying a part in Chriji, the Firft-born 
oj many Brethren^ and RefurreSiion Jrom the Dead; 
I fay, having a Part in him /Z?^/ is the Refurre£lion 
indeed, and the. Life ; over fuch the fecorid Death 
(which is a perpetual Separation from the heavenly 
Prefence of God, and Company of holy Angch)/hall 
have no Power. I now leave, I think, this not un- 
profitable DigrefTion, and return to the more hiflo- 
rical Part, where one Thing, I think, is worthy of 
inferting here, viz'. 

In my young Years I was very much afHided in 
jny Travels,' upon taking Cold, with ^ifore Throaty 
that I could fcarce fpeak fo as to be heard, and had 
much Trouble at Times toivvallow any thingwhich 
Nature did require ; and in one Journey northward, 
in Truth's Service, corning to Hawkfiead^ and fit- 
ting in the Meeting under ho fmallExercife with the 
Trouble aforefaid, hot without fopieReafoningsand 
Conflidls of Spirit, having left 5II, as I believed, to 
do what the Lord required of me, and yet I appre- 
hended myfelf, by means of this Affliilion, not 
likely to be of any Service ; arid after fome Rea- 
fpnings, and a fervent feeking to the Lord to know 
the Caufe of this great Trouble, and withal to bring 
my Mind to a true Refignation to the Will of God 
in this, and in all the Trials the Lord might fee 
good inhis Wifdom to exereife me in 5 1 had not 
been long brought into this devoted and refigned 
State to be and do what the Lord would have me do, 
but oh ! I felt of the Virtue of Chrift as a fweet and 
living Spring, by which I was healed : I was, -and 

am 



[ 54 J 

am to this Day (when I remember the Lord's kind 
Dealings with me) very thankful to him. 

It has been frequently obfervable, that the Lord 
leads his Servants through many States, that they, 
having the Experience thereof, may be the more ca- 
pable of helping others in the like Straits ; it is an 
excellent Thing to love arid truly believe in Jcfus 
Chrift: and keep Self down as \n the Duft for ever. 

jln ACCOUNT of my firft Vifit /^ Fk ie nds 
in America. 

N' O W the Time came on for my going into 
Afnerica^ having had a fight of it about ten 
Years before ; I alfo acquainted my Wife therewith 
^ about a Year before flie died, and I found it was like- 
.1^ to be a very near trial to her ; fhe was a virtuous, 
good Woman, but was taken away, and left me 
thre ^. v ' . Children, the eldeft not above four Years 
old, the youngeft not much above one Month old, 
and I having but little of this World, reafoned much 
about going, thinking my Circumftances at prefent 
might cxcufe me ; my Intentions were good, in 
that I might not leave Things any way to the Dif- 
honour of the Truth : My innocent young Child 
was taken away when about a Year old ; and foon 
after, where ever I went, while I v^as awake, jt 
founded in my Ears feveral Days and Nights, Now 
is the Time^ Now is the Time. My other two Chil- 
dren, Providence fo ordered it, that they^ "were 

;?^j[)Iaced 



I 55 ] 

placed to mine and Friends Satisfadion : I went 
through many Provings that no Man knew of, but T 
believe, when I am gathered to my Place, I fhall 
leave many Brethren behind me yet in mutability, 
that will read my Lines in their own Experience. 
I would not have any to mifunderftand me, for as to 
my outward Circumftances, I left no Debt, neither 
was I in a way of going backward in the World j 
for ever after I received the Knowledge of the Truth, 
I could not fee what Pretence I could have to Re- 
ligi4)n, if any fhould lofe by^me : 1 have often faid, 
and been hearty in my Intentions, that rather than 
^ruth Jhould fuffer on that Score y I would live upon 
Bread and Water ^ and wear very mean Ckaths^ and 
work very hard if I were able^ and upon any mean^ if 
but lawful Calling. It hath been Matter of Wonder 
to me, how any that appear to carry any Preten- 
fions to Religion, dare run fuch great Ventures, fomcr 
time beyond their own Bottoms or Abilit' • whic&^ 
tome hath always appeared cm unwarrantri^^^/^ij^iiej 
and, as I apprehend. Pride and Oltentar/on is mucli 
*he Occafion of it, which are much againft Tfiith, 
and Men are no better for their greatneis, for /the 
more plain, and the more humble we are, the more 
.>X^crelemble humble Jefus, and his Religion, which 
he laboured to inculcate. If any are lifted up, or 
afpire above their Place, let them confider well tlie 
foregoing Paragraph- , 

Now I muft leave my little Children, and ^ny 
very near Friends, and my native Country, and all 
for Chrift andthc Gcfpel's fake, without any finifter 
End or View ^ and then I appealed to the Lord, in 

tho 



[ 56 ] 

t^e fimplicity of my Heart, tha^he hiew I was ivil" 
ting to be at his Difpofaly and what he had fa^coMrd 
me with^ I could leave to him\ yet v/hether what I 
had was fufficient to defray mine and my two little 
ones neceiTary Charges, Was fonlewhat in rriy way j 
and to (atisfy me in this Doubt, the Lord's Voice 
founded exceeding cledr t6 that Senfation I was then 
endued with, faying. Go and he faithful ^ and I wilt 
blefs thee every way. Oh my Heart faemed to mc to 
melt, and my Spint to difTolve within me^^ and I faid, 
Good is the Word of the Lord^ thou ha/i jiot failed me 
in any of my great Straits and Trials to this ID ay ; I 
have great Caufe to t7^u/l in thee : Renowned be thy 
mojl excellent Ndmt^ now akd for ever, 

I parted with my Friends with much b'rokennef$ 
of Heart, and fet forwards <Sn liiy Journey towards 
London, iii order io take fhippiiig there, the i ith of 
the Eighth Month 1700 ; and when I, with my 
Conipanipns Thomas Thompfin, Jofiah Langdale, and 
John Ejiaugh, with fome othet Friends, went on ^ 
board a Shipin the FliVer T^^;;/^^^^^^ We had not becil * 
long there, and having confidercd our freedom about 
going in the Ship, it opened clearly in my Mind, ih 
the Light, that I mufl not go in that Vejfel -; and I 
faid to the Friends / could not go in her, for If aw 
nothing but Death and Darknefs there. The Ac-t 
count of what afterwards Irappened to the Ship I 
had from two particular Friends, Vo. twofeveralLef-jj 
ters from London into America, Wherein they cxprcfs'cF 
4 Thankfulnefs for our Deliverance, fend magnified 
that Hand which wrought it, and prcferved us from 
going in that Ship, which was loft near the Iflands 

of 



[ SI \ 

of either "^Jerfey or Guernfey, and, as it was faid a- 
iDoutfeventy People were drowned. 

Peradventure I may mention fome Things that 
may appear to be of but little Moment, but I have 
feen the Divine Providence attend terrene Affairs, al- 
though they may appear of little confequence to 
fome ; fuch as do not duly confider thele Things, 
may make a wrong Apphcatiori, and as the Courfe 
of my Travels hath afforded variety of Trials and 
Tranfadions, which are in fome Things very par- 
ticular, from whence arifeth variety of Accounts, 
lb there hath been a Willingnels in my Mind to 
favour fome who have been delirdus of having me 
to leave a Journal of my Life, which I have com- 
plied with, as far as I can fee my v^ay clear in the 
Truth, 

Then we went on board of another Ship called 
the Arundel, Splenden Kand Mailer, in which we 
embarked the 17th of the Ninth Month 1700, and. 
after many Storms, and much Sea-fickncls, not 
without fome Coniii(!ls of Spirit, more than I am 
free to exprefs, and a long Paffage, being near lix- 
tctw Weeks upon the Sea, we arrived in the River 
Patiixent in Maryland^ as near as I remember, the 
5th or 6th of the Firjl Month 1701, and my Heart 
was glad, and filled with Acknowledgements and 
Praifes to the Lord, for bringing us fafe over the 
rnighty' Waters. 

- Now we left the Ship and Mafcer, who was hut a 
churlifli, ill-natur'd Man. I was very weak and 
low when. I landed, both in Body and Mind, but 
the Lord helped me, and made my Journey and 

E 2' Labours 



[ 58 ] 

Labours comfortable to many, as w ell as tcmybwn 
Soul. After the firil: or fecond Meeting we were at^ 
'yohn Ejlaugh being now my Companion, as we came 
near a great Houie in Maryland^ I efpied a little 
white Horle, the Sight of which put me in mind 
of a^Dr^am I had on board the Ship before I land- 
ed, in which I thought / had got a little white Horfe 
which carried me weU,, and many Miles 3 I faid to the 
Friends with me, let its call here at this Hcufe^ which 
we did, and upon Enquiry about a Horfe, the Man 
faid, he had none but a little white young Galloway^ 
as he called it, which he was willing to fell, and 
witha!) told us, it carried him one Day forty Miles, 
and aflced 8/. Sterling for it, and I bad him 5/. Ster- 
ling ; the Min's Wife coming up the Paffage, heard 
what I had offered, and (he faid to her Hulband, it 
is enough ; fo I had him, and a good Horle he proved, 
and carried me, by a moderate Computation, 4000 
Miles. I took this, according to the nature of it, 
to be a lingular Favour from that great Hand which 
led me forth, and hitherto hath preferved me in the 
Land of the Living, to praife his ever worthy Name. 

Now we fet forward towards Virginia and North 
Carolina; and found great Opcnnefs in thefe two 
Provinces araongft the People, and a tender-hearted 
Remnant of Friends Icattered abroad in thefe Wil- 
dernefs Countries. Although, as I faid before, I 
was brought very low, yet the Lord, in whom I did, 
and yet do believe and put my Truft, raifed me, 
and filled many times my Heart with his Word and 
Teftimonv, fo that fometimes it went forth as a 
Flame of Fire amongft the loofe Libertines, v^'ho were 

proud 



[ S9 ] 

proud and unfaithful, yet Profeflbrs of the Truth, 
and we had many large and good Meetings, One 
Thing is worthy of Notice ; as I was fpeaking in a 
Meeting in Virginiaj a fudden flop came upon me, 
and occafioned me to fay, I cannot go fcrward^ what-- 
foever the Matter may be^ I know not : But giving 
over immediately, a Friend whole Name was Edwara 
Thomas^ began to preach, who was but young m the 
Miniflry, although an elderly Man, and apt to be 
attended with Reafonings ; but^ as he faid after the 
Meeting, he had fought- to the Lprd with Prayers, that 
he^wouldcondefcendfo Jar to his Reque/t, as to give me 
a Senfe of htm, and in fo doing he would take that as 
a great Strength, and Confirmation to his Miniftry, in 
this the Day of his mam Exercijes and great Fears, or 
much to the fame effect j thus we fee the Lord in 
his great Mercy condeicends to the low, weak, and 
as it were, infant States ol his Children, like a ten- 
der Father, and being our heavenly High-Prieft, is 
touched with the Feeling of the Infirmities of his 
People ; Thanklgiving and Honour be given to his 
moft excellent Name, now and for ever. 

During our Stay in Virginia, one remarkable 
PafTage occur'd, which it may not be amifs to infert 
here, and the Cafe was thus ; I being at a Friend's 
Houfe, an ancient Widow, in order to go to the 
Meeting, obferved as I fate in the Houfe, feveral 
Perfons of note came into the Yard (a Store-houfe 
being near) to make, as appeared afterwards, a 
Seizure for Rates for the Government and Priefl, 
they not being diftinftly charged, but a mixed Rate, 
occafions Friends in thofe Parts to be flraitned about 

the 



the Payment of them : I obferying the Prieft to 
there, and appear very buiy, aiked, H^'hat he zvas 
come about ? The Friend replied, They were come io 
msike Dijlrefsfor the 40 Vo.f^er PoIJ^ as they phrafe 
ir, which is 40 Pounds of Tohacco, payable for 
every taxable Hcad5(/. e. all above fixteen Years 
old.) There were along with the Priefl: the Sheriff 
and Conilable for the Government, and divers 
Merchants 01 note as Spectators: I underflanding the 
reaibn of their coming, flept out to the Priefl, who 
fcemed a topping briilc Man, liis Temper in this 
Cafe not unfuitabie to his Name, which was Sharp ; 
and being come to him, I delired him to' be carrful 
how he i^evcip^'d Widows HoufeSy lie brilkly replied, t-^e 
did not^'-y to Vv^hich I as clofcly returned, that I found 
he. did. Ke denied my AlTertion, and faid, The 
Go'-oenimeiit gave hi?2J what he demanded and took ; 
to v/hich I gave the following Anfwer ;' Inaf- 
much as he did 7iot any thing for the Widow ^ fr 
which he reafonably might require a Reward^ I be- 
lieved the Government wotdd. not in ft [I upon it for him\ 
if he woidd be willing to drop it^ which in cornmon E- 
quity I thought he fljould : The Pricil, difplcafcd with 
this mcdeft Reply, tartly anfwcr'd, Tcu are no 
Chrijlians. I told Iiini, The Charge was high and 
falj'ey and. he might more eafi!y aflrm than prove it \ 
wherefore I put the QuePciogt-^IInd aiked him, Why 
we were fo charged by hirn^^ /^o which lie returned 
this infignificant Anfwer, T^hat we denied part cf the 
Divinity of Chrifl. I told him,' he was a Novice'^ 
and receded in his Gpinion from mof oj his Brethre?!^ 
feeing^ it was a ge?ieral RefcBion call on us by moft ^ 
lis Fraternit)\ That we owited the Divinity of Chrifl',' 
but denyd his Manhood, which wasfafe afo 3 there 



[ 61 ] 

fpre I demanded of him, to prove "what Tart of the 
Divinity of Chrift we denied -, in which if he faiFdy 
Ifjould look upon him as a falje Accufer, and thofe pre- 
fent would, 1 hoped, be my Witnejfes : But he fhuffled, 
and declined anfwering, though I urged him as 
much as poffible ; and to cut the Matter off, he 
. aflced, Whence I came ? The Sheriff bid him give 
me a Verfe in Greek 5 I told them, I mattered not 
meddli77g in that, for as the Englifli Tongue was bed 
underfiood by thofe prejent, therefore I thought it would 
be bejlto keep to it. I told him, I was 6?/ Old Eng- 
land, but fljir reminded him of his proving his 
Affertion, which I looked for from him \ but inftead 
of that, he afkcd %vhat Fart ^'Old England I came 
from ? I told him TorkJJjire ; and bid him produce 
his Proofs, as before urged, but he ftill evading the 
Matter, defired to know from what Place ? I tokl 
him I was borji at North Cave ; and, faid he, I was 
born at South Cave, and my Father. was Mini ft cr there 
many Years, his Name was Sharp, ajid there is but a 
Mile difference betwixt thofe Places :' I faid, // was a 
long one. No fooner was this over, but the Prieff, 
tranfported with my being his Countryman, begaa 
^'^^gg^^g ^^^ ^o fuch a Degree, that I was quite a- 
(liamed of him : When I had, not v/khout fome 
Diliiculty, got clear of his Embraces, I afked him, 
//' he efteemed himfelfja, Mimfter of Chrifr? He.an- 
fv^^red. Tea, and lawfully called thereto -, I told him, 
if be was a GofpeUMiniftcr, as the Gofpel was free, fo , 
fmild his Mint fry be free -, and turning, to the People 
there prefent, I told them, 1 would ?20t have them de^ 
Ctiyed, for they might underfiand he onlj poffefjed his 
place by Virtue rf a Law in that Cafe i)rovfded, and 

his 



[ 6z ] 

his Call /7;^J Ordination was onlyfuch as had been tranj 
ferrd upon him for a Fee^ which made him require Pai 
far what he didy and indeed where be did nothing] 
which was highly unjatr ^ wherefore they might upon 
Confideration find he was but a Minijier of the Letter] 
'which was dead, and not a Miiiijler of the Spirit anc 
divine Power : From which he offered not to clear 
himfelf, though I urged him thereto. Then I 
^fked him,, which of thefe odious Charaderiftics the 
falfe Minifters were branded withy and deciphered by 
in the New "Teftament^ he could clear himjelfof? which 
I then enumerated to him. The Sheriff faid, it was 
fo ; and withall faid, Mr. Sharp, anjwer the Man, for 
the ^ejiion is "very rational^ and you ought to anjwer 
biniy and for Honour Jake clear y our f elf of thefe Odi^\ 
urns fycu can : But he would not" oiFer to meddle 
with it ; wherefore I told him, to mind for the future y 
motto charge any Man or People with more than he could 
be fure to prove -, for it was highly fcanda/ous. It 
being now Meeting- time, I aflced him to ge thither; 
but he refufmg, faid, he ilur/I not ; fo we parted. 

Having vifited Friends here, we returned back for 
Marylandy and Pennfyhania^ and a great many we 
found who loved to hear the Tcftimony and Dodlrines 
of Truth, but too few there were, who took up the 
Crofs daily, and followed Chrift in the way of Self- 
denial, and knew the thorough Work of Regene- 
ration, lo as to have their Garments wafjed and made 
while in the myftical Blood of the Lamb : Thelc are- 
not polluted with the Sins and Iniquities of the 
World, who have experienced this Blood to fprinkle 
the Heart from an evil Coi^fcience. Thelc are capable 



[ 63 ] 

)f ferving the living God ; and coming from the 
^aver or Pool that truly wafhes, there is none un- 
Tuitful, hut every one bearing tivain^ and they arc 
nwardly clean and fruitful to God, and walk with 
lim, whofe bright and fhining Lives are alfo fruit- 
ful to the World that will receive them. Read this 
thou that haft known fomething of the Work of 
Co7i*verJio7iy and confider the great Difference thera 
s between the bright Lives of the Virtuous 
md the dull and cloudy Lives of the Vicious^ and 
befure thou look well, which of thefe thou moft 
refembleft in thine. 

Now when we came into Pemtfyhaniay my Com- 
panion befpre mentioned, whom I loved well, told 
me he muft go back to Virginia ; it became an Exer- 
cife to us both, for I could not fee my Way clear to 
go back, having been twice through that Province* 
When no other Way appeared, but we muft part, 
(for my Way appeared clear for the j^^r/^y^, Long^ 
JJland, Rhode-IJland, and^ New-England) I held it 
needful that we ftiould, as we did, call the Friends* 
and Elders of Pi6/W^//>/6/^ and thereabouts together, 
to let them know how we parted, for we parted irt 
much Love and Tender-heartednefs ; yet notwith- 
ftanding, left any undue Refledlions iliould be 
;c:aft upon the Friends there concerning us, becaufe 
|of our parting, I thought thefe Friends would be 

apable of fetting thofe Things in their proper Light, 
being Witnefles thereto ; fo taking our Leave of oqr. 
dear Friends in thefe Parts, I travelled without any 
Oompanion outwardly, or Gonftantly ; but I fome- 

imes fell into company with Elizabeth Webb and 

Sarah 



[ 64 ] 



1 



tS'arah Clement^ who were virtuous Women, and S 
lived near the Kingdom, and were of good Service 
in their Travels, and grew in Truth, which while 
with them I was fenlible of : We travelled under 
great Care and Circurafpeftion, both for our own 
good, and avoiding Offence, as became our Phces^ 
and holy Profeffion, that in all Things we might 
adorn theGofpel of the Kingdom, a Difpcnfation of 
which was committed to us to preach unto others. 
Good Service I had for the Lord, and great Satif- 
fafliion in my own ^ind in thefe Parts, the Lord 
helping me by his mighty Power through all my 
Trials, ^s my Heart and Mind was devoted and re- 
figned to anfwerhis Requirings. 

I hdd great Openings in ieveral Places in xV^'ie;- 
E?igland^ arid it appeared clear tome, and fome- 
times I fpoke openly of it, that the Lord would ga- 
ther a great People to the laving Knowledge of the 
Truth in his Time, notwithftanding what m.any of 
our Friends had fuffered for the Name of the Lord, 
and Teftirtibny which they held in thefe Parts, 
from the Predccefibrs of the prefent Inhabitants : 
The View of the State of thefe Things, efpecially 
the great Sufferings of many- of cur faithful Friends, 
put me in Mind of that laying, that ;T^^ Blood cf 
the Martyrs is the Seed of the Church\ and in this 
Cafe, I believe it will be fulfilled in its Seafon. 

One PaiJage happened, which I think not fit to 
pafs over jn filence : There came into one Meeting, 
eallward in New-England^ a Man, who was Bro- 
ther to 2.^ Prefof.erian Prieft-, to oppofe Friend^ 
(who, as Fricads faid, had been often very trouble 

fcnv- 



[ 65 ] 

Cnne in the Meeting) in the Begin nig of the 
Meeting he defired to have Liberty to ajk feme ^ef- 
tioiii. I being a Stranger, and not having fo much 
as heard of the Man, nor any making Reply to him, 
I felt Liberty in the Truth to return the following 
Anfwer in behalf of the Meeting, Tfoat I did appre^ 
hmd it was the Defir'e of Friends^ inafmuch as the Meet- 
ing was appointed Jor the ^crjldip oj God, and not for 
aJkingof^-ieftienSy or controverjies^ that the chief Fart 
'Jhotddfirfi he anfwcred\ and lalfo thought the Meeting 
would be willing^ in the Conclufion^ to give him Liberty 
to ajk the ^ejiions., if his Intent therein was for In- 
formation ^r Satis fadioh, and not for Contention. 
Friends were filent, and the Man fubmittedto what 
was propos'dj and a good Meeting we had, the Lord's 
heavenly Power and living Prefence being with us, 
and the Subftance was fek among us, and exalted 
over all the Shadows and Types; and Chrifl the true 
Bread and living Water,Light arid Life of the World, 
was exalted that Day ; and the mighty God and Fa- 
ther, with his beloved Son, through the Help of the 
holy Spirit, was glorified, who is worthy for ever. 
Near the Conclufion of the Meeting, the Man begaa 
to ipeak well of what he had heard, particularff' 
tovic\i\ng\h'Jito^JVater'Baptifm^ which, he faid, /jd" 
had nothing to ohjedl againfi \ but as to the Sdcrnment^ 
as he called it, hecaiife lirttle or nothing load been [aid 
about it^tlderefore be concluded, we eitL'r denied or dif- 
tfedit',. or Words to the fame Purport. Then I flood 
op and faid, I did not remember thki the Word Sacra- 
ment was in all the Bible '^ but, I laid, I fuppofed he 
mv:^-' //., Bread and Wine 5 he anlvvered, be did ^ 1 

F alkcd 



[ '66 1 
afked hym, whether he was of the fame Mind, the Epil- 
copal Church was of "^ Jf not of the fame Mind he might 
Jay )o ', for they fay ^ the Bread and Wine is an out- 
ward and vilihie Sign of an inward and fpiritualGjace, 
^c. what laid he to itt He was feme Time filent; 
then I afkcd him, How long he thought that Sign was 
to continue ? He replied, To the End of the World. I 
an 1 we red, He did not read in- all the Bible ^ that the 
Lord bad appointed any Figure or Sign but what was 
to end in the Subjiance, which i^s to be witnejfed and en- 
joyed in this JVcrld^ and not pit off only to the End or 
Conclufion thereof^ as his Argument feemed to declare^ 
by his urging, that the Sign oj that divine Sub fiance 
muft remain till the E?2d of this World. I aiked himJj 
What he could anfwer to that .? He turn'd off with onl^ 
faying, I was too great a Scholar for him^ andfo he would 
not meddle with me. He then was lilent, and there 
being many People, I had a fine Opportunity to 
open to the tender-^hearted, and Friends pfefent, 
how that was at befl but a Sign, which the People 
cat and drank outwardly, in Remembrance of 
Chrifc^s Death until he came, but that I could now 
prove plentcoufiy from the New Teftament, that 
the Suhjlancey the Grace was come, and urged many 
Proofs out of the Scriptures to the fame Purpofe: 
And when I had done, what I had faid fo reached a 
good-like old Man, a Frefbyterian^ that he confefs'd 
v/i^h Tears,^ he had heard much faid upon that Subje&y 
but had never heard it fo opened before-, and faid, he 
lelieved I was in the right. The Meeting broke up 
in a good Frarae,^and Fi*iends much rejoiced that 
that Truth came over all, and the contentious Man 
W'as lllenced : And when the Meet'ng w:;:sover, the 



[ 6; [ 

dly old Man took me to the Door, and af^ed me, 
what a Ma?i Jhouid do in cafe of a folemn League and 
Covenant, be being entered into it? I told him, I 
Tieeded not to diredi hi^n, for he bad that in himfelf 
%i)hich would fJjew him what he u ould do 3 for if one 
ffx'uld make an Agreement or Covenant with Hell and 
Death y in the Time oj Ignorance and Darknefs, and 
now the true Light dif covered it to he fo ; the fame 
Light which di [covered and rnanifefed it to be wrong, 
as he was faithful to thejame^ would /hew hi ?n hozv and 
when to break it, and every other wrong "Thing ; to 
which Light I recommended him^ and' bid him take 
heed to it \ which he faid, he hoped he fjould \ and io 
I left him with Tears on his Cheeks, and pafTed on. 

I omitted one Thing which happened in that Part 
of New-England y near New-Tork and Long-Ifandy 
although I was twice backward and forward, yet 
to be brief in my Travels through thofe Countries, 
intended to make one Account ferve, viz. As I 
was fpeakmg in a Meeting, there came a great Damp 
over my vSpirit, and in that Time came into the 
Meeting (everal Men, occaiioned by a topping and 
great Man in the World, who had given them an 
Expecftation that they (hould hear how he would 
ioppofe the fakers ; but in a fhort time Truv'i rofe, 
land Friends generally heard a Man fay to th^. Dif- 
putant, why do you 7iotfpeak? he hufli'd him Avith 
faying; the Man is upon the SubjeB which I ifitend to 
cppofe them with. After fome Time the Man was put 
upon again to fpeak to me, with a m6y do not 'you 
fpeak ? we heard him fay, the Man has opend the 
Thing fo as I never beard it before, and I have Nothing 



[ 6S ] 

to fay : Ar;d to his own, ^vA the Wonder of his 
Neighbours, he fat down upon a Seat near the Door 
a*nd wept tenderly; fo it was a good time to him, 
and many morr, for the Lord's mighty Power w;a$ 
amongft us. And in my Rctijrn from my Journey 
in the Eaft Parts of A^^'zc^-E/zg/taW, thp fame great 
Man dehrcd me to condefcend to have a Meeting at 
bis Hotife ', and after due Confideration and Appro-| 
bation of Friends, who deiired it might be lo, wherit 
they knew it was his Requeft, a Meeting was ap- 
pointed, and I heard there were Hkely to be at it ai 
great ma^ny of the higher Sort oiPrefbyterians oi hi^ 
Neighbourhood. 

I w^ent to the Meeting; under no fmall Concern o 

?vlind, but when I was come into the great Houfe 

I was very much affected with the wile Conduct o 

the Man, to fee in what excellent Order he had 

placed every Thing, io that I could not find wherein 

imy Thing could be amended 3 and a heavenly Meet* 

ing it was, without any Oppefition; and at the 

breaking up of the Meeting, this tender Man, whofe 

Heart was broken and opened by the Pov/er of 

. Truth, laid audibly, His Heart and Houfe were open 

fo receive ?nc^ and jiich as me^ kt all jay what they 

wctild to the contrary. But what the fubjed: matter 

was at the fM: Meeting when he came in, I forgbt; 

it was enough that w^e remeoiberd we h'ad a good 

and heavenly Meeting, and were truly thankful for 

the fome to him who. was the Author thereof. 

I and feme other Friends being in our Paffage by 
Water in a Vcfkl boiin^ for Rhode-Jfland, and meet- 
in;2; with hi;:::h and contrary Winds, we put into a 

Creel; 



[ 69 1 

Creek fome Miles diftant from Rhode-Ifland, and 
delired the People to procure us fome Horfes to ride 
on, and we would pay them any Thing that was 
rcafonablc but hoped they would not make a Prey 
of us, for we were Strangers, and they ought to do 
to us as they would be done by, if they were in a 
jbange Land, as we were; and there came up to 
us a goodly old Man, and afked us, what People we 
were'i if we were not Quakers ? I told him, we were " 
/;/ Zcorn Jo called^ but we did not much mind Names ^ 
jor there was but litfk in them. He was a brifk talk- 
ing Man, and faid, there was a Man hete lately that 
faid he w^s a Quaker, aiid borrowed a Horfe^ and 
when he %vas gone fome Miles from this Place^ he offered 
to fell the Horfe: i /^;2c/i£; ;2(p/, faid the Man, but you 
are fuch. I returned this Anfwcr to the Refleflion; 
l^hat was a great Proof that we were an hone (I aitd re- 
putable People where we were known^ he might affure 
bimfelf of that ; for when a Man is jo wicked^ as to 
become a Jiotorious Cheats he will c^ver himfelf under 
the beft Name he can think of otherwife he might have 
faid he was a Baptift, or a Prefbyterian, or an Epif- 
Qo^zWz.n, and de fired you to lend htm an Horfe \ but 
you ?nind not thefe Names, neither doth the wicked Man 
think he can pafsfo well undtr any of thefe laft, bbt 
under the firft \ and the Reafonofit I leave thee to 
judge. The old Man afked no more Queftions, but 
ufed his Endeavours to get us Horfes, and a Man 
and Horfe to go with us, to have the Horfes back 
again, and we were well mounted ; but before we 
fet forward, the old Man took me to his Houfeand 
was very courteous to me, for though 'we had fpoke 

for 



[ 70 ] i 

for fome Viduals in as fhort a Time as well might 
be, he invited me to drink, and brought of his j 
Apples and Beer, which he would have my Friends 
to partake of, jor, he faid, (and we found it true) 
it was but a poor Inn ; I think there was no Liquor 
at it, but Brandy or Rum, and Water. The old 
Man and I parted very lovingly, and I gave him a 
Piece of Money to fhew my Gratitude for his Civi- 
lity and good Service to us. The People looked 
upon us as fomc great Wonder, for I heard one fay. 
Are thefe ^lakers ? well^ faid he, they look like other 
People. How we had been reprefented, and by 
whom, its not hard to gather, for it is very apparent, 
the fame Spirit and the fame Enmity yet doth con- 
tinue in fome of the Inhabitants of that. Country, 
which fome of our Friends formerly felt the fevere 
EfFedts of; but they are fince fomewhat moderated 
by the Government there, which is of a more mild 
and Chriflian Difpofition ; although I am well af- 
fured, that many of the more confcientious and- 
thinking People in thofe Parts of the World begin to 
fee, and many will fee and underftand in Time, 
that hanging and taking away LiveSy for the fake of 
Religion, is oppofite to Chrifl, and the Nature of 
the true Religion which is wTought in Man by the 
Operation, Quickenings, ^nd Inclwellings of the holy 
Spirity which, as it is regar4ecPttnd followed, lea- 
vens and brings the Sou! of Man in fome degree to 
put on the Purity, heavenly Image, and Nature of 
Chrlft, which is Love, praying for Ene^nieSy and is 
Tiol ior defiroyingy buty^w/Tg- Lives; but how ft r the 
Reverfe will agree with that Religion taught by 

"^ Chrifl 



I 71 ] 

thrift, and pradifed by him and the Apoftles, I 
would have all ferioully confidcr of in Time. 

While we were in Bo/lon^ when one of the afore-* 
mentioned worthy Women was declaring excellently, 
with both good Utterance and Voice, as alfo good 
Matter, as the Manner of the Inhabitants of Bojicn 
had been for many Years to encourage, or at Icafh 
faffer a rude Mob to bawl and make aNoifc, fothey 
did now, that it was hard to hear fo as tounderftand 
diftindlly what the Friend faid, although fhe fpoke 
plain and intelligibly : It did very much grieve me 
to fee the Ignorance and Darknefs of thofe high Pro- 
-felTors ot Religion, (o that when the Friend had 
done, obferving there appeared Men of fome Note 
in the World, 1 requefted them to hufh the Rabble, 
for I had fomething to fay, which I deiired them 
to make known to the Governor and chief Men of 
the Town ; fo they fcon queird the Noife. Then 
^ I told them, That in cafe we were as erroneous as fomf^ 
^ might infiniiate we were, that was not the Way to cm-- 
vi72ce us of our Error s,^ neither to bring us out of them ^ 
hut rather to ejlablijh us in them}, and that was not the 
Way for them to gain ProfelyteSy but the Way to lofe 
many from them, and increafe Dijj enters:, for what, 
Convincement could there be by Noife and Clamour, and 
Hooting, as if they would fplit their own Lungs'? I 
had come a great Way to fee them, and what Character 
could I give of them ? I never thought to have fern fo 
much Folly amongH a wife and religious People as now 
I Jaw : Tell the Governor and chief of the Town, ^hat 
the old Engli(hman72?/f/j ; for I am ajloamed of fuch 
Doirrgs. It had a good Effcd:, for when I came 

after. 



f 7^ ] 

after, we had quiet Meetings ; and I underflood l 
a Letter from Daniel Zachary ot Bofion^ to Oh 
England^ that the Governor faid I was in the rights 
and ordcr'd that Peace, fhould be kept in Friends 
Meetings there ; and I never heard to the contrary 
but it is well yet as to that. , We have great reafon 
to be truly thankful to the Lord for thefc, and ail 
other his Mercies, that He the Fountain of ail Good 
is pleafed to favour us with i And as an Infiance of 
the Lord's Mercy to many poor Sufferers, and to 
fhew the implacable Envy of thefe People to Friends, 
the Cafe of "Thomas Maulham of Salem may luffice, 
in feme meafure,.to fct forth, both, who was a great 
Sufferer in the Time of hot Perlecution> when the 
Perfecutors had ftript him of almofl all he had; 
their infatiable Minds not content with that, they 
came with Axes and hcw'd down all ttie Apple-trees 
in his Orchard, it being a large one, and left the 
Stumps about the height .of a Man's Knee, and, as 
Thomas Maulham faid, they took the Way as they 
thought to ruin him; but the Lord turned it iiito a 
Blefling, for the Trees grew to Admiration, and 
carlie to bear Fruit abundantly, and a finer Orchard 
I have not feen in all my Travels, for theBignefsof 
it; let the Lord be fandificd by all his People, and 
admired by all them that believe. 

I with feveral other Friends went frorii Sa^.em 
Yearly-Meeting (which was a large and good Meet- 
ing) towards Dover ^ and coming to a River, I flay- 
ing a little behind, a Friend took my Horfe with 
two more into the Boat, and by that Time I catrie 
to the River-fide the Boat was fiiikidg, and the 

Ferryman 



[ 73 ] 

Ferryman made a lamentable Cry, faying, ^he Boat 
is funk, and we Jhall be all drowned \ although it was 
{o ordered, that there was but one Friend in the 
Boat with the Boatman, and I do not remember that 
ever betore now my Florfe was in any Boat, and I 
not there ; which 'I looked on as the Mercy of sl 
kind Providence to me, and to feveral other Friend? 
in Campany. I hearing the Noilb, as before, (and 
alfo the flondering of the Hories when tumbling 
into the Water) called to the Men, to be fure to 
take care to free themlelves ot all the Tackling of 
the^ Horfes, (as Bridles, Stirrups, &cC) and catch 
hold on my Horfe's Tail, and he would bring them 
both afhore \ but if they trufted to the other (as be- 
fore mentioned) when the Horfes fwam they would 
fail them, unlefs very ftrong ; and to have them 
hold by the Bridle was die way to drown both Horfe 
and Man ; This Advice was given while they had 
the Horfes in their Hands ; the Boatman being a 
lively Youth, took my Advice, c^.ught hold of my 
Horfe's Tail, it being long, (which I ever approved 
of among Rivers) and I calling to my Horfe, he 
came quickly with the Man afhore, but left the 
honeft old Friend EsXekiel Waring to whole Houfe 
we mtended to go that Night) in the River floating 
to the Neck, a hundred Yards from the Shore by 
Computation, yet watchful Providence did io attend 
that his Life was preferved to 2. Wonder ; for it was 
fo ordered, altho' he mifs'd taking my Advice, and 
caught hold of his Stirrup, and the Girth broke, as 
they are apt to do if they be tight when the Horfe 
begins to fwim^ which brought off the Saddle aqd 

F 2 Pillion. 



[ 74 J 

PlUion, and the Oar of the Boat, and his Ha 
which with the Pillion-feat being ;n his Arms, ju 
bore up his Head above Water for fome Tirhe; h 
poor Wife feeing the Danger to which her Hufband 
wds expofed, fell into a fainting Fit; (there being 
neither Houfe, Man, or Boat, to be feen on this 
Side of the River, but ourfeives, the Boatman, and 
the Stem and Stern of the funk Boat full of Water.) 
A Houfe there was on the other Side of the RiVer, 
which was half a Mile over. The Ferryman did his 
befl to get a Boat or Cannoe, and altho' it began to 
be dark, yet he found a Cannoe, (which is made of 
^ fine Piece of Timber hollowed in the Form of a 
Boat, and generally will carry but two or three or 
four Mens) he coming near, afked //^Ezckiel was 
alive? I told him he was, but very weak, for I had 
bften heard him blubber in the Water; I encouraged 
him, that he might not faint in his Mind, for I told 
him, I yet believed his hi fe would be preferved\ he 
would very faintly fay, Vnlefs Helpcarm, he could not 
hold it long. I went on by the Wateriide, a;nd laid 
irif_ down often on the Land, not much regarding 
Wet or Djrt, fometimes tumbling over Logs of 
Wood and Limbs of Trees, for lo it is in thefe un- 
cultivated Places: I direded the Man with his Can- 
iioe where the poor Friend was, as near as I could 
tell by my laft Qbfervation, & withal defir'd he would 
turn the Stern of his Cannoe to him, as he couid not 
lift him into the Cannoe; neither to let him lay his 
Hand upon the broad Side of it, but upon the Stern, 
]efl he fhould overfet it, and fo both be drowned : 
So he did, and brought him gently afliore, to the 

jrreat 



[ is 1 

great Joy of his loving Wife and us all. Thd Boat- 
man, as he owned, had found my Counfel good, 
and therefore would have me tell him what he 
might do now ; I bid him fetch the Boat to fhore 
by the Fowler or Rope, and then go and carry 
Ezekiel in the Cannoe to the Inn on the other Side 
of the Water, that, he might dry^ warm, and re- 
frefli himfelf until we canics in the mean Time we 
cleared the Boat of Water, which when done, wc 
put two Horfes into it, and I towed my Horfe at 
the Boat's Stern to make Room for feveral, efpecially 
the good Woman before mentioned, who were at 
this Time in my Company, not without their Exer- 
cife any more than myfelf : We got well over, and 
then the Ferryman and Friend on the other Side 
brought the Horfes that were left, being three, 
which were enough for the Boat, and proved too 
many the firfl Time. We found the good old 
Friend finely and well recruited, and got to hi/ 
Houfe about Midnight, where we were glad, and 
our Hearts were full of Praifes to the Lord for this 
great and eminent Deliverance and Prefervation. 

In this firft Vifit while \n Rhode-ljland, I met with 
fomething worthy of thy Notice, if thou art fuch a 
Reader as I wifh thou " mayft, v^hich was thus: 
Being in Rhcde'-IJlaiid^ feveral f'riends came to me in 
fome of the Intervals of the Yearly- Meeting, (for 
it held feveral Days, both for Worfhip arid Dif- 
cipline) to enquire whether it wasufual to let the 
Young, and fuch as had but appeared little in Tefti- 
mony in our Parts of the World, come into Meet- 
ings of publick Friends? Ifaid, Tes. if they were 

of 



i 76 ] 

if clean Lives, and ivhat they had to fay, approved-^ an\ 
it was very likefuCh-Jnigbt want Advice as much a\ 
thofe who were come to more Experience in the Work o\ 
the Minijiry, if not more : This was fome 'means of 
enlarging the faid Meetings of Mlniflers now coming 
on. When I came into the Meeting, feveral of the 
Elders defiredme to go into the Gallery, which I 
refufed, the Concern upon my Mind being fo great, 
I thought it was enough that I could but get into the' 
Houie, and fit down among the loweft Rank. 

This Meeting was one not to be forgotteri, 
becaufe of the eminent Vifitatiofi from the 
Lord that was upon us ih it; I have not often 
feen the hke; I queflion if there were any dry 
Cheeks for lometime in it ; and the Manner of the 
working of the heavenly Power vl^as remarkable, in 
order to the fandtifying and preparing VefTejs for the 
Lord's Ufe ; and he broke us down bv his Judg- 
ments from following flattering Flefli, and the 
pleafing Vanities of the World, and the lubtle Baits 
of Satan, by the Tenders of his Love, and engaged 
us to follow the heavenly and in\\^ard Calls, Knocks, 
an.d ' Reproofs of his holy Spirit, and to obey the 
Didlates of the fame. When the Lord prepares in 
a good Degree for this Work of the Miniftry, ma- 
oy have been untvllling to give up and obey, until 
they have tafted of the Lord's D'fpleafure, and in 
part of his Judgments, which have brought them 
into a Submiffion; after which they went out with , 
their Lives fomctimes in their Hands, and became a I 
Wonder to Man, bearing their Reproach, and fom.e- 
liflies appeared in great Congregations, fcmetime? in 

Noifes 



[ 77 ] 

Noifes and Tumults, andfometimes were in Watch« 
ings and Fadings, inWearinefs, Hunger and in Cold; 
with much more, for the Name of the Lord and hi^ 
Teftimohy, and tor the Enjoyment of Peace, and 
the internal Prefcnce of him that hath feperatcd us to 
this Work by the holy Ghofl ; and it is in and by 
our abiding faithful to the fame, that wearcpreferv- 
ed in a Capadity of Perleverancc through all to the 
End, to the mutual Help and Comfort one of ano- 
ther, and Renown of the Name of the Lord, who 
is woi thy now and for ever. 

Wcf alfo had a very large Meeting on this Ifland 
in an Orchard, where I had good Service for the 
Lord ; and I remember I was much concerned a- 
bout the two Miniftrations, viz, Jobns Baptifm with 
Watery and Chkist's with the holy Ghbji^ it being^^ 
clear from Johns Words, that he faw to the End of 
his own Difpenfation when he declared, he mujl de-- 
creafey butCui^isi miifl increafe \ which is generally 
underftood to refpeft their differing Difpenfations ; 
for the firft Baptifm was to baptize unto Repentance^ 
the other to the purging vfthe Floor ^ and biirni7ig up 
of that which was combufiihky viz. the ChaiF and 
Stubble, which the Lord's Baptifm burncth up in- 
wardly, and which no elementary Thing can do ; for 
if all the Eatings, Wafliings, Oblcrvations and Cere- 
monies under the Law, although to 7/r^^/command- 
ed and enjoined by the Lord, could not make the 
Comers thereunto/^r^^, how fliould thefe or any 
of them now, when not commanded, as they ne- 
ver were to us, perfedi the Gentik World? So what 
I had upon my Mind, as I received, I went throuo^ 

with. 



[ 78 ] 

With, and (hewed the Beginning, Ufe and End 
the watery Difpenfation, and the Ufe and ContinU' 
ance of Christ's fpiritual Baptifm to the End of th( 
World. The Meeting broke up, and Friends weni 
ijito an upper Room in an Inn -, but I felt fuch ai 
Exercife upon niy Spirit thai I could not eat, but de 
fired Friends? to be eafy^ and I would eat as foon as 
could; and while I was walking over the large Cham^ 
ber alone, there came up three Men whona I knei 
not, nor what they were, but it fprang livingly in m 
Heart to fet my Eyes on them in the Lord's Dread 
ind fo I did ; they palTed away, and I was told after- 
wards^'that they were thrctBaptiJl Preachers who had 
been at the Meeting and came once more to fee me, 
with a Dcfign to have a Difpute with mt, but^ they 
faid, / looked fo fharply they durli not meddle with me : 
Thus the Lord in a good Degree wrought for me, 
bleffed be his worthy Name for ever. 
, Now I leave the Account of my Travels in thofc 
Parts, and enter upon rriy fecond, with my honcft 
Companion James BateSy who was born in Virginia^ 
and travelled much with me thro' many Provinces, 
^nd fome Iflandsj we had good Service together, 
Snd it was much with me, when on Rhode-IJlandy 
to vifit Nantucket y where ther(S were but very few 
Fricndsi' Feleg Slocum^ an honeft publick Friend 
near Rhode-IJlandy intending to carry us in his Sloop 
to^the faid IHand that Night; and Peleg thought 
we had been clofe in with our defired landing Place, 
but we fell fhort, and Night coming on, and having 
but one fmallCannoe to help usafhore, which would 
carry but three People at once, we went alhore at 

twice/ 



I n 1 

twice, and left the Sloop at an Anchor; and it being 
grown dark, we thought we were going up into the 
Ifland among the Inhabitants, but loon found that 
wc were upon a Beach of Sand and Rubbifh, where 
was neither Grafs nor Tree; neither could wc find 
the Sloop that Night, though we fought it carefully, 
and halloo'd ' one to another till wc were weary, 
fo that we were forced to fettle upon our little Ifland, 
from the Center of which, one might caft a Stone 
into the Sea on every Side; here we ftaid that Night, 
not knowing but the Sea, when at the Height, 
would have fwept us all away, but it did not; there 
I walked, and fometimes fat, until Morning, but 
fleptnone; atlaft the Morning came, and the Mift 
went away, and we got on board again, and reach- 
ed the Ifland about the ninth Or tenth Hour. 

The Mafler was willing, at our Requefl:, to land 
three of us, (/. e.) me, my Companion, and Stifawiah 
Freeborn, a publick Friend, who had a Concern upon 
her Mind for feme Time, (as flie fignified to Friends 
in Rhode-ljland where flie lived) to vifit the few 
Friends in Nantucket^ and Friends thought this a 
proper Seafon to pay that Vifit. She was a Woman 
well beloved, and in good Unity with Friends. 

We landed lafe, and as we went up an Afcentj, 
we faw a great many People looking towards the Sea, 
for great Fear had poflTefs'd them, that our Sloop 
was- a Fr^/zc/j? Sloop loaded with Men and Arms, 
who were coming to invade the Ifland: I held out 
my Arms and told them, Ihiewnot oj any 'wcrje 
Ar77is tha?2 tkefe on board. They faid, they were glad 
it was no worfe, for they had intended to have alar- 
med 



[ 8o ] 



1 



pied the Illand, it being a time of War: I told the 
^ood like People, for fo they appeared to me, that 
releg Sloctim, near Rhode-IJlandy was Mafter of the 
Sloop, and that we came to vifit them in the Love 
of God, if they would be willing to let us have fome 
Meetings amongft them. They behaved themfelves 
very courteoufly towards us, and faid, they thought 
we might. 

We then enquired for Nathaniel Starbucks who 
we underftood was in fome degree convinced of the 
Truth, and having Diredlions to his Hopfe, we 
went thither, apd I told him. We made holdto come 
to his Houfiy and if he was free to receive us^ we would 
Jiay a little with him^ hut if not^ wi would go elfe where; 
for we heard he was afeeking religious Man^ andfucb 
chiefly we were come to vijit : Hefaid, we were very 
welcome. And by this Time came in his Mother M^ry 
Starbueky who the Iflanders cfteemed as a Judge a 
mong them, for little of Moment was done there 
without her, as I underftood. 

At the firft Sight of her it fprang in my Heart, 
7b this Woman is the everlafting Love of God. I look- 
ed upon her as a Woman that bore fome Sway in the 
liland, and fo I faid, and that truly, we are come in 
the Love of God to vifit you^ if you are willi?2g to let us 
have fome Meetings among you: She laid, fhe thought 
we might; and withal faid, there was ^Non-contor- 
mift Miniver who was to have a Meetings and they 
were going to it^ and fhe thought it would bt the bell 
way for us to go with them to the Me^eting. I fhe wed 
my Diflike to that for thefe Reafons; firfly we did 
not want to hear what that IVIinifter had to fay, b?- 

caufc 



[ 8i ] 

ciufe fomc of us had tried them before we came 
there (meaning the Non-conformifts of feveral Sorts) 
and if we fhould go, and could not be ckar without 
fpeal^g fomcthing in the Meeting, he might take it 
ill ; but as we underftand there is another Meeting 
appointed at the lecond Hour for the fame Man, 
therefore, as the prefent Conftitution of Things are 
we look upon ourfelves to ftand upon an equal 
Ground in a religious Capacity with other Difjenters^ 
and if we fhould appoint our Meeting at the fame 
Hour, then the People will be left to their Choice 
to which Meeting they will go. The great Womari 
apprcfv'd of the Propofal, and faid, indeed that was 
thi^be/l way. The next Confideration was, where 
Poall the Meeting be ? She paufed a while, and thea 
faid, / thi?ik at our Houfe. I from thence gathered 
flic had an Hulband, for I thought the Word our^ car- 
ried in it fome Power befides her own, and I pre- 
fently found he was with us j I then made my Ob- 
fervation on him, and he appeared not a Man of 
mean Parts, but fhe fo far exceeded him in Sound- 
ncfs of Judgment, Clearnefs of Underftanding, 
aind an elegaint way of expreffing herfelf, and that 
bot in an afFecled Strain, but very natural to her, 
that it teaded to kffcn the Qualifications of her Huf- 
band. 

The Meeting being agreed on, and Care taken 
bis to the Appointment of it, we parted, and I lay 
down to try if I could get any Sleep, for I have 
pewcd before what fort of a Night the lafl was with 
:JS; but Sleep vaniChed away from me, ^id I got 
4p and walked to and fro in the Woods until the 

G Meeting 



[ 82 i 

Meeting v^as moftly gathered. I was under a i/^i 
great Load in my Spirit, but the Occafion of it waT 
hid from me, but I faw it my place to go tq Meet-^ 
ing, the Order of which was luch, in all thejparts 
thereof, I had not feen the like before : The large 
and bright rubbed Room was fet with fuitable Seats 
or Chairs, the Glafs Windows taken out of the 
Frames, and many Chairs placed without very con- 
veniently, fo that I did not fee any thing wanting, 
according to the Place, butfomething to ftand on, 
for I was not free to fet my Feet upon the fine Cane 
Chair, left I fhould break it, 

I am the more particular in tliis exadl and exem-^ 
plary Order than in fome other Things, for the Seat^ 
both within and without Doors were fo placed, 
that the Faces of the People were towards the Seats 
where the publick Friends fat, and when fo fet, they 
did not look or gaze in our Faces, as fom.e I think 
are too apt to do, which in my Thoughts befpeaks 
an unconcerned Mind : The Meeting being thus 
gathered and fet down in this orderly and ample 
Manner, (although there were but very few bearing 
our Name in it) it was not long before t^he mighty 
Power of the Lord began to work, and in it my Com- 
panion elpecially did appear in Teftimony in the fore 
Part thereof ; and w^hile he was fpcaking, a Prieft 
(FiOt him before touched on, but another) filing out 
fome Reflexions upon him, and the People for his 
Sake, whit h I did not fee the leaft Occafion for 3 ^^^ 
ter which he went away, (but more of this in tli 
Sequel.) 

I fat a confiderable Time in the Meeting before 

I could 



C 83 ] 

I ccCild fee my Way clear to fay any thing, until the 
Lord's heavenly Power raifed me, and fet me upon 
my Feet as if one had Hfted me up, and what I had 
firft ill commiffion to fpcak, was in the Words ot 
Chrift to NicQdemus, viz. Except a Ma?i be born ^- 
^ain, he cannot fee the Kingdom of Gcd'y with thefe 
Words, Nay^ the natural and imre generate Man can- 
not fo much as fee the heavenly and fpiritual Kingdom 
of Chriji^ which Hands not only in Power, but alfo in 
Righteoufnefs, Joy and Peace in the kol^ Spirit ; and 
to be born again ^ was not to be done unpercctvahJy^ no 
I more than the natural Birth could be brought forth with-- 
out Trouble 'y and to fret end to be in Chrijl and /lot to 
be new Creatures, is prepojlercus , and to pretend to be 
new Creatures J and yet not able to render any Accou7it 
how it was performed, was unreafonabk y for it could 
not be, as I urged before, without our Knowledge ; 
for to be born again, fgnifiedto be quickned and raifed 
into a fpiritual and new Life, by which the Body of the 
Si?2S of the FleJJj is mortified^ and we come to live ajelf-- 
denying Life : Thofe who are crucified with Chrift^ the^ 
\are crucified to their Sins ^ that as he died for Sin^ we 
\ might die to Sin : In this State we live not after the 
Fief J although we live {z% the Apoftle laid) /;; the Flefji 
but the Life which thefe live, is through Faith in the 
Son of God : And to have all this, and much more 
wrought in uSy and we know nothing ofit^ is unac-- 
countable. 

^ As I was thus opened, dnd delivering thefe Things, 
iwith much more than I can remember, the great 
Woman I felt, for moft of an Hour together, fought 
and flrove againfl the Teflimony, fometimes look-- 
! • ing 



r S4 ] 

ing up in my Face with a pale, and then with a mor^ 
ruddy Complexion ; but the Strength of the Truth 
increafcd, and the Lord's mighty Power began to 
fhake the People within and without Doors 5 but {he 
who was looked upon as a Deborah by thefe People, 
Was loth to lofe her outfide Religion, or the Appear- 
ance thereof : When fhe couldi no longer contain^ 
£he fubmitted to the Power of Truth, and the Doc- 
trines thereof, and lifted up her Voice and wept : 
Oh ! then the univerfai Cry and i^rokennefs of Heart 
and Tears was wonderiui. From this Time I do riot 
remember one Word that I fpoke in Teftimony, it 
was enough that I could keep upon the true Bottom," 
and not be carried away with the Stream above m 
Meafure. 

I might add much more concerning this Dayi 
Work, but I intend not to fay any thing to the Praile^ 
of the Creature, but to the Renown of the mighty 
Nanae of the Lord of Hofls, and let all Fjeih lyc as 
in the Duft for ever, for while I continued fpeaking 
in this State, as before mentioned, and thus fwallow- 
ed up in the internal Elefence of Chrift, where there 
was no want of Power, Wifdom nor Utterance, I 
Ipoke but a Sentance and ftopt, and fo on for lome 
Time, I have fmce thought of yoJm^ being in the 
Spirit 071 the Lord's Day. If it had been a State to 
have been continued in, lam of the mind, I fhoul4 
not have been ienfible of Wearinefs, neither ol Hun- 
ger or Pain. This is a Myflery to many, yet thefe 
are faithful and true Sayings, thou may ft read that 
canfl ; but there are none who can knew the ^uchite 
Stone and new Namey hut they who have // :. There 

arc 



4, 

I 



[ 85 ] 

lare none who ftand upon Mount Sion with Harps, of 
IjGod in their Hands, but only fuch as have come 
\ through great tribulations, andf^ve wajhed their Gar-- 
'' merits and made them white in the Blood of the Lamb ; 
, to thcfe are the Seals of the Book of the Myfieries oj^ the 
glorious Kingdom opened*, thefe are culled out of Nations^ 
Kindreds, Tongues and People \ thefe are redeemed out 
of the fallen and earthly State of old Adam, into the 
living, heavenly andfpiritual State in Chrijl the fecond 
Adam ; thefe cry holy ; the other Part of the Chil- 
dren of Men cry unholy, becaufe they are not wil- 
ling f(? ca/l down their Crowns at the Feet or Appear- 
I znct of Cbriji in their own Souls-, altho' fuch, with 
the four Beads may cry, come and fee, yet are they 
not properly qualified toworjhip the Lord God and the 
Lamb before his Throne, as the four and twenty Elders 
did, and as all do, and will do, who worfhip God 
in his holy Temple in Spirit and in Truth, accord- 
ing to his own Appointment ; who are not tyed up 
to the Canons, Creeds. Syftems and Didates of 
Men, much of which is beaten out of the Wifdom, 
Parts, and natural Comprehenfion, of earthly fallen 
Man. 

I I return from this, which may feem a myflerious 
J Digreffion to the other Fart of what did happen con- 
I cerning the Meeting, and come now to the breaking 
iup thereof; andas extream Heats oft, end in extream 
Cold, and as great Heights frequently centcc (as to 
Alan in this Capacity) in great Depths, and great 
jPlenty in great Poverty, which I have often ittn 
to be good in order to keep the Creature low, in 
Fear, and in a Dependence upon the Lord, I foon 

fell 



[ 86 3 

feil into fuch a Condition that I was like to die aivaj 
and when it was jfj, I with my Companion madl 
a Motion to break i|^ the Meeting, but could not 
for fomeTime, for they fat weeping univerfally ; then 
I told the Meeting, elpecially fuch as were near me; 
that if ipdouldfcint away^ I^coouldnot have them to be 
furprizedat it j for I was much concerned left that 
ihould hurt thefe tender People; my Life was not 
dear to me in comparifon of the Worth of the Souls 
-cf the Qiildren of Men ; but all this did not break 
up the Meeting : But after fome Time Man Star- 
buck ftood up, and held out her Hand, and fpoke 
tremblingly and laid, All that ever we have been build-- 
ing^ and all that ever we have done^ is all puWd down 
this Day^ and this is. the everlafting Truth ; or very 
near thefe Words. Then flie arofe, and lobferved 
that fhe, and as many as could well be feen, were 
wet with Tears from their Faces to the fore Skirts of 
their Garments, < and the Floor was as though there 
had been a Shower of Rain upon it ; but Mary^ that 
worthy Woman, faid to me, when a little come to 
coniider the poor State that I was in. Dear Child 
what (hall I doforyoU ? I faid, a little would do for 
me ; if thou canft get me fomething to drink that is 
not ftrpng but rather warm, it may do well : So 
fhe did, and I went unto her Son's, where my Cloaths 
were, • that I might Ihift me, for I felt Sweat in my 
Shoes as I walked. 

1 mention this partly for the fakes of fuch .61 
Brethren, who may be at any time in the |li 
to take Care to keep out of the Cold, and bfl^arefV^ 
drinking that which is cold, neither is Brandy good, 

for 




«• 



87 ] 



hv it feeds too much upon the weakned Vitals ; but 
in all Things endeavour to poiTdz your ^ Veflels in 
Sandtification and Honor : xind as it is not in Man's 
Power to make the Veflel clean nor prepare it, there- 
ifore if the Lord doth (with thy Obedience through 
the Work or his Grace and holy Spirit) fit thy Veffel 
for his Work and Service, take this Caution ; fee 
that thou neither detlroy^ defile^ nor hurt the fame. 
But it may be, fome or other have dane all thefe, 
fome one way and fome another. ^^ 

I remember Feleg Slocum (before mentibnS^) iaid 
after this Meeting, that the like he was never at j 
for he thought the Inhabitants of the Iflarid were 
ihaken, and moft of the People convinced of the ' 
Truth : However, a great Convinccment there was 
that Day, Mary Starbuck was one of the Nirrnber3 
and in a fhortTime after received a publickTeftimony, 
as did alfo her Son NathanieL 

After I was fomewhat revived, my Companion- 
having a Mind to fpeak to the Prieft, to know why 
he did fo refled: on him, deiired me to go with liimy 
jwhich I did with leveral more, and coming to his 
poor where he was fet upon a Bench, James Bates 
afked him, why he didfo reJieSl'? He repiy*d, he was 
in a Pa/Jion^ and had nothing againji him 3 tht •\ James' 
Iforgave him, and they fell into fome Debate con- 
cerning Faith ; my Friend urged the Apoftle James s 
Word?, which are thefe, As the Body is dead%nth- 
out the Spirit, jo is Faith without Works. The Pffeft 
^lid, Dead Faith was tiothifig^ and that it had m Be-- 
ing in the WorlL I thought he appeared to be in the 
Craft ; and after they had tugg'd at it a while, I faid, 

/ 



[ S8 ] 

7 found Jomething in my Mind to i7iterpofe^ if thi 
would hear me 5 they both Ihewed a Willingnefs 
hear what I had to fay ; and then I aiked, "what Be- 
lief or Faith that was the Devils had f for I did not un-- 
derjiand^ but that although they btUeved there was a 
Gody they remained Devils fill -^ therefore the Word 
dead, is a proper Word^ and properly adapted to that 
which many may r^// Faith and is not operative^ but a 
Notion that may he reeeived by Eiucaticn^ by hearing 
cr readings and not that Faith which works by Love^ 
and overcomes the World ; and becaufe oj its not 
workings being ina5live and ufelefs, is fitly called dead ; 
What doft thou fay to that ? He faid, I was too great a 
Scholar for him. I replied, there was no great Scho-- 
larfdip in that. He then invited me to ftay all Nighty 
and faid I fhould be as welcome as his own Children^ 
and he and I would difpute about that between our-* 
felves. I declined it and fhewed thefe Reafons for io 
doing ; 7/ he declifid the Debate publickly, 7 would 
not debate it privately ; jor then thefe Neighbours oj 
his would want the Benefit of it ; and fo we parted^ 
with my faying, as it immediately fprang up in my 
Heart, ^hou hafi been a Man in thy young Tears that^ 
the Lord has been near^ and favoured with many Ope^ 
ningSy and if thou hadfi been faithful to the Gift of Godi 
thou might eft have been ferviceable^ but thou haft been 
unfaithful^ and a Cloud is come over thee^ and thou art 
laid afdc as ufelejs. 

I was altogether a Stranger to the State of the 
Prieft, nor had I heatrd any thing of him, nor mdeed 
of the State of the Inhabitants of the Ifland, but 
what 1 heard after moftly from Mary Starhuck -, for 



SIS we walked from the Prieft's Houfc towards our 
Quarters, flie faid, everyThingjhe now met with^ did 
confirm her in the Truth -, for Jhe knew this was the State 
of thePrieft, as I had faid; Ihe being acquainted with 
iiiinin his heft State, and then he had fine; Openings, 
and a hving Miniftry among them, but of late a 
Cloud was come over him, and, as I faid, h: was 
laid by and ufelefs. She alio put mc in mind of iome- 
thing I had faid in the Meeting ^out.Eledliony 
which as near as I can remember was thus:* I had 
endeavoured to make (?w Z;^ the Ele^ioA, /^vA one 
born again^ much the fame; for I had laid Wafle all 
claim to EleSiion without being bor?i agaifi-, for as 
Chrifl: was the Cbofen or EleSi. ofGod^who never fell, 
could fuch who were in the Fall be the Branches of 
Chrift, the pure heavenly Vine? Or fuch who were 
found in the impure State, and in the Degeneracy, 
by Reafon of Sin and wicked Works? Or would 
Chrift be married to a People, and become as their 
Hulband, who were in an unconverted State? Could 
this be the true Church of Chrift? Could this be the 
Lamb's BriHe, who had departed from his Spirit, 
and was in the Pollutions of the World tlirough 
Luft, and running after the Pleafures and Fineries of 
the World, depending upon Ceremonies, and out- 
fide Things an'd Elements, which appear not to be 
ejjential io our Salvation, neither do we find Life in 
them, nor Converfion through them ? I was of the 
Apoftle's Mind, that neither Circumcifion nor Vncir-- 
cumcifion availeth any Thing, but a new Creature .^ 
4nd what Man in the World can fay, that Water 
(althoug) iie may have been baptized or dipped into 

G z ^the 



r 90 ] 

the fame) hath converted him, or changed his Stat^ 
from a natural to a fpiritual, or from a dead to a liv- 
ing State in Chrift? Or, who that have gone through 
the mofl celebrated Ceremonies (as iome may account 
them) had thereby got Domhzion over Bin and Satan? 
Having thus treated of Things, or to this pur- 
pofe, among them, I faid to Mary thatJJje warrei 
and ft rove againji the Teftimofiy for a Time : And 
near as I remember, fhe faid their Principle was 
^haf fuch who believed once in Chrift, were always^ ii 
him^ without PoJJibility oj falling away ; and whom 
had once loved^ he loved to the End : And it was 
Diftindlion they had given to their Church, to be calJ 
led EleSlarims ; and as I faid, or near it, fie had no 
mind to be pulled out of her [irong Hold. But when 
jfhe faw the Glory of Cbrift, and the true Churchj 
as the Queen of the South faw Solomon %^ and the 
Giory of his Houfe^ and as (lie had her Qtieflions 
and Doubts anfvi^ci^ed, fie bad no more Spirit in her 
or Doubts or Qncflions, but openly ovvaied, This is 
the Truth, this is the Glory I have heard fo much of : 
That Spirit of doubting and queftioning was fvval- 
lowed up now, by her hearing and beholding for 
herfelf this greater than Solomon^ his Wifdcm and 
Glory, and the great Houfe that he had built (the 
Servants, the Attendance, and exceilent/Order, with 
the Afcent unto the Houfe ot God, which were all 
wonderful in Solomons Houie, carried in them a live- 
ly Refemblance of Chrift, his Power, Glory and 
Wifdom) as alfo that Order and Mean which is (een 
among his faithful Servants, his Church and People, 
even fuch as our Ipiritual Solomon rules iu and over 

by 



[ 9^ 

by his Spirit and Power. Here is Solomon, or Man of 
Peace, elle where called the Priiice of Peace -, and as 
Sohmon ruled in Jerufalem, formerly called Salem. 
or City of Peace, and indeed over all Judah, and over 
all his Tribes, fo doth Chrift in his Kingdom every 
where upon the Face of the whole Earth, Learn 
this, fee and know in and forthyfelf^ that thou art 
truly tranflated out of the Kingdom of Death and 
Darknefs into the Kingdom of Chrift, which' is a 
Kingdom or Pov^er, Lite, Light, Peace and Joy in 
the'Holy Ghoft. I was much bov^ed down in my 
Spirit, and in Weaknefs, Fafting, and in much'|?tear; 
for the more that Truth appears, the more it brings 
the Creature into Self-abafement. 

A Paffage is here revived to my Mind, ^yh^^^^ ^^'^^ 
thus: After a large Yearly-meeting, where were 
many able Minifters, one of whom was worthy 
William Pen, who taking me afideuftexii^e Meet- 
ing, faid The main Part of the Ser^rce of ibis 'D-dfs 
Work went on thy Side, and we Jaw ffy and werii %ml- 
li?2g and eajy to give way to the Truth, ikough it was 
through thee, who app tars but like a ^hxuh-, and it is 
but reafonable the Lord make ufe oj whom he pleafes: 
New, methinks, thou ?72ay/i be cheerJuL ¥vovc\\Y\\ic\\ 
I gathered^ that he thought I was too much incli- 
nable to be caft down ; therefore I gave him this true 
Anfwer, / endeavour to keep in a medium, out of all Ex-* 
^'^ams, as lilieving it to be mo[l agreeable to my Sta-- 
n\ with this Remark, theworji of my Times rather 
hitter thebejitome': William ihook his Head, 
and faid with much Refpe6t, There are many who (leer 
^ht tbirtcurfe bcjides thee, and it is the fafe/i Path for 

Us 



[ 9^ 1 

US to walk in:, with feveral other *Expreflions whicii 
befpcke AfFeftion. 

This worthy Man, and Miftifter of the Gofpeli 
notwithftanding his great Endowments and excellent 
Qualifications, yet thought it his place to ftoop ta 
and give way to the Truth, and let the holy Tefti^ 
mony go through whom it might pleale the Lord tdl 
impower and employ in his Work, although it might 
be through contemptible Inftruments. I fincerely 
defire this may prove profitable to thofe whom it 
may concern, and into whofe Hands it may come, 
that the Lord's Work may be truly minded, and gi- 
ven way unto, when it is opened s for feeing no Man 
can open it, let not any flriveonthe Man's Part to 
flnit the l9.me. I have at times feen fomething of 
this Nature, w^hich hath not been altogether to my 
Satisfadlion; a Word to the JViJemay ferve^ I would 
hope, and may be fuflicient for a Caution, for wdiat 
I have written is in the Love of God, and under a 
Concern that hatii |?een upon my Mind at Times, for 
feme Years, to leave behind me a gentle Caution to 
my tender Friends of both Sexes, to have an efpecial 
Care in all things, to recommend not only their 
Gifts, but their Demeanor in them, as alfo their 
Converfations after theni, to every Man's Confcience 
in the Sight of God, fo that you may build up the 
Lord's Houfe (like the wife Woman) and always 
have a great Care, that nothing you fay or do may 
any way tend to the Hindrance of die Lord's Work^ 
or difcourage the Weakeft in the Flock of Chrifl, 
but labour to faften every Sfcake, and ftrengthen every 
Cord of Sio?2y and as much as you are capable, build 

up 



[ 93 ] 

lup.thc Tabernacle in Jerufalem^ for as God is a Spi- 
rit, and the Soul of Man is a fpiritual Exiftence, and 
!as the Soul and Body of Man become fanftified and 
iprepared, as a Temple for the Lord by his holy Spi-- 
Irit to tabernacle in, the Lord is to fuch as a Sane- 
ituary to fly to, and reft in, from Heats and from 
Storms : Here is the true Church's Rock, and Place 
of Defence {to wit) the Name and Power of the 
mighty God. Oh ! that all the Inhabitants of the 
Earth were acquainted with this Name, and Rock 
of Defence, they would not then be fo much over- 
come, as they are, with the Power of the Enemy of 
the Soul, but live above his Region, which is ia 
the Earth, or rather, in the earthly Hearts of Men^ 
All you who have efcaped the Pollutions of the 
World, keep in your Tents, until the Lord moves 
and leads forward, and opens the Way, fometimes 
as in a WildernefSp 

Read and underftanci from whence thefe Things 
have their Rife and Original, for there is the Church's 
Safety, and its Comimefs too, in abiding in the 
Truth ; this is your Place of Safety where the Ene« 
my has no Power, where the Wiles of Satan and In- 
ventions of Man cannot re^chy no Inchantmenthath- 
Power over the fe, renowned be the great Name of 
the Lord now and for ever. 

How comfortable, how eafy and pleafant are even 
all the Books, and Teftimonies, and Exhortations, 
that are given forth in the Spirit, Love and Life of 
Ghrift? yea, the very Company and Converfation 
of fuch who are preferved in the Life, becomes a 
fweet Saviour of Divine Life to the Living ; there is 
"^ ' Edification 



[ 94 1 

Edrfi^Gation, Comfort andConfolation, a jflrengthni? 
and building up one of another in the moft ho^yanc 
precious Faith, fo that I find the truly quickAedj 
Soul takcth great. Delight to refort to, and as mucf 
as may be, converfe with the awakened and tru! 
quickned Souls who take up the Crofsof Chriflda^ 
ly, andfoliowhiminthe Way of Self-denial, althou^^^ 
it be a Way that is much fpoken againft, by fuch 
who know not the Nature andDifcipline of the ho- 
ly Crofs, and defpife fuch who are true followers ot 
ehrift. To feel this clTential Virtue, Seed or Lea- 
ven of the Kingdom, or Salt of the Covenant 
(Chrift) to work fo eitedtually to the reftoring pf 
the Powers and Faculties of the Soul, into the iirdi 
Rectitude and Purity, that all the Malignity may be 
throughly purged out, with all the Drofs or Tin/ 
which defileth the Man, and makes him unfit for the 
Kingdom and for the Service of God, is a great 
Work. Neither is the Veffei preserved clean, (v/hen 
it is in degree clean/ed) but through great Care 
Watchfulnefs and Diligence in attending upon the 
Lord with great Devotedneft, and Ref^gnation to 
his Mind and Will in all Things : Experience hath 
taught us, as well as v/hat we read in the holy Scrip- 
tures, that there are many Combats to go through, 
for fuch as are engaged in this Warfare, before the. 
above-faid State, viz. Deliverance fro?n Sin arid Sa- 
tan^ and a Sabbatical or feacefiii Reji in Chrijl can be 
obtained to the Soul. 

Come thou that loveft the Light, and bringcflthy 
Deeds to the Light ; and believell in the Light, and 
hall thy Body full of Light, by keeping thine Eye fm- 

gle 



[ 55 ]' 

i}c to God^ and in and to all Things that may tend t* 
pis Glory and thy Duty, thou wilt become a Child 
d( the Light, and receive the whole Armour of Light j 
^his is that which will arm thee on the right Hand 
knd on the left : Put off thy own Righteoufnefs, 
kvhich it may be thy Breaft hath been too much pof- 
leffed with, and put on Chrift's Righteoufnefs as a 
Breajl-plafey for it much imboldens in imminent 
Dangers, and alfo at approaching Death ;j w^ait upon 
him that hath Power, that thy P'eet may befiodwith 
the Preparation of the Go/pel of Peace ; fo that as the 
Gofpcl-Powcr, and Gofpcl-Miniflry, all tend to ga- 
ther into the Ways of theGofpel and of Virtue^ thou 
may ft not fail to be a Preacher of Righteoufnefs in 
thy Walking, and in thy whole Converfation ; for 
this is one of the good Ends for which the Gofpel- 
Power hath reached and vifited thy Soul, viz. to 
purge it and make it cleans and take care to have upon 
thy Head the Helmet of Salvation^ which will be a 
Strength and as a Crown to thee, not only in thy ma- 
ny Encounters, but more efpecially in thy laft En- 
counter with Death ; and that thou mayft have 
Faith ai a Shield to put on^ that thou mayft overcome 
the World and have Victory ; and above all things, 
I take to thyfelf the Sword of the Spirit, which is the 
(Word ©f God, that through this excellent Armour 
! of Proof, thou mayft be able to quejtch all the fery 
j jyarts andTemptatio7is of the Devil. 
I If thou art a Soldier of Chrift, this is thy Ar- 
Imour ; thefc are thy Accoutrements which fit thee 
for thy Vocation, as a Follower of the Lamb through 
many Encounters with thy Enemies, which Ar* 

mour 



[ 96 ] 

mour will give thee the Viftory, and bring thoil 
through many Tribulations, which is the Way u 
the Kingdom of Heaven. 

Now leaving the Eaftern Parts of New-E72glan(llil 
and thefe fine tender People on Nantucket Iflanc 
with fervent Supplications and Prayers to the Loi? 
of Heaven and Earth, that he would profper 
bleffed Work and. Converiion which he had begi 
amongft them, and in all inch upon the Face of the 
whole Earth, in the next Place I came to hynn^ tc 
Samuel CoUingSy where I had not been long before 
I met v/ith an unulual Exercife, which I had ex-t 
* pedled for fome Time would fall upon me, "viz. 

Having heard of Georgi Keitlos Intention of be- 
ing at Lynn Monthly-meeting the next Day, (this 
Ly72ny as near as I remember, lies between Salem\x\ 
the Eaft Part and Bojion) -the Evening coming on, 
as I was writing to fome Friends in old E77glahdy 
one came in hafte to defire me to come down, for 
George Keith was come to the Door, and a great 
Number of People and a Prieil: with him, and was 
railing againftFriends exceedingly. Ifaid, inafmuch 
as I underhand this Lynn'i Meeting is^ although larger 
viojily a newly convinced People^ I advife^y^^/ to befwift 
to hear, but Jlow to fpeak^ for George Keith hath a 
Life in Argument ; and let us as a People feek unto^ 
and cry mightily to the Lord^ to look down upon uSj and 
help us J or his Name's fake, for our Prefervaiiony that 
none may be hurt. 

The Country was much alarmed 3 for, as Friends 
faid, George Keith had given Notice two Weeks be- 
fore-hand^ that he interided to be at this Monthly* 

meeting, 



[ 97 ] 

Reeling, and the People were in great Expedatlon 
to hear the Quakers run down, for George Knihh^d 
boafted much of what he would prove againfl 
Friqnds. So after fome Paufe, Retirement and fer- 
ment Seeking to the Lord for Direilioq and Counfei 
in this important Affair, I went to the Rails, and 
leaned my Arras on them near George Keith's Horfe's 
iHead, as he fat on his Back, and many People were 
with him ; but the few Friends who were come 
ftood with me in the Yard, My fervent Prayers 
were to the Lord, that if he gave me any thing to 
fpeak to George^ it might go forth in that Power and 
Wifdom which was able to wound that wicked Spi- 
rit in which he appeared, and boafted over Friends 
after the following Manner, crying,. Is here a Man 
that is a Schelar? Is here a Man that under (lands the 
Languages among ft you f I/foy 1 willdifpute with him. 
I told him, It was probable that the Englifh Tongue 
"was mojl underjlood and ufed amongji that People^ and 
therefore I thought it was the be ft to keep to it. He 
went on and faid, that he was come in the ^eens 
Name to gather the Quakers from Quakerifm, to the 
Mother Church, the good old Church ^/England and 
that he intended to exhibit in our Meeting on the Mor- 
row thefc Chargesfollowing againjl us^ which ^ he faid, 
he could prove we were guilty of out bf our Friendi 
Books, \\x. Errors, Herefies. damnable Dodrines 
^;^^BIa[phemies : Look faid he, to anfwer for your- 
felves, for if you do not, the Auditory will conclude, that 
what I exhibit againji you is true. 

1 was roufed up in my Spirit in a holy Zeal a- 
gainft his wicked Infults and great Threatnings, 

H and 

\ 



I 9S ] 






and fald to him, T'hat it was the Fruit of Malice 
Envy^ and that he was to us but as an heathen Man 
and^u Pubiicar % (but more of this anon.) Then 
he began to cad wl^t Shirs and Odiums he could 
upon Friends with Inch bitter Invedives as his Ma- 
lice would invent. I flood vvith an attentive Ear and 
a watch-ui Mmd ; for as I ftood leaning upon the 
R-aiis, With no fmall Concern upon my Mind, I felt 
the Lord's Power ^arife, and by it my Strength was 
rentWvdinthc inner Man, and Faith, Wildom and 
Courage with it, fo that the Fear of Man, with all 
his Parts and Learning, was taken from me ; and 
in this State George Keith appeared to me but as a 
little Child^ or as nothing : Renowned be the moit 
excellent Name of the Lord, now and for ever. But 
thio; great Champion [Goliah like, at leail in his^ 
Mind) I fbppofed fear'd not any there ; he overlook- 
ed us all, and in the Pride of his Heart difdained us;* 
but the Lord of Heaven and Earth looked down up-/ 
^n us in a very acceptable Time, and helped us for 
his Name's fake, and covered our heads in the Day 
of Battle -.Glorified be his great Name for ever. 

I have fometimes thought to omit fome Part of 
this Account concerning George Keith\ but I remem- 
ber it opened very clearly in my Mind then, and I 
fiid to him, l^hat the Hand of the Lord was againfi- 
himy and that he would pour forth Contempt upon him^ 
for his Difobedience and JV^ckedncJs. 

But to return to hisReliedions ; hefaid, the QlTa- 

' kers pretend to be againjl all Ceremonies ^ but he iouL 

prove that they ujed many Ceremonies^ as taking one 

another by the Hand, and Men faiutip^ne another, 

and 



[ 99 ] 

ind Women doing fo to one another, and, he faid, 

\ljat Women did falute Men ; yea, they bad done i: to 

^ Jim ; as it was generally nnderflood by thoie who 

Ard him, which I thougMt not v/orthy mv Notice, 

{but more of this anon.) He went on aijd faid, the 

' ^Makers pretended to he again(i all Pcrfecution, but 

V were not clear ^ for the C^aktirs in Pennlyivania 

'" hiid the Jerleys had perfecuted him^ and would have 

^'' hanrfd him, but that there ^doas fhne Alteration in the 

^ovemmejtt. 
* Then came out one of my Arrows which cut and 
^' wounded him deep : I laid, George, that is fiot true. 
Upon that the Prieft drew near and appeared very 
' brifk, and faid, I had as good as charged Mr. Keith 
\ fas he called him) with a Lye. I rephed, Give me 
' Time, and I will prove that which George faid, was 
not true, and then thou and he may take your Advan-- 
'age to refcue him from that Epithet of a Lyar if you can. 
The Prieft faid, / knew not Mr. Keith : I replied, 
If he kftew him as well as I did, he woidd be aJJjam'd^ 
^0 be there as an Abbettor of him. The Prieft got away, 
and^ troubled me no more in all the Engagements 
that George and I had afterwards (a? ho' the faid 
Prieft was with him,) Then I demanded of George^ 
What Way our Fi^iends proceeded againfl him, and 
what Meafures they took, as he wotdd infinuate, to 
\bri?ig him to the Gallows F But I perceived Fear be- 
jgan to furprize the Hypocrite, and he thinking by 
|my Boldnefs I was an Inhabitant in thofe Parts, and 
|kncw his Abufe to Friends in thefe Provinces, and 
their peaceable Behaviour towards him, vvas will- 
ling to let thtMalter drop, and demanded my Namey 

which 



[ loo ] 

which was told him. I then afkcd, Hoiv he could ha'\ 
a Face to urgefiich a notorious JJntruth in the View 
that Feople who were much Strangers to, and ignoraf, 
cj the Troubles and Differences^ ^k^{fty created by hir 
among Friends in thofe Paris. 
' This Meeting (as before mentioned) being gc 
ncrally newly convinced of the Ti-uth, theiefor 
I urged to have him come to the Particulars of 
Friends Proceedings a2;ainft him, that even for very 
Shame among thoie Strangers he v^^ould fet forth 
as far as he could in Truth the Steps Friends had 
taken in perfecuting him, as he pretended ; hut he 
Would not meddle in the leafl with it. Then I ihew- 
ed him, and the People, the Falfity of his Charge, 
and the Wickednefs of his Spirit, and the Peacea- 
blenefs of Friends Behaviour towards hirri, and what 
great Affronts and Provocations they had put up 
with at his Hand, as I had it from thofe who were 
Eye and Ear Witnefies of it : For, as I fhewed 
George Keith ^ I had fearched into the Bottom of ihele 
Matters, and heard that when he flood before Go- 
vernors and AfTembly Men in their Courts of Ju- 
dicature, when they were met about the Affairs of 
the three Provinces, he has tore open his Buttons 
and told them, His Back tickled Jcr a Whippings 
and could they not cut him into CcllopSy andjry, and. 
eat them with Salt : And that he [corn dthey fhould wipe 
his Shoes : All which, with much more, I told hira 
I coidd prove again/l him. * And when he faw he 
could not provoke Friends to give him fome condigrx 
Punifhment, which I thought, as I faid to him, non^ 
hit Friends would have jpared^ efpecially, when bi^ 

^ Back 



[ loi ] 

'^ack tickled fo much for a Whipping ; but they like 
Ivlen of Peace and Religion overlooked it all, and 
|ie like a Man full of Malice, rather than want 
Ibmething to flur and blacken Friends with, writ a 
Letter I know not where, but dated it from £nV- 
\ington Prifon in Weli-jerfey. - It muft have been da- 
ted on the outfide of the Prifon, the Doors being 
ilpck'd, fo that he could not get into it s yet this went 
Icurrent far oft, that George Keith was in Prifon ; 
confequently bv Friends Procurement, they being 
chief at the Helm of Government in thofe three 
Provinces. 

I afked, What he had to fay to all this^ for it was 
all provable '^ He did not objedl one Word againfl: 
what I had faid, but vainly hoping for better Suc- 
cefs relating to his Undertaking in old England^ 
finding mc (as he might fuppofe) fo well vers'd in 
the American Affairs, hoped (no doubt) that I had 
been more i-gqorant of the Affairs in Britain: But 
ipoor Man, he fped as ill there alfo ; for he boafting- 
|ly faid. Since it pleafed God to open his Eyes to fee into 
the worfl of the Quakers Errors ; although^ he faid. 
Charity did oblige him to confirue every thing at the hejl 
whilji in Fellpwpip with them^ but fince they were Jo 
opened^ as he faid, he had l^een inftrumental to bring 
from Quakerifra, to the good old^ Mother Church in old 
England five hundred People. I replied, that is not 
true : If he rightly confidered what he had done in 
old England, he had little caufe to boaft ; jor^ \ 
faid, I thought about as 7nany Perfons as he Jpoke of 
Hundreds^ would 7nake up the Number there y a?2d-if 
there was Ofcafon^ I cguld nqrne all or moji of them : 

And 



And withal told him, that fomeof thofe few, whifm 
among us, were grown to be wither honourable noi 
comjortabk to us, I urged George, if he could, t^ 
name or make appear more in Number than I ha^ 
mentioned, that he had fo gathered, as he l>«d falfl'j 
faid. This was a very great Stroke upon him, an^ 
put him to a Stand. 

He then began to afk of my Country, and fror 
whence I came ? with the Account of which I hu- 
moured him ; yet withall put him in mind of his 
great Brag, and Jmportuned him to liiake fome-"^ 
thing appear towards that great Matter he had done 
in old England, even for very fhame ; for I was 
afliam'd for him, that a Man of his Learning, Parts 
and Pretenfions, fhould fo cxpok bimfelf ; but he 
went no farther about it. Then I fliewed to the 
People what Sort of a Man he was, (as they them- 
felves could not but fee, who. were impartial) and 
that he was not worthy of our Notice ; for he cared 
not w^hat he laid, fo that he could but calumniate 
and abufe us. 

By this Time he appeared fomewhat glutted w^ith 
the fharp Sword and keen Arrow the Lord gave me, 
which cut and wounded deep, fo that from this 
Time I did not find in our after Encounters, he ap- 
peared at any time fo bold and defperately hardy, but 
rather exprefled himfelf, altho' very wickedly, yet 
in a fofter Tone. He was now for being gone, 
threatning us with what he would do on the Morrow ; 
but Y reminded him, that he w^as to us an heathen 
Man or a Publican, and that what he exhibited a- 
gainfl u?j being but the Fruits of Wrath and Envy, 

as 



[ 103 1 

j is fuch we flighted and trod it under our Feet as 
Dirt, and rather defired his Abfence than his Com- 
pany : So away he went only telling us, he would 
be with us in tb€ Morning. We underftood by it, 
that he intended to be with us at the Friend's Houfe^ 
; the Meeting-houfe being about a Quarter oi a Mile 
from our Lodgings. 

The Evening coming on, the neighbouring Pref- 
byterian Women fell hard upon our Women Friends 
about their jalutiiig Mcn^ which George Keith had 
charged upon them, as was generally underftood in 
the Plural, and this appeared as a Confirmation^ as 
they alledged, becaufe when charged^ I made no Reply 
to it^ as I had done to all our mojl other Charges^ and had 
overthrown Mr. Keith, as they faid,yc> that he was 
not able to ftand before me: They ought to have faid be^ 
fore the Lord'm the iirft Place : But how the Women 
might clear themfelves of that Refledlion was the 
prefent Bufinefs : I faid, I thought it would be the 
beft, at a fuitable Time in the Morning when George 
Keith was come, that by handfomely bringing tlie' 
Matter over him, they might learn what Womea 
they were who fainted him, and fo clear themfelves 
from the Refleftion caft upon them ; for, I faidy 
perhaps he will limit it to fome of his near Kindred 
(as Wife, Modier, Siiler, Daughter) which may 
fervc for a Salvo in this prefent Cafe ; for I did not 
know of any fuch general Pradice in any Place where 
I had been, and I had vifited moft of the Meetings in 
England, Scotland, and PFales. So in the Morning 
when George, with two Priefts, and many People 
were come, with fome Friends, who filled theHoufe, 



[ ic-4 ] 



a Woman Friend ftood up and brought the Mattel 
difcrftely over George Keith. But when (he put the 
Queflion in the Phiral, {Women) he ihifted the 
Term and faid, he did not fay Women. I defired the 
Friend to call to her Neighbours who heard what 
George Keith had faid the lall Evening, and were now 
pre fen t, how they iinderftood the Word ^ One like a 
wife and jufl: Man laid, He would do Juftice to ever 
Man ; and he underjlood that G tor gc faid Women' 
and many faid to the fame Purptffe, but none to the 
Contrary, The Friends afked me, Howlw^dcrflood 
the Word ? As being a North Coiajtry-man^ I mi^ht 
know better the North or Scotch Dialedl than they. I 
reply'd They had a broad way of exprejjtng the Wor^ 
Woman, rather founding it like the plural^ but luti- 
derfioodit Women, as the above mentioned difcree 
Man had faid. 
. The next QueiT-ion fhe put to him was, Whmi 
Woman ? He anfwercd, j4 good old ?notherly Woma\ 
that was gone to Heaven many Tears ago. Then flie 
afked, What Country Woman ? He reply'd, -^Scotch! 
Woman. The Friend faid, It was very w.ell that he 
had cleared all the World of that Fault (if it might be 
fo termed) but Scotland, and the Wonian dead manj 
Tears ago. The Women Friends were greatly fa- 
tisfied, and glad they were fo finely difcharged o£ 
that which fonie counted a foul Refledlion, and 
efpecially before their Jealous Neighbours the Pref 
hyterians, who. (as the Friends faid) probably might 
havetwitted them with it, whether the Matter was 
true or falfe, if it had net been clear'd up ; but as 
I faid, to George^ it was a RefteSlion for Refe£lions 

fake: 



1 



[ ^05 ] 

fake : For I was willing to fet every thing that was 
'wrong (as far as I was capable) in its proper Light, 
I that Friends and others, ot all Perfwafions and Qua- 
lities who were prefent, might fee Things as they 
really were, and not be deceived -, and I had much 
Satisfaftion in fo doing. And inafmuch as I was en- 
gao;ed in the Defence of the Truth, it appeared the 
moft clear to me, to load him with his ow^n Lies, 
Miftakes and Wickednefs, and to do w'hat we did, 
as much as in us lay, in the Lord's mighty Power; 
for he appeared to me, like to the Angeis who kept 
not their firft State. 

Matters being thus far gone through, and the 
Meeting- time drawing on, I was in fome Concern 
of Mind, left any fliould be hurt by either hearing 
or anfwering GeorgeKeith^ hehavingagreat Propen- 
fity to jangling ; it 'therefore opened in my Mind to 
afk him a Queftion, withal reminding him, that he 
was but to us as a?i heathen Man cr a Publican^ yet he 
might, if hepleafed anfwer me the Queftion, v/hich 
was. Whether he ivas always found in the fundame7ital 
JDoSlrines of Chriftianity, yea or nay t Upon v/hich 
he Tat a confiderable Time in Silence, of which I 
was truly glad, my Spirit being much bowed under 
the Apprehenfion I had, of the weighty Exercife 
that was likely to attend the approaching Meeting. 
But before we parted, George flood up and taking 
his Staff in his Hand by the Middle, fald, IVhile he 
was a Quaker, he thought, as Paul thought, that he 
had the Spirit of God, and when he had the spirit of 
God, then he wrote found Things, but when he had it 
^^'> then he wrote xxnionndi Things. ' I afked, /?'^' 

H 2 



[ Jc6 J 

ibcr theje unfotmd things he wrotewere in Fundainci 
lals, yea, or nay ? Jf not in Fundamentals, then ;; 
^ujiion remained firm and untouched. He wouL 
have gone from the Matter, but I reminded him 
it again, as I fuppofedhe forefavv that he could n* 
anfvver it, but by bringing a Stroke upon himfei 
for if he had owned his htmgiinfound, I had it uiidel 
his own Hand, in a Book written after he let1 
Friends, that he was always founds &c. And if hi, 
had faid, he was always found in the Bnn^ainentals, ai 
before, then I intended to have aik:ed, why he lejt 
lis ? For he advocated the fame* orthodox ^Principles 
which w^e believed and taught ; ^but wc ended quiet- 
ly, and prepared to go to the great Meeting,- for by 
this time many Friends and People were come, and 
coming from every Quarter, to fee and hear how 
Matters would go between the poor ^lakers^ and 
this great Champion in his Heart George Keith, fc 
I thought he mo& relembled t[>e great Ccliah c 
Gathy who defied the Armies of the living God, of 
any I had ever yet fccn in all my Travels, in a re- 
ligious refpeft. 

Now to the Meeting we went; George Keith, 
with two Priells, and a great many People gathered 
together cf lever al ProfelTions and Qualities into 
one Body; aid Friends and feme friendly People 
into another Body; and as we came near to the 
Meetin^-hoiAle, I flood IhlJ, and took a View cf the 

A * 

People, and it appeared tome as if tv/o Arrnic^ 
were going to engage in Baltic: There appear 
with George Keith Men of confiderable Eft^ 
PartSj and Learninc?-, and we aooear'd likP P?^ 



I 107 j 

I Shrubs; and, under a Senfe of our firefcnt State, I 
had like to have been difmay'd, and nny *Faith had 
I even like to have failed me, but I cried mightily to 
the God and Fountain of all cur tender Mercie?, 
that he would look down upon us, and help us in 
this Time of great Exercife, which was not hid from 
him; bat his penetrating Eye faw, and his watch- 
ful Providence attended us, blefTed be his Name for 
ever. I continued my fervent Prayers and Inter- 
ceffions to the Lord ot Kofls, that he would arife 
for his great Name's fake, and work for us that Day, 
that the Enemies of Truth might not triumph or 
vaunt over us, and that none of thefe tender Plants, 
which he had brought to the fciving Knowledge of 
the Truth, might be hurt. 

I had no fooner thus heartily fought to the Lord, 
but I felt renewed Strength come upon me, and 
the Fear of Man was taken away from me, and I 
(iwv evidently that Truth would have the Viftory 
that Day, and my Faith and Confidence wms greath^ 
flrengthned in the Lord. Thefe iireathings forth of 
my Spirit to the Lord were in fecret, without Wordri. 
to be heard by Mdj^, but the Lord hears and knows 
the Diftrefs and Language of the Spirit. 

Being thus encouraged in m.yfelf, it arofe in my 
Heart to fpeak to Friends before we went into the 
Meeting ^Houfe, and I advifed them fo bcfwift to hear 
nndjh-jo tofpeck, and that nj;hat iva^ fpokcn might be in 
the Lcrd's Power, fo?^ that woinids George the moj:^ 
and Jlays that wicked and ra?tting Spirit in him, more 
than all^ the Wifdom oj Words without it ; and let us 
iiatntam our TePJmony of Denial agani/l him, and en-- 

dcaxcur 



[ io8 ] 

deavour to get together into one Bod)\ that we mctj he i 
Help andf)tre?igth one to another -^ and let every one u'J 
knows the Lord^ cry mightily unto hitn^ that his livih 
Power and Pre fence may be amongli iis^ and I be\iev\ 
the Lord "would iiotfi^ffer a?iy to be hurt. So the Mec 
ing gathered, and immediately after, George ftoc 
up to tell us (as before) that he "was come in the ^eei 
Na?nc to gather Qn^kt\^ from Quakerifm, to the gooa 
old Mother Churchy the Church of England (as he cal- 
led it) and that he could prove out of our own Books- 
that we held 'Errors^ Herelies, damnable Doctrines 
^WBlafphemics 5 with a Threat to look to our/elves to 
^n/wer^ or elje the Auditory would conclude^ that what 
i^e exhibited agai7'i/l us was true: I expected feme of 
tile elder Friends would hy lomething to him, but 
none d:d ^ and I having a deep Concern upon my 
Mind, left Truth, or the Friends of Truth, lliould 
fuffcr thro' our Mifmanagemcnt, and fuch as waited 
for Occalion, might have an Occafion adminiflred 
by Msagainft ourf:::lves 3 I (ay, under this Concern 
of Mind I ftood up, and iigniiied to the People what 
manner ol Mm George Keith was ; notwithflanding 
he had walked many Years aciongfi: us, yet towards 
the latter End of his fo walking v/ith us, he grew 
veiy troi-blefome, by reafon of a contentious Spirit 
which did poiieis him : And after much Labour and 
exerciilng of Patience^ and extending of Love to- 
wards hirn, in order to recover and reclaim him, 
ail that Labour of Love and much Forbe^arance 
would not avail, but he dill perfifted in theWc^kof 
Coii?cnrion and Diflurbance : Then he was jpub- 
bv/ned, and teflified againfl by us, as aPe- 



licklv di^ 



[ 109 ] 

(on with whom we had no Unity or Fellowfliip: 
knd being thus caft out, he became to us (agreeable 
ro the Sayings of Jelus Chrift) as an Heathen Man or 
p Publican \ and being thus disjointed, to expole us^ 
what lay in his Power, to all Sorts of People, he 
chofe printing againji us ; wherein he hath much a- 
bufed us, in leaving out many times the explanato- 
ry Parts of Sentences, and coining Words to make 
the Meaning appear different from what was defign'd 
and indeed, from what was mofl fair and genuine : 
Therefore, fome of our Friends found themfelves 
concerned to follow him in Print, for the clearing us 
from what Re, through Envy, would have willing- 
ly faften'd upon us, and to return his Self-contra- 
didlions, Mifinterpretations, and Mifapplications q 
our Writings upon himfelf, and to clear our own 
Xnnocency, and manifeft the Perverfnefs and Wick- 
ednels of his Spirit : Neither do we, as ' a People^ 
hold ourfelves to be under any Obligation to follow 
him into foreign Parts of the World, to anfwer his' 
Arraignments and Charges, not being confcious to 
ourfelves that we hold any thing contrary to found 
and orthodox Doftrine; and alfo knowing that what 
he exhibits sgainft us, is the Fruit of Envy and Ma« 
hce, as fuch we rejed: it, and trample it under our 
Feet ; and were it not for your Sakes, whoare Stran- 
gers to thcfe Things, we (hould take no further No- 
tice of George Keith than to flight and rejed him as 
a Man that cares not what he lays, nor is he worthy 
of our Notice. 

Then paufing a little, George being quiet, a 
Friend llcod up with a fhort, but living Teihmony, 

and 



[ no ] 



I 



^.nd then my Companion ; all this in much WeigP 
and with good Demonftraticn. After them it pleat j 
ed the Lord to open my Mopth, I think in as mud 
Strength, Clearnefsand Demonflration as ever, Be- 
ginning with the following Words, In that We^ 
you call Heiyfi do ive Worfbip the God of our FatJjcrj^ 
believing all Things that are written concernijtg Jefti 
Chriji^ both as to his God-head and Manhood , giving 
a fummary Account of his Birth, w^orking of Mira 
cles, fome of his Dodirinc, Sufferings and Deatl 
Afcenfion and Glorificatidn, the Coming of the SpJ 
rit of Truth, or Comforter, to lead all thofe wl 
receive, believe, and obey it, into all Truth : Ha\ 
ing great Openings concerning the Law andProphctS 
and the. Beginning, Service and End of the AlinJ 
flration o^'^ohnX^a^ Baptift, The People appeareij 
very much down and ?.ttentive, for the Lord's heal 
venly baptizing Power was amongfi us that Dayf 
It was thought, many were there who had not beei 
at any of our Meetings of Worfhip before, and thi 
Prefence of the Prieils there, opened a Door for al 
the reft. 

1 being clear, left them unto the Grace of Goc 
and unto thpir free Teacher Chrift, whofc heavenlj 
Power in the Appearance of his Spirit, the laft ani 
lading Difpenfation; was exalted that Day above al 
the fliadowy and typical. Things that ever had been 
in the World: A good Meeting;; it was, and Friends 
were mutually comfprted and edified in the intcrnnl 
Prefence of the Lord. 

The Prieft of this Place, whofeName was Skep- 
pard, before my Mcuth was opened in Teftimon^- 

mavi 



[ III ] 

lade Preparation to write, and when I began to 
3eak, he had his Hat upon his Knee, and his Pa- 
er uoon its Crown, and Pen and Ink in his Hands, 
nd made many Motions to write, but writ nothing; 
, s he began lo he ended, without writing at a!L 
^nd as Friends entered the Meeting-houfe in the 
lord's Power, even that Power which cut Rahaby 
nd wounded the Dragon^ which had been at work, 
;eDt down in a good degree the wrong Spirit in 
Tcorge, for he appeared much down: But this bufy 
^tiell called to him leveral Times to make his Re- 
Ay to what I had fpoke. After lome Time I faid 
the Prieft, in Behalf of the Meeting, \h2ithemight 
:ave Liberty to make Reply. He propofed to have 
another Day appoihted^^r a Dijpute to whichlfaid, 
f he did make a voluntary Challenge ^ which hefhouid 
lot fay v/e puthimtjpon, we^ or fame of us (mean- 
ing Friends) ij a Day and Place were agreed upony 
^Ijoiddfjid it our Concern to anjwer him as well as we 
rould. He faid, he would have Mr. Keith to be with 
i^i/n: I told him, if he f^oidd^ and meddled in the 
Difpute, if J was there ^ IjhouldrejeSi him for Reafons 
bfcre ajjignd.- When the Prieft had faid this and 
fome.what more, an Elder of the Rrejhyterian Con-* 
gregation clapt him on the Shoulder, and bid him 
(it down:, lo he was quiet, and then flood up George 
Keith, znd owned he had been refrefhed amongjiusihaf 
Day, and had heard a great many found Trjiths, with 
"vne Errors, but that it was not the common Do5l7^ine 
'f'bich the Qmktx^ preached: 

I then ilood up and faid, Ihadjomethingtofay to 
-(fr^icte what G^QV^eK^iih would infnuate-^ far his 

Driit 



[ "2 ] 

Drift was to infufe an Opinion into them,' that 
fakers did not commonly preach up Faith in t 
Manhood of Chrift-, as I had done that Day: I a 
pealed to the Auditory, whether they thought th 
was a Neceffity frequently to preis a Matter fo u 
verfally received amongft Chriftians, as Faith in t\ 
Manhood of Chrijl was? Yet we, as a People, had fo 
often and clearly demonftrated our Faith in the 
Manhood of Chrift, both in our Teftimonies and 
Writings, as might fatisfy any unbiafs'd Perfon, or 
fuch who were not prejudiced againft us^ and we 
know not of any People who believe more fcriptu- 
rally in the Manhood of Chrifl than we do: But in- 
afmuch as the Grace, Light and holy Spirit, is high- 
ly concern'd in the Work of Man's Salvation, as 
well as wha| Chrift did for us without us, and this be- 
ing yet much a'Myflery to many called Chriftians, 
it pleafes God to open, in the Courfe of our Mini- 
ftry, into the Meaning and Myflery thereof, and to 
prefs the latter more than the former. To which 
George made no Reply, but began to exhibit his 
Charges againft us (as mentioned before) and faid, 
he could prove them out oj cur Friends Books ^ naming 
George Fox, and Edward Burroughs &c. He had in a 
Paper a great many Qoc^tations cut of Friends Books, 
and a young Man with him had many Books in a 
Bag, out of which y he faid, he would prove the Charges. 
he was about to exhibit again li us. , 

He was now crowded up in the Gallery be- 
tween me and the Rail, with a Paper in his Ha«i; 
and I ftanding over him, and being taller, could U 
his Q^aotations and his Paraphrafes upon them, on 

vvhich 



[ 113 ] 

hich I told him loudly that all the Meeting might 

ar, That he offered Violence to that Seiife and Under- 

nding which GoU had given him^ andhe hiew in his 

•'ijcience^ we were not that People^ neither were our 

/ friends IVriiings either damnable or hlafphemous^ as he 

^^^'oiigh Envy endeavoured to make the JVorld believe^ 

\l that he would not have Peace i7i Jo doing, but Trouble 

^im the Lord in his Confcience. I fpoke in the Lord's 

ireadful Power, and George trembled fo much as I 

' pldom ever fawany Man do: I pitied him in my 

^ ^eart, yet, as Mofes faid once concerning Ifraely I 

elt the Wrath of the Lord go forth againji kirn: 

leorge faid, Do not judge me 3 I reply'd the Lord 

iidges^ an^ all who are truly one in Spirit with the 

Lord^ cannot but judge thee. So he gave over, and it 

appearing a fuitable Time to break up the Meeting, 

Priends parted in great Love, Tendernefs, and Bro- 

^ennefs of Heart -, for the Lord's mighty Power had 

been in and over the Meeting from the Beginning to 

the End thereof, glorified and renowned behismofl 

excellent Name, now and for ever, for his Marcies 

are many to thofe that love and fear him who is the , 

Fulnefs of all Good. 

This Meeting was not only for Worfhip, but alio 
for Bufinefs, as I faid to the People at our parting; 
it was Friends Monthly-meeting, in which their 
Poor, Fatherlefs, and Widows were taken Care of, 
and fuch other Things as concern them as a People. 
Two Friends v/ere defired to flay, to hear what GtTr^^ 
had to fay to them who remained, which faid two 
Friends gave an Account to us afterwards, that Gf.^rg-^ 
1 to the People after we were gone, that thcQu2i^ 
I kers 



W^r\ 






kers had left fioiie to difpute with him but an Afs mi, 
a Fool \ when I heard it, I faid, could you not have 
rcply*d, A7i Afs was once madejufficient to reprove thi 
Madnefs of the Prophet'^ 

George called to fee me the next Day, and faid 
Ton kad the Advantage over me Yeflerday^ for you per- 
fwaded me to be quiet ufitil you had done^ and then you 
would not (lay to hear me ; neither indeed were weua- 
der any Obligation fo to do: I told him, I hoped that 
^'ruih would always have the Advantage over thoje who 
cppojed it ; and fo we parted, but met again upon 
Rlooae-lfiand ^i^WQ Governor ofwhichPJace, who wasa 
friendly Maft, having heard of my Intention of com 
ing thither^, ordered the Deputy-Governor, when 
came; to have me to him, w^hich he did; and whe 
he favv me at the Door, and after Enquiry hear 
my Name, he took me by the Hand and led me 
];ke a'Brc ther, or rather more Hke a tender Father, 
into a Pvoom, fetting me down by him, and then 
began to fay, I have heard much of you^ ajid J defir- 
id to ^eyou long^ and am glad you are here. I find- 
in;^ him near me in Spirit, was very open in my 
Mind to him, and anfwered him w^ith much Clear 
neis and Sati§fadlion. I remember he afked, Wi 
ther J thought the Sournefs in the Minds of the Prefb; 
V^xhns agdi?7f uSy was not rather abated? I told hi 
I did believe it was ; arid if our Frieiidsdidbut obfer 
to walk wifely^ and live up to what they profejfedy t _ 
'ip^Ad overcome it all lie faid, that was the .%va^^ 
and f here was not another comp arable to it ; andy as^^ 
ftid/ and I believ^e it was fo, be had no other vi 
jhwi^ig^ J^r me^ but to marajA lis RejpeSls to 



[ 115 I 

dome any Service that lay in his Power : I told him, 

1 was fenjible of his Love^ and %vifrjd I could be capa- 
ble of retaliating that which in Gratitude his Kindnefs 
^0 me called ' for : He faid, he dc/ired no more than 
zohen Icame that way I would vijit hiniy ij he was A*-"^'- 
-'-^. I told him, I intended fo to do, ij^ ever it was 

, Lot to come there again. I theii defired he would 
ibe at the Meeting next Day, George Keith proporirig 
'to be there, in all likelihood it would be very large; 
which he promiled he would, and accordingly 



came. 



George rhade little Difturbance in thef beginning 
of the Meeting, but commanded the Governor to 
quiet //f?^' Quakers: A. priefc faid, Mr. Keith, you 
ought not to command the Governor^ hut intreat hira\ 
wxll then, he intreated the Governor to quiet the 
fakers that he might be beards whereupcn the 
Governor, like a Man of Juftice and Wiidom, ilood / 
up and faid, It was not in his Power to quiet the Qup^- 
' rs; inafmuch as the Houfe is theirs^andthcfhaveap-' 
^ .lilted the Meetings it is but reafonahle theyjljould have 
their Liberty^ and if they he willing^ when they have 
done^ you have your Liberty to fay what you have to fay 
to thofe who will fay to hear you : So the Governor.be- 
ing next me, Ican'd his Hand upon me, and went ^ 
away in a fober Manner. George was quiet, and 
we had a good Meetinj^, and fo parted. 

After mou: of the Friends were gone, a Friend 
and I went to the Meeting-houfe Door, to Lear 
what George faid; he held his Bible in his Vx'.xnn^ 
and faid it was promiled, that the Gofpel Jhoidd he 
^yr cached unto every Creature under Heav::n \ but if it 



was 



[ ii6 ] 

ivas truly tranJJated^ it would be in every Ci'eaturt,^ 
{not in every Creature as Horfe, Cow, &c. but tri 
every ratiojial Creature of Mankind :) And then their 
Meeting broke upm Confulion. 

My next Remove was to Lcng-IJIand, where 1 
■ mL^t with Thomas Sto?j, and John Rodman ^ John de- 
fired I'homas and me to be affiftant*to him in prepar- 
ing a Writing againft G^^ro-^ i^^///6, when he came 
to Flupjing Pvleeting upon the aforefaid Illand, which 
Writing was to this Effe6l, viz. 

" Whereas Colonel ^/^^^, an Inhabitant in thefc 
*^ Parts, who died and made Miles Forjier a Truf- 
^' tge, gave by Will a conliderable Sum of Money. 
^^ to poor Friends of London, which Money was 
'^ ordered by the Teflator to be put into the Hands, 
*^ of fome faithful Friends of the aforefaid City cf 
^^ London^ to diftribute as above." A true Copy of 
which Will we obtained, and at the Meeting made 
it fairly appear to George Keith's Face, that he had 
v/rong'd the Pocr in receiving Fifty Founds of the 
aforefaid Money of M//^J jFi^ry/^'r, as appeared under 
Mi/es's own Hand; which George did not deny 
when he was charged with in the Meeting, as 
hiowingJy to have robbed the Poor ; it being made 
fairly appear, that George Keith had no Right to' 
meddle with the Money, neither as a faithful Friend, 
nor yet as a poor Friend of Lofidon^ becaufe he was 
then in America'^ and what made him more inca- 
pable of claiming any Part of it, was his being got 
into the Spirit oi Strife and Enmity againli Friends^ 
and therefore, before they could hear his Charges, 
liC ought to have firft laid down the Money, cr gi- 
ven 



[ "7 J 

ven fuch Security as Friends approved of ; neither of 
which he was capable of doing : So he was flighted 
by all or mod of the People, as well as by Friends, 
land this blocked up his Way fo much that we had 
I little or no Trouble with him in that Part of the 
[World: But the Lord wrought for his Name's Sake^ 
land the Prefervation of his tender People, Praifes 
and Honour be given to his great Name, now and 
for ever. Thus ended this Engagement betwixt a 
poor Servant of Chrift, and a grai^d spoliate, who 
appeared to fight againft Reafon, Senfe and Con-, 
fcicnce. Think not, my Friends, the Account too 
long, for it hath feem'd to me, for feme time, a 
Debt due to my Brethren, and a piece of Juftice to 
the Memory of George Keith, for his Wickednefs^ 
Revcking, and fad Jpo/iacy. Few there are who 
can believe how great the Power of Darknefs and 
Wickednefs of that Mind and Spirit was, which pof- 
fefled and breathed through him ; fo great it was, 
that even the confiderate and fober People faid, tkcy 
did not think that George Keith had been fo wicked a 
Man as they now found he was upon ^riaL Courte- 
ous Friend and Reader, hold faft that which thou 
haft receiv'd, that none may take thy Crown, for 
it is laid up in Store for the Righteous only, and fuch 
who hold out to the End, in the fame pure Righ^ 
teoufnefs which is of Chrift wrought and continued 
in Man, by the Operation and Indwelling of his ho- 
ly Spirit, as Man abideth in Subjedion and Obedi- 
ence to the Leadings and Dictates thereof, 

I told George, that I was much aJJ^amed cfhis com- 
plimenting Great People 3 for I obferved he fomc^ 

times 



[ "S ] 

iimes faid thee and thoii:, and fometimes ^^^, and iS/Vl 
fometimes put his Hat off] and foraetimes kept it ori 
I told him, before I would be Jo unhandy^ if lintena 
ed to be ceremonious, I would have gofie to School 
while ^ before Iwoiddjhame myfdf ashehad done. I 
I have not wrote the very Words, in all my Account 
in the preceeding Pages, I have the Subjja?ice : Anc 
for a Conclufion, I had to fay to George Keith^ 7hi 
Hand oj the Lord was againji him^ and would foll&l^^ 
himy unlejs he repented. 

This Account carries in it an Admonition to xsX 
and to Friends in future Ages, into whofe Hands 
may come, to beware of letting in the Spirit of 'Envk 
Prejudicey and Fride of Heart, which I clearly fal 
was that which, with too much leaning to his natu 
ral Abilities ^nd Learning, was his Ot;^r/i^r^'te^,henc 
keeping to the Lord's holy Spirit^theLife andStrengtl 
of his iaithfui People, and the Key of true Know^ 
ledge, the good Remembrancer, and Leader into al 
Truth, which the Lord fees riieet in his Wifdom to 
vpen and lead us into; without the Help of which 
Anointing and holy Spirit, we are apt to be cold and 
forgetful m our Duties towards God, and alfo in our 
Love and Duties one to another ; but as the Mea- 
fure ii^jhis Spirit is faithfully kept to, and improved, 
we grow more and more fruitiu! in every good Work 
ard Word, to the Glory of God and Comfort of our 
Sn;[:, nd, as the Salt of the Earth, help to leafoa 
th' ^ : who are not feafoned. 

V/hen r was in the Yearly-meeting upon 'Rhode-- 
Jflands there Was a Query concerning: what Friends 
' t do, in cafe there fliculd be a Lay or Tax laid 

upon 



i^i-h 



[, 119 ] 

m the Inhabitants for building feme Fortificati- 
, and to provide Men and Arms lor the Security 
ihe Iflmd ? Such a Tiling being then in Agitation, 
, who was one of the chief Friends concerned in 
arch- Affairs, would have me give an Account 
It we d'd in the like Cafe in England-, for, he 
', they in th^t Country looked upon themfelves 
: as th(: Daughter y and Friends here in Old-En- 
rjand as their Mother^ and they wxre willing to ad: 
:onfiflent with us as far as they could, and would 
enow how we did there in that Matter, v^hether we 
:ould pay to that Tax which was for carrying on a 
i^igorous War agairift France f I was unwilling to 
meddle with it, as I faid ; but the Meeting waited a 
confiderable time for my Anfwer (as one told me) 
and v/as not willing to go forward Vvithout it ; at laft, 
when I could not well do otherwife, I fignified to 
that large Meeting, T^hat I had heard the Matter de- 
bated both in fuper tor and 172 jer tor Meetings, and pri^ 
'uately, and the mojl general Refidt was this: Friends 
did not lee an effeduai Door opened to avoid the. 
Thing, that Tax being mixed with the other Taxes; 
although many Friends are not fo eafy as they could ^ de-^ 
fire : Neither have we any further Sway in the Govern-' 
?nent, than only giving our Voices for jiich as are- con- 
cerned therein ; therefore, as things appear to tne, iherf 
is a great Difparity between our Circianfavcts and 
yours here 'y for ycu have a great ]72terefi here, and a 
great Share in the Gov^rn?nenf, and perhaps may put 
lucb a T/oing oy in voting, confldering the Body cf 
Fric7uis, ami fueh as are friendly, whom you have an ^ 
^■'""^'^ •*■: Icreflre look riot for Hdp.f\-om the Mo- 

^ ^ ^ ' • thcr. 



I ^20 1 

ther, wherei?t Jlje is not capable of helpifig herfelf, a?u 
thereby neglect pur own Bu(inefs \ but rnmd your own 
Way iji the Truths and look not out . Friends appear- 
ed well fatisfied with thefe Diftindions, and it gave i 
me fome Eafe, in that I had not hurt any. 

During my Stay in one of the Jerfeys^ a great 
Weight, more than ufual, feized upon my Spirit, 
as I fat in a Meeting, under a Senfe of the fame, rft| 
Cries afcended unto the Lord, the Fountain of fall 
tender Mercies, that he would pleafe to JI:ew tnt^ 
what was the Caufe of that great Power of Darkneft 
which did fo opprefs my Spirit ^ and it pleafed the 
Lord to fJjew 7ne, that a Man there had been guilty 
oi {oin^ grofs Wickednefs 3 and when it appeared cleai^ 
to me, to be required of me to exprefs it publickl 
it became a very great Exercife to me, and fo 
Reafonings I had, before I gave up to make it pub^ 
lick to that large Meeting of Friends and other Peo 
pie; I laboured under it till towards the Conclufion 
of the Meeting, but finding my Peace concerned 
very nearly in the Matter, I flood up in the Gallery 
and faid, under a Senfe of fo?ne grcjs Wicked?2efs com- 
7nitted by fome P£r fen ?20t far from 7ne^ hath my Spirit 
been borne down ; "which Wickednefs will in a fljort "Time 
break fo7ih to the DiJho?iour of Truths and Grief oj 
Friends. A great Man who fat in the Gallery by me, 
itarted up and feated himfelf upon the Rail of the 
Gallery, with his Eyes fixed on me, and I faflned, 
in the Lord's Dread, my Eyes on him, and faid, 
We have a common Maxim in eld England, T^ouch a 
galfd Horfes Back^ and he will kick ^ and I a.. 
t-he Opinion, be that kicks is not c!ea?\ Ke got dcwn 

as 



[ea^l 



[ 121 ] 

fail: as he could out of my way, for he not only 
evented me from the View of the Meeting by fit- 
j]'r there, but his UncleanneiS flood much in the 
way or my Service. . 

After the Meeting was over, feveral worthy 
Friends exprefs'd to me the great Concern they were 
under, Jeft he fhould either by Money, or by Sub- 
tiltv, conceal the Sin and V/ickednefs, iffuch was 
'committed ; for I found there was a great Fear and 
Jealoufy in the Minds of Friends, that iomething 
was wrong with the Man, but I was 'till then alto- 
gether a Stranger to their Thoughts, and to the 
State of the Man 3 yet I advifed that Friends fliould 
.have a watchful Eye over him and his Family, for I 
told Friends, my Spirit was eafy i?t what I had deli- 
vered^ and I believed the Evil wGidd 720t be concealed. 
So in my Return, his Houfe-keeper had brought 
forth a Child, and charged him with being the Fa- 
ther of it, which he denied not: Friends then afked 
me, AVhat they fhould do in the Cafe ? I faid, Let 
the "Judgment of ^ruth go forth again ji all inanifefl 
WickednefSy withmt refpeSi of Perfons^ that the ever- 
blcffcd Truth y, and fuch as live in //, may be kept clear 
and in good Efteem bfore all Men as much as may be^ 
- Something of the like Exercife I met with in a 
Meeting in Pennfylvaiiia^ repeating feveral Times 
%chat OppreJIion my Spirit was under.^ becaiife of fome 
yet hidden Wickednefs^ which in afiort Time would be 
brought to lights to the Blemijh of the Truth, and great 
Trouble to Friends. That very Evening, after the 
Meeting, a Woman'little thought on by Friends to 
ie guilty of fuch a Crime, went to a worthy Friend 

I 2 and 



[ 122 3 

and told him, She was the Woman that had done ihl 
great JVickednefs Ihadfo much complained ofy and hai 
home fuch a great Load becaiife thereof \ and, as thii 
honeft Friend faid, file wept bitterly, even in the | 
very x\nguiih of her Soul. He came twelve MileG ' 
the x\txiT)diy to Philadelphia^ to acquaint mc with the 
Matter, and afk my Advice, which I gave to this 
EfFedt ; Tf Friends find upon Enquiry^ in the proper 
Seajcn^ that the Woman continues heertily forry^ and tru- 
ly penitent for njvhatjhe hath done^ for Godly Sorrow 
worketh Repentance, and if froth fuch a hearty and 
penitent Senfe, (v/hi?:h is to be felt beyond Words) 
Jhe gave Jorth a P.aper againfl her wicked Doi?2gs^ not 
Jo much to ingratiate herfelf into Fanjour^ as for the 
clearing of Truth and Friends y dijd for the Eafe and'. 
Peace of her own Mind^ and took the Blame and Shame 
to herfelf y then Friends may pa fs it by, ij not^ Friends 
mufl fet the Judgement ofTruth vver manifeji Wic- 
kednefsy as before mentioned. 

I went to viiit a Meeting in that Part called A/br//?- 
JValeSy which had not been long planted in that 
Place, where there was a fine tender People, but few 
underflanding Englifh^ Rotvland Ellis was my Inter- 
preter ; a good Meeting it was, and Truth was over 
all : Some, by the Interpreter,* e:xprefred their great 
Satisfacftioii in our Vilit to (hatMeeting, which here- 
tofore had not been counted as Friends, butfince that 
have been taken Notice of, and grown into good E- 
flceni with the Body of Friends. 

I found it much my Work to be concerned in the 
Difcipline of the Church, which wasverylow in ma- 
ny Places, yet I foand there wa;s a Willingnefs in 

man-v 



t ^-3 J 

many Friends Minds to be helped in chat needful Af- 
fair, for (urely it is a'good Fence, or a Help to keep 
the Righteous in, and hurtful and wicked Thingj; 
and Doings out, if the fame be rightly handled, and 
extended as it ought to be, in the Love and Wifdom 
of God. 

There was one Thing I had like to have omitted, 
which happened when I was in Rhode-Jfiand^ viz, 
one Rogers came diither toofer (as he faid) his Gift 
in the Teariy-meeting amongji Friends-, but they ap- 
pearino- in a great Strait about him, although he had 
writ in Behalf of Truth's Principles, andfufferecilm- 
prifonment, and the taking away his Wife iromhim, 
and was not fo^much as fuffered to come toconvcrfe 
with his own Son, but under a Guard or Watch which 
was fet over him, to hear what paiTed betwixt them, 
as he told me and fome other Friends, which Friends 
faid "was true, yet, under the Coijfideration of the 
Matter, arid Clearnefs of the Man's Converfation, 
Friends remained in a Strait what to d^-, and deilred 
that I would take the Matter upon me, and realon 
the Cafe with hini, and try if I could perfuade him 
to be eafy, and not inlift upon any fuch Thing, as 
to promife to receive his Gift 'y for othcrwife, he faid, 
he would go where it would be received. I (liewed 
him, that it was a Thing imprad:icable amongft us, 
and in itfelf unreafonable, that we (hould be by any 
Pre-engagement obliged to receive that which he 
might call a Gift^ before we heard it; if he bci;e\- 
ed he had a Gift, he might fpeak, and, as the A- 
poftle faid, we might judge : For it was not impoffi- 
b!e but he, who was a Scholar and a wife Man, and 

had 



124 

had a ftrong Memory, might have gathered cert 
PalTages out of the Bible or other Books, with wl| 
other Interpretatiops he might have ftored up, ai 
fpeak of, and call a Gift^ which we could not recef 
as a real Gift oj the ikW/fry, which lland^; tJtthe^ 
rit and in the Power ^ and if it be fuch, it will mal 
way for itklf; if not, we can?20t receiz'e it. So ht 
went away, and troubled Friends no more that I 
heard of. 

^'\ When I w'^^^it Willi a7n Fen7t\ Country-IIoufe, 
Q'dXit^ Fenjhury^ inPennJyhania^ where I rtaid twci 
or three Days, on one of which I was at a Mectir 
and a Marriage, and much of the other Part of th 
Time Ifpent in feeing (to my Satlsfaftion) WilUai.u 
Tenn and many of the Indians, (not the leafc of them) 
in Council and Confultation ccnicerning their former 
Covenants, now again reviv'd upon William Pejin^ 
going away for E?2gland', all which Wc^s done 
much Calmnefs of Temper and in an amicable wa 
To pafs by feveral particulars, I may mention the. 
following; one was, they never fir jl broke Covena?7t: 
unih any People \ for, as one of them faid, andfmote 
his Kand upon his Head three times, that they did 
not make the ni there in their Heads ^ but fmiting his 
Hand three times on his Breaft, {^xdithiy made them 
(/. e. their Covenants) there in their Hearts. Anil 
again, when IVilliam Penn^nd they had ended the 
inoit weighty Parts for which they held their Coun- 
cil, Will/am Penn g2ivc them Match Coats and fome 
other Things, with fome Brandy or Rum, or both; 
which was advifed by the Speaker for the Indians^ 
to be put into the Hand of one of their Cafiacks or 

King>'5 



% 



I 125 ] 






^ for he kfiew the be/l bow to order them:, which 

cing ddne, the faid King ufed no Compliments, 

n jeithcr did the People, nor the reft of their Kings; 

I (ut as the nforelaid King poured out his Drams, he 

nly made a Motion with his Finger, or fometimes 

/ith his Eye, to the Perfon which he intended to 

ive the Dram to; fo they came quietly and in a 

olid manner, and took their Drams, and palled 

way without either NoH or Bow, any further than 

Nleceflity required thcna to ftoop, wlio were on their 

"eet, to him who, fat on the Ground or Floor, as 

heir Choice and Manner is : And withal I obferved 

and ^alfo heard the like by others) that they did 

iiotj nor I fuppofe never do fpeak, two at a time, 

nor interfere in the leaftoue with another that way 

in all their Councils, as has been obferved. Their 

Eating and Drinking was in much Stillnefs and 

Qmetnefs. * 

I much deiire that all Chrifliam (whether t;>ej 
may be fuch in Reality or Profeffion only) may en- 
deavour to imitate thefe People in thofe Things 
which are fo commendable, which may be a Means 
to prevent Lofs of Time and expedite Bufinefs ; as 
much as may bs endeavouring to prevent above one 
fpeaking- at a time in Meetings of Conference and 
ofBuiinefs. 

When much of the Matters were gone through, 
I put Williarii Penn in mind to enquire of the Inter- 
preter, if he could find fome Terms or Words that 
might be intelligible to them, in a religious Senfe, 
by which he might reach the Undcrftandings of the 
Natives^ and inculcate into their Minds a Senfe of 

. the 



[ 126 ] 

the Principles of Truth, fuch as Chriffs manijejli 
himfelf to the 'inward Senfes of the Soul y by his Ugi 
Grace or holy Spirit, with the Manner ^///6^ Oper 
ticns nnd working thereof in the Hearts of the Childr 
of Men, and how it did reprove for Evih cind mini 
ter Peace and Comfort to the Soulin its Obedience a) 
WelUdoiitg^ or, as near as he could, pome to tl 
Subftance of this in their own Language. WHUa. 
Penn much preffed the Matter upon the Interprete 
to do his heft, in any Terms, that might reach the 
Capacities, and Anfwer the End intended: But th 
.Interpreter would not, either by rearon,as he alledg 
ed, of lVa?it of Therms, or his Unwillingnefs t 
meddle in religious Matters, which I know nol 
but I rather think the latter was the main Reafoi 
which obftrudled him; therefore we found nothing 
was like tq be done according to our Delires in thi. 
Matter, as the Interpreter was but a dark Man, and 
as William Penn faid, a wrong Man for our prefem 
JPurpofe. 

William Ptnn faid, he underftood they owned 
fuperior Power, and afked the Interpreter, Wh 
their Notion was of God in their own Way? The Ii 
terpreter fhewed, by making feveral Circles on t^ 
Ground with his Staft, till he reduced the laft into 
a fmall Circumference, and placed, as he faid, by 
way of Reprefentation, i\\t great Man (as they term- 
ed him) in the middle Circle, lo that he could fee 
over all the other Circles, which included all the 
Earth. And we querying, ^>6^if //^^j; owned as to 
Eternity, or a future State ? The Interpreter faid, 
thev believed when fuch died as were guilty of 
^ ^ ' Theft, 



[ 127 ] 

-ft, Swearing, Lying, Whoring, Murder, &c: 
went into a very cold Country, where they had 
A\cr good fat Vcnifon, nor Match Coats, which 
what they ufeinfteadof Cloaths to cover them 
iial, being of one piece in the form of a Blanket 
•]cd-covering : But thofe who died clear of the 
cfaid Sins, go into a fine warm Country, where 
V had good fat Venifon and good Match Coats, 
ings much valued by thefe Natives. I thought, 
:aiinuch as thefe poor Creatures had not the Know- 
,ldge of God by the Scriptures, as wo have who 
' : e called ChriHians^ but what Knowledge they had 
r the fupreme Being mufl be by an inward Senfation, 
• .- by contemplating upon the Works of God in the 
. '!reation, or probably from fome Tradition handed 
i own Irom Father to Son, by which it apppars, they 
cknowledge a future State of RewarJs and PuniJJj^ ^' 
lents ; the former of which they cx^v^khy War mth^'^ 
ood Cloathing and Food^ and the latter by Nakednefs^^ 
ining Hunger and piercing Cold. I have often '^ 
bought andfaid, when I was amongft them, that ' 
generally my Spirit was very cafy, and I did not 
eel that Power of Darknefs to opprefs me, as I had 
lone in many Places among the People called 
Zhriftians. 

After William Penn and they had exprefs'd their 
latisfadllon, both for themfelves and their People, 
n keeping all their former Articles unviolated, and 
jigreedthat if any particular Differences did happen 
imongft any of their People, they fhould not be an 
Occafion of fomenting or creating any War between 
William Pe?2H\ People and the Indians, but Juftice 
'' ihould 



[ 1^8 3 

fliould be done in all fuch Cafes, that all Animi 
ties might be prevented on all Sides for ever; t 
went out of the Houfe into an open Place not 
from it, to perform their Cantico or V/orfcip^ wJ 
was done thus; Firft, they made a fmall Fire, am 
the Men without the Women fat down about it ii 
a Ring, and whatfoever Objed they feverally fixcc 
their /Eyes on, I did not fee them move them in all 
that Part of their Worfbip, while they fang a ver^ 
melodious Hymn, which affected and tendered th( 
Hearts, of many who were Sped-ators: When thej 
had thus done, they began (as I fuppofe is their ii~ 
lual manner) to beat upon the Ground with Jittle 
Sticks, or make iome Motion with fomethins in 
their Hands, and paufe a little, till one of the elder 
Sort fets forth his Hymn; and that being followed 
by the Company for a few' Minutes, and then a 
a?aufe; and then the like was done by another, and 
}-y by a third, and followed by the Company, as at 
t\ie iirft ; which feemed exceedingly to affed them 
and others. Having done, they roie^up and danced 
a littiC about the Fire, and parted with Iome Shout- 
ing liki" a Triumph or Rejoicings 

I leave Penjhur)\ but intend, before I leave the 
Indians, to fay fomething more concerning that Peo- 
ple, which 'I met v/ith' near Caleb Pufys = Houfe in 
Pennfilvania, viz. I being walking in the Wood,' 
eipied feveral Wigwams or Houfcs of the IndianSy 
and drew towards them, but could not converfe 
with them ; but looking over them in the Love of 
God, I found it to be my Way, as I apprehended, 

to look for an Interpreter and ^o to them againt 

which' 



[ 129 1 

khich I did ; and when I came to them, and figni- 
led that I was come from a far Country, with a 
yieilagc from the great Man above (as they cali 
bod) and my Meffage was to endeavour to per- 
Iwade them, that they JJjoidd not be Drlinliards, nor 
ea\^ nor kill one another^ nor fight ^ nor commit AduU 

y, nor put away iheir Wives y efpe daily for fmali 
aults; which (as I underftood) is ufual With them 
o do J for if they did thofe Things, the great and gooa 
Man ahove would be a?2gry with them^ and wotild not 
brofper them^ but bring Trouble on them \ but if they 
pore careful to refrain thefe Evils (before mentioned) 
\ijen would God love them y and profper them ^ and [peak 
Peace to them\ or very near to thefe Words. And 
when the Intjerpreter exprelTedtthefe Things to them 
in their own Language, they w^ept, and Tears ran 
npwn their naked Bodies, and they fmote their 
[Hands up60 their Breafls, and I perceived faid fome- 
thing tp the Interpreter: I afked what they [aid? 
JHe told iiie they faid^ all that I had delivered to them 
^as goody and except the great Man had fent me^ I 
\tould not have told thim thofe Thi7igs. I defired the 
jinterpreter to aik them, how they knew what I had 
\ faid to them was good? they feply'd, and fmote theif 
Hands on their 'Breafts, the good Man here (meaning 
in their Hearts) told them what I had J aid was all 
good. They manifefled much Love to me in their 
Way, and I believe the Love of God is td them,, 
and all People, in the Day of their Vifitation. . 

Having left them, I came to a Friend's Houfe iri 
the lower Part of Pennfylvania, who was in the OiBce 
ef a Juftice of Peace, and had been convinced not 

K Ions; 



t no ] ^ 

long before by Thomas Stdry : When 1 came inft 
the Houfe, the Man's Wife was very uneafy am 
called me a Deceiver^ and wrung her Hands anc 
faid, JVce is me^ lam unSone^ my Hujband is deceiv* 
ed ; and what more Decei'vers ceme? Oh how fhe la- 
men ted. I was feme what ftruck with the Paffion 
the poor Woman was in, however, I faid little but 
fat down, and after fome time it rofe in my Mind 
to afk her, hi what her Hujband was deceived-^ wai 
he^ fmcehe came amongji uSy any worfe Hujband to her? 
if he wn^'it was a held Sign ; or was he a worje Father 
to his Children ? or, any worJe Neighbour ? or in any 
particular Thiiig which J^e could 72a me, changed Jrcni 
better to worfe, Jince he was conceived of the T^ruth ? 
if noty JJ?e had no great Rcajon to complain : If he had 
iwned Drunkard, Whoremonger, Railer, Fighter, 
or become a vicious Man, JJ:}e would have had Reafon 
to complain ^y but fhe honellly owned, Jhe had nothing 
to charge him with. He fat by me and heard all our 
Dilcourfe, but faid nothing. I told her, Jloe had 
made a lamentable Outcry about her Hujband' s being de- 
. ccived, but had not coni^inced me of any Cauje that fie 
had received from her Hufhand for her fore complaint. 
Beinc;; weary,- having rid a great way that Day, I 
with my Companion Richard Or 7n took leave of her 
Hufband and went to our Reft, and faw him no 
more till the next Day in the Evening, and when 
he came, I afked him. For what Reafon he left us fo 
long, as he knew how uneafy his Wife was about us^ 
end that we had a great want of him ? He faid, he 
had been giving Notice oj the Meeting twenty Miles one 
way, and two Men given Notice as far, each Man his 
'u:ay ^ that was Six-fcore Miles in and out- Our 



[ nl ] 

Oar Landlady, againft we rofe in the Mornings 

lad got another Woman, a Juftice's Wife, to help 

ier to difpute with us, ^nd overthrow us, as fhe 

[oped, but in vain; for Truth proved too hard for 

kcm ; although the other Woman charged high in 

jhe Morning, and faid, we were no Chriftians. I 

faid, it was eafier to charge than to prove ^^ how do yon 

rove it^ Becaufe^ faid they, you deny the precious Or ^ 

linanceofJefusCb'iJl. I afked, if they could prove 

't to befuch ? They faid, they did not que(lion-hut they 

)ould. I laid, they Jhould do it from plai?V^exts of 

Uripiure^ verbatim as it lies, without any Inferences:; 

UonfequenceSy or Comments upon the Places they infijied 

\ipon \ and they agreed to it. But, in Caje, I told 

[hem, they fhould fail and not prove (as they thought 

[hey could) that Ordind^ncc to be fo appointed by Chrijl^ 

t hoped then they would allow us to be Chriftians, not-^ 

mthflanding what they^^ had charged to the contrary ], 

and they laid, they would. 

I I then repeated all the Preliminaries, and afked 
them, if they would agree to each particular? they 

Ed, they would. I defired Richard Orm to mind 
sm, and imprint them as much as might be in his 
emory, for it was like enough we fhould have 
Occafion to call them in Queftion before we had 
done, which came to pafs not long alter we began j 
jthey urged the 28th of Matthew in defence of Wa- 
ter Baptifm, where Chriil: laid to his Difciples, Go 
ye therefore and teach all Nations, baptizing theni in 
■the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
holy Ghofi : Teaching them to obferve all Thi?igs what- 
foever I have commanded you : And lo I dm with you 

al'way^ 




[ ^32 j 

^Jma% fven unto the End of the World. Water "nc^ 
being mentioned the Difputants were at a ftand, an( 
faid it mujl be implied: I fhewed them, that by thei 
Agreement to the Prelirpiinaries, there we're to b( 
110 Inferences, butpla^n Scripture, \ tqld them, 
*was an mtreafo?iakle Thing to undertake to unchrifti 
a great Body of religious People by a few Infer em 
which might be triie^ or not true. Now when we \ 
tiigg'd at it, and fcarched the New Teftamenf 
great w^hile, they could not find what they defird, 
although they urged what Peter faid in a certain 
C'^kyWhocanfrbid Water ^ that thefe fould not^k 
bdptized^ 'who have received the holy Ghofi^ as well ai 
w^ ? 1 (liewed them, that there 'was a great Difpa^ 
rity between a Servant's ^ue(iiony and a Maftcr's Com^ 
mand. When they were even weary with fearching, 
and could not find a pofitive Ordination by Chrift 
for Wat er-Baptifm^ thty gav« it over, and I afkcd 
them, If they had not fallen [Joort of the Proof of what 
they had fo boldly charged upQ7i us in the Morning'^ My 
Landlady confeffed, they bad fallen fjort oj their Ex- 
peclation % but the other was in the Mind^ a? flie faid, 
that it might he proved: I told her, /y6^ would not 
prove itfrcr>any plain Text of Scripture. 

My paffionate Landlady became more meek and 
friendly, and received the Truth in the Love of it : 
We had a good Meeting the next Day, and (he faid, 
If I would Hay that Nighty 1 pjculd be as welcome as 
her own Children ^ but if not^ Jhe blefi the Lord for my 
Company^ and the Goodfhe had already received by me^ 
and parted with me in much Brokennefs of Heart; 
and I heard Hie lived and died in good Unity with- 

Friends. 



[ 133 1 

Jricnds. ^ut oh, how glad was her Hufband to fee 
isiat ^reat and fudden Change wrought in her! it was 
i^e Lord's Doings; to him be the Praife now and 
:^rercr, for he alone is wwthjr. 
I I had many comfortable Meetings in my Travels 
jirough thefe Provinces, and good Service. V^ 
kre at a Yearly-meeting at TreSaven, in Mary^ 
\nd, upon theEaftern Shore, to which Meeting for 
yorfhip came with William Penn, Lord Baltimore, 
bd his Lady, with their Retinue, but it was late 
vhenthey came, and the Strength and Glory of the 
icavenly Power of the Lord was going off from the 
/Iceting; fo the Lady was much difappointed, as 

underftood hyWilliam Penn, for Ihe told him, She 
id not want to hear him, afidfucb as he, for he was 

Scholar and a wife Ma?iy and jhe did not quejiion but 
e could preach \ but JJje wanted to hear fome of our '\ 
4echanicks preach as Huibandmen, Shoe-maker" 
ndfuch like Ruflicks ; Jor Jhe thought they cor^'^ 
reach to any Purpofe. William Penn told her, fome 
f thefe were rather the bed Preachers we had amongji 
f^; or near thefe Words. I was a little in their 
Company, and I thought the Lady to be a notable, 
vife, and withall a courteoufly carriaged Woman. I 
:vas alfo in Company with the Governor oiVirgi-- 
ua, at our Friend Richard yohns Houfe, upon the 
Nt{\. Cliffs, in Maryland, for we both lodged there 
i)ne Night, and I heard that he had been fludious 
n a Book againfl Friends, called the Sjtake, and 
"fiends greatly defired he might have the Anfwer 
ailed the Switch, but knew not how to be fo free 
vith him as to offer it to him j I told Friends, 1 

would 



[ '34 1 



f' 



would endeavour tD make way Jor it. Altho' he 
fcemed to be a Man of few Words, yet at 
luitable Intervail I faid to him, I had beard that I 
had feen a Book called the Snake in the Grafs ; h 
confcfs'd he had. I defircd he would accept of th 
4yti{wer, and be as fiudious in it as he had been in th 
Snake ; which he promifed he would^ and took th< 
Book, 

There happened a Paflage worthy of Note, eithe 
in this or the proceeding Governor's Time in Virgi 
rdfiy as I was credibly informed, which was thus 
The Governor wanted a C^^d^/j/'r to mend his Wine 
Syder and Ale Cafks, and forae told him there wa! 
a Workman near, but he was a ^aker ; he faid, ii 
hic was a Workman he made no Matter what he 
profefs'd ^ fo the ^aker, luch as he was, was fent 
for, and came with hjs Hat under his Arm : The 
Governor was fomewhat at a iland to fee the Mar 
come in after that Manner, and afked IJ he was tbt 
Cooper he had fetit for? He faid, Tes. IVelly (aid 
the Governor, are not you a Quaker ? TeSy replyed 
die Man, lamjocalled^ but J have not been faithful. 
He then aflced, How long have you been called a Qua- 
ker ? The poor Man faid, About twenty Tears. Alas 
foryoUy poor Man^ faid the Governor, lam forry 
for you. 

By this we may clearly fee, that fuch who walk 
moft up to what they profefs, are in moft Eftcem 
among the more thinking and religious People ; and 
the unfaithful and loofe libertine ProfelTors of the 
Truth are flighted, and I believe will be more and 
more caft out as the unfavory Salt^ which is good 

for 



^ 



nought in Pellgion, and is indeed trodden under 

Feet of Men ; for a great Part of the Men in the 

orld have fuch an Underftanding as to know what 

protcfs, and alfo what we fhould do and be in 

Hiy Things; tct us therefore walk wifely before 

and not be an Occafion oijlumblingy nor give OJ^ 

ce either to Jew or Gentile^ nor to the Church of 

OJ, that fo we may indeed be as a Cityfet upon an 

taJnil^ which cannot be hid; nay, that may not dcfire 

^';t|be hid, but rather that the Inhabitants of the 

tkllrth might fee our good Works, and have an Oc- 

WiCiion from thence adminiflred, io glorify the Father 

j^\wich in Heaven. 

lid, I having it on my Mind to vifit a Meeting up the ; 
it I vcr called ParquimuSy on the Wefl Side of the / 
, fgcat River Choptankj and I being on the Eaft Side, a^ 
]hnry Hofier and fome more Frionds fet forwar the 
);%xh me in a fmall Boat, not in good Condition but id 
^ cjizy, with only one fmall Sail; We fet out, as we e 
' ^ught, in good time to reach our defired Port,. 

when we were upon the great River (as I re- 
ember 'its ten Miles over the fhorteft way, but the ,^ 
vrjannerof our croffing it made it more) the Windv 
'vjered much againft us, being then within about K 
,f^r Points of our Courfe, and it rained hard, aad \ 
\^s very dark, fo that we could fcarce fee one an- 
!ier, and the Water broke fo into the Boat, that 
as moft of one Man*s Work to heave it out, and 
our Company were difcouraged, and moft of 
n very Sea-fick : He?iry Hofier, of whom I had 
moft Hopes for Help, faid, that he could not per 
Boat anj longer. What by the extream Dark^ 

iiefs, 



[ ^36 J 

htkj the Roughncfs of the Waves, Boiilcroufnc I 
©f the Wind, and hard Rain, I, unwell as I wa I 
was obliged to undertake the fleering of the Boa 
and not without fome Conflicts of Mind, not havin 
any Certainty, from any outward Rule, what Wi 
we went -, having no Fire, and the Boat being open 
y/c could not have any Light to fee our Compafi 
but my Faith was in the Lord, that he would britij 
ys to ihorc ; and I kept the Boat as near the Win< 
as fhe would fail, and told my poor lick and help 
lefs Company, / believed that ive fkould not perijh 
although we might mifs of our Port i But the like im- 
minent Danger, I think, I never was iri before upor 
any Water ; but renowned over all be the grca' 
Name of the Lord for ever, we put into the Moutl 
jpf our defired River Perquimus^ as tho' we had fetr 
£^y.in the Day, or fteer'd by a Compals, neither oi 
^which we had the Benefit of for feveral Hours. 

Here we went afliore and made a great Fire un- 
ider the River's Cliffy and about Midnight the Moon 
fofe, and clear'd up and froze, and vvas very cold : 
My Companions falling afleep, I turned them ovcr^ 
and pulled them from the Fire as it increafed, and 
put them nearer as it failed, but could not keep them 
awake; I fought Logs of Wood, and carried them 
to and minded the Fire, which was Work enough 
for the remaining Part of the Night ; but Morning 
being cpnie, we got info our cold icy Boat and fail- 
ed away towards the Meeting. When we were 
come among Friends, Notice was given of a Strang- 
er being there, and a heavenly and iweet Meeting 
it was^ fo that we thought we ha:d a good Reward 

for 



L ^37 J 

r all our Trouble, blefled be the Name of the 
ord now and for ever, for he is worthy : Although 
c may fee good to try us, Ibmetimes one way and 
mctimes another, how fhould we know that we 
avc any Faith, if it be not tried? How fliall we 
now that we have any true Love to God, if it ne- 
er be proved ? The Trial of the true Believers 
t'aith is more precious than Gold. The excellent 
5ayings of Job, came into my Mind, Behold^ I go 
^orwdrd^ but he is not there ; and backward, but I 
:annot perceive him ; on the left Hand, where he doth 
work] but I cannot behold him : He hideth him ft If on 
^he right Hand, that I canmi fee him^ Jobxxiii. 8, 9. 
And then in Verfe the loth, he, like a Man in the 
true Faith, faith, T^he Lord knoweth the Way that I 
take ', and when he has tried me^ I [hall come forth a^ 
Gold : And the more vehement that the Fire is, the 
more it deftroys the Drofs, and the more pure and 
weighty the Gold is, which hath paft through the 
moft fevere Fires. Read thou, and imderfta'nd tfe, 
that canft. jf. 

I had a Meeting when in J^/r^/W^, at a Frier in 
Houfe whofe Name was Matthew Jordo/i, and foihe 
thing which I faid in the Meeting, lomewhat re 
fended a young Woman a Prejbyterian, and n- 
having, as ihe faid, a fuitable Opportunity while 
was there, to difcourfe with me, being bufy in het 
Mafter's Aflairs, (for d^c was the Friend's Houfe- 
keeper) fhe defired Liberty of her Mafter to go ta 
the next Meeting, that there flie might eafe her 
Mind to me about the Offence I had given her in 
the x^rft Meeting ; (it was fomething about EleUion, 

K 2 an-?^ 



[ ^38 ] 

and they told me what it was, but riot Writing it 
down it went from me) and accordingly ihc came 
to the Meeting, where the Lord's mighty Power 
broke in upon us, to the tendfing of many Hearts, 
to Friends mutual Satisfadion, and it proved a good 
Day to the aforefaid young Woman ; her Heart was 
as if it had melted within her, and Ihe fhed man) 
Tears, and I am fatisfied went from the Meeting k 
Fear and in great Joy ; in Fear^ how to walk as no^ 
to offend Chrift the Ele^y which before fhe coulc 
talk of, but now ilie had met with, and he hac 
opened her State to her : And Joy^ that fhe had 
met with the Meffiah, the Ele5i of the Father, his 
choice and beloved Son ; fo that fhe could now fay. 
Where are the Wife ? Where is the Scribe ? Where is 
the Dijputer of this World? AH her brifk talkative 
Qualities were fwailowed up in the feeling of the 
iniernal, enlightning Prefence of Chrift. 

When flie returned to her Mafter's (before men- 
tioned) he aflced her, If fJ:e had got SatisfaSlion? 
leaning. Had flie had any Difcourle with me and 
^ as fatisfied? She replied. She ^w as fatisfied. Some 
s^ime after I met with her in Philadelphia, plain 
})d Truth-like, but knew not who flie was at the 
irfl. The Manner of the Working of the Truth 
is to humble the Creature, and bring it into Con- 
trition, Tdndernefs, and Fear, with true Seh^-deniaL 
I comp now to mention fomcthing that happened 
in my going over James's River, towards a Yearly- 
meeting in Virginia : Alighting at an Inn by the 
River- fide, where we refrefhed ourlelves, there was 
a poor little Child cried fo exceedingly, that I was 

uneafy 



[ ^39 3 

uneafy to here it, and afked the Mother, what was 
the Matter ? She faid, it had cried mod of the Time 
iince it was born, and they were almoft off their 
Feet with it, or to that efFedt. I told her, I believ- 
ed I could give the Child fomething which would 
do good, and flie readily agreed to it, and I gave it 
a little of fomething then, and order'd her to give 
it twice more in four or five Days time : But when 
I returned the Child was better, and oh ! how glad 
the poor Wpman was to lee me, and Ipoke more in 
my Commendations than was to my Satisfadipn, 
and was kind to Friends afterward for my Sake. 

Now we came to ferry over the River, being, as 
I remember, five Horfes and nine People; there 
was ^ane F leaf ant a publick Friend, and her Man- 
fervant who rid before her upon a great Horfe, and 
high in Flefli, and about the Midft of the River, it 
being two Miles over, he rofe upon his hind Feet, 
and flung himfelfupon the Edge or Gunnel of the 
Boat, half into the River ; the Fall of the Horfc, 
and the Motion of the other Horfes thereupon, cauf- 
ed the Boat to make fuch Sallies that it took in 
Water, and was very likely to linkt But before he 
could have Time to rife again, or to make any more 
Springs, I took feveral young Men by the Shoul- 
ders, and flung them upon his Neck to keep him 
4own, and told them, as fafl as I could, why I did 
fo. Now I had to deal with the Ferry-man, who 
was about to iirip for fwimming, and faid we Jhould 
all be drowned 3 but for his Fart he could jwim ; and 
was about to leap into the River, for, he faid, the 
Boat would either break or fink. I told him /jf was- 

foon 



[ H^ ] 

foon enough for him to fwim^^ when he faw the Moa\ 
eitJjer break or fmk^ and if he would fiot row^ then 
would : With much Intreaty he took the Oar agaii 
and rowed us to the Shore. But in our imminer 
Danger I looked over my tender Friends, (tor fo" 
they appeared to me) and thought in my Heart 
what a Fity it would be, if all thefe were drowned ! 
yet the Thought of my own drowning never en- 
tered my 'Mind, until I was got over the River 
which was a Mercy to me, and a gre^ Means t( 
keep out Diforder and Confufion, which common! 
attend fudden Surprizes and Frlglits/ or elfe the 
make People dead-hearted and almoft fenfelefs. 

As I had now an Occafion to obferve, as well a. 
in fome imminent Dangers I had feen before, where 
I happened to be, I find it an excellent Thing to 
be, as much as we can, always readv, and by being 
frequently thinking upon Death, it is not fo furpriz- 
ing when it does come : This is a great Point of true 
Wifdom, to remember our Days foy as to remember our 
latter End. The want of thus contemplating an^^ 
truly thinking on what Preparation we are in to loo 
Death in the Face, and' to appear before the great 
Judge of both Quick and Dead, was the Ca^ufe of 
the Complaint, Ob! that my People were wife y that 
ihey underfood this^ that they would confider their lat- 
ter End. The great Remifnefs of fuch Confidera- 
tions among People, befpeaks Folly and great Infen- 
fibility, and that the Heart is hardened through an 
Habit of finning; oh! that I might prevail with the 
Children of Men to awake. Arife, you that fleep 
in Sin, and are at eafe therein, that you may come 

. "-- . - ■, ■• to 



[ Hi- ] 

hear inv;ardly the Call of the Son of God, that 
7our Souls may not only live here to ferve God, but 
ilfo may live eternally in Blifs with hirr , is the^De* 
fire of my Soul for the vv hole Bulk of Mankind; for 
my Life has often appear'd not dear to me, in Com- 
parifon of the faving of the Souls of the Children 
of Men. 

I have often thought of Mofes, how far he went 
for faving of Ifrael, and how far Paul went for the 
faving of his Kinsfolk after the Flefli; it was a great 
Demonflration, that thefe great and good Men had 
great Faith and Intereftin the Lord, and alfo a very 
great Love to his People ; - and fuch whofe Eyes are 
truly opened, cannot but fee it is the Love of God, 
and Love to the Souls of Men, that conflrains us 
thus to take our Lives as in our Hands, and labour 
under many weary Steps, and many Perils, by Sea 
and by J^and, and in the Wildernefs, Cold, and 
fometimes in Tumults and Noifes, fometimes in 
Watchings and Faftings, that we have been fome- 
times Spedacles to Men 3 but the Lord hath given 
us Faith and Patience to bear and overcome all, as 
we have fingly ftoodin his heavenly Council, and 
been truly devoted to his Will in all Things. 

It may not be amifs to mention a particular thing 
which happened to me before I left Long-IJland, viz. 
Knowing that my Landlady, Samuel Bownes Wife, 
had a very fore Breafl, by which fhe had much 
Trouble, and had no lefs than five Tents in it, and 
fhe being a fenfible and a ferviceable Woman, fomc- 
thing came with a Concern upon my Mind to ad- 
minifler unto her Breafl, with a Belief /V would heal 

her: 



C H2 1 

her : I reafon'd about it until I had got one Foql 
into the Stirrup for mounting my Horfe, but I grevl 
uneafy for being dilatory in doing that which cam(| 
into my Mind ; fo I went in again and faid, Maryl 
I am come back to advife thee what thou Jhouldji do^ jA 
which^ 1 believe thou wilt be healed, although I can\ 
not flaj to fee it done. I believe y laid (he, and intern 
to, follow thy Advice ; but afked, what would hecomi 
of all thofe Tents ? I told her, the Poultice would draU: 
them all out^ and give her Eafe ; and accordingly ] 
heard it did, forfhe flept twelve Hours immediatelj, 
after the Time of the Application, and when jfhei 
awoke the Tents were all drawn out, and ihe hadj 
little further Trouble with it : So it is good to mindj 
Truth and the Workings of it in all Things, I met, 
with the great Dodlor (as he was efteemed) who; 
had it under hand, and he faid, I was a bold Fellow : , 
I faid, it proved well^ He Anfwered, it was wdl 
for me it did. 

Something more which I have before omitted oc- 
curs to my Memory: When I was in that Part of 
Virginia towards North-Carolina^ to vifit Friends, a 
very great Mift arofe, and we went wrong, until 
the Guides were fo far loft, that they confeft, they 
knew not Eaft from Weft, nor on which Hand wc 
had left the Road, although it was in the fore Part 
of the Day, but neither Wind or Sun to be felt or 
feenj then I told them, I would try what I could do ^ 
if f hey did but know what ^larter we fhould go to: 
They faid, we fhouldgo towards the South ^ then I 
brpught out my little Compafs which I had made 
before I left England^ and took it in my Hand and 

ftcer'd 



[ Hi ] ^ 

tcer'd hy it, till w6 all came into the Road j for 
iiat inward Scnle I had, did perfuade me, that we 
vrere to the Weftward of the Road, (o leaning a 
ittle to the Eaftward of the South Point, we came 
ight as before, and when fo, the Guides much rc- 
Diced, and faid, / was Jitter to be Guide in a WiU 
lernefs Country than they. My Compafs was not fo 
)ig as a Tailor s Thimble, which had often been 
)f Ufe to me, and others with me. 

Now the Time came on for my leaving all my 
lear and dear Friends in thofe Parts, and I embark'd 
for the Iflands the Sixth of the Ninth Month 1702, 
with my Companion James Bates ^ on board of a 
Sloop, Samuel Salter Mafter, for Barbados^ and we 
iput into Bermudas in our way : Soon after we Itnd- 
ed, being on the 21 ft of the lame Month, we were 
(fent for by Governor Bennett to come before him, 
and being near his Door, a Man came and clapt me 
on the Shoulder, as we were walking on our way, 
and faid roughly to us, Tou mujl go before the Gover- 
nor^ and feemed to haften us : I replied meekly, / 
am willing to go as fafl as I can^ but I have been very 
Sea-lick^ and can go but weakly : The Man fell from 
his Rbughnefs, and bid us take Time, and carried 
himfelf very civily to us, and put us by a Man 
who was keeping Gentry at the Governor's Door 
with his Mufket on his Arm, and when we were 
come into a large Room the Man left us, and we 
paying a while, I began to reafon in myfelf, What 
if the Governor fhould/ be a rigid Man and be fevere to 
us^ a7id either confine or punip us ? But I faid in my 
Heart, Lord, thou that kno%vefi; all Things^ knowefl 

that 



I H4 J 

that t l)at)€- ?tot enh offered up my Liberty^ but lA 

clfo^ for thy Name and Go/pel's fake ; and immc^ 

ately the Fear and Reafonings about human Po\|»j 

was taken away from me., . . 

I being not well, 'and weary with walking fr^ 

the Ship, fat down to reft myfelf unbidden, wl 

there came a friendly well carriaged young Worn; 

who I fuppofcd to be a Servant, and fpoke kin 

to US; I defired her to do as much for us as to g 

usfomething that was fmall to drink, for we wei 

very thirfty and had been much out of Health, an 

were ncft well recovered iince we came from the Se; 

having had rough Weather : She brought us Wk 

and Water and a Thing to mix them in ; fo tal 

ihg^mofl of a Glafs of Water, and a very little Wir. 

poured into it, I drank and was very well refrefhec 

By this Time the Governor called us into an upp< 

Roora, and as I came near to the Top of the Stair 

going but faintly, for Reafons before given, the Gc 

vernor put forth his Hand and reached to take hoi 

of mine, and like a tender Father drew me up, an 

led me alv^ng towards a great Window, and ftoo 

and looked on me und faid. He believed he knew wh 

I was, and ?ny bufmefs too^ I reply d it might be j 

and a Heed, // he was the Governor of that Flace ? H 

laid hewasy and bowed his Head. I then fpoke t^ 

him in the Love of God, and faid, Thy Countenam- 

befpeaks Moderation^ and : the Apoille faid^ Let yoi 

Moderation appear to all Men, for the Lord is ; 

hand ^ and it was .with me t" fay to him, The Lo: 

of Hesiven and Earth hlefs thee and alt thine F 

bade us fit doMn^ and gave us each a Glafs of Win 



r. 



an 



[ H5 I 

nd enquired jrom whence we came? I t6ld hrm my 
Home was in Old Englafid, but it was long ftnce I was 
^here ; my Companions was in Virginia. He wanting 
:o know the Affairs in Europe^ I told Mm, Inhere 
\vdas a Merchant belonging to the fame Ship that -We didy 
"who was lately come from Europe, and I thought was 
-^\z'- Man of Parts and Memory^ and well verfed in the 
j\Affairs of thofe Parts of the Worlds and when we came 
\\nto this Place he %vas with us: The Governor then 
Iffeiit for him, and when he came, he anfwcfed his 
Exped:ation in refolving all or moft of hisQneftions, 
for the Knowledge of the News appear 'd to me ,to 
be the young Man's Talent. Having done wit!^ 
and difmifs'd him, he faid, hcmufnow havMt&me 
Difcourfe with us: Then rofe up all the great^W[ea 
who were with the Governor, to make way that I 
might come near Him. I faid. If if: was the Gover^ 
nors Mind^ I had rather fit where I was^ for I fat 
well in the Air^ and that fuited well with my prefent 
Weaknefs: So he bade them all lit down, and they 
did fo. 

Now^ faid he, / want to know the Reafons why ym^ 
m a People^ where you llve^ do not affifi the King and 
Country with Men and Arms^ for their and your own 
Defence and Safety, againll all that may attempt or 
endeavour your Hurt ? I replied, The mo/I com^inci^tg 
Reafo72s I have to offer to the Governor are. We h^e 
neither Precept 72or Example from Chri/l, or his; 
Apoftles, to ufe the Sword to hurt one another withal. 
No, faid he, what then means that Saying ofotir Savi-- 
ours, when he bade him that had not a Sword, feM »vs 
Cloak or Coat and buy one ? I replied, One of his 

L DifiU 



[ h6 3 

Dijcipks anfwered and /aid. Lord here arc twcj 
Cbriji faid^ It is enough. Now how two Swords ci\ 
be enough to anjwer for a general Precept^ Heave /.i 
Governor and all the fe Men to judge. So after a ' littr 
Paufe he laid. In cafe ^ you was ajfaulted by RobbA 
that would break your Houfe^ and take what they cou\ 
get from you \ or upon the High-way\ and would tm 
your Purfe or Horfe^ what would you do in that CaJiiX 
I replied, T could not direSily anfwer what Ijhould C\ 
in fuch a Cafe^ becaufe through the Lor is Mercy I 'W\ 
never yet Jo ajjaulted ; but it appears mojl likely^ tl^ 
J Jhould endeavour to keep my Houfe from being broM^ 
up^ and yet withal be tender of Men's Lives : And || 
to die other AiTault, inafmuch as it is well known ^ 
doKb provide anj outward Weapon for my Defenm 
fietther Sword^ PiJloU nor any other fuch like Weapoy, 
therefore I mufi rely upon the Lord for Protection an 
Help^ who is able to refcue me out of the Hands ef a. 
fuch ungt>dly Men 5 or if he does not^ 1 muji endeavou 
to bear what the Lord (uffers fuch to do unto me. Th 
Governor faid, T9U fay well ; for inafmuch as yc: 
have not provided any thing for yovLv Defence, y( 
have nothing to fly to but the hord ; you fay very weli 
and faid, he hoped what he had offer d had not given a?^ 
Offence^ I replied, // was fo far from that^ we wer 
glad he was fo free with us, yet if he pie a fed to difmij, 
us J we fJjould be willing to be going , for Night came on 
He faid, "There were fome of our Friends would be gUc 
to fee us t I replied, I under Hood there were fome fur- 
iher on the Ifland that did own us, but how much the) 
Were of us 1 could not tell, for I had not feen any of them 
He aiked^ whether we had a mind to go by Water 

or 



[ H7 ] 

3 by Land, for he had a Boat, and a couple of 

tands (hould carry us where we would 3 or if we 

^d a Defire to ride, he had two Horfes, we might 

titce them and keep them as long as wc ftaid upon 

te Ifland. I endeavoured to perfwade him to let us 

M without troubling himfelf any further, for I was 

lible oi his good Will and Love to us, and having 

IS Countenapice, was more than we expedted, and 

i much as we defired. He ftill urging to know 

iter what Manner we would choofe to go ? I told 

I m, I was very fenfiblc of his Generofify to us who 

re Strangers, and if he would be eafy and let us 

• , we had wherewithal to defray our neccffary 

ifges either by Water or Land, as would anfw^r 

cil with our'Conveniency. He preiTed upon ^to 

cpt of his Offer, for he iaid, he did not do it in 

. mpliment to us : Then feeing no way but to ac- 

ept ot his generous Offer, I faid, Riding at prefent 

v'ould be much more acceptable to mc, confidering 

iow I had been lately fatigued at Sea, of which I 

vas not yet well. He imrnediately gave Orders for 

he Horfes to be brought to the Door, which being 

ione, and we having Notice thereof, I rofe up and 

nade an Offer to go, and the Governor likewife role 

ip and came and took mc by the Hand, and fo we 

,vent down the large Stairs into the great Room 

vvhere we firft entered in the Lord's Dread and holy 

Fear. Read this thou that canft, and withal learn 

^o underftand, here I had religned my Life and all 

i:o the Lord who gave it, and my Life at that 

time, as at many other times, was not dear to me 

tor Chrift's lake 5 and being thus religned, I felt the 

Love 



1 



I" hS 1 

Love of God, and a Meafure of that Li^e was ma- 
nifcflj in which I had Dominion over Men, Bonds 
and oyer Death and the Powers of Darknels, blcliec 
be the Lord for. ever. 

Now coming to tsrke Horfe, I looked out at the 
Djooi and iaw two Horles, and a Man holding the 
beyond the Pavement, and the Gentry as before 
the Street, and the Horfe next the Door, which I 
fuppoied I was to ride on, had a Saddle on the Back 
©rit fet about with three Rows of fhining Silver 
Lace, I thought about two Inches broaci.eat;h : The 
Governor holding me by the Fland a-nd looking in 
my Face, its not unlikely but he might chink, as I 
'*6j vd to lay, / looked very fheepijhly at it. He faidto 
me, I am apt to think you are not u fed -to ride upon 
fucH^ Saddle as this ; I told him, if he could let me 
have one more like mylelf (plain) without much 
Trouble, I fhould like it the better, but if not, I 
could ride on it, \ thought without much Straitnefsy 
in Cafe of Neceffity. fTe anfwered, he could not^ 
for Horfes and Saddles too were fc^rce on that liland; 
for the one was that which he rode on^ and the other 
was for his Man ; but he faid, he vyould tell me how 
to prevent ail this : If, faid he, you get over the In- 
let of Water, though he queflioned it, becaule the 
Wind blew very ftrong in the Mouth or Inlet of tlift, 
g.iver ; but, he faid, he fpoke not this to hinder our 
taking his Horfes ; but if we got over, he faid w^@ 
iliuuld come to Richard Stafford's,^ an old Judge of 
Li^e and Death, and might afk there for the Cover 
4)r his Saddle, which ties on with little Stiaps at 
i^ach Corner J aijd hides ail this, and then it will be 

A 



[ H9 ] 

aC v;»iirfclf ; but if the Ferrv-man, fays he cannot 

rry the Horfes' uver, what Man foever you meet, 

nite or blade, if capable, tell him he muft bring 

no my Horfes, he dares do no other but bring them 3 

id be fure you take no further Thought for them : 

id if we met with any Thing in his Liberty that 

ght trouble us, let him but know and he would 

Jp it, if it lay in his Power ; and fo with his Blef- 

ig-on us, we took leave of him -and came to the . 

V aLCi-fide, but could not g^:t the, Horlcs over, 

: jrcforc fcnt them back again, and intended to have 

jltaid at the Ferry-houfe all Night, but the Boat was 

:M.^out going over as we lighted ^ and Notice being 

>t fume way or other to the Judge's Ear, thatN*^" 

ere were two Strangers on the other Side of the 

4ter, he had lent a Boat and a couple of Meft for 

., who laid we muft go, for the Judge faid, he 

ould nut llecp until we came ; whatioever the Mat- 

r is, we know not, (aid they : So we went, after 

king i^ they at the Ferry-houfc had been at anv 

u(l or Trouble on our x4ccount in providing Sup- 

pfffi for a> yet we had not eaten any thing lince we 

iunded ; thi? People faid no, they had not done any 

Thing v/hich we fliouid pay for : It grew dark and 

very ftormy, and the Sea broke over the Boat, fo 

It fjme of us were forced to hold our Coat Laps 

one to touch another on the Weatlicr Side, to keep 

c'ut the Breakers of the Waves, that they might not 

£11 the Boat^ and. we came fafe over to the Jud<^e'& 

Houfe, and no fooner got into the Paffage but his 

^* 'endly Wife met us and afked us, If we were the 

-rujigen bcr Ihijhand had fint fir r I f^id, We are 

Strangers. 



[ 150 ] ^^ 

Strangers. She bid us follow her to the Jadgc, and 
we did fo. When we came to him, he rofe up, and 
took the Candle in his Hand and faid, yire you the 
Strangers that I have fe?it for? I faid. Who thou mayji 
expeB I kfiow 7iot y but we are Strangers. When he 
had looked well in my Face, he fet down the Can- 
dle and faid. What a Mercy is this^ that the Lord 
fioidd fend Men from I know not where ^ in his Lovt\ 
to vifit me ! and took me in his Arms and kiited: 
me ; and I faid to him, The Lord of Heaven and 
Earth blejs thee y and we (hed many Tears and wept 
together- 

As I entered the Houfe, I felt the Love of God, 
and his Glory, I thought, flione in and filled every 
Room as I paiTed through them, ?.nd I faid, Peace 
be to this Place^ and I felt it was fo. He enquired 
of our Travels, and from whence we came, of 
wiiich we gave him a brief Account : He alfo afked 
i^ I knew ^ny Thing of the Family of Staffords at 
Lahorn^ ntzv Haverfordwe/ly \n South-Wales f I told 
him all I knew about them, both of the Dead and 
of the Living ; with which he was pleafed, and * 
faid, He had not heard of them many Tears ^ and that 
Family were his near Kindred. 

Now as the Judge was fomewhat troubled with' 
the Gout, I found his ufual Bed-time drew near, 
and I made an Offer to go away left I fhould dif- 
commode him. yet he appeared unwilling to part 
v^'ith us ; but confidering his own Ailments and cur 
early Rifing in the Morning, he at length confented : 
But before we parted, his Wife afked leave of him 
to. go with us on the Morrow to the Meeting, to 

which 



[ 151 ] 

(which he readily aflented, if he was not worfc of 
ihis Diftemper, and then ordered how we fhould 
jride, and which Negro fhould go, not only to help 
[his Wife hut us alfo, and take our Horfcs whea 
[there was Occafion, and do any Thing he^ could for 
us : And indeed fo he did, and appeared to me to 
run on his Feet without much Trouble, being a 
lively young Man. 

I omitted before, that the Judge afked, Ifwehad 
feen the Governor^ and if he was kind to us^ I told 
him he was very friendly to us, and faid. If we met 
with, any Trouble in his Liberty that he could help us i\ 
only let him know and he would right us. The Judgd-- 
faid, // was vers welly and he was glad of it. I per- 
ceived the Judge was rather a Moderator of the 
Governor, he being an ancient wife Man, and had 
lived long as a Judge upofi the Ifland, and under- 
ftood (it is like) more fully the State of Things 
there than the Governor could be capable of, he 
being but a young Man, altho' he appeared to be a 
wile Man, and, as William Penn faid, came of an 
ancient and honourable Family in England^ which 
he knew very well, whofe Name was Bennett. Af- 
terwards I told William Penn how it had fared with 
us on that Ifland, and efpecially the Kindnefs of the 
two chief Men in Power there, and William Penn 
wept, and laid. He had not heard any Account of this 
Nature^ that he had been fo much affeSledwith^ as he 
remembred thefe many Tears. 

Now we left the Judge until the Morning, and 
got fomc fmall Refrefliment, it being late, -"and I 
had been faint for feveral Hours for want of eating, 

but 



I 152 ] 

but the Lord's heavenly Power bore me up over r 
lo that at Times I felt no want of any Thiug ; o ,, 
Renowned over all be the Name of the m'ghty Gc^ 
now and for ever. We went to Bed, and wlv. 
Morning came, I with my Companion were ftirri: 
early, having eight Miles to the Meeting, and 
being in the latter End of the NipJb Monfb, \ 
were willing to be in fuch Time, that wc min 
give fome Notice to the People. I was walking 
cur Lodging Room early, and the Judge's Wi 
came to the Door and afked, rfjhe might [peak u\ 
us ? I f^id/Jje might ; then (he came in and faid, S 
had a Me jj age from her Fliijhand te us ; I require 
ivhat it was ? She faid. He defiredwe would co 
end pray for him. before we went away. I defired fl, 
would favour us fo much: as to lay before her Huf- 
band fomething which I had to fay, and fhe pro- 
mifed (he would : Well thm, tell the fudge, that ii 
he wiUfuffer us to come into his Roomy and fit do'K 
and wait upon the Lord^ as pur Manner is in fuch 
Cafe as thi\^ if it pleafe the Lord to move us by his hoiy 
Spirit to pray we may \ but if not ^ let not thefudgt 
take it amifs, for we are^ willing to be at the Lord's\ 
/ifpo/ingin all Things. She went, and I believe, a$ 
ihe faid, laid the Metter before \)\m as Ihad.de- 
iivered it to her ; for fhe was a Womah c f a good 
Underftanding, and came hack again to us in a very 
little Time : 1 afked, what the Judge faid f She re- ^ 
plied, he faid, Let the Men take their own Way ^ and 
whether they pray for me or not^ I believe they are Men 
of God : So after fome little refpite, we being 
brought to the Judge's Bed-fide, f;;it down ar^^ 

wait^ 



I 153 ] 

aitcd upon the Lord, who was pleafed in his Love 

ad by his mighty Power tobreai. in upon us, and 

;ifp opened my Mouth in his Gift of Grace and of 

japplication, in which Gift, ardent and fervent 

ries went up to the Lord of Heaven and Earth, 

lat he would fend Health and Salvation to the 

adge, and alfo to all his Family, and to all People 

tr and near, that all every where iiiight repent, 

jnd come to the Knowledge of the Truth and be 

'ived. The Judge wept aloud, and a mighty Vifi- 

uion it was to his Family, and efpecially to hini-^ 

blf and his tender Wife. We left the Judge in a 

':ne Frame of Spirit; and no doubt near the King-* 

:om, having his BlelTing and earneft Requeft, that 

vhen we could reach his Houfe v/e would not fail 

o come to it, for v/e were very wclconie ; and I 

ound and felt it lb, and it was moftly our Lodg- 

ngs : His Wife and Foot-page went with us to all 

he Meetings, except one, While we vv^ere on the 

illand, which vVas about two Weeks', in which Time 

,vc had many good Opportunities among a fober be- 

4iaved and well carriaged People, amongft whom; 

•"vve met with no Oppolltion, but had large quiet 

Meetings." 

I When wc were clear, as we thought, of the If- 
[and, we went to take our folid Leaves of the Go- 
vernor, acknowledging his Civility and Generofity 
to us Strangers, and 1 told him and the Judge, 
That they would not want ihctr Reward for what they 
^ad do72e to tis, and fucB who P^quld take their Live ^ 
\u in their Hands ^ and come in the Love of God to 
^^'ifit thefe remote V arts of the World, which we. diirft 

1^ 2 , ^ir>:- 



[ 154 ] 

not have undertaken ij we had not believed if reqi 
of us by the Almighty, a7id our Peace concerned i\ 
as-alfo the Glory ofGod^ and the Good of the Chik 
of Men ; thefe are the -Motives to thcfe our great 
dertakings ; cr V/ordsto thatPurpofc. So we 
ed in much Love with thefe great Men, ^efpecil 
the Judge, v/ith Tears on his Facr^ as alfo his 
der and friendly Wife, who Had been very fervl 
able to us in ordering- Meetings and making way| 
us, and none like her in all the Illand, that we 
V/ithall, fhe being given up to that Service, for 
encouraging • Truth and Friends in what fhe 
^-^'capable of. 

Being invited to a Friend's Houfe to dine one 
Day, v/hen wc were lat down at the Table, tl 
Woman of the Houfe nefired that one of us would ^ 
Grace ; from which I took an Occafiun to H^iewhe 
and feveral more in the Company, who appeared w\ 
much m.ore grown in the Truth than fhe, thatfifi 
we bad been a People^ we had both believed (and 
cordingly prad:ifed) thatXxxx^ Prayer was not perforl 
ed without the Help of the holy Spirit of God, and 
710^ Man could pray aright and acceptable without it j 
7ior was it in Mans Power to have it when he pleaf- 
ed V therefore it is Mans Place to wait upon the Lord 
Jor //^^ pouring forth of this Gift upon him, and aJJo 
to know whether it be required of him to pray, foas 
to be heard by Man, or only to pray fecretly, fo as to be 
beard* gJ Gody as ^/W Hannah, and many more have 
^:v:e ; which, as they do aright, no doubt, biitasChri/i 
:[iid to his Difc)ples, their Father will hear them in 
: ;cret, and reward them openly ; or to this EfFcxfl : 
v^ich which they all appeared iatisfiedc W(!r 



[ ^ss ] 

We then went on board cur Veffel, and fct Sail 
ith a fair Wind for the eaftEnd of thelfland, in order 
X Barbados ^, but foon after we got out to the Mouth 
' that Inlet: where we arrived firft, the Wind came 
A\ againft us, and we put in there again ; and the 
iafler, altho' not called one of us, faid in a friend- 
Manner, pyhat is the Matter now'^ this is along cfycUy 
//\ Richardfon (as he was pleafed to call me, aitho' 
oft fliewed my Diflike to it) you have Jomethhig to 
yet on theAJland. I laid, I knew not of any Thing ; 
t he leemed pofitive, and withallfaid, ij the Wind 
lie (air at Midnight he would call if I was willing ; 
not, he would, (lay as long as I pleafed. I faid, '^ 
.ew not of any Thing to hinder, but he might czi^^ 
fcon as the Wind came fair. So we pait^^d, only 
ving him an Account, that we intended to go for 
icTiC Judge's Houfe. It was Jate in the Evening 
kvhen wc got there, and the Judge was gone to Bed ; 
but his Wife was up, who lifted up her Hands with 
more than ordinary Surprize, and much Joy, and 
Aid, She was always glad to fee me^ but' never^more 
an now: I faid, JVhyfo? She then began to tell, 
how that fincei went away, there had been a Man 
with the Judge, who had incenfed him againft me 
all that ever he could, and faid, He knew me in En- 
gland, and that I was broke ^ and ca7ne into th^e Farts 
to preach for a Living. I aiked, what her Hufaand 
faid to all that ? She faid, his Anfwer was to the 
Man, that he believed I was no fuch Perfon^ but an 
honeft Man ; yet the Accuser feemed very pofitive. 
I faid, It would be wll if this Man could be brcught 
with me to the Judge's Face^ that h^ might be convinc-' 

ed 



[ 



i<6 



] 



edy not only of the Mans Ignorance of iis as a Eecpl 
hut of me in particular, and his Envy againft me 1 1 
made known -y upon which I opened to her theCal 
of fuch Journeys and Services, how we proceeded 
and how the Meetings w^ere conftituted in wh|" 
we did fo proceed, and from whence we had C^ 
titicates, fropi Monthly, Quarterly, or MeetingsJ 
Minifters to which we belonged, and from Friel^ 
in the feveral Provinces and Iflands where we tra\ 
led, if we defired them, many of which Ico( 
fhew the Judge if Time would admit 3 but flie f^ 
left we fliould be called away in hafte, die cravec 
^fee feme of thofe Certificates : I (liewed her thcl 
Beginning at the firft, wherein Friends of X^f/i, nc 
J^ridlington Monthly-meeting, in TorkfJnre, to Frier 
in America^ ihewed not only their full Unity wi? 
this my prefent Journey, but alfo with my Servi(5 
for the Truth, and Converfation in the fame, whc 
I had lived and travelled 3 and that I had fettled 
outward Affairs to Friends Salisfadlion^ under 
By Hands varioufly writ. 

When this great and wife Woman faw this, 
laid, it ivas enough -^ but I {hewed her other Ce 
tificates from divers Places, wherein Friends had 
fignified fufficiently their Unity and Satisfaction with 
me, I likeW'ife informed her, that in Cafe any Man, 
not approved by us as a Minifier, did take upon 
him to impofe his Preaching upon ^ny who were 
Strangers to him, fuch as knew him took Care to 
acquaint the Churches therewith, if his Intentions 
could be known, that no Impofler might do any 
Hurt : All vvhich ilie admired^ and faid fbe had ne- 



[ ^57 3 

hi'ard fo much before, neither did Jhe think there 
d been fuch excellent Or den in the World amon^ 
: y People. 

Having thus acquainted her \yith our Order and 
^ifcipline, and afterwards informed her of the Caufe 
)f our unexpected Return, I renewed my Propofal 
)f having my Accufer before the Judge ; fhe told 
lie, (he had good Place with her Hulband, and 
would endeavour to obtain it : And accordingly, 
after talking with him, fhe let me know, that the 
Judge exprefled his Rcadinefs to do me any Service 
fwhich lay in his Power, and was of Opinion, my 
Accufer durfl not face either him or me in that Af->v 
fair; but that if the Wind continued againft us, he 
would try to find him out and bring him, which 
might be of Service ; but if the Wind favoured, flie 
thought^ I might be eafy to go ; as indeed h* was, 
and the more fo, confidering that our Captain Salter^ 
who lived near the Judge on the lame Ifland, had 
fliewed a great dealbf Patience and good Difpoiition 
towards us for about two Weeks, yet would gladly 
be gone ; fo about Mid- night we were called to go 
on board the Ship, for the Wind was fair, if we 
were ready; I replied, ive come quickly^ and fo we 
did, and took leave of all we faw of the Family, 
and remembered our dear Love, with grateful Ac- 
knowledgments to the Judge, for all his Civility 
and Kindnefies he had done to us, with Reafons 
why we could not fee him, for he had been afflid- 
ed for fome Time with the Gout, and was now fal- 
len into fome Reft, and we going very eaUy away. 
'vere net at our own Difpofal, 

I 



C 158 3 

I admired the Lord's good Providence in all^L 
and there was fomething of a Reach from the famS 
watchful Providence, to. order thati tb be put i: 
my Certificate w^hich did fo fully remove that S| 
this Enemy would have faflened upon me, (i. 
that I had hrcke /;? England, and could not pay 
DebtSy and therefore w^as come into thefe rer 
Parts of the World, where I vvas unknown, toprel 
for a Livelihood -, but the contrary fully appean 
ihat I was known an,d well beloved too, and had 
feds todifcharge anyjufl Demand upon me, blefl) 
be the worthy Name of the Lord, now and for e 

Now I may fay fomething of our AfFairs u 
the Sea in this Voyage ; When Captain Salter 
taken us in PafTengers at Philadelphia for Barba^ 
it being a time of War, and People fomewhat afri 
of (hipping Goods, he faid, he was to have t 
hoacft ^takers Paflengers, and he did not fear 
ing taken by Privateers nor Pirates. I'was troub 
at his Confidence in us, and told him fo, and tl 
it was much if the Lord did not fufFer us to 
taken, that he might fee Men were not to be de- 
pended upon, but that we ouglit to depend upon 
the Lord alone for Protection and Deliverance: 
However, in much lefs Time than was expedled. 
Goods came, and y/e were loaded and gone. We 
had rough Weather before we came to Barbados, 
(I have given an Account o^ Bermudas)^ efpecially 
about the Tropick of Cancer we had very high 
Wmd, and I was extreamly Sea-fick, and fo was 
my CoiTipanion, and I could eat little, but was tren: 
ed wit}^ remarkable Civilities by the Captain ; fox 

^ , in 



C 159 3 

I and about that Latitude there are Fifh not nn^ 
kc Herrings, \yhich fiy from Wave to Wave, and 
V dipping their^ Fins or Wings in the Water, they 
.ill Ay a great Way^ efpecially whei they are chaf-" 
\ by Fifhes of Prey, and almoft every Morning 
:ere wcreof thofe Fifhes found on the Ship's Deck ; 
id the Captain often faid, as his Manner was, Mr* 
^Jcbardfon thefe are fent for you, or for your Break- 
il, and feeing it is (o^ I will drefs them myfelfj, 
: I know, faid he, my Cook is fo greafy you caa 
rdly eat of his Cookery, which was very true; 
d therefore he would wafh his Hands, and lay z 
.lean Napkin on hia Arm, and tell me he would 
irefs me my Breakfaft in the beft Fafhion he could.^ 
ifked him, why he would put himfelf tofomuchTroti^ 
? He faid, he never waited on a Man in all his Life 
vith fo much Pleafure, and if I were going into any 
I^ountry where he was going, Ifliould not pay any 
:hing for my PafTage ; io much Refpedt he {hewed me. 
Now it happened in the Courfe of this Voyage^ 
ivhen we were within a few Leagues of Barbados^ 
me Morning early as foon as Day appeared, he that 
tvas aloft (upon the Watch to look out, as the Man- 
er of Mariners is, efpecially in the Time of Wars 
nd Danger) efpied a Ship which he and the refl of 
ur mofl knowing Men fuppofed to be a TurkiJJp 
Vigate, of confiderable Strength ; however, it was 
a great Veffel, and appeared to have a great many 
Guns : When we firft faw her, fhe appeared to 
fce within Gun-fhot. But oh, what a Surprize 
\ Fright our Ship's Crew were in ! I had 
often i^tvL the like, Gu? VefTel being deep 

leaded. 



■^^■. 






F16aded, although a good Sailer, was Ids thin tli| 

|*vhich chafed us, and to run for it appeared the onj 

liyay for us to efcape, hauling as clofe to the Wii] 

ws we could to keep the Sails full ; and the Vefl 

IbcingftifF with its great Burthen, endured Sail wel 

lend indeed they crowded, lo, much Sail, that I to^ 

llHemI feared they would -bring the Rigging by the 

pBoard ; fo thus we laboured until Noon, and thl 

lour Captain had loft all his Confidence in the ^i 

MerSj and laid we fhall be taken, for the Ship has 

Igained upon us for feveral Hours, and we have donfe 

what we can; and are all fpent : I walked upon the 

Main-deck under no fmall Concerp of Mind, and 

Truth role, and I found it open in the Truth, that ive, 

fiotdd not h taken : The Captain laid, binding 

vSrith fome Aflervations, we (hall certainly be take 

Ifaid,. Noy "we JJ:allnot, unlefs by our Mifmanage?nen\ 

Alas ! faid he^ you are fuch a Man as I never m 

withall ; . do you not lee the Frigate, or Sallee-mi 

for that he called her, isjuft going to fire a Broa 

fide at us, opening the Gun Ports, and laying t 

Ship broad Side upon us, and levelling at her as well 

as they can? And indeed our Captain, altho' he 

was a ftout Man,- yet appeared very ghaftiy and 

dead-hearted, and faid (in a Tone which befpoke 

both Affliction and Trouble) to nic^ Go into rh^ 

Cabbin, or fome where under the Deck, for they 

will fire immediately^ and that w^here I walked I 

could hardly elcape either the Shot or the Rigging 

falling upon me. I (dAd^ ikey ^mllnctjire -, and de- 

fired him to he eaf%^ jor ive JJ^oidd come to 7io Damage 

by that Ship. Weil then, he alked what ^ they 

riiculJ 



r i6i ] 

ifhould do, for the Enemy was jufl: upon us ? I laid, 
J would fetch them a Bottle or two^ or more of my be [I 
iBranJvy and iheyjhould take as much as might do them 
\goody but have a Care of more^ and ply away a while 
and you will fee they will fall back^ and we Jhall leave 
them. The Captain faid, although there was no 
human Probability of efcaping^ yet for my Sake they 
would try, and to work they went. I think I ne- 
ver faw Men on board of any Ship work like them 
for lome Hours, and we foon perceived we out(ailed 
them, and by the time it began to be dark we had 
left them confiderably. 

Now all Fire and Light was forbidden, excepf 
what could not be avoided, and all Noife, and a 
Council was held, to confult what Way to fleer, 
whether the neareft or moft common w^ay for the 
Ifland, or about 3 for it was reafonable to conclude 
the Adverfary would way-lay us, if he could, be- 
fore We came to the Ifland ; and the Captain faid, 
what I faid in the Cale fhould te done : After fonte 
Deliberation I told him, / was mojl eafy infteering 
the nearefl Courfe^ which we did, and faw our ad- 
verfary no more. 

We came to the Ifland next Day in much Joy, 
that We had efcaped lo imminent a Danger, but I 
was very ill in a Fever when I landed, which had 
been growing upon me for ieveral Days, (this being 
the Sixth-day of the Week, and 18th of the T'enih 
Month) I was fo poorly, that feveral thought I muil 
die^ but I ft:ood refigned in the Will of God, whe- 
ther to die or live. The Firfl:-day being come, I 
^'-ent to the Meeting, though v/ith great Difficulty, 

M bcin^J 



I 



t 162 J 

being very weak, where I fat under more than ufual 
Exercife, Reafonings, and Conflidls of Spirit for fome 
time, about my prefent Condition, which was 
v/eak and low, arid in my own Apprehenfion, un- 
likely to be of any Service, notwithftanding all tU|i 
Troubles and Hazards of the Sea and Robbers, arttf ' 
other Jeopardies in coming here, I was now thus 
difabled and laid by as ufelefs, Thefe Things were 
an Occalion to me to confider, whether I had not 
rnifs'd my Way in iomethingor other? Many parti- 
culars were brought to my Mind, whether I had 
difcharged mylelt faithfully where I had been ? and 
when I looked back and took a View of my paft 
Travels and Services in the Work of the Miniftry, 
and Diicipline of the Church, my Condudt and 
vvKole Converfation, I faw nothing but I was clear 
of the Blood of all Men; as alfo clear and well 
fatisfied both as to the Time of my coming, as well 
as to the Coming itfelf unto thisliland. There ap- 
peared yet two Things in my way ; Firjl^ if this 
Place fhould be my Grave, fuch as might not watch 
over me with the beft Eye may fay. If he had gone at 
the Lords Command ^ no doubt but he would have brought 
him back again s and Secondly^ as I had two Utile 'ChiU 
dren in England, if Ifnifhedmy Courfe here^ they would^ 
be left Fatherlefs and Motherlefs^ And Ifaid before the 
Lord, Let not my E72d bri?2g Difhonour to thy great 
Name nor any Blemifh to the ^ruth which I have loved^ 
and laboured for the Promotion of from my Childhood. 

When I had thus, or to this Purpofe appealed to 
the Lord, I felt great Quietnefs and Refignation of 
Mind ; and as I thus fat, a Friend well thought 

on 



[ i63 ] 

khfey fevcral,' began to fpeak in the Meeting, and' 
^t opened in my Mind, that he was not wholly re- 
deemed trom having fome Thought^!, that elemen- 
tary JVater hzd not yet ended its Service; I meaa 
^n Point of Dipping : I would have fliut it out, for 
the Man appeared a wife, zealous. Man; and I bet- 
ing altogether a Stranger, could not remember I 
had heard of his Name, yet the Matter con- 
tinued, and I thought, for my own Satisiadlion I 
[might afk him the Queftion : If he was a right fpi- 
jrited Friend, he would not be hurt; if he was not, 
he flood in Need of Help, or at leaft it was high 
'time for Friends to have a more perfed: Knowledge 
of him. So I leave this awhile, and return to the 
other Part of the Meeting, which was very re- 
markable. 

During my fitting, as before, under much Weak- 
nefs of Body, yet quiet in Mind, the living Virtue 
or heavenly Power of Chrift fprang up in my in- 
ward Man, like healing and fuppling Oil, which 
fo effedually helped me every way, that I could fay 
J feelingly and experimentally, Miracles are not ceaf- 
\ed\ for I was raifed beyond my own Expediation, 
f and all-others who knew my weak State, to give 
? Teftimonyto the glorious Coming and Manifeftati- 
! on of Chrift m Power, Spirit, Life, Light, and 
' Grace, for the Help, Health, and Salvation of all 
the Children of Men who receive,* believe in, and 
^ obey his Spiritual Knocks, Reproofs, and heavenly 
I Calls in the Soul, without any LefTening to his 
Humanity : Great Caufe have I, with all the Liv- 
j ing, to love, value^ honor and reverence the great 
' ^" and 



[ i64 ] 






and mighty Name of him who hath helped an4 
healed, by fending his eternal Word of living Pow- 
et in^to oilr Hearts. 

Returning with other Friends to my Quart 
from this good Meeting (not to be forgotten by r 
came the before-mentioned Friend to fee me; a 
I having, as I told him, a Defire to fpeak private: 
with him, he reply 'd, there were none there but 
his good Friends, and I might fpeak my Mind. I 
told him, what I had to fay related qhiefly to him- 
felf, and in fuch a matter as he might not be wil- 
ling to have it expofed; but he would not hear, atid 
faid, I might fpeak it there. I defir'd he would not 
take an Offence at what I had to fay, for I did fup- 
pofe it to be a Secret to all there but himfelf; 
and then I faid, the matter is, When thou waft 
fpeaking in the Meeting, it founded in the Ear. of 
my Soul as if one had faid, This Man (meaning thee) 
is not wholly redeemed out of a Belief in John's M/- 
niftration of Water ^ as not having dene its Work. 
Now the matter is before thee, thou knoweft whe- 
ther what I received be true or falfe : In the firft 
Place I enquire for niy own Satisfafliop, His An- 
fwer, if it may be called one, was as followeth ; he 
faid, The Difciples of Chrijl^ when they baptized with 
Watery knew that it was the Mind of their great 
Ma/ler that they fljoutd fo baptize : 1 faid, I know 
not that any of the Apoftles did ever fay (o 
much as thou wouldft inlinuate ; for both by what 
Peter and Paul fay, it appears very natural to he 
the Mind of Chrift, only to condcfcend to fo much 
as was done by the Aooflles in that of Water, be- 



\ 



cau(e 



[ i65 ] 

kufe of the Peoples Weaknefs ; and no Quefti(Wi 
ut the Jewi were very much fettled in the Belief 
If John the Baptifl's Difpenfation of Water to Re- 
l>cntance, andalfo of the Circumcifion, and Purify- 
,tig, and many other Things ufed amongft that 
people : Now Peter ^ when the Converts v^ere grown 
ilronger in the Faith and in the Grace of. God, told 
them, // is not the putting away the Filth of the 
^lejhy hut the Anfwer of a good Conjcience towards 
God, by the Re fur region oj Jefus Chri/l^ and Pau!^ 
although he did once in Condefcention circumcife 
timothy y yet told the People at another Time, that 
Neither Circumcijion nor TJjicircumciJion availeth an^ 
\ things but a new Creature ; and if they were circum^ ' 
\cifedy Chrijl would profit them nothing-, and he alfo 
I thanks God, he baptized no more than Crifpus and 
Gaius, and the Houfhold of Stephanus ; befides thefe^ 
he knew not that he had baptized any other ^ for Chrifi 
fent him not to baptize, hut to preach the Go/pel: 
And I am, as I faid to the Friend, of the Prophet's 
Mind when he faid, The Elements /hould melt as with 
fervent Heat : If the Gofpel Power be npt this fer- 
rjent Heat, I know not what is, nor what is able to 
melt away the EIeme?2ts. But I further faid, if he 
was a Baptift, he fhould deal plainly and honeftly 
with Friends, and tell them what he was, and not 
preach one. thing, and keep fuch Referves to himfelf. 
Friends admir'd, and faid, they had not the leafl , 
Thought of any fuch Thing by him ; fo he faid, he 
would not fall out with me. I told him, I was as 
vmuch for Peace as he was, but at the fame Time I 
^.^^ouldh^ivcus to min4 that w^e vftvc found in the 

Faith, 



[ i66 ] 

Fatthy and Preachers of the Gofpel, and not gc 
back again into the Beggarly Elements, for whatis S]^(| 
inCdmparifon of the Love of God in Chrift JeTiis,^ 
I had good Service and great Satisfaction upori 
this Ifland, although I found Truth fo lovr, that it 
might then be truly faid as formerly, By whom Jhah 
Jacob, or the true Seed, arife, which is in our 
Apprehcnfions but fmall, and much prefs'd down 
with the many Things that are hurtful, efpecially 
by the Love of Money, Pride, and . Forgetfulnefs 
of God? 

I was invited on board a great tranfport Ship^ 
whereof one Reed was Mafter, who remembered me 
^^hen I was but young, and was travelling to or 
near Scarborough ; he was loving to me, and fevera| 
Friends who were with me, and I had good Service 
on board. There was alfo on board a French Pro- 
teflant, now a Captain of the Engli(h tranfport Sol^ 
diers bound for 'Jamaica''^ he lodged at "John Groves Sy 
and was a very civil Man, and faid if I would go 
with Captain Reed (who offered, if I was going, to 
carry me to Jamaica free) he would wait on me if 
I was lick or ailed any thing ; and would gladly 
have had my Company : I acknowledged both their 
Generofity and Civility to me, and fo I took leave of 
them, and of the noble Captain Salter , who I have 
had Occalion both to mention and to love, who took 
his folid leave of me, and wept like a Child, and 
faid openly in the hearing of many, that he' never 
lovd a Manfo well before , and tho he did not want 
Bujinefs, yet for my Sake he would ferve my Friends 
what lay in his Power ; or near thofc Words. 

1 



[ i67 ] 

1 1 find as we live and walk in the Truth, thert 
Ian inward Witnefs which God hath placed in the 
Icarts of Men that is reachable, except in fuch who 
^ arrived to a great Degree of Hardnefs and In- 
^nfibility, and fo have little Scnfe or Perceivance 
ffGood, either in themfclves or in others, which 
a deplorable State and much to be lamented. Oh 
hat Grief of Heart and Spirit it hath been to me, 
bear and fee the Wickednefs offome ! if fuch 
iVickcdnefs was as great a Trouble to them who 
[idled it, as it was to me, I have thought they would 
loon grow weary of it. 

I Now I left the Illand, and embarked on board a 
phip, Jcbn Griffith M^iRcv, bound for Brijolin Old 
^nglandy and went to Sea with fome Eaft-India 
jShips that had put in at Barbados^ having a Ship of 
War or two for their Convoy. After we were got 
to Sea, they had io much drinking and carouling 
that we grew weary of flaying with them, and 
jafter fome Confideration, the Captain, who was a 
jFriend, Jeft them and came fafe to England. 
I In our PafTage we had fome rough Weather near 
jthe Tropick , which I mentioned before, and the 
;Men and Captain being much difordered with watch- 
ing and hard Labour, as I remember, for eight and 
forty Hours Night and Day, a Calm enfuing, the 
Captain defxred me to take his Place for his Watch, 
and mind the Helmfman, and fee that he made 
flraight Steerage ; but alas ! he was fofleepy, it 
was next to impoflible to keep him awake. I walk- 
ed on the Deck, and had overmuch Work to mind 
the Compafs, and the Helmfmau too, for a fine 

Breeze 



[ i68 ] 

Bree5:c of Wind came on/ and all of a fuddcn a ven 
unufual Fdur fell on me> and I looked into the Sei 
and beheld it appeared to turn blue, and as far as 
could difcern to Windward, I faw white Caps or th 
Water- freckle ; on feeing which, through Fear 
niore than any great Skill, I ftampt with mv Foo 
^as though I would have broke the Deck. Ou 
came the Captain, but what with Fear and Sleej 
he could fcarce hit the Door out of the Cabbin ; bu 
when he was got upon the Deck, he ftampt, anc 
called out all his Hands, and bid them lower anc 
furl the Sails with Speed, or elfe we were all deac 
Men, for here is a Hurricane juft upon us : Anc 
no looner was all made fnug as well as could be (| 
the Seamen phr^fe it) but the Wind blew fo, thm 
we thought it would have turn'd the Bottom of the 
Ship upward : The lik« 1 never {aw ; and, as the 
Captain faid, we had net one Minute to fpare d 
being caft away, according to all human Probability; 
and, as the Seamen term it, it was fuch Hurry diir- 
ry thick Weather y that we could fcarce lee any thing 
a hundred Yards, which violent Weather held for 
about an Hour, in which time we drove by a Vef- 
fel, and were fo near her, that I thought I could 
have flung a Stone aboard: Our Ship's Crew were 
fore sfraid, and looked upon her to be a Robber; 
her Rudder was lalhed or tied up, and the Men 
were ali gone off the Deck, but our Mariners were 
fo affrighted, that they thought they would fet fomc 
foil and follow us ^ for no fooner were we part this 
Ship but the We-ither grew better, and away wc 
ran m hazard of bringrDg the Ma-fts^ by the boar ' 






t 

Ti 



[ 169 ] 

[)Ut through the Divine Providence of hitn that is 
Lord over all, both Sea and Latid, we elcaped and 
:ame fafe into Corky in Ireland^ where the Mailer 
lived, and rode there for fome Time, and then 
weighed for Brijloly as I intended for the Yearly- 
Kneeting there. 

' We bad rough Weather in crofling the Channel, 
before we came into the Severriy where our Sailors, 
eing afraid oi being preft, launched the Boat, and 
an away into C(?rwu^^//, leaving but four on board 
:to bring the Ship up the River. We iaw a Pinnace, 
Jiaviflg >n it a Lieutenant with a Crew of preiTed 
Men, to prefs more if they could find them, and 
our Mafter called on me, and defired I would put 
on my beft Cloaths and come to him, and fo I did, 
and he fat me on his right Hand : By this time up 
comes the^Lieutcnant and afked for my Men, tak« 
irig me for the Mafter; I told him, they had launch- 
ed the Long-boat and were gone, and we could 
I not hinder them, they being the ftrongeft Party ; at 
} which he appeared very much enraged, and fecmed 
I as though he would have ftruck at mc. I told him 
|t:almly, he had more need pity than be angry with 
!us, for if there fhould be a Gale of Wind, we were 
'in great Darfger of all periihing for want of Hands, 
for I {hewed him what Force we had, viz. James 
Bates J whom I did not then call my Companion^ 
nor John Griffith Captain, the Cabbin Boy and my- 
felf were all the Men on board. But he aiked, 
what for a Man that was who fat befide me ? 1 told 
him, he was a Man fufficiently fecur'd againft the 
Prefs : Tl^en the rough Man fell, and faid, I looked 

M 2 like 



i w ] 

like an honefl: Man, and he would take my Word 
and not feajxh for Men : So I ordered a Bottle of 
the beft E.lquor on board to be brought, and then 
the Lieutenant and I parted very friendly. 

I write not this as a Thing I approved, but diflik- 
c^i but being taken at unawares, had not time to 
fhun it (as before mentioned) unlefs T had expoied 
my Friend the Mafter of the Ship^ although I nei- 
ther faid nor did, that I know of, asy thing worfe 
than what thou feed here written y I told the Cap- 
tain I thought he was a great Coward, and had exa 
pos'd me to Danger to favc himfelf. ^1 

Wind and Weather favouring us, we came in 
due time to Bri/Iol Yearly-meeting, where I met 
with William EdmundfoHy and was truly glad to fee 
him with many more at that Plape; but my Com- 
panion falling iick, I was made willing to leave 
him, and travelTd to London with ^ohn Watfon of 
Ireland^ and a fweet Ipirited Man he was ; we got 
to London Yearly-meeting, where I difcharged my- 
felf of what I had upon my Mind, and came away 
in Peace, and in the feeling of the Love of God. 

yobn Haydock and I came from London together, 
and had Meetings in our way to Tcrk Yearly-meet- 
ing, where I was glad to fee my Horns-Friends, 
and to enjoy the Love of God once more with them; 
for this is our principle Crown and Kingdom in this 
World, to enjoy the favourable Countenance oip the 
Lord, and one another in his living and internal 
l^refence; and when I looked back upon all the 
Mercies and Deliverances I had received from the 
mighty God of Heaven and Earth, Seas^ and Ri- 
j ■ ' ' ^ • '■ ■ ■ ^ ■ yer^ 



J7I ] 



crs of Water, whofe Hand made all, and whofe 
iye and watchful Providence attends all^ and is 
aver all, my Soul was filled with Thanks artd Prai- 
ses to the great and moft excellent Name of him 
Who lives for ever, and hath helped my Soul -to 
bvercome many ftrong Temptations, and hath borne 
up my Head under many deep Afflidlions and Tri- 
bulations, renowned for ever be his holy Name. 

I came home the 1 8th of the Fourth Month 1703, 
and found my Children well ; and now I was under 
a Thoughtfalnefs how to walk and demean myfelf 
jfo, as that I might be preferved near the Lord, and 
in due Reverence and true Fear before hhn; that 
inafmuch as I found there was fomething of Holi- 
nefs unto the Lord imprinted or ingraven upon the 
flefhly Table of my Heart, that now in this Time, 
when I was not fo particularly and immediately 
concerned in the like daily Travel on Truth's Ac- 
icount, I might not lofe the Savour, Relifh and Sen- 
|fation of heavenly Things. Some will read me here^, 
jin this {hort Survey I have been taken of my pre- 
fent State and Thoughtfulnefs, that if I could not 
make it better, I might not make it worfe, either 
in doing, or not doing any thing that might prove 
a hurt to me; for a Veffel had much better be laid 
|by, if it can be fpared, than ufed t^ its hurt. Now 
!in this careful and watchful Frame of Mind, I have 
found Prefervation from time to time to this Day, 
by retaining the Salt of the Kingdom in the Soul 
jor the inward Man, which is of a preferving Qua- 
lity, with which the Veffel is, and can only be kept 
fit for the Mafter's Ufe : If we lofe this, the Crea- 



[ 172 I 

ture loon grows out of Order and unfit for the Mat- 
ter's Ufe: Read and eonfider thefe Things in Time, 
vyhUe tliou haft the Prize in thy Hand, and Time 
to n^v and receive Good at the Hand of him who 
isirdly full of Good, and is all Good; to him be the 
Offerings of Praifc and Renown, now and for ever. 

WhiJft I remain'd at Home, as my ufual Man- 
i>€r was, I attended Firft-day, and Week-day, and 
Monthly- meetings, as alfo Quarterly and other Meet- 
ings for the Service of Trtith, and vifited many 
Meetings up and down in the Country, and had 
good Service and much Satisfadlion in ^ being given 
up to the Service of Truth: but did not fee it con- 
venient (as my Children were well placed) to fettle 
or keep a Family, until my Way appeared clear to 
marry, which did now draw on, and after I had 
been near feven Years a Widower I married ^dmie 
Robinfon'^ who defcended of a fubftantial Family at 
Hutton in the Hole^ in the Parifh of Leftingham^ not 
far frorn Ktrby-moorjide^ in Torkflnre. 

We had not been mariled much above two Years, 
before my Wife began to appear in the publiek 
Work of the Miniftry, and indeed very comfortably 
and acceptable to Friends, and fhe grew in Under- 
ftanding both of the Difcipline of the Church of 
Ghrift, and alfo in further Knowledge in the Work 
of the living Miniftry, ©"r. And about that time it 
came upon me to vilit Friends in moft of the Nor- 
thern Counties in England', znd fome fmall time 
after my Return, I had a Concern to vifit Friends 
in feveral Parts of the Southern Counties, Thomas 
Beeial being my Companion, who grew in the 

Truths 



- t ^73 1 

>uth, -and alfo in the Miniftery : We had many 
lood Meetings in that Journey, good Service and 
[reat Satisfadtion^ and I return'd Home in Peace. 
I Now I may fay with Sorrow of Heart, the /Time 
irew on apace when my virtuous Wife and I muft 
bart and be no longer Meet-helps to one another^ 
jvhich we truly were, and never had either evil 
lA^ord or evil Thought againft each other, I am 
fully fatisfied ; but lived in Peace and true Love one 
with another, and were glad when we could either 
bne or both fcrve Truth and Friends : Therefore I 
:5nd it on my Mind, in this Place, to infert the fol- 
lowing Relation concerning her, viz. 

A fjort ACCOUNT of the Life, Con- 

vincement, Qualifications, and dying Sayings of 
that faithjul Handmaid of the Lord^ Anne Ri- 
chardson, who departed this Life the iSth of th4 
Twelfth Month, 171 1, aged about T^hirty three 
Tears. • 

** C|HE was defcended of an honeft and confide- 
" O rable Family of the jR(?^/^«i, 2it Hut ton in the 
^ Hole in Torkfhire, and was convinced in her young 
" ^Years, and received the Truth in the Love of it, 

and it became valuable and precious to her above 
'' all Things in this World; and through the blef- 
^J fed Work and Operation of the Grace and holy 
*^ Spirit of Truth, fhe was weaned from the World's 

Pieafure^, Vanities and Rccre^^tions, from taking 

'' any 



C€ 



<?5 



• i 174 ] ™ 

«* any Delight in them ; and through the virtiioua 
** an^>;inoft precious Blood ot Chrift, fhe came to 
*^ witnpi^' her Heart fprinkled from an evil Confci 
*^ en<ld,' and in a good degree made able to fervc 
*' the living God, and bore a faithful Teftimony 
^•^'''againft the needlefs ^and fuperfluous Drelles and 
*^ Falhions of the World, as alfo againft the corrupt 
*^ Language thereof ^ and came to be a great Lover 
*^ of Virtue and Purity, and had great Satisfadion 
^^ in being in good Friends Company, and at Friends 
'Meetings, and in much Retirement and waiting 
upon the Lord, who in great Mercy and Con- 
defcention to the Defire of his Handmaid, gave 
her a large Share, not only of the Enjoyment of 
his living Power and internal Prefence, but alfo i 
*^ Knowledge and clear Sight into thofe Things that 
** appertained to Life and Salvation : And after 
*^ Truth thus prevailed over her, and brough every 
*' Thought into the Obedience of Chriftj and fub- 
'^ jedled her Will to the Will of God, which is a 
'•^ great Work, yet requiiite to the/^^ie; 5/Wy&, with- 
^^ out which there is no Regeneration -, and without 
^' Regeneration and being bora again, there is no 
'^ entering into the Kingdom of Heaven. 

* '^^ After this great Change was wrought in her, 
*^ it was evident through the remaining Part of her 
'' Time, that fhe was much preferved under flie 
^^ Power, Influence, and Guidance of the peaceable, 
^^ meek and quiet Spirit of Jefus Chrifl:, and grew 
'* daily more and more in the Favour and Love of 
'•^ God, and was much beloved of God's People, 
^^ and indeed of her Relations, Neighbours and Ac- 

'' quaintance, 



r '^js ] 

quaintancc, who were not of her PeiTuafion, and 
walked fo wifely and prudently in all her Ways, 
that (he fought not her own Honour and Intereft, 
but the Honour of the Lord, and inwara Peace 
with^him, which fhc had a Regard unto in all 
her Undertakings; fo that even fuch who fought 
for an Occafion againft Truth and the Profeffors 
' of it, had nothing to fay againft ..her, not even 
1^ from her Childhood to the Day of her Death, for 
fhe was generally beloved and fpoken well of 
by all who knev/ her, and many were deeply and 
lorrowfully aflfeded to part with her, both Friends 
^nd others \ the like hath not often been feen in 
thofe Parts, and not without fome Gaule, for fhe 
was a Woman of an upright Life, and exemplary 
Converfation before all, and gave no Offence to 
"Jew or Gentik^ nor to the Church of Chrift ; 
charitable to the Poor, a true Sympathizer with 
fuch as were in Afflicftion and Diflrefs, whether 
in Body or in Mind, which was manifefl:e\^ in her 
frequent Vifits tofuch^ and by other Means clear- 
ly demonftrated : She v/as a Woman endued with 
great Patience, atd with a quiet and fcrene Mind, 
well quali^ed and fitted to her Hufband's Cir- 
cumftances, (whofe Lot it was often to be abroad 
in the Service of the Truth) an honourable and a 
faithful Wife, willing to give up her all for Chrift 
and the Gofpel's fake, counting nothing in this 
World too near or dear to pnrt with, for the 
Glory of God, and Advancernent of the ever 
}^- blefled Truth, Peace and Salvation of her owa 
SguI^ and the Good of others, 

' '' Ctec 



[ 176 ] 



cc 



cc 



cc 



One Thing is remarkable and worthy of ComJ 
^^ memoratidh,, which I infert as followeth^ tha 
^^, othersi/ixi the like Cafe may not barely and out 
'V ward ly imitate her^^ but feelingly come up in hei 
" heavenly Pradice and Experience, under the In,! 
fluence, Light and Help of God's holy and blet 
fed Spwity.wz. When that worthy Servant oj 
Jefus Chrift, John Bow/led^ returned from Lon- 
** c^on Yearly-rrieeting through feveral Counties W 
" Torky and fo Home with me, not long before my 
** Wife was taken away; and having fomc^ Dif- 
" courfe with her, he afked about fcveral Things 
*' of Moment, dfpecially about her Hujband being 
*^ fo much from Homey fhc gave him this Anfwer^ 
^hat inafmuch as fhe gave up her Hupmid cheer- 
^ fully and freely to ferve the Lord^ and to be fervice- 
able to the Church of Chrift y fhe did 7iot only fympa-^ 
* thize and fell with him in his mod adverfe and low 
' StatCy but per took with him in his beji Enjoyments^ I 
'^ when the Power of Truth prevailed over all it 
•' Enemies 'y alt ho I am then far from hi my yet I par- 
'^ take of the Spoil y or the (hedding abroad of the good 
'^ Things of God among his Peopky as my Heart goes 
'^ aIo7ig with the Work of the Lordy andfuch as are 
^^ ejigagedin it \ and in all my Hufband's AfftiSlions 
" I am affiiSled with him : And one of my main Con- 
^^ cerns is, that neither 7, nor anj Thing in this 
*^ World y may detain my Hufb and from doing what the 
" Lord calls for at his Hand\ fcfr if any Thing hurt 
^^ him as to the Truth y what Good can lexpeSl of htm ? 
*^ This John much admir'd, with the deep and 
weighty Reafons ihe gave ohout the Chriftian 

Difcipline 



(C 



cc 



i i77 ] 

Difciplinc of the Church, and concerning th« 
Miniftry, the like, he laid, he had not met with 
in all his Travels before -, yet fhe was a Woman 
)f few Words, and expreft much in a little Com- 
nifs : And when flie was taken away, oh ! the 
Lois and Sorrow he exprefles to me in a Letter 
concerning her Death. , 

" She was very clear in her Underftanding, had 
a penetrating and difcerning Eye, a great and in- 
ward Senfe ot the State of a Meeting, as alfo of 
their feveral particular States. I cannot at prefent 
defcribe to the full aill the hidden Virtues of this 
Handmaid of the Lord, but there were many vi- 
fible Fruits of her virtuous IVlind, that did ap- 
pear to the Children of Men, fome of which were 
thefc, viz. She was an affedlionate and tender 

(Mother to her Children /yet did correct theiii 
when Occafion required, without Paffion, or the 
leaft Appearance of Dilorder of Mind, and ftill 
had them in great Subjed;ion ; at which I often! 
admired, and thought, furely fhe is comes by 
Workings of the holy Spirit, to a greater Domi- 
nion over her own Spirit, than many who appear- 
ed to be her Equals. She was a true Chriftian, 
a loving and dutiful Child ^ to her Parents ^ a good 
•Neighbour, a faithful Wife, a loving and tender-, 
hearted Dame over her Servants, and overcame 
them with Love, and was much beloved by them, 
and alfo feared ; they loved her, and were very 
unwilling to difoBlige or offend her, 
" She appeared and behaved herfelf as became a 
'' fondtified Veffcl, that was in a goodDegree fitted and 

N ^* prepare!^ 



[ ^78 ] 



1 



i^'-^r- K« 



CC 



<c 



" prepared for the great Mafter's tJfc, -and oftc 
** appeared as one that had been fecretly in focn 
.^^ Intercourre with JefusChrift in Spirit, where h 
Gi(>ry had more particularly fhone iti and ov( 
her Soul, not only becaufe of the Gravity and Sc 
lidity of hdr/Countenance, but alfo the Tendei 
*^ rtefs, Humility and S^eetnefs of her Minddn 
*' Spirit, Weightinefs of her Converfation, Ed 
*^ cation of her Advice, Soundnefs of her Juc 
^^ ment, and Clearnefs of her Underftanding, « 
*^ w^hich made her Company very acceptable wbil 
among the Living. Her tieart was often lille 
*^ with the Love of God, and early raifed and en 
^V abled to fpeak a Word in Seafon unto man 
*^ States and Conditions, .whether at home or abroJic 
*^ in her own Family, . amongft her Neighbours, o 
^^ in the Church of Chrift, in Teftimony to Mat 
'^ ters relating to the Worihip of God, or in Mat 
^^ ters relating to Difcipline, efpecially in the Meet 
^^ ingsof her own Sex, where fhe had a great Ser 
'^ vice, and will be greatly wanted. She had gre^ 
^' 'Care upon her for the good Education of on 
^^ Youth in Plainnefs of Habit and Language, tl 
^' they might be prefervcd out of the Corruption 
*^ of the World in all the Parts thereof; in a: 
*' which Services fhe will be much miffed : Yet w 
^^ being lanfible, that her Removal is her gre: 
^' Gain, it helps to alleviate cur Sorrow and Lof; 
** which is great, and will not foon be forgotten h 
'' many who had the Benefit and Comfort of he 
:'l gc^bd Services* Alfo her watchful and folidfit 
/^'iing in our Meetings for Worfliip was remarkable 

'' wit 



I 



[ ^79 3 

ith very little Motion that was perceivable 3 yet 
*| when the leaft Stirrings of Life in her Mind were 
H perceived, in order to bring her forth in Tefti- 
*imony, the Meeting was truly glad, and the Liv- 
^g amongft us rejoiced at it, for her Appearance 
- vvas with the Wife, and in the Language of the 
*j holy Spirit ; which was a clear Demonflration 
that the Work was the Lord's, and by and 
through his Spirit and Power ; all which gave 
her a great Place in the Minds of faithful Friends 
and Brethren. Butfbe is gone in the Prime and 
Flower of her Age ! which fets before and is a 
Memento unto us, to fhew us the Uncertainty of 
our Time here, and to prepare for one Certain to 
come, that Death may not overtake us at una- 
wares before we are prepared for it. 
" I come now to the Time of her long Weaknefs, 
in which fhe was preferved in great Patience, 
Steadinels and Refignation of Mind to the Will 
of God, even unto the End ; and ffie enjoyed 
much heavenly Comfort and Confolation in the 
living Prefence of the Lord to her immortal Soul, 
fo that when flie was afked, Whether flie thought 
file might recover or not ? flie mildly replied, 
Sbe ivas afraid to dejire to live 3 becaufe^ faid £lic, 
1 believe if it pleafe the Lord to take me away now^ 
it will be well with me, Jor I find Nothing that lies 
as a Burden upon my Spirit. At another Time 
ftie faid, As to that little Tejiimony I have been con- 
cerned in, this is my Comfort and Satis faSlion. that 
I can truly fay I did not kindle any jlrdngeFire^ 
and therefore coidd not warm myfelj at the Sparks 

'^ thereof y 



[ i8o ] 

^^ thereof'^ but what 1 did in that Matter wai^ in 
^^ jConJlrainings of the hove of God ; and when 
f* Cup was full ^ la little emptied myfelf among ti 
*^ Lord'stPeopkj yet very fen fible of 7ny own Weaknef 
*^ and Poverty^ ^nd often thought myfelf unworthy oj 
^^ the leaf of the Lord's Mercies. 

*^ Many favory Exprqffions (he fpoke that were 
*^ not written then, and therefore could not be re- 
'^ membered ; we having fome Hopes of her Re-r 
*' covery, it rather caufed an Omiffion as to fuch a 
^^ due Obfervance of what fhe faid as otherwife it 
" is like would have been ; although fhe was heard 
^^ to fay not long before fhe fell weak, She thought 
*^ her Time would not be long in this World. I never 
*^ heard an unbecoming or unfavory Word come 
^^ from her, let the Provocation thereto be what it 
/^ would, no, not in the Time of her Health ; and 
*' in her Weaknefs, ihc was much fwallowed up in 
^^ the luminous and internal Prefence of her Lord 
^y and Saviour Jefus Chrift; and often fang Prailes 
^^ imto his worthy Name, arid appe* red as one whol- 
*' ly redeemed from this World, whofe Heart was 
^^ fet upon, and Mind intent, and earneflly engaged 
^* in the Purfuit after Heaven and heavenly Things. 
^^ Blefled be the Lord, fhe had witnefTed a Part in 
*' iht frji Refurre^ ion y^nd over fuch, the fecond 
'^ Death hathrio Power ^ and no doubt but fhe liv- 
*' ed and believed in Jefus Chrifl, even unto the 
'' End of her Time here, and pafTed away without 
*^ any Appearance of Struggling or Sorrow, I be- 
*^ lieve into a Manfion of Glory, where her Soul 
^' fhall {mg Hallelujah to the Lord God and the 

*^ Lamb 



[ I§^ ] 

' Lamb for ever, with all thofe who have over- 
'' come the World, the Bcaft, and falfe Prophet, 
'' and every Thing the Lord's Controverfy is with, 
-' and who have not loved their Lives unto Death, 
" but given up that Life they had in any wrong 
^^ Thing whatfocver. 

When I had drawn up the foregoing Account, 
and fliewed it to ibme difcreet Friends, they faid, 
it was not beyond her Worth \ yet when I looked it 
over again, with an Intent to infert it here, I thought 
it looked too large 5 but upon more mature Deliber- 
ation, I could not find what Part to omit, but it 
would hurt the whole Matter, therefore as I found 
it contained Encouragement to all tender and well- 
minded People, to perfevere in Faithfulnefs to the 
End ; Caution againft Pride, Paffion, and indulg- 
ing or fparing any wrong Thing in Church or Fa- 
mily y and fomething of Advice to fevcral Conditi- 
ons and Growths in the Church of Chrifl; it ap- 
peared moft eafy to me, not to lofe any of thofe 
good Fragments which had any Thing of a heavenly 
Savour in them, and if I have not mifTed it, there 
is fomething that has a living Relifh, for without 
that I fhould foon be weary of either writino- or 
fpcaking. 

Not long after the Departure of my Wife, it 
came upon me to vifit the fouthern Parts of En-^ 
gland, and fome Part of /^^/^j, and I had good Ser- 
vice and great. Srn^faaion ; and I was alfo at Lon^ 
don, John Adam being my Companion, who was 
an innocent, cleay^. fpirited Man. 

Again, 



[ l82 ] 

Again, I found it required of mc to vlfit the,^ 

South- weft Parts of England, in the Year 1717I 

and I travfelled through the Weft Part of Torkjhire^ 

mio'.ttejimoreknd^ Lancafhir£^ Chejhire^ and lo oii 

:io Br ijiol^ and as far as Cornwall^ and had manjl 

''g<3^d Meetings ; 'jtlthough I travelled alone, yet thd 

■ Lord, in whom I put my Truft and depended upon,l 

helped me, and bore up my Head through and 

over all, renowned be his moft honourable Name, 

now and for ever. 

yf/ri^C COUNT of my Yl^it to Friends/;^ Irj:land« 

IN the Year 1722 is was renewed upon me to go 
into Ireland 3 the Thoughts of it had been long 
upon my Mind, but now the Time feemed to be 
fully come, to pay that long thought of Viiit ; and 
yojeph Bunting oi Cumberland, being my Companion, 
we went from ifi^W^/ Yearly-meeting, which was a 
large and good Meeting, and pafted along to White- 
'^aveUy and took ftiipping for Dublin^ and ftaid their 
HaH\years Meeting, which was large, and in which 
the living Power and Prefence of the Lord was felt 
amongft us y exalted over all be the mighty Name 
of the Lord, for thofe and all his^ercies. 

I had there many good Meetings, arid alfo met 
with fome hard ones (as is the Lot of f> ch who are 
called to this Vocation) and the bcf way I have 
found, w^hen I met with fuch, is iirft to regard our 
Call, then to mind our ciaily Steps we take in that 

Vocation 



[ i83 ] 

Vocation into which wc are called, and take fpecial 
Care to have along with us the Company and Counfet 
of him that hath fo called us ; this is the way fully 
sthd truly to difcharge ourfclves of that Truft the 
Lord hath repofed in us^ to the mutual Comfort 
and Edification of the Churches of Chrift, and alfo 
to the Peace and Confolatioji of our own Souls. 

It is now with me to write the following Re- 
marks on Ireland^ which will not be remote to the 
State of Friends in many other Places, where there 
is a right, found, living Miniflry preferved, and 
gbodDifcipline excrcifed, which mofliy go together: 
There Truth and Friends are kept generally in 
good Efteem, and alfo thriving; but where thefe 
fail, efpecially the Difcipline^ oh ! how undue Li- 
berty, and the Fafhions of the World, wuth many 
corrupting Things, creep in amongfl the Profeffors 
of Truth, even unto the Reproach thereof, and Scan- 
dal of thofe who are fo prevailed upon ; and hearty 
Sorrow of fuch as know and feel the Hurt of tlief^ 
Things: Oh! what a Hinderance this is to the 
Progrefs of the ever bleifed Truth in <he Earth 5 
and indeed it hath been in my Mind, that the main 
Work in this our Day is to fearch into the Church- 
es, and endeavour to bring them into fuchaCon-- 
ditiouj that it may once more be faid, Follow Chrili 
as you have us Jor Examples ; not only here and 
there one, but the Believers in general ; fo it will 
'be, when we as a People all fpeak the fame Thing, 
or that which is agreeable, as well in our Practice 
(fo often recommended) as i^^aith and Dodtrine ; 
for I have ever uaderflood W^mple^ to be more 

prevalent 



[ 1^4 ] 

prevalent than Frtcept : But if any amongft Frienc 
be grown fo hardy, and fo unfenlible, , as to pre^ 
fome fooliih Faihions, which to me appear to 
fhameful and undccent, it is an evident Demonftra 
tion they are departed too much from the Principle 
and Practices of our worthy Elders in the Truth] 
which I fear is the Cafe of too many, both in th^ 
Nation and in England. 

Let not any fay, that I fmite in the Dark, ar 
do not tell what I mean ; for fome few particular 
I intend to Mention for the Eafe of my Mind : 
have feen feveral Changes of Fafliions in forty Yea^ 
Time ; our firfl Friends and Promoters of TrutI 
came out in'the Lord's Work and heavenly Powej 
plain^ and generally continued fo for their Time 
but alas 1 how foon. there appeared an Alteration, 
in fome Men efpecially, when the Weight of Suffer- 
ings was over ; it then began to appear, and hath 
from time to time continued to encreafe ever fince, 
among fome profefling Truth with us, not only in 
extravagant JVigs^ with much Powder in them, but 
al(o in Crofs-pocketSy needlefs Capes^ and divers Cuts 
and Shapes in their Cloathing^ in Conformity to the 
prevailing Fafhions of the Times, as well as in fet- 
ting up their Hats ; all which appear to me more 
likely to lead thofe who follow them, into Egypt^ 
or the World again; than into the heavenly Coun- 
try or Canaan^ which we profefs to be preffing after, 
and hope to obtain in the End. 

Now, not to let the Females pafs without my Ob- 
fervation on them : I well remember in my younger 
Years, efpecially in great Towns and Cities, I have 

mcf 



[ i85 ] 

met with thofe that profelTed Truth with us, who 
have had but very little Coverings on their Heads, 
and others that have had more fet up at a confidec- 
able Diftance above their Foreheads, and both thefe 
Sorts perhaps bare-necked. When I have met with 
fuch I have faid, What a fair or beautiful Daughter 
of Bion wouldft thou be, if thou wouldft put on 
Truth and Chrift's Righteoufnefs, and put away all 
thele foolifh Fafliions ? And in Families, whl^n I 
have afked fome Particulars, what they could fay 
for thefe Dreffes, and being lo naked, both Neck 
and Shoulders, I received this Anfwer, or fomething 
like it, T^hat it was good for their Health, to ke^ 
their Temples cooly andtQ learn to be hardy, by expof-^ 
ing themfehes thus to the Air in their Touth : But if 
that was the true Reafon, I added this Caution to 
them ; to confider duly, if Religion did not^ yet the 
Modejly of their Sex jhould, reclaim them from it. 
Sometimes, with the Diflike I fhewed to thefe 
Things, I advifed them, that they would cover their 
naked Skin, and no more expofe themfehes to the Lufi 
and vain Speculation of the worji, and great Trouble 
of their beji Friends ; 2ind worftof all, to the great. 
Hurt oj themfehes, and in a Manner deftroying all rea-- 
fonable Claim to Chriji : For how can our Love to, 
and Faith in him be true and found, when our 
Pradice is fo remote from the Pradice and Example 
of Chrift and his Apoftles, which they gave and 
endeavoured to inculcate ? Be not conformed to this 
World, but be ye transjormed by the reviewing of )wur 
Mind, that ye may prove what is that good and accept 
table, andperfea mil cf God, Rom, xii. 2. Wkoft 

N 2 adorningt 



[ i86 ] 

adorning^ let it not be that outward Adorning ofplal 

ing the Hairy ajid of wearing Gold^ or of putting 

of Apparel : But let it be the hidden Man of the ^eart^ 

in that 'which is mt corruptible^ even the Ornament cj 

a meek and quiet Spirit ^ which is in the Sight of God 

of great Price : For after this Manner in the old Tim^ 

the. holy Women alfo who trujled in God adorned the^ 

felv^i being in SubjeBion unto their own HuJba?2A 

1 Pet. iii, 3,4, 5. Alas ! woe is me, for the HaJ 

of the Daughters of Sion^ when I confider with Rl 

gretfrom whence fach are fallen, if ever reft:or( 

cfiitof the Fall. 

If we as a People fhould follow fiich Exarnples ; 
I have touched upon, certainly wq (liall become 
HifUngand a Bye-word to all Nations round aboul 
who may have heard of us, and what great Thin[^ 
the Lord of Hofts hath done for us fince we becarn? 
a People, as may, and has been feen and heard ii 
^Examples, Words, and Writings from our faithfii 
Friends and Brethren ( the chief Promulgators 
Truth and Righteoufnefs ) in their unwearied La| 
hours, Faith, and Sufferings for the Caufe and Teftij 
mony of Jefus Chrift ; and what alfo was not lei 
remarkable, by their exemplary Lives of Plalnnefs^ 
Humility, Sincerity, and Self-denial, with Worl 
of Charity. 

Now, thou that readefl: this, beware that thou 
doft not let in any wrong Mind, and in that begin 
to judge me inftead of judging thyfelf j for as far as 
I know, I have but done my Duty : See firft, that 
thou doft thine before thou begins to judge me. 
Sear this Caution from thy Friend, thou that God 

hath 



t i87 1 

hath endued with his Spirit, and wait till this holy 
Spirit of Truth is upon thee a Spirit of Judgment 5 as 
thou abidell: under thcfe Qualifications, thou art fit 
Itofitin Judgment, and judge wrong Things in thy- 
fblf firft, next in thy; Family, and then in the 
Church of Chrift s and be unwearied in thy Labours 
ito preferve, as well as to reftore, what thou aj*t 
capable of doing in the Chucrh of Chrift, from all 
|Wrong Ways and Things s for if Corruption ^id 
[Slacknefs come in, and prevail over the Leader^ as 
well as over thofc whom God hath raifed thee up 
ito be a Help unto, then will the Lotd deal with 
both thee and them fome other Way 3 for I ari^, 
latisfied the Lord will turn his Hand upon his People*^ 
in thefe Days, as he did upon //r^^/ formerly, fay- 
ing, by his Prophet, He would purge away her 
Drofs, and take away all her Tin -, not only all grofs 
Evils, but alfo that which in Appearance may be 
like Truth, but is not Truth : This was and will 
be the Way to re [lore Judges as at the Jirfl^ and Coun-- 
fellors as at the Beginning : Ob ! then fljall the Gen- 
tiles fee thy Righteoufn^fs^ and all Kings thy Glory ^ 
faid the Prophet. 

Although there is great Occalion for an Amend- 
ment in many, yet there is a bright and hea- 
venly-minded Remnant in England^ Ireland^ and 
many other Parts in the World, againfl whom I 
find not any Thing to prefs upon my Mind to com- 
plain of s but a Word of Encouragement fprings in 
the Life, in the Love and good Will of God, to 
prefs and pcrfuade you to a lleady Perfeverance in 
the true Faith, and is an ej^emplarv and oious Life, 

(I 



aH 



(I never favv more need of this than now, accon 
ing to my View of the State of Things) that whi 
the Lord the righteous Judge, who will bring evei 
Work into Judgment j with every fecret Things the; 
as before-mentioned, may be found clear of the Biol 
cf all Meny feeing that they have warned them, and 
given Notice when they have feen any Dangef, or 
an Enemy approach nigh to them. ~ 

Here is Work for fuch as God hath let up 
Watchmen over his People, to fee that thofe do 
npt go on in Bye- ways, who profefs Truth, and 
kave the Way of Truth unoccupied by them ; here 
IS Work for the true Judges, who have the Spirit of 
Judgment upon them : And notwithflanding fome, 
here and there, who may be found in the faithful 
Difcharge of that Truft the Lord hath repofed in 
them, may meet with lome Oppofition from fuch 
as are unfaithful, and not willing to be bounded and 
girded by the Troth, no not fo much as to an out-^ 
ward Conformity to tlie Plainnefs and Decency, fo 
much and frequently recommended by the Writ- 
ings, by publick Teflimonies, and alfo in our Meet- 
ings for DifcipJine ^ for it is a confiderablc Branch 
of our Meetings for Difcipline to inlpedt into, and 
take Care to fee that Friends walk orderly as be- 
comes our holy Profeflfion ; and where wrong Steps 
are made, and w'rong Ways are gone into, and Li- 
berty taken by any who do profefs Truth with us, 
that fuch may be dealt with, and the Evil, as alto 
the had Confequence thereof, laid before them, and 
they be laboured with, and not left ; for although 
it may be but a fmall Appearance or Beginning of a 

Leprofvv 



t '89 ] 

Leprofy, which is naturally apt to fprcad, unkfs 
proper Applications, and in due Time too, be made 
in the Wildom and Love of God ; yet if any there be 
who prefer their own Wills, and fo far love that 
Life they have in thole Things, that are not only 
evil in themfelves, but alfo of evil Confcquence by 
their bad Example, more than they love Truth and 
the Unity of the Brethren, fuch had better for , 
Truth's fake, and tor the Reputation of the Tefti- 
mony thereof, be dealt with, for Eafe of the Minds 
of the Faithful, who fufFer under the Senfe they 
frequently labour of a Cloud of Darknefs and Op- 
preflion, wrong Ways and wrong Things. 

It may not be amifs to give a Hint here, at what 
Door many have gone out into divers Evils ; Jirjiy 
by being brought by Cuftom to be in love wfth 
Strong- drink y and keeping loofe Company ; for even 
fuch have been fo far a Means to corrupt, and in 
Time to draw away the Mind from that Simplicity 
and Purity the Lord's People ought to live in; unfit 
a Cloud has come over the Underftanding, and the 
Senfe of the Virtue and heavenly Savour of the pre- 
cious Truth is loft ; and then the old Inhabitants of 
the Land (comparatively fpeaking) croud in again, 
as Pride, Paffion, Luft, Envy, loofe Gonverfation, 
open Drunkennefs 5 nay fome worfe Spirits than 
ever had poflefled them before, have now entered 
their Minds with the former, that were once mea- 
furably overcome and caft out'; it is therefore cer- 
tain, thatthc End of thefcwill bemiferable, except 
the Lord grants them a Place of Repentance while 
here. 

Now 



. Now my tender and well beloved Friends, wat^ 
againft and flrive to keep oat the Enemy that 
enter not ; for what way foever he enters and gets 
Footing, he defiles God's Temple, .and before thou 
witneffefl die Lord to Deflroy him and cafl him out 
again, thou muft have many a fore Combat, and 
fome Warfare (perhaps more than thou art aware 
of) before thou gaineft all the Ground thou hafl \o%. 
by giving way to the Adverfary of thy Soul ^ there- 
fore keep upon thy Watch-tower^ watch unto the 
End, ivatch and pray continually^ that ye enter not into^ 
Temptation^ faid our great Lord unto his Followers : 
For I have found by Experience, that it is harder; 
to gain what we have lofl, than to keep it while we-; 
had it s and to improve our Talents, is not only the! 
way to have them continued, but alfo to have them 
more abundantly added unto us ^ but fuch as do not^ 
improve what is given unto them, even that which' 
they have been intrufted with fhall be taken from 
them : Oh ! how defolate and miferable fuch will 
be in the Day of Account, when Chrift, like a great 
Shepherd, divides the Sheep from the Goats^ anjj 
between the Slothful and the Faithjul Servants^ be 
tween the wife and ihtfoolifo Virgins^ and betweei 
all thofe who adhered to, obeyed, and followed hit 
p.ccording to the Mealure of Light and Knowledge 
received, and thofe who have rejecfled and difobeyed 
the Strivings and Conviilions of God's holy Light, 
and bleiTed Spirit, placed in the Hearts of the Chil- 
dren of Men to enlighten, inflrud:, reprove, corn- 
fort, and guide, according to the State of every ia- 
lividual Mind, as it is confcrmable or difobedient to 

inward 



t 191 ] 

inward Conviaions. So is this holy Gift aWitnefs 
for, oragainft, to accule, or excufe in thy Confci- 
ence, according as thy good or evil Doings are and 
do prevail in thy Heart and Soul. But this is fome- 
what a Digreflion from the hiftorical Part of my 
Travels ; tor as I have mentioned before my going 
mto Irelaiid, I fhall now fay fomething more par^ 
ticularly thereof. 

Wc journeyed from Dublin towards Corky and 
had feveral Meetings in our Way, as at BaUicane 
CuUadine, Wexford, Lambjiown, Waterford;ClonmeU 
CajJdd, Toughall, Cork, and ftaid their Province 
Meeting for Mm/iery which was a good and largh 
Meeting. I was much out of Order here, by reafon 
of a Fever-and-Ague which held mc feveral Days, 
and I was much obliged to my Friends Job?! Dodds^ 
yofeph Hoare and his Family, for the great Care 
they took of me in my weak State; I was not 
without fome Reafonings for a Time, as to my be- 
ing out of my native Country, but the Lord 
who is mighty in Power, helped me and raifed mc 
again, and gave me Ability to difchargc myfelf of 
that Service I was called to, honoured for ever be the 
great Name of the Lord for this and all his Mercies. 

Next we came to CharJevillc, Limerick, Rofsj and 
from thence to John yJJJjtGfis, Birr, James Hut chi?!- 
fon\, Moiitrath^ Moimt?72elick, Henry Ridgways, and 
ivoxxi Balinakil to Montrath zgdAn, and was at their 
Six- weeks Meeting, which was a heavenly and good 
Meeting, there being a living Remnant there : Then 
we came to Kilconner, Carlow, Bdlitore, John 
Sfephcnfon^j limahoe^Edei^derryy and went to fee my 

gcod 



{ 192 ] 



i 



good Friend Thomas Wilfofiy who was fore tro^ 
with the Gravel', I was much afflidled, and trulv^ 
fympathized with him in my Spirit, and John Bam\ 
croft ^ that true Man, and I did what we could for 
our afBidled Brother, and fo left hin?. and his Fi 
mily in the Love of God ; and went to Lifmoi 
the Moafy Waterjlown^ Ballimury, AtblonCj and I 
another Meeting at the Moat ^, Olncafile^ Bqllibi 
Coothilly Cajllefhean^ Ballihagan^ Charlemount^ Dui 
cloudy y Colrainy James Moors^ the Grange^ Antr^ 
LijfburHy Hilljboroughy and was at their provi 
Meeting, which was held at Ballenderey^ and 
alfo at fome Meetings twice; Monallen^ Trume\ 
hurgariy Raffer-IJlandy Newry^ and from thence 
Drogheda^ and fo to Dubliny being the 29th of 
Tifth-Monthy 1722, and ftayed there fome Me 
ings ; and a living Remnant there is in that Ci 
but it is a rich Place; the mighty God of Heaven 
and Earth keep his People low, and truly humble 
in that great City and every where elfe, is the ear- 
neil Defirc of my Soul to the Lord ; for I know 
there is a confiderable Remnant, whofe Labour and 
daily Travail is to have the Church kept clean from 
all manner of Defilements both of Flejh and Spirit^ 
fo that {he may be prelented unto God the Father 
without Spot or Wrinkky or any fuch Thing, in the 
Day when fhe muft appear be \ re the great Judge 
of all the Earth, who will ao Right unto every 
one, according as their Works are found to be Good 
or Evil. 

Being clear of Dublin and the whole Nation, I 
took (liipping for Whitehaven^ and had a jQiort Paf- 

fage 



[ 193 ] 

iage bat very rough one, and had fome Meetings 
in my way Home, to which I got on the 2ift of 
rhe Sixth Month, 1722, and found my Children 
recovered from the Fever and- Ague in which I left 
them when I took my Journey, which Diftemper 
had fo far prevailed over them, that they wxre fome- 
times fcarcely fcnfible j it had beenr upon them for 
^ eonfiderablc Time, and it proved a Trial to mc 
I to leave them in that very weak State, but one Day 
as I fought the Lord in the Fervency of my Hc4rt> 
to know whether I fliould leave thefe my two poor 
weak Children or not, as alfo my Houfe-keeper 
much in the fame Cafe (who were all my confiant 
F'amilv) it fprang in my Heart livingly as though it 
had been Ipoke with a Man's Y oxcCy Leave themy 
and I will take Care of them ^ I faid,"^^(?r/ Se Lord 
hafl never failed me, I will leave them to tbee^ do what 
feemeth good in thy Eye with them^ I looked then no 
more behind me, neither at them nor all jr thing elfe '^ 
I had left, but became as if I had not any thing 
in the World. For thus it behoveth all the Servants 
of Chrift to do, , even the Married as if they were not 
married ; and thofe that buy any Thing, as if they 
did notpoifefs it: This is a Liberty which many 
^re Strangers unto, it is wrought by the Finger of 
God ; it. is the Work, of God's heavenly Power to 
ioofen Man thus froi .the Things of this World, 
and at the fame Tirne we are moft bound unto 
Chrift, yet enjoy a comfortable and heavenly Free- 
dom in our Spirits in Chrift, by our Faith and Obe- 
dience unto him, in and through all Trials, Pro-^ 

O vingjs 



[ 194 ] 

vlngs and Adverfities : And dear Freinds, the grei- 
ter the Crofs, the greater is the Crown and Rei 
ward, which all thofe poffefs, who do all Things 
they do with a fingle Mind, and an upright Heart 
unto the Lord in all Thitigs, and at all Times. 

Thus the Children of the Bridegroom are or ought 
to be efpoufed or married to Chrift, and truly devote 
ed to him, that fo they may ftand^ as much as may 
be, difentangled from all mutable Things^* and 
c^ave to and follow him when and wherefoever 
^lls md ieads^ and be in Subjeftion to him, asl 
virtuous Wife is ^not only bound, biit willinglyf 
fubje6t, to her virtuous and preferable Hufbarid 
Thus we may know and experience Chrift to 
C0me our holy Head-, and that we may hold iir 
him, and that \ve may fo walk and live, that 
maytake Delight in his Church, (the Body) torul 
tain and aver Jt, as tVe have the State of the tri 
Church. aJid Chrift reprefented in the moft excellent 
and facred V/ritings of the holy Scriptures. Oh! 
that we may like wife know the Marriage of the Lamb 
to become, and that as of old, we may make our- 
{c\wc^ ready y put off the Sins and Corruptions of the 
Word that are thro' Luft^ ^ndipui oh the Lord JefiLs 
Chrijl^ and his pure Righteoufnefs : This is thejfz/Y 
Linen^ the Righteoufnefs of the Saints j this is the 
Wedding Garment ^ vi^ithout which Preparation^ and 
true Bride's Attire, I cannot fee how any can ex- 
pect an Admittance into the Bridegrooms Chamber : 
Therefore I intreat all iuch as do not find themfelveaj 
in Preparation, and have not their Peace affured to | 
them, and want the Seal or Evidence of the Spirit 

of 



[ ^9S ] 

of the Lord thaf they are his, not to flumber away 
their precious Time until the Midnight^ leil unex^. 
ped:edly the Cry be heard to found with Terror in 
thy Ears, Arije^ trim thy Lamp, for behold the Bride- 
groom Cometh, who hath in^ Times paft exercifed 
Mercy and Loving-kindnefs towards thee, and has 
fought divers Ways to win thee to love him 3 he has 
at times reproved thee for thy evil Ways, and at 
other Times he hath fet before thee the Gomrorts 
and Happinefs thou fhouldft poflefs, if thou woulfili 
obey and follow him; nay, he hath wooed thee'as 
a young Man doth a Virgin, and if thoii hadft de- 
voted thyfelf to him, he would have gathered and 
faved thee, and rejoiced over thee as a BridegrooiTiS 
doth over his Bride. But if thou turned thy back 
upon all his Reproofs, Intreaties, and EndearmentS(A 
(as in the Parable of tht Jive foolijh Firgi?2s) in the 
Time when lie (the Bridegroom) calls to an ac- 
count, he will not kqow thee otherwife than* 
to (hut thee out of his Prefence and Favour, not- ' 
withftanding whatever thou mayft have heard, re- 
ceived or d^e, if thoii continueft to work Wicked- 
nefs, and art not reclaimed there from, 

Thefe Things fprang in my Mind as a Warning 
for all, to flee from every dcftrudive Thing, before 
the Lord overtakes them, when they cannot efcape 
! his Hand of Juftice ; and alfo, that the Faithful 
may be encouraged m well-doing, and to a faithful 
Perfeveranceto theEnd, Amen. 

Some Things which have been omitted, I think 
proper to infert here, as v/orthy of Obfervation. 
As I was travelling towards Lincoln, and pafTing 

through 



[ 196 1 

through Brig^ Friends gave mc Notice that th 
were two great Difputants, a Nonconjormijl Minifti 
and a Dodor of Phyfick^ who were like to go all 
moft of the Way with me, as the Affizcs w 
coming on, and would be at me with Argumc 
about Religion, which I foon found true; for 
were no fooner got into a fuitable Way but th 
began with me, which \ endeavoured to prevent 
telling them, I did not look upon myfelf to be q 
lifted for Difpufes ; and withal I obferved, t 
fometimes Dilputants ended in a worle Underftan 
ing one of another than when they began,' exce^ 
.^hey minded well to keep good Government ; and 
now ^s we appeared free and friendly, how we 
might be when w^ had ended our Difpute, was' a 
Quftion, therefore I had rather they would for- 
bear : But they turned the deaf Ear to all that 1 faid, 
and nothing would do with them, but a Difpute we 
muft have. I then afked them what they would 
fay ? They queried. Whether all Men were placed in 
a Station capable of Sahation^ yea or nay ? I replied, 
If I fhould give my politive Thoughts tH^our Que- 
flion, we Ihall have Occaiion to go back to treat of 
the Nature, not only of the upright State Man was 
in before he fell, but alfohow he fell ; and alfo in 
the Fall, how heftandsas in Relation to his Rcfto- 
ration, which brings us to the Queftion. Although 
this be not the u/ual Way of Dilputants, yet if you 
will fubmit to It, it will either Anfwer your Quefti- 
on, or fet it in a clearer Light for afn Anfwer. They 
afked. How could that be? I replied, if it did not, 
they might fay fo. They then io far condefcended 

as 



E 197 ] 

as to hear me, and I faid, firfl, we all agree in \S\\%^ 
that Man was made upright ; fecondly^ that he fell 
from that Uprightncfs ^ the Queftion then is, How ? 
Anfw. By the Offence or Difobedience of the firft 
Man Adam, Sin entered and Condemnation came 
upon all who had finned. I then queried of the 
Difputants, whether they believed that Adam's Fall 
did affedl all thofe who did not hear of it, as^ well 
as thofe who did ? For, I faid, there were fomot of 
Opinion, that thofe who had not the explicit or out- 
ward Knowledge ot the promifcd Seed or , coming 
of Chrill, had not the Benefit of his Coming; aiM 
except they would firft allow, that all were afFedtecK. 
or hurt by Adams Fall, then fuch as were not, re- 
mained in Paradife to this Day, except they would 
make the Remedy lefs than the Difeafe, the Plaifter 
lefs than the Sore, and Chrift's Coming lefs exten- 
five than Adam\ Fall. I argued, that upon the foot 
of Reafon, as well as what we had in plain Scrip- 
ture, Chrift'ii Coming was as extenfive as the Fall 
of Adam ; for, by the Obedience of Chriji^ the Gift of 
God came upon all ujito Juftif cation. 

Now I think, faid I, your Queftion is fet in a 
clear Light for an Anfwer, or elfe Anfwered ; fo 
take it at what End you will (laying afide all Quib- 
bling) I intend to join Ifiiie with you, and prove 
that all Men are placed in a Station capable of Salva- 
tion ; or otherwife you muft leave a great Part .of 
, the World in Paradife, or make the Coming otChrift 
I lefs extenfive than the Fall of Adam. I then queri- 
I ed, what they faid to all this ? They anfwer'd, the^ 
never heard the like before, and they wotdd m! meddle 

with 



[ X9« ] 

with tn^y I was too great a Scholar jor them. I 
there was little of Scholarfhip in it 3 I offered, 
thought, nothing but plain Scripture and found Rea- 
fon \ und 1 told, them, I had now as good as anfwer- 
cd their Queftion, and had given feveral Reafons 
back my Anfwer, and as they appeared wife, wj 
read Men, and as far as I had gathered, had 
principled againft univerfal Sahatioriy and univerj 
Gracey for them now to drop the Matter fo fiend 
ly,' before me who appeared but like a Child to thei 
was very, furprizing : But they replied, they wot 
not meddle with me. 

.? I then commended them for their good Temp 
and the Civility they fhewed to me, for they wi 
civil to me beyond what I could expedl ; and t 
invited me to the Burial of one of their deceafe 
Friends, but I could not go, for I was in hafte to 
get to Lincoln^ having fome Bufinefs there that ha* 
flened me. Now at parting with them, my Soul 
magnified the Lord, under a Senfe of his Goodnefs 
to me, in that he had opened my Way, and helped 
me through this Difficulty, with many other Trials 
and Afflidions I had met with. 

I had at another Time fome Rcafonings with 
pdpiji who was my Neighbour, about the Vifihility 
of their Church, and Tra^tfub/iantiation^ with fcveral 
other Things. As to the /fry?, I fhewed him, that 
the true Churchy fled into the Wildernefs^ where Jhe 
was for Times y lime, and half a Time \ in this State 
we do not read fhe had any outward Charadler as a 
vifible Church ; and that if they derived their Dcf- 
cent, it was from fome falfe Church, and not 

throug^ 



I 



[ ^99 ] 

ithroughthe true one. And as tp the other, they 
took too much upon them, more than they could 
juftify from Scripture, or clearly demonftratc from 
Chrift or his Apoftles ; for Chrift never gave any of 
them fuch a Commiffion, as to convert Bread andWine 
\vilo real Fle(h and Blood, and then to call it Ghri/i. 
You, faid I, by thefe Notions, deceive yourfelves 
and your Adherents ; for Chrift fpoke unto fuch as 
you by Parables, becaufe they v^cre carnal, and did 
[not undcrftand the Meaning of his Sayings in this 
[Cafe, no more than the Jews underftood what Chrift 
meant, when he fpoke of deftroying this Temple 
[(meaning his Body) which they underftood was oK 
that Temple at Jerufaleni, which they made a great 
Wonder at, and faid. How can this be^ that he can 
deftroy this Temple , and raife it up again in three Days, 
when it was Forty eight Tedrs in building? Th^s 
they reafoned carnally, as Nicodemus (though a Ru- 
ler of the Jews) did concerning Regeneration or the 
new Birth 3 and as the Woman o{ Samaria did, from 
whence Chrift fhould have that living Water, which 
pe fpoke of, th^xjhould be in Man as a Well of living 
Water, fpringing up unto everlafting Lije ; and as 
the Jews did, when Chrift faid. Except you eat the 
V^leJ}:> of the Son of Man, and drink his Blood, ye have 
no Life in you \ they faid. How can this be, that he 
\an give us his Flejh to eat, and his Blood to drink ? 
But this is a fpiritual Eating and Drinking; even as 
k^hrift faid. Out of the Belly of him that believes, fl^all 
%w Rivers oj living Waters ; which he fpake of the 
^ptnt : In like manner it is faid in the Revelations^ 
Behold 1 (land at the Door and knock, if any hear my 

Voice ^ 



I 



Voice, and open 'unto me, . I will come in, andjup/w\ 
bim, and he with me. Here is an Union of Spiri 
between Chiift and his faithful Children, and he; 
is an inward Eating and. Drinking of the heaven 
fpiritual and myftical Fkfh and Bloo4 of Chri 
which carnal Men , cannot eat of, neither can the 
carndl Eye difcern Chrift's Ipiritual Body, which he 
feeds his living and fpiritual Church withaj. When 
I had rcafoned with the Man to this EiFed, he went 
away feemingly not pleafed, but would- not from 
that Time ever meddle with me any more. 

I need not fay much here about ChrijYs being come", 
Jiaving flievved^ in a Conference in New-Englpid^ 
how he is come toanfwer his Eating and Drinking 
the Pallover and laft Supper with his Difciples, fay- 
ing, he would drink no more of the Fruit of the Vinr^ 
until he drank it new with them in his Father s King^ 
dom. Now he that hath experienced what this Eat- 
ing and Drinking is, is come beyond the outward 
Eating and Drinking, into the Kingdom which is 
within, which comes not with outward Obfervati- 
ons, Eatings, Drinlcings, nor carnal Ordinances, but 
the Kingdom of Heaven confifts in Righteotifnejs^ 
Peace and joy i?2 the holy Ghoji. 

Now, read this thou that canft, and learn to un- 
derftand between the Thing that Points, and the 
Thing which is pointed at, and between the Thing 
fignifying, and the Thing fignifyed, and miftake 
not the Shadow for the Subftance any longer ; for 
it is poffible a Man may do ail the outward Parts, 
and yet be ignorant of the Crofs of Chrift^ and of 
the heavenly Subftance : But if he is come to the 

End 



t 201 ] 

fend 0^ thefe outfide Things, to the Holy of Holies, 
fuch will know what it is to minifter before the 
Lord in his Temple, and to ferve and wait at the 
holy Alter, and live, and have that pure fpiritual 
JLife preferved : For we read not of any Tithe^ that 
appertain to this fpiritual Priefthood, or Gofpel Mi- 
tniflry; and what their outward Maintenance was 
jto be, is (liewcd by Chrift, beyond Contradidion, 
kvho fent them forth. Where thev were receiVed 
l|mark that well) the^ might eat fuch Things as were 
fet before them^ but were not to take any Thing from 
them by Force, for that is out of the Do6trine an^ 
Practice of Chrift and his Apoftles. 

Why do People call the Scripture their Rule of 
Faith and Manners^ when at the fame Time they 
believe and a6l contrary thereto ? For when I had 
fome Years before a Debate with the Prieft of our 
Parifli, v/e meeting 2xSponton^ I being there upon 
Tome Occafion, and fcveral People met together, the 
Priefl demanded my Reafons, why I did not pay him 
his Tithe ? I ufed fome perfualive Arguments to put 
iim off, not being willing at that Time to enter 
hto any Debate with him; but the more I fhewed 
ny Unv/illingnefs to it, the more urgeftt he was 
jpon me : So when I could not fee how to avoid 

(ntering into fome clofe Debate with him, I delired 
e would not be angry, and he faid he would not ^ 
then fhewed in feveral Particulars, \NhyIcould not 
)ay him any Tithe, becaufe I believed, if he was a 
^inifter of Jefus Chrift, he ought not to claim any ; 
}br, as there was a Change of the Priefihood, there 
ilfo muft be of Neceffity a Cha?ige of the JUiWy as 

' O 2 WC? 



[ 202 ] 



1 



'I 

ari 

ina 



we fee in Heb. vii. 12. and to pretend to draw any 
Command or Example from Chrift or his Apoftles, 
out of the new Teftament, for that Purpole, appe; 
to me weak and inconliftent. 

We had fome farther Diiccurfe upon the Grou 
ofhis^Right and Title to Tithe?, whether Jure di^ 
vinOy as they ufed to be formcly claimed, or Jure 
bwnanOy that is, by hurnan Laws, as mo(} of the 
mqfdren Prie/ls feem to chufe to fix their Title ; I 
bid hirn fix his Right for Tithes on which Claim he 
pleafed, and I would endeavour to anfwer him as 
well as I could, but he feem'd not to fix upon either; 
thereupon I told him, That there was no Jcriptural 
Setileme72t ofTixhts upon Gcfpel Minijlers^ and alfo 
ofi:ered to prove, that he was neither in the Praftiec 
of the Levites^ to whom Tithes were directed to be 
paid, nor yet in the Practice of* thofe Minifters 
whom Chnfl: qualified, ordained and fent forth: 
Fir ft ^ not in the Pradicc of the Levites ; becaufc 
the Tithes due to them, were for their Service and 
pun flual Performance of their Part of the ceremo- 
nial Law, Numb, xviii. 21. which if any now claim- 
ed, it feemed to me, that he fubjeded himfelf tc 
the Pradtice of burnt Offerings and Sacrifices^ Cir- 
cunicifion^ Jewifli Habits^ Wajloijigs^ &cc. (befidej 
which, the Law which appointed the Tithe to the 
LeviteSy expreily forbids them to have any Share 01 
Inheritance in the Land, as appears from Numb 
xviii. 20, 23, 24, and Z)^^/. xviii. i, 2.) which the 
modi-en Claimers of Tithe would be loth to be com- 
pelled to the Pradlice of: Not to infift on the Law 
of the third Tears Tithe^ of which the Widow, the 

Fatherleft 



[ 203 ] 

Fathcrlefs and the Stranger within their Gates, were 
to receive a coafiaerable Part as their alloted Por- 
tion, Deut. xiv. 28, 29. Secondly^ not in the Prac- 
tice of thofeMiniftersChrift qualified and lent forth; 
for thefe went out by an efpecial Command from 
him, without Gold, Silver or Brafs in their Purfes, 
without two Coats; and fo intent were they to, be 
in the Execution of their great Duty of preaching 
the Gofpel, that they were to falutc no Man by ^he 
way, but to go forward on the great Errand thi^y 
had received in Commiffion : And when they re- 
turned to their Lord he a{ked them, If they lackh^ 
any Thing? And they faid. Nothing ^^ yet not be- 
caufe they had forced a Maintenahce from any, but 
that the Effed: of their Miniftry among their Hea- 
rers had been fo prevalent, that thofe who had beea 
convinced by their Dodtrine, and turned to the ef- 
fectual Power of Chrift in themfelves, had from 
thence known their Hearts fo opened, as to admi- 
nifler to all their immediate Neceffities ; and thefe, 
thus fent, had only eat fuch things as were fet be-- 
fore them^ as they were appointed ; and where they 
hadfown Spirituals, had only reaped of the Tem- 
porals of their Converts for their irpmediate Subfif- 
tance : But though thou foweft not to me of thy 
"Spiritualsy nor do I believe thee to be one who haft 
any thing fpiritual, which can be of any Benefit to 
my fpiritual Part; and though thou efteemeft me as 
^n Heathen Man and a Publican, and I am exccm- 
Imunicated and cut oft from any Church-fellowfhip 
With thee, (not for any Evil, but as far as I can un- 
•derftand, for not coming to what thou calleft the 
I Church) 



i ^^4- ] 

Church) yet thou expecTleft to reap of my Tem{) 
rals, becaufe the Law of the Land ha? given tb 
that Power ; which Difpofition to r^np where U 
has not f own ^ and to gather where thcu haji not (iro 
is far from manifefling a Chriflian Spirit. 

The Priefl: farther urged foine Pailages out of thi 
New Teftament^ in Vindication of the Payment of 
Tithes, alluding to that of the Apoftle, i Cor. ix. y. 
zhont Jowing oj fpiritual Tubings unto us ; that it was 
but a [mall T^hing ifjuch received of our carnal Things ; 
aiidthat of feeding a Flock^ and partaking of the Milk 
fl/ the Flock ^ and of plaiiting a Vineyard^ and eating 
ike Fruit thereof i All which I endeavoured to ob- 
viate, by {hewing, that he did not fow his Spiri- 
tuals to us, fo as that he might be intituled to our 
carnal Things ) neither were we of that Flock which 
he (hould partake of the Milk of; neither were a 
Vine'^ard which he had planted, that he might eat 
of the Fruit thereof. Furthermore I faid, as I am 
a Stranger and an e:x:communicated Perfon, and not 
of thy Children, the Apoftles, if they wanted or 
were in any Straits for NecefTaries, did not apply to 
Strangers for Help^ but to fuch of their Children as 
they had been indrumental in the Hand of God to 
plant the true Faithj and fow the Seed of the King- 
dom in : Now thefe who were thus convinced, and 
by the Work of (jod's Power converted, thefe were 
fuch who knew fpiritnal Things fown in them, who 
i believed were very free tb diftribute (where true 
Need was) of their temporal Things, efpecially to 
fuch who had been inflrumental in the Lord's Hand 
to their coming to the faving Know^ledge cf Jcfus 
' ..... V ' . , . < . 'Chrift. 



[ 205 ] 

puift. But I (hewed the Prieft> that all this car- 
ried no Analogy to what was between him and me, 
for I, being excommunicated, was but to him as 
an Heathen Man and a Publican, and as we ne vet- 
came to here him, we could not owe him any Ac- 
knowledgment, nor could he expedl any Thing as 
a freewill-offering on that Account. 

This Pried Wakes^ (for that was his Name) was 
aftrong Ipirited Man, of confiderable Parts and Lear- 
ning; and a neighbouring Juftice of the Peace told 
mc, he was fearful would be very fevere with me ; 
yet. to his Commendation be it fpoken, he was ever 
after this Conference very loving, and never gdve 
me any Trouble for thofc he called his Dues. 

I may add one Obfervation or two not mentioned 
ih our Debate, which were, that if the Maintenance 
of the Priefts was to be wholly withdrawn, Qr left to 
the Freedom and Generofity of the People, m^ny of them 
would want and come to Poverty, and be jorced to la- 
hour with their Hands, which would dillraSl or at lead 
impede their Studies. I anfwer'd, that with fuch 
Minifters as they were, this might be the Cafe: But 
if all would come truly and rightly to wait on the 
great Teacher, the Anointing in ^themfelvcs, it 
would grealy tend to the Advantage of ChriJlendom\ 
for the Alrnighty, who by his good Spirit is alone 
able to raife up and qualify Gofpcl-Minifters, as he 
Jcnows the Wants of his People, and their Faith and 
Trufl in him, would no doubt raife up from among 
them faithful Miniflers^ fuch who being humble, 
meek and low in Heart, like him of whom they 
^^dlcarnedj would be content tp live in Modera- 
tion 



I 206 ] 

tion on a little, and to labour in their refpediv^ 
Callings, like the.Apoftle Paul, that great Miniftcl 
of the Gentiles^ working with their Hands that theil 
Miniftry might not be chargeable, fuch as Fi(her\ 
tneny Collectors ifCuJiems, &c. whofe Miniftry beinj 
not their own, but received immediately from the 
great Shepherd of the Sheep, would not require 
much Time and Study to pen down, but coming 
from the Spirit of Truth immediately moving upon 
the Minifter's Heart, would be more efFcdiual to 
reach the Witnefs of Truth in the Hearts of their 
Hearers than all the laboured DKcourfes of the moft 
fimtil Prieft, though the Produce of much Pains 
and Study. Neither have I found in all my Tra- 
vels, from any Obfervation I have made, that ever 
the faithful Minifters of Chrift became any great 
Burthen or Charge to the Churches ; for I have {ttn 
the divine Providence attend the Lord's faithful Ser- 
vants, who therebv have been enabled to order their 
Affairs with Difcretion, fo as to want little. 

An ACCOUNT of my fecond Vifit 

to Friends /;^ America. 

I 'Having had Drawings in my Mind, for feme 
conliderable Time, once more to vifit Friends 
in feveral Parts oi America^ and inafmuch as I be- 
lieved it was my Duty, and what the Lord required 
of me to give up to, I was refigned, after feme 

Reafonings 



[ 207 ] 

I Rcafonings about my Age, and Dcclenlion as tf 
' Ability of outward Strength, concerning which I 
met with fome inward Conflidls and Combatings 
i which brought me very low for a Time ; but the 
i Lord helped me thro' thefc Difficulties, and caufed 
his Truth to fpring comfortably in my Heart, and 
his heavenly Prefence I witnefled at Times to re^ 
frefh my Soul in^thcfe Excrcifes unknown to many ; 
and the Time being come for my preparing for the 
Journey, on the 15th of the "Third Month 1731, I 
let forward from Hutton in the Hole to Scarborough^ 
where I took (hipping with George Widget for Lcfe- 
^;;, and came thither the firil Day of the Yearly- 
meeting, with which I was very well fatisfied, and 
on the 25th Day of the Fourth Month went on^ 
board of a Veflel bound for Philadelphia^ in America^ 
"John Wilcox Mafter, who was very civil and kind 
to me. 

On the 27th of the faid Month we fet fail, and 
had a good Paffage in the main, excepting 
jthat we had one very great Storm, in which we 
I were in Danger of being loft; our Bolt- fprit was 
I broke, and the Mafts were in Danger of coming 
I down, yet we were preferved and in about ele- 
ven Weeks, being the 12th of the Seventh Months 
I landed near Philadelphia, to the great Satisfaction 
of Friends as well as myfelf, renowned be the 
great Name of the Lord for ever. 

I have many Times confidered, that aIthou:^h it was 
my Place to leave my very near and dear Friends., 
jChildrcn and Relations, who in a tender Frame of 
ISpirlt were much concerned for mte, and I for them, 

yet 



[ 20S ] 

yti I met with many tender-hearted Friend^s hi ihi 
Travels, who were very near me in the ever bleffe 
Truth; which fails not thofe who truft in the LordJ 
and are faithful, according to the Ability and Un-^i 
derftanding which the Lord hath given to the ChilJ 
dren of Men, and are devoted to anfwer the Lcad-^ 
ings aud Guidance of his holy Spirit, and willing 
to bear the Crofs, Burthen, or Yoke, which he fees 
goo^ to lay upon his Servants and Handmaids : And 
I intreat all fuch who are called unto the Lord's 
great V/ork,- to give up cheerfully and not grudg- 
iq^ly, and not to look back at what is behind, fo 
as to haften or hinder thenifelyes in that Work they 
are called to, left they fall fliort of that Penny, of 
Crown, which the Faithful will receive in the End 
of all the'ir Labour. 

The Yearly-meeting at Philadelphia w^as nigh 
when we landed, which, was large, and a good 
Meeting, many Friencls from leveral Parts being at 
it. Here I met with HeJiry Franlland, and wd 
were truly glad to lee each other* and went in Com- 
pany together fouthward towards Maryland, Virgi- 
nia^ and North Carolina^ and returned to Pennfyha 
rda ; and in a fhort time after V7e parted : He came 
iox England^ and I travelled for A''^'u;-£%/^W through 
ik\^ Jerfeys, Long-lfiaj^d, Rhode-JJland ^ndi Na72tuckei\ 
having Richard IValn of Pennjylvania for my Com- 
panion, an innocent kind Man; we pafTed through 
all, or moft part of the aforefaid Provinces and If- 
lands, and had very large Meetings, and great At- 
tention there was in many to hear the Teftimony 
cf Truths and an open Door both of Utterabcc 

and 



[ 209 ] 

jnd in many Places of Entrance, for what was de^ 
ivered ; yet not without Oppoiition in fome Places. 
I held fome Difcourfe with a Baptift^ a Juftxe of 
^eace, in one of the Jerfeys, (a Man whom I truly 
oved) and he told me that fome of his Children 
krent to our Meetings, and he did not hinder. them ; 
le appeared a tender ipirited Man, and was of good 
lepute in thefe Parts where he lived, and very fer- 
iceable in his Poft; What we had moft in de- 
bate, was touching JVater-Baptifm-, I endeavoured 
p iliew him the Ufe and End of all xk\^ Jhadowy 
Things^ all which were ended in Chrift the Siibfiance^ 
j)r Antitype ; and that fuch outward Materials or^^ 
Elements appertained not unto his Kingdom, or 
pward and fpiritual Adminiflration ; nor could they 
pke away the Root or Caufe of Sin, which is only 
fFected by the holy Ghoft and Fire, or the holy 
}hoft that worketh as doth Fire, to the cleanfirg 
nd purifying the Hearts of the Children of Men, 
IS is the Nature of material Fire to cleanfe what it 
3 properly applied unto. 

: I met with the fame Juflice afterwards at Bur-- 
'ngtG7i in Wefl Jerfey, he was glad to lee me, and 
D was I to fee him, for he was very loving and 
riendly. I likewile met with a Man who was a 
chool-mafter upon Lo7ig JJlandy that appeared 
ornewhat oiFended at fomething I had faid in a 
/leeting where he had been, and he followed me 
3 a Friend's Houfc, and appeared fo full of Scrip- 
Ures in Vindication (as he thought) of JVater-Bap" 
'fm^ that what with his reading many Paflages ia 
ac Scriptures,, and paraphraling upon them^ he 
fv. ' P would 



2IO 



m 



^ould not hear mc for feme Time ; but when 
was quiet I faid to him, Thou ha (I not treated me It 
a fair Difputant^ to run on Jo long^ and not to give 
me Time to make my ObjeSiions ^ // thou had/i pitched 
upon any particular Scripture y and given me Ltbert'i 
to have anfweredy it woidd ha^e been civil and reafch 
nable. He owned, he had not done fairly by me; 
but I deiired to know, what Church he pretended 
to belong to ? He anfwered, To the Epifcopal Church. 
I then requefted he would anfwer me one Queftion 
before we entered into any farther Debate, and he 

?romifed he would if he underftood it. I told him; 
heard he was a Scholar, and no doubt but under- 
ftood how to anfwer it, if he did but confider the. 
Matter 3 the Query was this, JVhether the {^vmk- 
ling a little Water in a Child's Face,, would bear the 
Name Baptifm, yea., or nay ^ He faid, it would not 
I anfwered. Thou Joa^, made a great Pother and Noife 
about little of nothing\^, jor by thy own Confejjion thy 
Church has no Baptifm at all^ for I know not of an^ 
other Way they uje but Sprinkling. He would not 
enter into any farther Difcourfe about it, but made 
nfe of the Words oi Gamaliel ^ \n favour of the Work 
the Apoftles were concerned in, faying, If thin 
Work be of God it could not bi overthrown ^ bnt iftt 
u^as of Man it would come to nought. I told him, I 
was of his Mind-, and the Lord hath fuppbrted me in 
this and the like Work, now between forty and fifty 
Tears, and ij I continued faithful, I had no Doubt at 
all in my Mind, but he would fupport andfvand bftnf 
td the End. And whea we parted- he faid, Th« 
Lord of Heaven and Earth blels you, iQ>t tfeeiiev© 
you are ah honeft Man* ^ ^kL 



i 211 3 

j JBy this wc may fee, that Truth fometimcs comer 
')ver Men, and the Witnefs which God hath placed 
n Men is reached, and Truth prevails many tirrjes 
)eyond our Expedation, or what is by us fokefeen j 
ihcrcfore it is good to keep to the Guidance or 
l^eading of the Spirit of Truth, for it is a bleffcd 
Remembrancer, Inftrudor, and true Comforter to 
bl fxich as truly depend upon him, who fent the 
[spirit of Truth into the Hearts of the Children of 
[Vlcn, to guide them into all the qeeeflkry Tiuths 
|vhich we are to know and pradlice, and conle^^ 
juently out of all Untruth. 

I When we had gone through this Ifland, and vi- 
ited Friends there, and in Rhode-lflandy and had 
bme Meetings in our Way, we went to Nantucket^ 
jvherc wc met with many innocent plain Friends ; 
ilfo on Rhode-IJland, and in many Places in thele 
^arts of the Country^ we found great Opennefs ; 
n Bojhn beyond Expectation, and there was fomc 
^onvinccment in that Town. We travelled up to 
Dt)vct\ and vifited Friends thereabout (which are 
she moft remote Parts where Friends inhabit in that 
Smarter of New-England) where I met with a Pref-' 
yterian Priell : What his Delign chiefly was in 
oming to the Friend's Houfe I know not, but 
flought it was to fee, or rather fpeak with me, for 
*ie loon began to afk me fome Queftions \ firft, 
Vhether I was not brought up a Scholar^ and bad been 
\ifome of the Colleges where I had my Education F And 
|fo. Whether I bad 7J0t put on the canonical Gown, and 
reached according to the Manner of the Church oj 
England ? \ repii^d^ I had not received my Edu- 

P a catioji. 



[ 212 ] 



1 



cation in any College, neither ever p^jt on the ci. 
Bonical Gown, nor preached after the Manner of 
the Church of England He told me, I bad been Jo 
reprejinted to him \ and faid, he fuppcfed I bad been 
at jome Schools : I toid him, I had been at feveral to 
learn when I was young ; and faid, I did Bot know 
that I had given Occafion at any Time, by what I 
had faid, whei-eby any Man might judge me to be 
a Scholar. He underftood I came from old England^ 
and began to afk feveral Queftions, as Whether our 
'Friends increafed or decreafed ? I anfwered, I could 
tiot politively tell ; I thought there was no 9;reat Al- 
teration in my Time as to Number, for their Dc* 
crcafe in one Part of the Nation, I thought might 
be made up by their Incrcafe in another Part. He 
aifo aiked me. How the epijcopal Minijiers dealt with 
tis about tbeir Tithes ? My Anfwer was thus ; As to 
that Part called the Pradial Tithes^ they commonly 
either gather them themfelves or Family, or fet 
them to Tenants who take care to fetch them away 
before us, knowing that we cannot be free to leave 
them en the Ground, as Hay and Corn, &c. and 
as to fmall Tithes^ there is an ^ A6t of Parliament, 
called An ASl for the more eajy Recm:ery of [mail 

Tithes^ 

* The 7th Sc 8th of William the ti^ird. Chap 6. is the Adt for Rc- 
CPvery of fmall Tithes or Offerings, l^c, not amounting to above the 
Y<?^rly Value of forty Shillings, v/hich is comn^on for all People, the 
Coft not exceeding ten Shillings, before two or more Juilices of the 
Peace, not to go back above two Years. 

The 7th &i;^th of /^/7//fl;« the third. Chap. ^4, which is our Affir- 
mation A6t, is the Adl for the Recovery of Tithes and Church rate* 
for any Sum not exceeding ten Pounds from fakers only, before two 
juftices of the Peace, without any Limitation of Tii^e. And by the 
Statute of the ill of G^^r^^ the firft. Chap. 6. Sed, z. limited toto# ; 
$^iUing* Coft. See the Statutes aklar^. » j 



I 213 3 

iTitbeSj for any Sum not exceeding fort^ Shilltngs^ and 
\ten Shillings Coji ; which is by Jufticc's Warrants. 
This ismoftly thought to be intended to prevent their 
Iproccdure by Exchequer Procefs, through which 
great Havock and Spoil has been made of Friends 
I Goods, and fometimcs their Bodies call into Prifon, 
I where feme have lain a long Time. He afked^ 
Hgw our Friends did in Scotland, if they increafed 
there ? I told him, I heard that they did not increale, 
but feme of the Frejbyterians in Scotland were kind 
to our Friends, and would come to our Meetings^ 
jcfpecially if Strangers were at them : And I alfo told 
Ihim, that Perfccution in our Part of the World waff 
become hateful amongft moft lober People. He 
feid, It was ijery well 5 and hkewife mentioned, that 
wi were refined^ and not the People we had been. I 
afked him, wherein he thought we were refined ? 
I He anlwered, in our Principles. I defiredhim to 
name one, and he faid, George Fox denied the Re^ 
furre&ion oj the Dead. 1 told him, George Fox did 
iQwn a Rcfurrcdtion according to Scripture, as we do j 
(bjLit becaufehe and our Friends thought it not fafe to 
recede from plain Scripture, nor to comply with the 
Way many People have of expreffing it, which we 
think to be too grofs and carnal, viz. that ih^fame 
Body Jhall rife ^ therefore they haveafTerted we deny 
the RefurredioQ : The Apoftle faith, that which 
thoufoweji, thoufowejl not that Body that Jh all be, for 
it is [own in Corruption, raifed in Incorruption, Jown 
^ natural, raijed afpiritual Body ; with much more 
that might be added : And how much fuch a Change 
maketh a DiiFerence between the prefent and the fu-. 

turc 




[ 2H ] 

ture in the Refurredion, between natural »nd fpi^ 
ritua}^ Corruption and Incorruption, I know not of 
any finite Creature that is able truly to determine > 
and therefore I think it is not epnliftent with Charity, 
Ijor true Wifdom, to differ about fuch Things which 
fxceed our Camprehenfion. fie allowed it; i$ t>t 
fetter to let them alone. 

We parted very friendly, and Friends. were glad 
of the Opportunity, v he having the Charai^er of 
being a great Scholar and a wile Man ; but fron^ 
^11 that palled, they believed he gained no Adyanr 
tage : However he behaved well ; and before wc 
parted^ I toJd him, I thought the greateft Reaiou 
why fomc think us refined was this, That formerly 
People were fo prejudiced, that whatever was printed 
or iaid againftus, pur Principles, Praftice and Dcp- 
triue, was generally received and believed, though 
never {o much difguifed ©r covered with fuch Drefiei 
as might render us moil odious, and were by many 
taken for the Standard of our Belief and Prad:ice; 
but of late the Light hath rnore appeared, and many 
are grown better difpofcd towards us, and likewiie 
Men, not willirig to be impofed upon any longer^ 
have fearched for themfelves into the State of the 
Controverfy between us and our oppofers ; and our 
Writings upon perufal, appearing fo clear and dif- 
ferent from what the Books of thofe who oppofed us 
charged upon us, caufed many who read them with 
a good Defign, and were willing to be fet right, t© 
fay we were reformed^ and not. the People that we hai 
be^n* ThcPrieft (aid, be thought there might bamuck 
twing to that ; I told him it ^a^ undeniable, th^ 



( 2^5 J 

I ihcre tntift be a great Difference between our Prirt-* 
jfciplcs, Doctrines and Converlations, truly ftated and 
' fet forth in their proper Light, and when they tverfc 
mifrepfefented, Ibmctirhes with ail the Art and im*- 
placable Malice that Men were capable of : And thii 
has been the Way our Adverfaries have treated us, 
almoft in every Thing we have believed, faid or 
♦vrit, although it Was very agreeable to the huly 
Scriptures of the Old and New Teftament. 

We returned back to Salem j Lynn and Boflon^ and 
tifited Friends in our Way, and at Rhode-JJJ^an^y 
Lcng-JJland and New-Tork ^ and we had many gooH 
' Meetings and fome large in the Jerfeys^ where! had 
fome Difcoorle with a Juftice ot the Peace about 
Water- Baptifm^ but he did hoi hold it long before 
ht gave up ; and I had another at Aliens-Town with! 
a Vreihyterian, which held for fame Hours, about 
Water -Eapttjm^ and concerning EleSfionTLwARepro-- 
bation, and he alfo foon gave up as to the firft ; but 
when he began ^iboMtEkclion 2ii\^Reprobation^ I xaid, 
I thought it was the mbft pernicious Dodrine that 
even was broaeh'd in the World, it did fo oppdfe the 
very Nature of God, and his Defign of creating of 
Man, which, with all his other Works, he pro- 
nounced good and blefled y and that Man, as the 
Crown and Glory of alibis Works which h^ ^ad 
created, fliouldbe defigned for the moft n^^ ^^le 
End, was unaccountable ; I urged many Scnpturcs, 
.againft that Dbarine,^ as alfo the Confufion thc^ 
were in* about it^ as that of their Weftminfter Gon- 
feflibn of Faith, whferein they fay, that the Deem 
h fo certam and' defirm^^ that mi wnn^ bi added to 

the 



[ 2l6 ] 

the Number of theEle£i^ crdiminijhedftom the Num^ 
her of the Reprobdte\ and yet you tell us, that God 
hath ordained the Means to effedi his Ends : I then 
fald, this Suppoiition of a Decree for the Means, 
as well as the End, feems intended to make the Priefts 
and their Service neceflary ; but yet if they cannot 
alter the Decree, what Benefit or Advantage can 
there be to Men by their Services or Performance ? 
I hope non^ will think that a Service to Mankind, 
to ftrengthen or confirm that Decree if it were in 
their Power to do.itj which I am fatisfied it is not; 
becaufe no fuch Decree was made or is in being ; the 
oppofite appearing by plain Scripture (which he 
owned when I urged it) to wity that the Fall of 
Adam did affedl all ; and upon the Parity of Reafon^ 
the Coming of Chriji did reach as far ; becaufe, as 
in Adam all die ^ jo in Chri[ij}:allall be made alive \ he 
tafted Deathy^r every Man, was a Propitiation for 
the Sins of all ; and where then wilt thou find a 
People that is not included ? But if thou canft find 
iiiy and prove by plain Scripture, that there is fuch a 
People not included in thefe general Aflertions, that 
Chnjl came tofave^ fliew me who they are. Thefc 
and much more I urged againft that Dodrine, and 
he with many others appeared much fatisfied^ and 
v^- tnrted friendly. He came next Day feveral 
? ; a Meeting which I had appointed ; the Man 

3^'as counted a wife and fober Man, and was under 
fome Convincement, and behaved well. 

From thence we went to Fenfylvania, and had 
many good Meetings in that Part, and being clear 
and willing to return, I took leave of Friends in a 

ioviflg I 



ioviog and tender Franie of Spirit, and embarked dri 
board a Ship, whereof Samuel phwer was Mafter^ 
the I ft of the Third Mo/Ub.ijj.f 2Lt Philadelphia ^ 
aild arrived at 5/7/?^/ the 1 8th of the Fourth Moiitb 
ifollowing, and was glad we got M t to Englandi 
;having been fevcn Weeks in our Paflagc; I got 
'Home on the 6th of the Sixth Month, and w^as 
Itruly thankful to the Lord, who had prcferved me 
in thefe long Travels and Labours of Love, through 
many Difficulties ^ but the Lord's Power is fuf- 
ficient to bear up and carry through all', Renowned 
be his worthy Name over all^ now and fof 
ever, ^men. 

A retnarkableDELivERANCE which happened toi 
hie, being omitted in its proper Place^ I think fit t0 
infert here, which was as followsj 

^ In the Tfcar 1718 and the T'Wel/th Mont h,^ when 
lyohn Dodgjon was viiiting Friends in our Parts, he 
i lodged with m^e, and I went with him and his ^^ 
thevAa-h'm Peter Buck y to be their Guide to fVhitb 
and ftaid their Firft-day's Meeting ; and Sccon 
day's Preparative Meeting ; and on the Third-day 
Went on with Friends towards Scarbor6ughy to ha 
the better Road home, there having fallen a grc 
deal of Snow while we were at Whithy^ fo thr 
was looked upon impradlicable for me to reti^' 
fame Way home that I came, it being a priih. 
bad Way : But in our Way back, within a ivfile or 
little more from Scar borougOy we came tO' atiBrook^ 
jyhich by reafon of the excefllve Rain and Snow 



I 2i8 ] 

was higher than ever I had feen it, fothat when wc 
came to ride thro' it, Henry Levin^ our Guide, firft 
adventiared in, being monintedupohavpryilrpng largq 
Horie, and got over with fonie Dif^culty, and I (oC 
lowed hini 5 but when I carne about the middle i^f 
the fbrfiing Place, it took my Mare offhcr Feet, ancj 
foniiething being in the way, it turned her upon her 
Broadfide, .fo that I was dilmounted and carried away 
by the Rapidity of the Stream : but there being a 
Foot-bridge a little below, about Kpee deep under 
Water, and no Rail either tq be a Quide^ or to lay 
a Hand on, and the Water beinfi; reduced to a nar- 
row Compafs, hurried me violently along, and drove 
rac Vi''.th my Breaft againft the Bridge v/ith fpch 
Fc :?e^ that it very near knocked the Breath out of 
nie ; but before I touch 'd the Brids^e I happened to 
hold ap my^ Kan d, and jc/b?: Dcdjfon iceing the 
Dang€t I was in, jumped ofif his Ilorle, and nin at a 
Xi-^rjture (feeing the Water ripple) tp hit the Bridge;, 
v^vvjjft caught hold of my Fingers, and held my 
iead abo\'^ Water, untu Htnry Levtni, who was 
7?t over3 canie to his Affiftance. 
^^ut by the Strength of the Water in my Boot- 
'.ips, they being large, and by a N,a\\ in the Tim- 
^r iindcr the Bridge) catching hold pf my great 
t\ which held me fad, it was impoffible for one 
^-^ tree me, and not without fome Difficulty for 
to get me out, the Nail holding fo fail 
iLa out a great Piece of my Coat, Liningand 

all; 'J pon Henrys difmounting, his Horfe ran 

r^iy \^ Scarhvoiigbj, (and mine fwam back to the 
^0n^^any) and v/hen they had got me crut, Hent^ 
::v Foot to get his Horle, and found hir^i at tj 



[ ^^9 ] 

(Ifcible Door where he ijfed to (land, and In the rr 
jTime John Dodgfon kept me in Motion by drag 
kne along, having very little or fomctimes no H' 
bf my Recovery. When the Horfe return^^ 
.^ot mc back to Scarborough, but I was not 
how, and they h-ad me to Dorothy Jaques^: 
and when there, they could perceive my Lips 
but could not hear y/hat Ifaid, until one laid v 
dole to my Mouth, and fp underftood fha** 
Ij iky gave m any Thing that was Jirong, i 
^arryrneofy which made them very cautiou 
ever, they ftript me and changed my Shirt, 
mc into a warm'd Bed, and ^applied warm 
to my Feet for three Hours together, which 
nothing of,- being then altpgether fenfelefs. 

JJaac Skelton, who had been a Companion c 
\x\ the Service of the Truth, through fever 
ties, hearing of this Accident, caaie imm 
and got into Bed to me, and kept me ci*' 
Pofom, which many thought was a great "* 
prefcrve my Life. John Dodgfon, thou^. 
tended for the Monthly-meeting, exprefTed 
a Concern for me, that he feid, He 'would 
ine in (i Way of Recovery, or die, before he 
yet it pleafed the Lord, of his infinite 
wonderfully to raife me up ag^/o^ ^ to ^"-^ ' 
be at the fleeting ncxtDa^, and alfo to 
Tgftimony, which was very acceptable in 

fortable to Friends, as it wa?: alfo to fe( ,e cfiere 
beyond their Expeilation 3 but yet I was much 
troubled with Pain, the fleihy Part of my Shoulder 

beino 



[ 220 ] 

ogi;e it by the violent hauling me out of the 

Gfr'-ltude, *my ^ulican do no lefs than praift 

ify fheLbrd for tHiS great Deliverance^ and 

Jicr Mercies^ who done is worthy. And I 

but take Notice of Friends Kindnefs and 

'^nll to mcj in doing whotfoever they could 

c,, but • mote : efpecially my worthy Friend 

jDiJ^/c';?/ Svho- hazarded his Life to^ favc 



F INI .f. 



I 



'^ 






-'^.>¥'